US 4727171 A
A 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenylpolydisilane is prepared by condensating 1,2-dichloro-1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenyldisilane in the presence of an alkali metal or alkali earth metal, in an aprotic solvent. This polymer is a viscous liquid which has a weight average molecular weight in the range of from 5,000 to 500,000 and a narrow molecular weight distribution, and has various uses as electroconductors, photoresist and optical information recording materials.
1. A 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenylpolydisilane having a repeating unit represented by the following formula I and a weight average molecular weight ranging from 5,000 to 500,000: ##STR6## wherein, Me is methyl and Ph is phenyl.
2. The 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenylpolydisilane according to claim 1 in which the ratio of weight average molecular weight to number average molecular weight is 2.9.
3. A method for producing a 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenylpolydisilane having a repeating unit represented by the formula [I]: ##STR7## wherein, Me is methyl and Ph is phenyl, and having a weight average molecular weight ranging from 5,000 to 500,000, which comprises the step of condensating 1,2-dichloro-1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenyldisilane represented by the formula [II]:
ClMe2 SiSiMePhCl [II]
wherein, Me is methyl and Ph is phenyl, in the presence of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal, in an aprotic solvent.
4. The method according to claim 3 in which 2 to 3 equivalents of said alkaline metal or alkali earth metal are used per 1 equivalent of said 1,2-dichloro-1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenyldisilane represented by the formula [II].
5. The method according to claim 3 in which said aprotic solvent is any one of n-pentane, n-hexane, benzene, toluene and tetrahydrofuran.
6. The method according to claim 3 in which said alkali metal is lithium or sodium.
7. The method according to claim 3 in which said alkaline earth metal is magnesium.
(1) Field of the Invention
This invention relates to a novel high molecular compound, 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenyl polydisilane, being usable as materials for electroconductor, photoresist, optical information recording material and the like, and a method for producing the same.
(2) Description of the Prior Art
As the method for producing the polysilane compound, The Journal of American Chemical Society, Vol. 71, page 963 (1949) and Chemistry Letters, page 551 (1976) disclose each the method for producing a chain or cyclic dimethylpolysilane having a repeating unit expressed by the following formula: ##STR1## wherein, Me is methyl, by reacting dichlorodimethylsilane with sodium metal in benzene or xylene.
Further, U.S. Pat. No. 4,260,780 discloses the process for obtaining phenylmethylpolysilane, represented by the following formula: ##STR2## wherein, Me is methyl, Ph is phenyl, the ratio of x to y is 1:3 to 1:20, and z is an integer ranging from 1 to 100, by reacting dichlorodimethylsilane with dichloromethylphenylsilane in the presence of an alkali metal in a solvent of xylene, tetrahydrofuran or the like.
However, the conventional polysilanes are all those, as shown in the abovementioned formula (1), built up of a principal chain comprising a silicon-silicon bond and a substituent, namely a methyl group alone, introduced into said principal chain, or those, as shown in the abovementioned formula (2), built up of irregularly combined ##STR3## unit and ##STR4## unit.
It is one object of this invention, therefore, to provide 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenylpolydisilane constructed so as to introduce the substituents such as methyl group and phenyl group regularly into the principal chain comprising the silicon-silicon bond.
Another object of the invention is to provide a method for producing 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenylpolydisilane.
Other objects and advantages will be apparent from the accompanying disclosure.
This invention provides 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenylpolydisilane which comprises a repeating unit represented by the following formula [I]: ##STR5## wherein, Me is methyl, and Ph is phenyl, and has a weight average molecular weight in the range of from 5,000 to 500,000.
The 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenylpolydisilane according to this invention can be prepared by reacting 1,2-dichloro-1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenyldisilane having the following formula [I]:
ClMe2 SiSiMePhCl [II]
wherein, Me is methyl and Ph is phenyl, with an alkali metal or alkali earth metal.
The disilane [II], starting material for the polymer of this invention, namely 1,2-dichloro-1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenyldisilane, can be obtained by reacting 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trimethyldisilane with phenyllithium, or reacting 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trimethyldisilane with phenylmagnesium halide in the presence of a cobalt catalyst, as disclosed in U.S. Ser. No. 011,964 filed on Feb. 6, 1987.
And, one reactant of these reactions, namely 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trimethyldisilane, can be obtained from the disilane fraction by-produced when synthesizing dichlorodimethylsilane from methyl chloride and silicon metal.
According to this invention, the disilane [II] and the alkali metal or alkali earth metal are reacted in the aprotic solvent such, for instance, as a solvent of n-pentane, n-hexane, benzene, toluene or tetrahydrofuran. As an alkali metal, lithium, sodium, potassium and the like are utilized, and as an alkali earth metal, magnesium, calcium or the like are utilized. Among them, lithium, sodium and magnesium are especially preferable.
The amount of alkali metal or alkali earth metal used is required to be at least two equivalent, normally two or three equivalent, per one equivalent of disilane [II].
As reaction temperatures, optional ones in the range of from more than 0° C. to less than the boiling point of a reaction solvent used are employed. Reaction is completed by heating a reaction mixture to the boiling point of the reaction solvent at a proper time after start of the reaction. The reaction time somewhat varies dependent upon the reaction solvent and reaction temperatures used. Generally speaking, however, the reaction completes in 1 to 5 hours.
After completion of the reaction, a reaction product is refined in a usual manner for refining polysilanes, for instance a manner of repeating reprecipitation by the use of benzene and alcohol or the like, thereby obtaining the 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenylpolydisilane of this invention.
This invention has found that by selecting the disilane [II] as the starting material and condensing the same in the presence of the alkali metal or alkali earth metal, there can be obtained a novel high molecular compound 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenylpolydisilane constructed so as to introduce the substituents, methyl and phenyl groups, regularly into the principal chain comprising the silicon-silicon bond.
The 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenylpolydisilane according to this invention, is characterized by that it has a weight average molecular weight (Mw) ranging from 5,000 to 500,000 and a narrow distribution of molecular weight as is supported by the fact that the ratio of weight average molecular weight (Mw) to number average molecular weight (Mn), namely Mw/Mn, is 2.9. The polymer to be provided by this invention has various uses as raw materials for making electroconductors, photoresist, optical information recording materials and the like.
The inside of a 1-liter, 3-neck flask fitted with a condenser, dropping funnel, thermometer and stirrer was replaced by argon. Thereafter, 300 g of toluene and 23 g (1 mole) of sodium were fed thereto, and a toluene solution of 124.5 g (0.5 mole) of 1,2-dichloro-1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenyldisilane was dropped in the same with stirring at a reaction temperature of from 30° to 50° C. in 1 hour. After completion of dropping, the reaction mixture was heated gradually and was allowed to react for 3 hours while refluxing. Then, the resulting reaction product was cooled to a room temperature, the by-produced sodium salt was separated by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated by distilling out the toluene. The concentrated filtrate was added with 300 ml of benzene, and further added with 1 liter of methanol with stirring. This mixture was left standing to thereby obtain a polysilane layer as a bottom layer. This bottom polysilane layer was recovered and further the solvent remaining under reduced pressure was removed completely to thereby obtain 63.2 g of a viscous liquid 1,2,2-trimethyl-1-phenylpolydisilane. Yield was 71%. The results obtained from analysis of the product are as shown below:
Proton nuclear magnetic: resonance spectrum (60 MHz, CDCl3); δ ppm=0.2 (Broad, Si-Me), 7.1 (Broad, Si-Phe); Me-Ph (Proton ratio)=9/5.1.
Infrared absorption spectrum (cm-1): 3050, 2950, 2890, 2070, 1950, 1875, 1810, 1580, 1480, 1420, 1400, 1240, 1100.
Ultraviolet absorption spectrum (nm): 325.
Gel permeation chromatography: Measuring conditions: Column pressure: 30 kg/cm2, Flow rate: 1.25 ml/min., Column: TSK Gel GMH6, 7.5 mm×60 cm, Eluent: Tetrahydrofuran; Weight average molecular weight (Mw)=211,000; Mw/Mn=2.9.