US 473759 A
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(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1. J. S. KLEIN.
- ATOMIZER. No. 473,759. Patented Apr. 26, 1892.
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J. S. KLEIN.
, ATOMIZER. No. 473,759. Patented Apr. 26, 1892.
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JOHN S. KLEIN, OF OIL CITY, PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 473,759, dated April 26, 1892.
Application filed October 9, 1890.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN S. KLEIN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Oil City, in the county of Venango and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and use ful Improvements in Atomizers; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to atomizers; and it conslsts in certain improvements in the construction thereof, as will be hereinafter fully set forth, and pointed out in the claims.
The invention is particularly applicable to hydrocarbon-burners; but it is not at all restricted to such use.
The invention is illustrated in the accom' panying drawings, as follows:
Figure l is a longitudinal sectional View of the device with the inner parts in elevation. Fig. 2 is an end view of the part D, as shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a like view to Fig. 1, showing a modification in the construction. Fig. 4 is a like View to Fig. 1, showing another modification.
The construction and operation are as follows:
A is the body or shell of the atomizer, and A is the air passage or chamber formed within the body A.
Arrows marked a show the direction of aircurrents.
B is the passage for the oil or other fluid to be atomized, and arrows marked b show the course of this fluid.
C is a wind-wheel. In the construction shown in Figs. 1 and 3 the wind-wheel C is acted upon by the current of air which passes through the chamber A and propels the centrifugal distributer D. In the construction shown in Fig. t the air-wheel O and the cen trifugal distributer D are propelled by a 1notor which is belted to the pulley G which is connected with the air-wheel and distributer by the sleeve 0', and hence the air-wheel serves to propel the air through the chamber A. In every case the oil-duct passes through the shaft of the wind-wheel and distributer and the oil falls upon the inner wall of the distributer. When the air propels the wheel 0, as in Figs. 1 and 3, it is forced through the Serial No. 367,487. (No model.)
chamber A by some compressing or forcing device at a distance; but when the windwheel 0 propels the air, as in Fig. 4, the air is supplied from the surrounding atmosphere.
The centrifugal distributer D is shown as conical or bell-formed. In Fig. 1 it is shown as closed at the end by the disk D, which has perforations d in its periphery,-and in Figs. 3 and 4 it is shown as an open-mouthed hell or cone. The distributer D will be propelled with great rapidity and the oil or other fluid to be atomized will be thrown from its mouth in a line at or about right angles to its axis and would impinge against the walls of the nozzle of the shell A were it not met by a counteracting current of air rushing through said nozzle, which deflects the oil, and the two fluids become thoroughly mixed. The air as it passes out of the nozzle impinges on the lip a and is thrown toward the distributer, so it will be seen that the air-current meets the centrifugally-thrown oil almost squarely and the commingling of the two fluids must be perfect. The centrifugal action of the distributor is so great that the fluid thrown from it is very thoroughly atomized and, being thrown as it is with great force so directly against a current of compressed air just released and under rapid expansion, the particles of oil or other fluid are thoroughly separated.
WVhat I claim as my invention is 1. In an atomizer, the combination, substantially as set forth, of the nozzle A, having an air-passage Aand an inwardly-projecting lip a at its mouth,aconcentrically-contained oil-duct B, and a centrifugal distributer D, mounted concentrically on said oil-duct and having its point of centrifugal distribution opposite said lip a, whereby the centrifugallydischarged oil will be thrown againstthe outgoing air-current at the ptffifw re deflected inwardly by said lip.
2. In an atomizer, the combination, substantially as set forth, of a nozzle A, having an air-passage A and an inwardly-projecting lip -or deflector a" at its mouth, a concentrically-journaled conical distributer arranged with its base in the mouth of said nozzle and its apex back of said mouth, and an oill-duct B'through the axis of said distributer with openings 1) within the distributer, so that the ICO infiowing oil will fall upon the inner walls of the distributer.
3. In an atomizer, the combination of a nozzle, an oil-duct concentrically placed within said nozzle, and a distributer mounted to revolve on said oil-duct and having a hollow discharging-cone at its outer end and a propeller- Wheel atits inner end, substantially as shown.
4. In an atomizer, the combination of a nozzle, an oil-duct concentrically placed Within said nozzle, a distributer mounted to revolve l l i on said oil-duct and having a hollow discharging-cone at its outerend, which receives the oil from the duct on its inner Wall and discharges it from the periphery of its base, and means for rotating said distributer.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
JOHN S. KLEIN, Witnesses:
J NO. K. I-IALLocK, WM. P. HAYES.