US 473265 A
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No. 473,265. Patented Apr. 19; 1892-.
am 5 N I 0 \Q g x Q Ng g UNITED STATES ATENT FFICE EMIL REISKY, OF ROCHESTER, NEV YORK, A SSIGNOR TO CHARLES RAU, OF SAME PLACE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 473,265, dated April 19, 1892. Application filed January 21, 1892. Serial No. 418,742. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EMIL REIsKY, of Rochester, in the county of Monroe and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Game Apparatus; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the drawings accompanying this specification.
My improvement relates to an apparatus in which a ball rolling up an incline strikes a pivoted pawl and releases a ratchet that carries a weighted pointer, the latter falling over a scale, the degree to which it falls on the scale indicating the number of points scored.
The invention consists in the construction and arrangement of parts hereinafter described and claimed.
In the drawings, Figure l is a side elevation of the apparatus. Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the ratchet, pointer, and pawl. Fig. 3 is a diagram showing a cross-section of the ratchet and a plan view of the pawl engaging therewith.
A indicates the ratchet, consisting of a disk pivoted centrally to a wall and provided on its lower edge with a set of ratchet-teeth ca.
13 is the pointer, attached to the ratchet and turning with it. Preferablyit is attached,
as shown in the drawings, sliding freely through a hole made in the ratchet and held at any adjustment bya set-screw c. The pointer consists of an arm whose outer end is so much heavier than the inner end that it will fall and cause the ratchet to turn when the latter is free. The outer end of the pointer moves over a scale d, (marked with a series of grad uallydecreasing numbers, as shown at the left in Fig. 2.) In its highest position itstands one point above the highest number, and in this position it is set for commencing the game.
C is the pawl, consisting of a bent arm hlnged at fto the wall. The upper end is provided with a detent g, which engages with the ratchet-teeth a, while the lower end is broadened and stands in position to be struck by the ball.
h is a cord attached to the lower part of the pawl, thence extending up over a pulley iand provided with a weight 7a. The tendency of the cord is to hold the pawl in engagement with the ratchet and prevent the latter from turning; but when the pawl is struck by the ball the pawl is momentarily disengaged, allowing the ratchet to turn.
Z is a buffer against which the lower end of the pawl strikes to break the shock.
D is an inclined trough or way on which rolls the ball m by which the pawl is operated. The end next to the pawl is inclined, as shown, so that the ball has to ascend.
n is a light cord attached at one end to the rear end of the pointer, the other end extending down around a pulley 0 and thence along the trough through eyes 19 p or around pulleys to the farther end of the trough from which the ball is rolled.
The operation is as follows: The ball is rolled along the trough and up the incline and strikes the pawl, thus releasing the ratchet and allowing the pointer to fall. The degree to which the pointer falls on the'scale depends upon the force with which the pawl is struck. A light blow will register the highest number, and the operator exercises his skill to give just such impetus to the ball as will cause it to just touch and release the pawl. The cord extending to the point from which the ball is rolled enables the operator to reset the ratchet without going to that end of the line. It will be seen that the ball after striking the pawl rolls back of its own volition to the point of starting. Preferably the trough is provided with a reverse incline at the starting-point, as shown at the left in Fig.
1, by which the momentum of the ball in returning is retarded. By the means above described the ball is returned and the ratchet reset without the necessity of leaving the point from which the ball is rolled.
This apparatus may be made of large size, adapted to bowling-alleys, or small size, to fit a parlor-table.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. The combination of the ratchet A, provided with the teeth a a, the pointer B, attached to the ratchet, the hinged pawl C, provided the pointer and extending backward to the point from which the ball is rolled, as and for the purpose specified.
In witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name in the presence of two subscribing I5 witnesses.
R. F. Oseoon, CHAS. A. WIDENER.