US 472483 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. L. LOOMIS. LOCK HINGE.
Patented Apr. 5, 1892.
n J ====l A ffy' 2o fully appear. ing with the hole or holes z, which are as to 7o NiTnD STATES PATENT erica.
GEORGE L. LOOMIS, OF NORTHAMPTON, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR TO HIM- SELF, JAMES N. LOOMIS, CHESTER P. LOOMIS, WILLIAM R. STULTS, AND CHARLES COFFEY, OF GRANBY, CONNECTICUT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 472,483, dated April 5, 1892.
Application filed September 9, 1891. Serial No. 405,175. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern: into the casing and resting on or supported Be it known that I, GEORGE L. LOoMIs, a from the bottom thereof, said spring exerting citizen of the United States, residing at Northa forcing action upon the end portion of the ampton,in the county of Hampshire and State hinge member c, which is between the mouth 5 of Massachusetts, have invented new and useof the casing-socket and the pivotal line con- 5 5 ful Improvements in Lock-Hinges, of which stituted bythe studs d. The tendency of the the following is a specification. spring is to hold the hinge member c, with the This invention relates t-o improvements in blind or other part supported thereby, in whatlock-hinges of the class illustrated in Letters ever position it may be set. It is preferred 1o Patent of the United States issued to Frank to provide a bushingg between the spring and 6o N. Kelsey and myself March 31, 1891, No. the member c, which having its outer surface 449,366, the object being by a simple formaevenly formed is deemed advantageous for tion of a part of the hinge, and a formation obvious reasons. It will be noticed that the which does not appreciably increase the exextremity of the hinge member c is formed f 15 pense thereof, to greatly increase the availwith point-s, as indicated at which are ex- 65 ability or convenience in use of the hingetended for a greater distance from the line of that is, to render the hinge members more the pivot-studs d than the points y, which are easy of engagement with and disconnection adjacent said extended points. The lugs b b, from each other-all as will hereinafter more one or both, are formed below the hook-open- The invention consists in the combination the lower borders thereof about on a line of and construction of parts, as will be described the top of the bushing when in its lowermost and illustrated,and pointed out in the claim. position as forced inwardly by one of the eX- Reference is to be had to the accompanying tended points of the hinge member c.
z5 drawings, in which the present improvement Of course it is understood that the blind 75 and the utility thereof are illustrated. may be swung and retained in any position,
Figures 1 and 2 are sections through porthe spring-pressure exerted on the oblated tions of Window-casings, showing hinges as portions of the hinge member c preventing applied thereupon and as also connecting any movement of said member and the blind,
3o blinds or other parts, the hinge members in dac., carried thereby, as by the wind, although 8o the two views being shown as in different relawhen sufficient positive force is intelligently tive positions. Fig. 3 is a front view of the applied on the blind, which acts on the hinge hinge with the parts in their relations shown member c as a lever, the movable parts may in Fig. 1. be swung as desired. The bushing is held in 55 As in the hinge illustrated in said patent, place when the hinged parts are assembled 85 l the one here shown embodies two members a by the hinge member c, which in turn is in and c. The one a comprises a socketed casengagement with the hook-lugs. On desiring ing d', which is open at its outer end and is to remove the blind and hinge member c, conprovided at either side of the opening or mouth nected thereto, from the engagement with the 4o with the hook-shaped lugs b b. The member hook-lugs, the parts to be removed are swung 9o c is adapted to be pivotally connected to the into the position indicated in Figs. 1 and 3, hooked lugs of the other hinged member by so that the spring and bushing therefor are inthe laterally-projecting studs d, which may wardly forced, when a nail or pin, as indicated be integrally cast as a part of said hinge memat w, is entered through the hole z in one of 45 ber c, or, as practically the same, they may the hook-lugs to progect by its extremity for a 9 consist of the end portions of a pin, which short distance over the top of the inwardly-l by an intermediate portion has a binding enforced bushing, which is in substance the upgagement with the said member, the mechani` per section of the compressed spring. The cal resort for the production of the said studs spring force is thus relieved from the hinge 5o d being imlnaterial. There is a spring f let member c, so that there is no bind between the i studs d and the hook-lugs, and on swinging the movable parts into the position shown in the full lines in Fig. 2 the said movable parts may be carried bodily forward, as shown by the dotted lines in said Fig. 2, for the detachment, as indicated.
The spring in order to be effective in maintaining the blind in its set position, resisting the wind force, is necessarily quite heavy and powerful, and much difficulty has been experienced in the detachment of the parts heretofore in the absence of the capability as now afforded by the provision of the hole in at least one of the socket-lugs for the insertion of a pin or the nail for temporarily maintaining the spring-compression, as stated. Practically the same advantage also arises by the provision set forth in the assemblement or re-engagement of the parts, and the nail or pin serves, also, while the members a and c remain detached, to prevent the spring and the bushing therefor from being forced or permitted to pass out of the casing-socket.
That I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
A lock-hinge consisting; of two members c and ct, the former having the lateral pivotforming projections el d and the member a comprising a soclceted casing opened at its outward end and provided with the opposing hook-formed lugs b ZJ, adapted for t-he engagement therewith'iof said projections d, the spring disposed in said casing and exerting an outward forcing action in relation to the member c, and one of the hook-formed lugs having a hole I@located as described and adapted for the passage therethrough and engagement therein of a pin or the like for temporarily maintaining the spring under compression for relieving the bind exerted by the spring between the engaging portions of the hinge members, substantially as described.
GEORGE L. LOOMIS.
LEON M. HoLooME, SELDEN W. HAYES.