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Publication numberUS4745192 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 06/883,353
Publication dateMay 17, 1988
Filing dateJul 8, 1986
Priority dateJul 10, 1985
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asCA1285948C, DE3524542A1, EP0208264A1, EP0208264B1
Publication number06883353, 883353, US 4745192 A, US 4745192A, US-A-4745192, US4745192 A, US4745192A
InventorsJosef Ertl
Original AssigneeHoechst Aktiengesellschaft
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro(4,5)decane compounds
US 4745192 A
Abstract
1-Oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane compounds of the formula ##STR1## are novel light stabilizers for protecting polymers from the damaging effect of UV radiation.
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Claims(2)
I claim:
1. A 1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-sprio[4,5]decane compound of the formula I ##STR17## wherein n is an integer from 1 to 4,
R1 is hydrogen, C1 -C4 -alkyl, benzyl, allyl, C2 -C30 -alkanoyl C3 -C20 -alkenoyl, C7 -C11 -aroyl, C8 -C14 -arylalkanoyl or C8 -C20 -alkylaryl,
R2 is hydrogen or C1 -C4 -alkyl,
R3 is hydrogen, C1 -C18 -alkyl, C5 -C12 -cycloalkyl, a phenyl or naphthyl group which can be substituted by chlorine or C1 -C4 -alkyl, or a C7 -C12 -phenylalkylene group which may be unsubstituted or substituted by C1 -C4 -alkyl,
R4 is hydrogen, C1 -C4 -alkyl, C5 -C12 -cycloalkyl, C1 -C3 -alkenyl which is substitute by --COOH, carbo-C1 -C4 -alkoxy or carbamoyl, a phenyl, naphthyl or pyridyl group which can be substituted by C1 -C4 -alkoxy or C1 -C4 -alkyl, or a C7 -C12 -phenylalkyl group which can be substituted by C1 -C4 -alkyl, or
R3 and R4, together with the carbon atom linking them, form a C5 -C12 -cyloalkyl group, which can be monosubstituted to tetrasubstituted by C1 -C4 -alkyl groups, or a radical of the formula II ##STR18## wherein R1 and R2 are as defined above, R5 is hydrogen, methyl, phenyl or carbo-C1 -C21 -alkoxy,
R6 is hydrogen or methyl,
R7 is, if n=1, hydrogen, C1 -C21 -alkyl, C2 -C22 -alkenyl, C7 -C18 -phenylalkyl, C5 -C12 -cycloalkyl, phenyl, naphyl, C7 -C18 -alkylphenyl, a radical of the formula ##STR19## in which R1 and R2 are as defined above, or C2 -C20 -alkyl which can be interrupted by --0-- or ##STR20## and/or substituted by a radical of the formula III ##STR21## or by C1 -C21 -alkylcarboxyl, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6 and X being as defined above and R8 being hydrogne, C1 -C10 -alkyl or a radical ##STR22## in which R1 and R2 are as defined above, or
R7 is, if n=2, a straight-chain or branch C1 -C30 -alkylene, C2 -C30 -alkylene or phenyldialkylene, which radicals can be interrupted by --0-- or ##STR23## R8 being as defined above, or R7 is, if n=3 or 4, a radical of the formulae IV, V, VI or VII ##STR24## and X is --0-- or ##STR25## being as defined above.
2. A compound as claimed in claim 1, wherein
n is 1 or 2,
R1 is hydrogen or acetyl,
R2 is hydrogen,
R3 and R4 independently of one another are C1 -C7 -alkyl
R5 and R6 independently of one another are hydrogen or methyl,
R7 is C2 -C20 -alkyl or C1 -C30 -alkylene, it being possible for these radicals to be interrupted by --0-- or ##STR26## R8 being hydrogen, C1 -C10 -alkyl or ##STR27## and X is --0-- or ##STR28## R8 being as defined above.
Description

The invention relates to 1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-sprio[4,5] decane compounds, which can be used as light stabilizers for polymers or as intermediates for the preparation of plastic additives, and to a process for their preparation.

Compounds of the formula ##STR2## are known (cf. German Offenlegungsscuhrift No. 3,149,453). However, the process for their preparation is complicated, since the reaction medium is changed several times during the reaction, and this involves additional extractions and distillations.

Novel 1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5] decane compounds have now been found.

The invention thus relates to 1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5] decane compounds of the formula I, and to a process for their simplified preparation, ##STR3## in which n is an integer from 1 to 4,

R1 is hydrogen, C1 -C4 -alkyl, benzyl, allyl, C2 -C30 -alkanoyl, C3 -C20 -alkenoyl, C7 -C11 -aroyl, C8 -C14 -arylalkanoyl or C8 -C20 -alkylaryl,

R2 is hydrogen or C1 -C4 -alkyl,

R3 is hydrogen, C1 -C18-alkyl, C5 -C12 -cycloalkyl, a phenyl or naphthyl group which can be substituted by chlorine or C1 -C4 -alkyl, or a C7 -C12 -phenylalkylene group which may be unsubstituted or substituted by C1 -C4 -alkyl,

R4 is hydrogen, C1 -C4 -alkyl, C5 -C12 -cycloalkyl, C1 -C3 -alkenyl which is substitute by --COOH, carbo-C1 -C4 -alkoxy or carbamoyl, a phenyl, naphthyl or pyridyl group which can be substituted by C1 -C4 -alkoxy or C1 -C4 -alkyl, or a C7 -C12 -phenylalkyl group which can be substituted by C1 -C4 -alkyl, or

R3 and R4, together with the carbon atom linking them, form a C5 -C12 -cycloalkyl group, which can be mono-substituted to tetrasubstituted by C1 -C4 -alkyl groups, or a radical of the formula II ##STR4## wherein R1 and R2 are as defined above, R5 is hydrogen, methyl, phenyl or carbo-C1 -C21 -alkoxy,

R6 is hydrogen or methyl,

R7 is, if n=1, hydrogen, C1 -C21 -alkyl, C2 -C22 -alkenyl, C7 -C18 -phenylalkyl, C5 -C12 -cycloalkyl, phenyl, naphthyl, C7 -C18 -alkylphenyl, a radical of the formula ##STR5## in which

R1 and R2 are as defined above, or C2 -C20 -alkyl which can be interrupted by --0-- or ##STR6## and/or substituted by a radical of the formula III ##STR7## or by C1 `C21 -alkylcarboxyl, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 and R6 being as defined above and R8 being hydrogen, C1 -C10 -alkyl or a radical of the formula ##STR8## in which R1 and R2 are as defined above, or R7 is, if n=2, a straight-chain or branch C1 -C30 -alkylene, C2 -C30 -alkenylene or phenyldialkylene, which radicals can be interrupted by --0-- or ##STR9## R8 being as defined above, or R7 is, if n=3 or 4, a radical of the formulae IV, V, VI or VII ##STR10## and X is --0-- or ##STR11## R8 being as defined above. Preferably, n is 1 or 2. R1 is preferably hydrogen, C1 -C4 -alkyl or C2 -C18 -alkanoyl, for example methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, acetyl, propionyl, butyryl, lauroyl or stearoyl, and particularly preferably hydrogen or one of the acid radicals mentioned. Especially, R1 is hydrogen.

R2 preferably is hydrogen or C1 -C4 -alkyl, for example methyl, ethyl, propyl or butyl. Especially, R2 is hydrogen.

R3 and R4 independently of one another are C1 -C18 -alkyl, C5 -C12 -cyloalkyl or phenyl, for example ethyl, butyl, octyl, lauryl, stearyl, cyclohexyl or cyclodecyl, and particularly preferably C1 -C7 -alkyl. Especially, R3 and R4 are C1 -C4 -alkyl, for example methyl.

R3 and R4, together with the carbon linking them, are preferably C5 -C12 -cycloalkylene, particularly preferably C6 -or C12 -cycloalkylene, an especially cyclododecylene.

R5 is preferably hydrogen, methyl or phenyl, and particularly preferably hydrogen.

R6 is preferably hydrogen or methyl. Especially, R6 is hydrogen.

R7 is preferably C1 -C21 -alkyl or straight-chain or branch C1 -C30 -alkylene, for example methyl, butyl, octyl, lauryl, myristyl, stearyl, ethylidene, butylidene or hexylidene, and particularly preferably C1 -C15 -alkyl or C2 -C6 -alkylene. Especially, R7 is C12 -C14 -alkyl, for example lauryl or C2 - or C6 -alkylene, for example hexylene.

R8 is preferably hydrogen or 2,2,6,6-tetraalkylpiperid-4-yl, especially 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperid-4-yl.

The compounds of the formula I are formed by reacting compounds of the formula VIII ##STR12## with compounds of the formula IX ##STR13## n, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7 and x being as defined above, in an inert solvent at a temperature of 30 to 150 C. in the presence of a basic catalyst, the reaction being carried out in the presence of 0.05 to 20 mol%, relative to compound VIII, of a phase transfer catalyst in an aromatic hydrocarbon which is liquid at room temperature.

The compounds of the formula VIII can be obtained, for example, by reacting 2,6-dimethyl-2,6-dialkylpiperidone of the formula ##STR14## or a salt of such a piperidone with an equimolar amount or an α-hydroxamide of the formula ##STR15## or with an equimolar amount of a cyaninhydrin of the formula ##STR16## in an organic solvent at a temperature of 20 to 100 C. and in the presence of a dehydrating agent. The preparation is known from the literature.

Examples of suitable compounds of the formula VIII are

2,7,7,9,9-Pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5] decane,

2-Ethyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro-[4,5]decane

2-Propyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro-[4,5]decane

2-Butyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro-[4,5]decane

2-iso-Butyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro-[4,5]decane

2-Pentyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro-[4,5]decane

2-iso-Pentyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diazo-spiro[4,5]decane

2-iso-Heptyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-Phenyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2,2,7,7,9,9-Hexamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro-4,5]decane

2,2,7,7,8,9,9-Heptamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro-4,5]decane

2-2-Diethyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2,2-Diethyl-7,7,8,9,9-pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2,2-Dipropyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2,2-Dibutyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2,2-Dipentyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-Ethyl-2,7,7,9,9-pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-Propyl-2,7,7,9,9-pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-iso-Propyl-2,7,7,9,9-pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-Butyl-2,7,7,9,9-pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-iso-Butyl-2,7,7,9,9-pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decan

2-Pentyl-2,7,7,9,9-pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-iso-Pentyl-2,7,7,9,9-pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-Hexyl-2,7,7,9,9-pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-Heptyl-2,7,7,9,9-pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-Nonyl-2,7,7,9,9-pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-Undecyl-2,7,7,9,9-pentamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-Ethyl-2-butyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-Ethyl-2-pentyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2-Ethyl-2-iso-pentyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane

2,2,7,7,9,9-Hexamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-8-acetyl-spiro[4,5]decane

2,2-Diethyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-8acetyl-spiro[4,5]decane

2,2,4,4-Tetramethyl-7-oxa-13-oxo-3,14-diaza-dispiro-5,1,4,2]tetradecane

2,2,4,4-Tetramethyl-7-oxa-14-oxo-3,15-diaza-dispiro-5,1,5,2]pentadecane and

2,2,4,4-Tetramethyl-7-oxa-20-oxo-3,21-diaza-dispiro-5,1,11,2]heneicosane.

Examples of suitable compounds of the formula IX are

Methyl acrylate,

Ethyl acrylate,

n-Butyl acrylate

iso-Butyl acrylate

tert.-Butyl acrylate

2-Ethylhexyl acrylate

Octyl acrylate

Lauryl acrylate

Myristyl acrylate

2-Diethylaminoethyl acrylate

Methyl methacrylate

Ethyl methacrylate

n-Butyl methacrylate

iso-Butyl methacrylate

tert.-Butyl methacrylate

Lauryl methacrylate

Cyclohexyl methacrylate

Allyl methacrylate

2-Ethoxyethyl methacrylate

2-Dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate

Methyl crotonate

Ethyl crotonate

1,4-Butanediol diacrylate

1,6-Hexanediol diacrylate

2-Ethyl-2-hydroxymethyl-1,3-propanediol triacrylate

1,4-Butanediol dimethacrylate

Acrylamide

N,N'-Methylene-bis-(acrylamide)

N,N'-Ethylene-bis-(acrylamide)

N,N'-Hexamethylene-bis-(acrylamide)

Glyoxal-bis-(acrylamide)

2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperid-4-yl acrylate

2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperid-4-yl crotonate

2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperid-4-yl methacrylate

N-(2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperid-4-yl)-acrylamide

N-(2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperid-4-yl)-crotonamide

N-(2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperid-4-yl)-methacrylamide

N,N'-Bis-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperid-4-yl)-N,N'-bis-(acrylamide)

N,N'-Bis-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperid-4-yl)-N,N'-hexamethylene-bis-(acrylamide).

A further preparation method is the synthesis of the compounds of the formula I with X=--0-- and n=1 and subsequent reaction with amines of the formula

R7 --[NHR8 ]n.

The solvent used for the process according to the invention is an aromatic hydrocarbon which is liquid at room temperature, preferably toluene or xylene.

The phase transfer catalyst added is preferably a polyethylene glycol dialkyl ether, a substituted phosphonium salt, for example a tetraalkylphosphonium halide, or a substituted ammonium salt, for example a tetraalkylammonium halide or trialkylbenzylammonium halide. In particular, triethylbenzylammonium chloride or a tetraalkylphosphonium bromide is added. The quantity is 0.05 to 20, preferably 0.1 to 10 and especially 1 to 10 mol%, relative to the compound of the formula VIII.

The compound IX is employed in a quantity of 1/n to 10/n, preferably 1/n to 3/n and especially 1/n to 1.5/n mol, relative to 1 mol of the compound VIII. n is as defined above.

The reaction temperature is 30 to 150, preferably 50 to 120 and especially 70 to 120 C.

The reaction is carried out in the presence of a basic catalyst. An alkali metal, preferably sodium, which is used in a quantity of 1 to 30 mol%, preferably 2 to 10 mol%, relative to the compound of VIII, serves as a catalyst.

The process according to the invention has considerable advantages over the state of the art. Firstly, only a single solvent or solvent mixture, which is easy to handle industrially, is used. Surprisingly, the phase transfer catalyst has the effect that the reaction proceeds much faster and, above all, more completely, so that it is no longer necessary to employ a manifold excess of the compound IX; instead, a small excess suffices. Nevertheless, a higher yield is obtained and the quantity of by-products is reduced.

The compounds according to the invention, of the formula (I), are used above all as light stabilizers, for example for polyolefines, in particular polyethylene and polypropylene, ethylene/propylene copolymers, polybutylene, and also polystyrene, chlorinated polyethylene as well as polyvinyl chloride, polyester, polycarbonate, polymethyl methacrylates, polyphenylene oxides, polyamides, polyurethanes, polypropylene oxide, polyacetals, phenol-formaldehyde resins, epoxide resins, polyacrylonitrile and corresponding copolymers, and also ABS terpolymers. Preferably, the compounds prepared according to the invention are used for stabilizing polypropylene, low-molecular and high-molecular polyethylene, ethylene-propylene copolymers, polyvinyl chloride, polyester, polyamide, polyurethanes, polyacrylonitrile, ABS, terpolymers of acrylates, styrene and acrylonitrile, copolymers of styrene and acrylonitrile or styrene and butadiene, in particular for polypropylene, polyethylene, ethylene-propylene copolymer or ABS.

The compounds according to the invention can also be used for stabilizing natural materials, for example rubber, and also for lubricating oils. They are also suitable for stabilizing surface coatings.

The surface coatings can be of any types used in industrial surface-coating, preferably baking finishes.

The latter are baked at an elevated temperature, in order to obtain optimum properties. Wet surface coatings are preferred, which contain, as the binder: combinations of oil-modified polyester resins (oil alkyd resins) and melamine/formaldehyde resins or combinations of not self-crosslinking polyacrylate resins and melamine/formaldehyde resins or combinations of saturated polyesters and melamine/formaldehyde resins or self-crosslinking polyacrylate resins, or polyacrylate resins with copolymerized styrene. Two-component acrylate resin coatings, composed of acrylate resin containing hydroxyl groups and aliphatic or aromatic isocyanates, as well as thermoplastic polyacrylate resin coatings should also be mentioned. In addition, two-component polyurethane resin coatings, composed of polyester resins containing hydroxyl groups and/or polyether resins, hardened with aliphatic or aromatic isocyanates are also to be mentioned. For metalized coatings, thermoplastic polyacrylate resins or not self-crosslinking polyacrylate resins in combination with butanol-etherified melamine resins and also polyacrylate resins containing hydroxyl groups and hardened with aliphatic isocynates, are of particular importance. Powder coatings which are known per se and which have been treated, for example, with a solution of the compounds according to the invention, are also included.

The compounds according to the invention are incorporated in the materials, which are to be protected, by methods known per se, and it is also possible to provide monomers, prepolymers or precondensates with these stabilizers.

In addition to the compounds of the formula (I), further stabilizers can also be added to the plastics. Examples of such other compounds are antioxidants based on sterically hindered phenols, costabilizers containing sulfur or phosphorus, or a mixture of suitable sterically hindered phenols and sulfur- and/or phosphorus- containing compounds. Such compounds are, for example, benzofuran-2-one and/or indol in-2-one compounds, sterically hindered phenols such as stearyl β-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenyl)propionate, methane tetrakis-[methylene 3-(3',5'-di-t-butyl4-hydroxyphenyl)-propionate], 1,3,3-tris-(2-methyl-4-hydroxy5-t-butylphenyl)-butane, 1,3,5-tris-(4-t-butyl-3-hydroxy 2,6-dimethylbenzyl)-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-(1H, 3H, 5H)trione, bis-(4-t-butyl-3-hydroxy-2,6-dimethylbenzyl) dithiolterephthalate, tris-(3,5-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl) isocyanurate, the triester of β-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenyl)-propionic acid with 1,3,5-tris-(2-hydroxyethyl)-striazine-2,4,6-(1H, 3H, 5H)-trione, glycol bis-[3,3-bis(4'-hydroxy-3-t-butylphenyl)-butanoate], 2,3,5trimethyl2,4,6-tris-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)-benzene, 2,2'methylene-bis-(4-methyl-6-t-butylphenyl) terephthalate, 4,4'-methylene-bis-(2,6-di-t-butylphenol), 4,4'-butylidene-bis-(t-butyl-meta-cresol), 4,4-thio-bis-(2-t-butyl5-methylphenol) and 2,2'-methylene-bis-(4-methyl-6-t-butylphenol). Co-stabilizers having an antioxidant action can also be added, such as, for example, sulfur-containing compounds, for example distearyl thiodipropionate, dilauryl thiodipropionate, methane-tetrakis-(methylene 3-hexyl-thiopropionate), methane-tetrakis-(methylene 3-dodecyl-thiopropionate) and dioctadecyl disulfide, or phosphorus-containing compounds such as, for example, trinonylphenyl phosphite, 4,9-distearyl-3,5,8,10-tetraoxadiphosphaspiro-undecane, tris-(2,4-t-butylphenyl) phosphite or tetrakis(2,4-di-t-butylphenyl) 4,4'-biphenylenediphosphonite.

The compounds of the formula I and their abovementioned mixtures can also be used in the presence of further additives. Such additives are known per se and belong, for example, to the group of aminoacrylic compounds, UV-absorbers and light stabilizers, such as 2-(2'-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazoles, 2-hydroxybenzophenones, 1,3-bis-(2'-hydroxybenzoyl)-benzenes, salicylates, cinnamates, esters of substituted or unsubstituted benzoic acids, sterically hindered amines and oxalic acid diamides.

The application quantity of the compounds of the formula I, prepared according to the invention, is 0.01-5% by weight in the case of plastics, 20 to 80% by weight in the case of stabilizer concentrates and 0.02-5% by weight in the case of surface coatings.

EXAMPLE 1

24.0 g (0.1 mol) of 2,2,7,7,9,9-hexamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo4,8-diazaspiro[4,5]decane (edukt I), 0.8 g of triethylbenzylammonium chloride and 0.2 g of sodium were added to 100 g of dried toluene, and the mixture was heated to 80 C. In the course of 30 minutes, 12.9 g [0.15 mol] of methyl acrylate were added dropwise. Stirring was continued for 6 hours at 80 C., the batch was then extracted by shaking with three times 50 ml of water, the organic phase was dried over Na2 SO4 and filtered, and the toluene was distilled off. 31.6 g of a white solid (98% of theory) having a melting point of 75 C. remained. According to gas chromatography (GC), this product contained 0.2% by weight of 2,2,7,7,9,9-hexamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane, but no methyl acrylate.

EXAMPLE 2

The procedure as in Example 1 was followed, but 38.3 g (0.15 mol) of lauryl acrylate (technical mixture of about 53-55% of C12 -ester and about 42-45% of C14 -ester) were employed in place of methyl acrylate. This gave 52 g of an oily substance which, according to GC, still contained 0.06% by weight of edukt I.

EXAMPLE 3

As described in Example 1, 24.0 g (0.1 mol) of edukt I were reacted with 10.4 g [0.035 mol] of trimethylolpropane triacrylate. This gave 27.9 g of solid having a melting point of 80-90 C.

EXAMPLE 4

32.6 g (0.1 mol) of the compound prepared according to Example 1 were dissolved in 100 g of xylene and dried under a water separator, and 5.8 g (0.05 mol) of hexamethylenediamine and 0.1 g of sodium hydride were added. In the course of 20 hours, about 3.2 g (0.1 mol) of methanol were distilled off via a column. After cooling, the precipitate was filtered off with suction and washed with boiling heptane. The colorless product had a melting point of 204 C.

EXAMPLE 5

8.6 g (0.036 mol) of 2,2,7,7,9,9-hexamethyl-1-oxa-3-oxo-4,8-diaza-spiro[4,5]decane were introduced into 100.0 g of toluene and dried by boiling under a water separator. 0.4 g of triethylbenzylammonium chloride, 0.2 g of sodium and 4.0 g (0.018 mol) of N,N'-hexamethylene-bis-(acrylamide) were then added at 80 C., and the mixture was stirred for about 12 hours at this temperature. The resulting precipitate was filtered off with suction and recrystallized from toluene. This gave 10.5 g of colorless product: melting point=204 C.; molecular mass measured 710, calculated 704.

CHN analysis: measured : C 64.7% H 9.8% N 11.1%. calculated : C 64.8% H 9.7% N 11.9%.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5116976 *Jul 17, 1990May 26, 1992Atochem North America, IncHindered amine light stabilizer hydrazides
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Classifications
U.S. Classification546/19, 524/94
International ClassificationC08L101/00, C08L67/00, C08L77/00, C08L51/02, C08K5/00, C08L51/00, C08K5/34, C07D498/10, C08L27/00, C08L23/00, C08L21/00, C09D7/12, C08L33/02, C07D519/00, C08L7/00, C07B61/00, C07D498/20, C08K5/35, B01J31/02, B01J31/00, C08L1/00, C08L33/00
Cooperative ClassificationC08K5/35, C08K5/3432, C07D519/00, C07D498/10, C07D498/20, C09D7/1241
European ClassificationC08K5/35, C09D7/12D4A, C07D498/20, C07D498/10, C07D519/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jul 25, 2000FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20000517
May 14, 2000LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Dec 7, 1999REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Dec 26, 1995REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Oct 25, 1991FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Jul 8, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: HOECHST AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, D-6230 FRANKFURT AM MA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:ERTL, JOSEF;REEL/FRAME:004578/0468
Effective date: 19860610