|Publication number||US4735202 A|
|Application number||US 06/916,422|
|Publication date||Apr 5, 1988|
|Filing date||Oct 6, 1986|
|Priority date||Oct 6, 1986|
|Publication number||06916422, 916422, US 4735202 A, US 4735202A, US-A-4735202, US4735202 A, US4735202A|
|Inventors||Rodger W. Williams|
|Original Assignee||Alcon Laboratories, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (121), Classifications (8), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates generally to surgical knives, and more particularly to a disposable microsurgical knife having a movable blade guard for protecting the sterility and structural integrity of the knife blade from damage prior to introduction to a sterile field.
FIG. 1 is an illustrtion of a microsurgical knife 10 including a knife body 12 having a cutting blade 14 at one end thereof. More specifically, the knife body 12 includes a forward portion 13 that tapers downwardly towards blade 14 to provide good visibility of the cutting tip. The knife body 12 has a gripping surface 12a that may be knurled or otherwise roughened to provide a secure grip. Microsurgical knife 10 in disposable form is manufactured by the assignee of the present application. The microsurgical knives 10 are shipped in vacuum formed trays of the type disclosed in U.S patent application Ser. No. 739,217 filed May 30, 1985, assigned to the present assignee. Said vacuum formed tray is essentially of a type providing snapfitting securement between the knife body and portions of the tray. The knife is easily removed from the tray although securely and snugly held while in the tray and prior to introduction to the sterile field.
It has recently been discovered that knives 10 are occasionally being introduced to the sterile field with the knife blades 14 in a bent and therefore unsatisfactory condition. It is believed that the damage may occur when the knife 10 is removed from the vacuum formed tray for introduction to the sterile field. It is further suspected that such damage to the blade 14 occurs as the rear end of knife body 12 remote from blade 14 is manually lifted from the surface of the tray causing possible and undesirable bending contact between the knife blade and tray body.
In light of the above problem, it would be desirable to provide a structure for protecting the structural integrity of the cutting blade 14 until knife 10 is introduced to the sterile field. Such a structure should be simple to manufacture and therefore economical while requiring economy of effort in attachment and subsequent detachment from the knife body.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,576,164 to Richeson discloses a disposable microsurgical knife having a shroud that can be locked into a position protecting a blade located at one end of the knife body. The cylindrical shroud is in the form of a sheath that is movable axially along the knife body. The shroud is formed with a plurality of projections mating with a complex arrangement of longitudinal and circumferential grooves formed on the exterior surface of the knife body. This complicated arrangement of grooves on the knife body allows the shroud to be locked in two or three positions wherein in one position the shroud in fact acts as an enlarged centrally located handle which may discourage use of the knife by various surgeons. If the shroud were to be removed entirely from the knife body, the exposed system of complicated longitudinal and circumferential grooves may result in an inconvenient grip for the surgeon. Thus, the locking shroud disclosed in the aforesaid patent has many distinct disadvantages.
U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,706,106; 3,905,101; 3,945,117; and 4,414,974 disclose other types of surgical knives having movable blade protective structures.
It is accordingly one object of the present invention to provide a surgical knife having a removable guard for protecting the blade during shipping or otherwise prior to introduction to the sterile field.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a disposable microsurgical knife with a blade guard that is easily attached to entirely cover the cutting blade of the knife so that the blade will not be damaged in shipping and will remain in protective position until easy removable prior to introduction to the sterile field.
Still a further object is to provide a guard capable of easy yet positive locking engagement with the microsurgical knife body and which utilizes locking structure that does not interfere with the grip provided for the surgeon on the knife body when the guard is removed from the knife.
The present invention provides a disposable microsurgical knife having a movable blade guard in the form of a cylindrical sleeve being movable axially along the knife body, with locking means for selectively locking the sleeve in a position substantially entirely surrounding the cutting blade in spaced relation thereto. The sleeve projects forwardly from the knife blade located within the confines of the sleeve in the locking position. To provide locking of the guard sleeve in a blade covering position, there is provided at least one projection on one of the locking sleeve or knife body for engagement with a locking notch on the other of the sleeve or knife body.
Preferably, a single locking projection formed on the knife body adjacent the forward portion thereof is adopted to enter a longitudinal slot formed in the cylindrical sleeve. The slot extends from the forward opening of the sleeve where it has tapered walls for ease of locating the locking projection in the slot, and terminates within the intermediate portion of the sleeve where it is formed with a circumferentially extending notch. As the sleeve slides along the knife body after initial engagement by passing the rear end of the knife body through the forward opening of the sleeve, the locking projection contacts the back wall of the longitudinal slot. Slight rotation of the sleeve or knife body then forces the projection to enter the locking notch so that the sleeve is in a blade covering position.
One or more tabs may project outwardly from the exterior surface of the cylindrical sleeve to prevent the knife from rolling when on a Mayo stand. The sleeve may also be provided with one or more longitudinal ribs projectiong radially inward from the interior surface of the sleeve to promote easy sliding movement of the sleeve along the knife body.
Positive locking engagement between the locking projectin and circumferential notch may be obtained by dimensioning the projection so that it is of slightly greater length than the corresponding dimension of the locking notch in the longitudinal direction. Thus, positive locking contact is obtained by a wedging effect taking into account the normal yieldability of the plastic material of which the cylindrical locking sleeve is preferably formed.
The cylindrical sleeve forming the locking blade guard of the invention is designed for complete removal from the knife body when unlocked from the blade covering position. Thus, the conventional grip afforded the surgeon by the knife body is unaffected with the present invention. The feature of a single locking projection projecting radially outward from the knife body adjacent its forward portion has slight effect, if any, as to the convenient grip afforded the surgeon.
Additional objects, advantages and novel features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned by practice of the invention. The objects and advantages of the invention may be realized and attained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a conventional disposable microsurgical knife;
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of a disposable microsurgical knife modified for use with the present invention in combination with a locking blade guard depicted in the blade covering locked position;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line 3--3 of FIG. 2 depicting further structural detail of the locking mechanism of the invention; and
FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along the line 4--4 of FIG. 2 of other features of the invention.
Microsurgical knife 10' used in the present invention in conjunction with locking blade guard 20 of the invention is virtually identical to microsurgical knife 10 depicted in FIG. 1 discussed above, with the addition of a small locking tab 22 formed on knife body 12 adjacent forward tapered portion 13. As best seen in FIG. 3, locking tab 22 is generally of rectangular cross-section and has its major dimension or length L extending in the longitudinal direction of the knife body. In the circumferential direction of the knife body, the thickness or width W is relatively small (i.e., tab 22 is thin). Locking tab 22 is nonetheless configured to provide positive locking contact for securing blade guard 20 in a blade covering position in the unique manner described below. When the guard 20 is removed from knife 10' to expose blade 14, locking tab 22 remains basically unobtrusive on the knife body to advantageously prevent interfering with the convenient grip for the surgeon normally provided on the outer surface of the knife body.
Blade guard 20 comprises a cylindrical sleeve 25 preferably formed of transparent plastic material having a forward opening 27 and a rear opening 29. The inner diameter of sleeve 25 is slightly greater than the corresponding outer diameter of knife body 12 so that the sleeve is easily mounted to the knife body preferably by inserting the rear end of the knife body into forward opening 27. One or more longitudinally extending ribs 30 formed on the inner surface of sleeve 25 and projecting radially inward a short extent may be provided to reduce friction and promote an easy sliding movement of the cylindrical sleeve along knife body 12.
Sleeve 25 includes a longitudinal slot 35 that communicates with forward opening 27 and that extends longitudinally through approximately one-half of sleeve 25 before terminating into a circumferentially extending locking notch 37. The width 39 of slot 35 is slightly greater than the corresponding width W of locking tab 22 to permit easy sliding movement of the tab through the longitudinal slot as blade guard 20 slides forwardly into blade covering position discussed infra. Longitudinal slot 35 is preferably of constant width 39 along substantially its entire length except for circumferential locking notch 37 formed at its terminal end within sleeve 25 and forward end 40 of the longitudinal slot having side walls 42 converging from the forward edge of the sleeve towards the side walls of the slot defining width 39. In other words, the side walls define a small funnel-shaped opening 40 extending towards slot 35 for ease of locating the locking tab 22 within slot 35 a blade guard 20 is initially assembled onto microsurgical knife 10' for locking into the blade covering position.
The length of longitudinal slot 35 is preferably greater than the distance 47 between the rear edge of locking tab 22 and cutting blade 14. Thereby, when tab 22 is locked within notch 37, as depicted in FIG. 2, blade 14 is not only radially surrounded by blade guard 20 but is also protected in its forward direction by virtue of cylindrical sleeve 25 extending forwardly of the blade.
As sleeve 25 slides into the blade covering position of FIG. 2, locking tab 22 reaches the terminal end of slot 35 whereupon it is in opposition to locking notch 37. With reference to FIGS. 2 and 3, locking notch 37 is actually formed with a first portion 50 immediately adjacent the terminal end of slot 35, and a second portion 52 into which tab 22 locks by slight rotation of the cylindrical sleeve to circumferentially advance the tab into the notch 37. The first and second portions 50,52 share a common rear wall 54. As depicted in FIG. 3, first notch portion 50 has a forward wall 57 projecting rearwardly towards the rear wall to define an inlet opening of a length which may be slightly less than length L of locking tab 22. This length is slightly less than the length of second notch portion 52; the latter is slightly greater than or equal to length L of tab 22.
Due to the normal yieldability of the plastic material and the relative lengths of the parts discussed supra, slight circumferential rotation of blade guard 20 causes locking tab 22 to slip through the first notch portion 50 where it is locked into second notch portion 52 in the manner described above by riding over the locking wall or projection 57. Thus, blade guard 20 protects cutting blade 14 by simple rotation of sleeve 25. Reverse rotation of sleeve 25 allows locking tab 22 to re-enter the terminal end of longitudinal slot 35 permitting easy removal of the sleeve from the knife 10' when introduced to the sterile field.
A pair of diametrically opposed tabs 75 project radially outward from the rear end of cylindrical sleeve 25 to prevent the knife 10' from rolling when on a Mayo stand (not shown).
It will of course be understood by those skilled in the art that the particular embodiment of the invention here presented is by way of illustration only and is not meant to be restrictive. Therefore, numerous changes and modifications may be made, and the full use of equivalents may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3169527 *||May 13, 1963||Feb 16, 1965||Sheridan Corp||Lubricated catheter|
|US3706106 *||Jan 18, 1971||Dec 19, 1972||Norbert Leopoldi||Surgical knife|
|US3905101 *||Apr 19, 1974||Sep 16, 1975||Becton Dickinson Co||Disposable surgical scalpel|
|US3945117 *||Sep 18, 1974||Mar 23, 1976||Rudolph Beaver, Inc.||Surgical blade with adjustable blade guard|
|US4071952 *||Dec 17, 1976||Feb 7, 1978||Cbs Inc.||Knife and safety cap|
|US4414974 *||Jun 9, 1981||Nov 15, 1983||General Conveyors Limited||Microsurgical knife|
|US4425120 *||Apr 15, 1982||Jan 10, 1984||Sampson Norma A||Shielded hypodermic syringe|
|US4576164 *||Nov 14, 1983||Mar 18, 1986||Richeson W George||Knife with locking shroud|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4985034 *||Jun 1, 1989||Jan 15, 1991||Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System||Safety surgical blade, handle and shield|
|US5057119 *||Jan 18, 1991||Oct 15, 1991||Ultracision Inc.||Apparatus and methods for attaching and detaching an ultrasonic actuated blade/coupler and an acoustical mount therefor|
|US5059210 *||Dec 12, 1989||Oct 22, 1991||Ultracision Inc.||Apparatus and methods for attaching and detaching an ultrasonic actuated blade/coupler and an acoustical mount therefor|
|US5071426 *||Apr 6, 1989||Dec 10, 1991||Stuart Dolgin||Surgical scalpel with retractable blade guard|
|US5207696 *||Apr 30, 1992||May 4, 1993||Medical Sterile Products, Inc.||Surgical scalpel|
|US5254128 *||Oct 11, 1990||Oct 19, 1993||Micro Engineering, Inc.||Surgical knife with attached, movable blade protector|
|US5299357 *||Dec 18, 1991||Apr 5, 1994||American Safety Razor Company||Disposable surgical scalpel with safety guard|
|US5309641 *||Dec 8, 1992||May 10, 1994||American Safety Razor Company||Disposable surgical scalpel with safety guard|
|US5330492 *||Oct 21, 1992||Jul 19, 1994||Dlh Concepts, Inc.||Safety scalpel|
|US5330493 *||Nov 27, 1992||Jul 19, 1994||Haining Michael L||Disposable scalpel|
|US5330495 *||May 24, 1993||Jul 19, 1994||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force||Disposable grafting knife|
|US5342379 *||Jun 1, 1993||Aug 30, 1994||Volinsky Fredric G||Safety scalpel|
|US5344424 *||Mar 12, 1993||Sep 6, 1994||Roberts Philip L||Selectively retractable, disposable surgical knife|
|US5411512 *||Nov 12, 1993||May 2, 1995||Leonard Bloom||Guarded surgical scalpel|
|US5417704 *||Dec 20, 1993||May 23, 1995||American Safety Razor Company||Disposable surgical scalpel with safety guard|
|US5496340 *||Jul 19, 1994||Mar 5, 1996||Leonard Bloom||Combination guarded surgical scalpel and blade stripper|
|US5527329 *||Jan 20, 1995||Jun 18, 1996||Devon Industries, Inc.||Surgical scalpel|
|US5531754 *||Jul 11, 1994||Jul 2, 1996||Shackelford, Sr.; Howard L.||Retractable surgical blade device and associated method|
|US5556409 *||Aug 4, 1995||Sep 17, 1996||Haining; Michael L.||Disposable scalpel|
|US5620454 *||Oct 25, 1994||Apr 15, 1997||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Guarded surgical scalpel|
|US5683407 *||Oct 19, 1995||Nov 4, 1997||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Cleanable guarded surgical scalpel with scalpel blade remover|
|US5752968 *||Jan 27, 1995||May 19, 1998||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Guarded surgical scalpel with scalpel blade remover|
|US5755732 *||Feb 11, 1997||May 26, 1998||United States Surgical Corporation||Surgical instruments useful for endoscopic spinal procedures|
|US5776156 *||Sep 5, 1995||Jul 7, 1998||United States Surgical Corporation||Endoscopic cutting instrument|
|US5792162 *||May 8, 1996||Aug 11, 1998||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Guarded surgical scalpel with scalpel blade remover|
|US5827309 *||Oct 19, 1995||Oct 27, 1998||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Guarded surgical scalpel with scalpel blade remover|
|US5830226 *||May 2, 1997||Nov 3, 1998||Eagle Vision, Inc.||Microsurgical scalpel assembly|
|US5938675 *||Jun 18, 1996||Aug 17, 1999||Beckton, Dickinson And Company||Surgical scalpel|
|US6022364 *||Oct 18, 1996||Feb 8, 2000||Flumene; Antonio Giovanni||Disposable surgical safety scalpel|
|US6254621||Jun 1, 2000||Jul 3, 2001||S & S Surgical Products, Inc.||Closed channel retractable surgical blade device and associated method|
|US6536115 *||Oct 30, 1998||Mar 25, 2003||James Tabbi||Automatically retractable safety utility knife|
|US6569175||Nov 14, 2001||May 27, 2003||Alcon, Inc.||Surgical knife|
|US6626925||Mar 29, 2001||Sep 30, 2003||Becton Dickinson And Company||Shielded surgical scalpel|
|US6755841||Dec 7, 2001||Jun 29, 2004||Depuy Acromed, Inc.||Medical installation tool|
|US6884240||Dec 7, 2001||Apr 26, 2005||Ronald Dykes||Protection system for surgical instruments|
|US6887253||Nov 27, 2001||May 3, 2005||Steve Schraga||Lancet depth adjustment assembly|
|US6918918||Apr 29, 2002||Jul 19, 2005||Steven Schraga||Single use lancet assembly|
|US6949111||Feb 20, 2001||Sep 27, 2005||Steven Schraga||Lancet device|
|US6958072||Jun 13, 2002||Oct 25, 2005||Steven Schraga||Single use lancet device|
|US7022128||Apr 22, 2003||Apr 4, 2006||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Surgical knife safety handle|
|US7105103||Mar 10, 2003||Sep 12, 2006||Becton, Dickinson And Company||System and method for the manufacture of surgical blades|
|US7156231||Nov 9, 2005||Jan 2, 2007||Georgene Austria||Sharp blade protection device|
|US7159713||Nov 1, 2005||Jan 9, 2007||Georgene Austria||Sharp blade protection device|
|US7172611||Mar 22, 2004||Feb 6, 2007||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Surgical scalpel assembly|
|US7285110||Jun 10, 2003||Oct 23, 2007||P. Rowan Smith, Jr.||Retractable hypodermic safety syringe|
|US7387637||Apr 21, 2004||Jun 17, 2008||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Surgical knife safety handle|
|US7387742||Sep 17, 2004||Jun 17, 2008||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Silicon blades for surgical and non-surgical use|
|US7396484||Apr 29, 2005||Jul 8, 2008||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Methods of fabricating complex blade geometries from silicon wafers and strengthening blade geometries|
|US7575583||Oct 11, 2005||Aug 18, 2009||Steven Schraga||Single use lancet device|
|US7678126||May 3, 2005||Mar 16, 2010||Steven Schraga||Lancet depth adjustment assembly|
|US7785485||Aug 31, 2010||Becton, Dickinson And Company||System and method for creating linear and non-linear trenches in silicon and other crystalline materials with a router|
|US7901422||Mar 8, 2011||Beaver-Visitec International (Us), Inc.||Surgical knife safety handle|
|US7905894||Mar 15, 2011||Beaver-Visitec International (Us), Inc.||Surgical knife safety handle|
|US7906437||Jul 31, 2006||Mar 15, 2011||Beaver-Visitec International (Us), Inc.||System and method for the manufacture of surgical blades|
|US7909840||Mar 22, 2011||Beaver-Visitec International (Us), Inc.||Surgical knife safety handle having user operable lock|
|US8034069||May 24, 2010||Oct 11, 2011||Steven Schraga||Single use lancet assembly|
|US8048097||Jul 15, 2005||Nov 1, 2011||Steven Schraga||Single use lancet assembly|
|US8066730||Nov 14, 2006||Nov 29, 2011||Scapa Flow, Llc||Medical dilator system or dilator device|
|US8114103||Sep 14, 2005||Feb 14, 2012||James Edwin Rasco||Scalpel blade protector|
|US8118825||Nov 18, 2003||Feb 21, 2012||Steven Schraga||Lancet device|
|US8353924||Oct 11, 2011||Jan 15, 2013||Stat Medical Devices, Inc.||Single use lancet assembly|
|US8377072||Feb 19, 2013||Depuy Spine, Inc.||Medical device installation tool|
|US8409462||Feb 9, 2011||Apr 2, 2013||Beaver-Visitec International (Us), Inc.||System and method for the manufacture of surgical blades|
|US8464430||Feb 7, 2008||Jun 18, 2013||Beaver-Visitec International (Us), Inc.||Retractable safety knife|
|US8715309||Feb 21, 2012||May 6, 2014||Steven Schraga||Lancet device|
|US8814893||Dec 22, 2010||Aug 26, 2014||Beaver-Visitec International (Us), Inc.||Surgical knife safety handle having user operable lock|
|US8814896||Jan 15, 2013||Aug 26, 2014||Stat Medical Devices, Inc.||Single use lancet assembly|
|US9044265||Dec 22, 2010||Jun 2, 2015||Beaver-Visitec International (Us), Inc.||Retractable safety knife|
|US9072512||Jun 18, 2013||Jul 7, 2015||PenBlade, Inc.||Safety suture cutting device and method|
|US9072541 *||Oct 24, 2013||Jul 7, 2015||Steven M. Hacker||Surgical scalpel handle with illuminator|
|US9162363 *||Feb 20, 2013||Oct 20, 2015||Sdi Corporation||Cutter with a slider that can be pushed from two directions and slider for the same|
|US20030050656 *||Jun 13, 2002||Mar 13, 2003||Steven Schraga||Single use lancet device|
|US20030055503 *||Sep 19, 2001||Mar 20, 2003||O'neil Michael J.||Alignment verification device and method of use|
|US20030199165 *||Mar 10, 2003||Oct 23, 2003||Becton, Dickinson And Company||System and method for the manufacture of surgical blades|
|US20040034353 *||Aug 11, 2003||Feb 19, 2004||Michelson Gary Karlin||Apparatus and method for anterior spinal stabilization|
|US20040039407 *||Apr 29, 2002||Feb 26, 2004||Steven Schraga||Lancet device|
|US20040147948 *||Nov 18, 2003||Jul 29, 2004||Steven Schraga||Lancet device|
|US20040215174 *||Apr 22, 2003||Oct 28, 2004||Morawski Michael J.||Surgical knife safety handle|
|US20050015104 *||Apr 21, 2004||Jan 20, 2005||Morawski Michael J.||Surgical knife safety handle|
|US20050046749 *||Aug 23, 2004||Mar 3, 2005||Alps Electric Co., Ltd.||Television tuner for both analog and digital signal|
|US20050119680 *||Jan 7, 2005||Jun 2, 2005||Diamatrix Limited, Inc.||Surgical device with a moveable instrument protector|
|US20050155955 *||Sep 9, 2004||Jul 21, 2005||Daskal Vadim M.||Method for reducing glare and creating matte finish of controlled density on a silicon surface|
|US20050188548 *||Sep 17, 2004||Sep 1, 2005||Daskal Vadim M.||Silicon blades for surgical and non-surgical use|
|US20050228420 *||Mar 22, 2004||Oct 13, 2005||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Surgical scalpel assembly|
|US20050245955 *||May 3, 2005||Nov 3, 2005||Steven Schraga||Lancet depth adjustment assembly|
|US20050266680 *||Apr 29, 2005||Dec 1, 2005||Daskal Vadim M||Methods of fabricating complex blade geometries from silicon wafers and strengthening blade geometries|
|US20060079920 *||Jul 15, 2005||Apr 13, 2006||Steven Schraga||Single use lancet assembly|
|US20060085019 *||Oct 19, 2005||Apr 20, 2006||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Surgical knife safety handle having user operable lock|
|US20060178686 *||Feb 7, 2005||Aug 10, 2006||Steven Schraga||Single use lancet device|
|US20070123903 *||Oct 31, 2005||May 31, 2007||Depuy Spine, Inc.||Medical Device installation tool and methods of use|
|US20070129747 *||Nov 14, 2006||Jun 7, 2007||Scapa Flow, Llc||Medical dilator system or dilator device|
|US20070185375 *||Feb 6, 2006||Aug 9, 2007||Depuy Spine, Inc.||Medical device installation tool|
|US20070187874 *||Sep 17, 2004||Aug 16, 2007||Daskal Vadim M||System and method for creating linear and non-linear trenches in silicon and other crystalline materials with a router|
|US20080058843 *||Oct 31, 2007||Mar 6, 2008||Morawski Michael J||Surgical knife safety handle|
|US20090007436 *||Jun 16, 2008||Jan 8, 2009||Daskal Vadim M||Silicon blades for surgical and non-surgical use|
|US20100024219 *||Feb 4, 2010||Alltrade Tools Llc||Hobby knife|
|US20100137894 *||Feb 20, 2007||Jun 3, 2010||Feather Safety Razor Co., Ltd||Edged tool|
|US20100146799 *||Dec 7, 2009||Jun 17, 2010||Unique Technologies Inc.||Guarded Surgical Knife|
|US20100198243 *||Aug 5, 2010||Steven Schraga||Lancet depth adjustment assembly|
|US20100217297 *||Feb 26, 2010||Aug 26, 2010||Anita Nevyas-Wallace||Surgical Knife Providing Enhanced Blade Visualization|
|US20100305598 *||May 24, 2010||Dec 2, 2010||Steven Schraga||single use lancet assembly|
|US20110092995 *||Dec 22, 2010||Apr 21, 2011||Cote Dana M||Surgical knife safety handle having user operable lock|
|US20110092996 *||Dec 22, 2010||Apr 21, 2011||Morawski Michael J||Surgical knife safety handle|
|US20110192819 *||Feb 9, 2011||Aug 11, 2011||Beaver-Vistec International, Inc.||System and method for the manufacture of surgical blades|
|US20140041235 *||Feb 20, 2013||Feb 13, 2014||Sdi Corporation||Cutter with a Slider that can be Pushed from Two Directions and Slider for the Same|
|US20150119650 *||Oct 24, 2013||Apr 30, 2015||Steven M. Hacker||Surgical Scalpel Handle with Illuminator|
|USD685091||Mar 14, 2011||Jun 25, 2013||Beaver-Vistec International (US), Inc.||Surgical knife safety handle guard|
|USD685092||Mar 14, 2011||Jun 25, 2013||Beaver-Visitec International (Us), Inc.||Surgical knife safety handle|
|USRE42507||Jun 28, 2011||Aspen Surgical Products, Inc.||Surgical scalpel|
|USRE43317||Apr 17, 2012||Depuy Spine, Inc.||Medical installation tool|
|USRE44835||Dec 20, 2011||Apr 8, 2014||Depuy Synthes Products Llc||Medical installation tool|
|USRE45639||Feb 4, 2014||Aug 4, 2015||DePuy Synthes Products, Inc.||Medical installation tool|
|CN101384403B||Feb 20, 2007||Aug 1, 2012||羽毛安全剃刀株式会社||Edged tool|
|EP0622050A1 *||Apr 27, 1994||Nov 2, 1994||Eagle Vision Inc.||Microsurgical scalpel assembly|
|EP0701798A1||Jul 12, 1995||Mar 20, 1996||Michael R. Abidin||Combination guarded surgical scalpel and blade stripper|
|EP1990140A1 *||Feb 20, 2007||Nov 12, 2008||Feather Safety Razor Co., Ltd.||Edged tool|
|EP2654596A2 *||Dec 20, 2011||Oct 30, 2013||Branden D. Rosenhan||Safety suture cutting device and method|
|WO1991011212A1 *||Feb 1, 1991||Aug 8, 1991||Gerard Philip Gilliland||A retractable sharp|
|WO1997035525A1 *||Mar 28, 1996||Oct 2, 1997||Shackelford Howard L Sr||Retractable surgical blade device and associated method|
|WO2002078550A2 *||Mar 12, 2002||Oct 10, 2002||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Shielded surgical scalpel|
|WO2002078550A3 *||Mar 12, 2002||Mar 13, 2003||Becton Dickinson Co||Shielded surgical scalpel|
|U.S. Classification||606/167, 30/162, 30/295, D24/146|
|Cooperative Classification||A61B17/3211, A61B2017/32113|
|Oct 6, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ALCON LABORATORIES, INC., 6201 SOUTH FREEWAY, FORT
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:WILLIAMS, RODGER W.;REEL/FRAME:004616/0653
Effective date: 19860930
|Jul 24, 1991||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Sep 27, 1995||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Oct 4, 1999||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|Mar 26, 2001||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ALCON MANUFACTURING, LTD., TEXAS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ALCON LABORATORIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:011667/0559
Effective date: 20010322