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Publication numberUS4771033 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 07/070,067
Publication dateSep 13, 1988
Filing dateJul 6, 1987
Priority dateJul 10, 1986
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asDE3773065D1, EP0252691A2, EP0252691A3, EP0252691B1
Publication number070067, 07070067, US 4771033 A, US 4771033A, US-A-4771033, US4771033 A, US4771033A
InventorsYoshihiro Shimizu, Naoto Arai
Original AssigneeKanzaki Paper Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Heat-sensitive record material
US 4771033 A
Abstract
A heat-sensitive record material having on a base sheet a recording layer which comprises a basic colorless chromogenic material and an acceptor in the state of that the colorless chromogenic material is contacted with the acceptor by heating to produce color images. The recording layer comprises at least one phenol compound represented by the following formula (I) together with the colorless chromogenic material and the acceptor, ##STR1## wherein each of R1, R2 and R3 radicals is hydrogen, C1-8 alkyl or C5-8 cycloalkyl, but at least one of R1, R2 and R3 radicals is C5-8 cycloalkyl; and each of R4, R5, R6, R7 and R8 radicals is hydrogen or C1-8 alkyl.
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Claims(11)
What we claim is:
1. A heat-sensitive record material having on a base sheet a recording layer which comprises a basic colorless chromogenic material and an acceptor in the state of that the colorless chromogenic material is contacted with the acceptor by heating to produce color images, characterized in that said recording layer further comprises at least one phenol compound represented by the following formula (I), ##STR9## wherein each of R1, R2 and R3 radicals is hydrogen, C1-8 alkyl or C5-8 cycloalkyl, but at least one of R1, R2 and R3 radicals is C5-8 cycloalkyl; and each of R4, R5, R6, R7 and R8 radicals is hydrogen or C1-8 alkyl.
2. A heat-sensitive record material as defined in claim 1, wherein said phenol compound is at least one selected from the group consisting of 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclohexylphenyl)butane, 1,1,3-tris(2-ethyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclohexylphenyl)butane, 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclohexylphenyl)propane, 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclopentylphenyl)butane, 1,1,3-tris(2-ethyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclopentylphenyl)butane, and 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclopentylphenyl)propane.
3. A heat-sensitive record material as defined in claim 1, wherein benzyl 4-hydroxybenzoate is used as said acceptor.
4. A heat-sensitive record material as defined in claim 1, wherein said acceptor comprises at least one 4-hydroxydiphenylsulfone derivative represented by the following formula (II), ##STR10## wherein each of R9, R10, R11, R12 and R13 radicals is hydrogen, halogen, C1-10 saturated or unsaturated alkyl, C1-10 alkoxyl, benzyloxy, aryloxy or hydroxy; and R9 and R10 or R10 and R11 may form trimethylene or tetramethylene.
5. A heat-sensitive record material as defined in claim 4, wherein said 4-hydroxydiphenylsulfone derivative is represented by the following formula (II'), ##STR11## wherein each of R14, R15, R16, R17 and R18 radicals is hydrogen, halogen, C1-4 saturated or unsaturated alkyl, C1-4 alkoxyl or hydroxy; and R14 and R15 or R15 and R16 may form trimethylene or tetramethylene.
6. A heat-sensitive record material as defined in claim 1, wherein said acceptor comprises at least one 4-hydroxybenzenesulfonylnapthalene derivative represented by the following formula (III) or (IV), ##STR12## wherein each of R19 to R28 radicals is hydrogen, halogen, C1-10 saturated alkyl, C1-10 alkoxyl, benzyloxy, aryloxy or hydroxy.
7. A heat-sensitive record material as defined in claim 6, wherein said 4-hydroxybenzenesulfonylnapthalene derivative is represented by the following formula (III') or (IV'), ##STR13## wherein each of R29 to R38 radicals is hydrogen, halogen, C1-4 saturated alkyl or C1-4 alkoxyl.
8. A heat-sensitive record material as defined in claim 1, wherein said acceptor comprises at least one selected from the polyvalent metal salts of halophthalic acid monoester derivative represented by the following formula (V), ##STR14## wherein R39 radical is substituted or unsubstituted C1-18 saturated alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C5-6 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-9 unsaturated alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl; X is halogen; and n is an integer of 1 to 4.
9. A heat-sensitive record material as defined in claim 8, wherein said halophthalic acid monoester derivative is represented by the following formula (V'), ##STR15## wherein R40 radical is C1-4 saturated alkyl which may be substituted by hydroxy, C1-4 unsaturated alkyl which may be substituted by hydroxy or cyclohexyl which may be substituted by hydroxy; X is halogen; and n is an integer of 1 to 4.
10. A heat-sensitive record material as defined in claim 8, wherein said polyvalent metal is magnesium, calcium, barium, zinc, aluminum, tin, iron, cobalt or nickel.
11. A heat-sensitive record material as defined in claim 1, wherein a protective layer is formed on said recording layer.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to a heat-sensitive record material and particularly to a heat-sensitive record material which is superior in adaptability to high speed recording and retainability of the recorded images.

There are known heat-sensitive record materials utilizing the colorforming reaction between a basic colorless chromogenic material and an electron accepting acidic reactant material (hereinafter referred to as "acceptor"), in which color images are produced by heating to contact with each other of the basic colorless chromogenic material and the acceptor. Since the heat-sensitive record materials are relatively economical and the recording machine is compact and relatively easily maintained, they are useful as a recording medium for various field, such as facsimiles, electronic computers and telex machines.

As the applied fields are broader, the required properties are increased. Recently, the heat-sensitive record materials are required not only to be superior in adaptability to high speed recording but also to be superior in stability of the recorded images at high temperature and high humidity and fogging-free in the white area (non-recorded area) at high temperature and high humidity.

There are proposed heat-sensitive record materials comprising various additive to improve the retainability of the recorded images. However, since a sufficient improvement is not obtained or a new problem occurs with the improvement, the desired results can not be always obtained.

For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,473,831 discloses 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butylphenyl)butane as such additive. However, using the additive, heat-sensitive record materials in which the white area is stably maintained to be fogging-free at high temperature can not be obtained.

The object of the invention is to provide heat-sensitive record materials superior in not only adaptability to high speed recording but also stability of the recorded images at high temperature and high humidity and further in which the white area is maintained to be fogging-free at high temperature and high humidity.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The heat-sensitive record materials according to the invention have on a base sheet a recording layer which comprises a basic colorless chromogenic material and an acceptor in the state of that they are contacted by heating to produce color images. The recording layer comprises at least one phenol compound represented by the following formula (I) together with the chromogenic material and the acceptor; ##STR2## wherein each of R1, R2 and R3 radicals in hydrogen, C1-8 alkyl or C5-8 cycloalkyl, at least one of R1, R2 and R3 radicals is C5-8 cycloalkyl; and each of R4, R5, R6, R7 and R8 radicals is hydrogen atom or C1-8 alkyl.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Among the compounds represented by the formula (I), there are included 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclohexylphenyl)butane, 1,1,3-tris(2-ethyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclohexylphenyl)butane, 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclohexylphenyl)propane, 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclopentylphenyl)butane, 1,1,3-tris(2-ethyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclopentylphenyl)butane, 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclopentylphenyl)propane and the like.

As the chromogenic materials comprised in the record layer according to the present invention, there are exemplified triarylmethanelactone compounds such as 3,3-bis(p-dimethylaminophenyl)-6-dimethylaminophthalide, 3,3-bis(p-dimethylaminophenyl)phthalide, 3-(p-dimethylaminophenyl)-3-(1,2-dimethylindole-3-yl)phthalide, 3-(p-dimethylaminophenyl)-3-(2-methylindole-3-yl)phthalide, 3,3-bis(1,2-dimethylindole-3-yl)-5-dimethylaminophthalide, 3,3-bis(1,2-dimethylindole-3-yl)-6-dimethylaminophthalide, 3,3-bis(9-ethylcarbazole-3-yl)-6-dimethylaminophthalide, 3,3-bis(2-phenylindole-3-yl)-6-dimethylaminophthalide, 3-p-dimethylaminophenyl-3-(1-methylpyrrole-3-yl)-6-dimethylaminophthalide and the like; diphenylmethane compounds such as 4,4'-bis-dimethylaminobenzhydryl benzyl ether, N-halophenyl-leucoauramine, N-2,4,5-trichlorophenyl-leucoauramine and the like; thiazine compounds such as benzoyl-leucomethylene blue, p-nitrobenzoyl-leucomethylene blue and the like; spiro compounds such as 3-methyl-spiro-dinaphthopyran, 3-ethyl-spiro-dinaphthopyran, 3-phenyl-spiro-dinaphthopyran, 3-benzyl-spiro-dinaphthopyran, 3-methyl-naphtho-(6'-methoxybenzo)spiropyran, 3-propyl-spiro-dibenzopyran and the like; lactam compounds such as Rhodamine-B anilinolactam, Rhodamine(p-nitroanilino)lactam, Rhodamine(o-chloroanilino)lactam and the like; and fluoran compounds such as 3-dimethylamino-7-methoxyfluoran, 3-diethylamino-6-methoxyfluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-methoxyfluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-chlorofluoran, 3-diethylamino-6-methyl-7-chlorofluoran, 3-diethylamino-6,7-dimethylfluoran, 3-(N-ethyl-p-toluidino)-7-methylfluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-N-acetyl-N-methylaminofluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-N-methylaminofluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-dibenzylaminofluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-N-methyl-N-benzylaminofluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-N-chloroethyl-N-methylaminofluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-N-diethylaminofluoran, 3-(N-ethyl-p-toluidino)-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-(N-ethyl-p-toluidino)-6-methyl-7-(p-toluidino)fluoran, 3-diethylamino-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-di-n-butylamino-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-(2-carbomethoxy-phenylamino)fluoran, 3-(N-cyclohexyl-N-methylamino)-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-(N-cyclopentyl-N-methylamino)-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-(N-cyclopentyl-N-ethylamino)-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-(N-cyclohexyl-N-ethylamino)-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-(N-cyclohexylmethyl-N-methylamino)-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-(N-3',3',5'-trimethylcyclohexyl-N-methylamino)-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-pyrrolidino-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-piperidino-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-diethylamino-6-methyl-7-xylidinofluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-(o-chlorophenylamino)fluoran, 3-dibutylamino-7-(o-chlorophenylamino)fluoran, 3-pyrrolidino-6-methyl-7-p-butylphenylaminofluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-(o-fluorophenylamino)fluoran, 3-dibutylamino-7-(o-fluorophenylamino)fluoran, 3-(N-methyl-N-n-amyl)amino-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-(N-ethyl-N-n-amyl)amino-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-(N-ethyl-N-isoamyl)amino-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-(N-methyl-N-n-hexyl)amino-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-(N-ethyl-N-n-hexyl)amino-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-(N-ethyl-N-β-ethylhexyl)amino-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran, 3-N-ethyl-N-tetrahydrofurfurylamino)-6-methyl-7-phenylfluoran and the like. Particularly, 3-dibutylamino-7-(o-chlorophenylamino)fluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-(o-chlorophenylamino)fluoran, 3-(N-ethyl-p-toluidino)-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran are preferably used. In heat-sensitive record materials prepared by using those chromogenic materials, very superior advantages of the present invention can be obtained. The chromogenic materials may be used either solely or in combination.

Among the acceptors, there are many acidic compounds which develop a color by contacting with the above chromogenic materials, for example, phenolic compounds such as 4-tert-butylphenol, α-naphthol, β-naphthol, 4-acetylphenol, 4-phenylphenol, hydroquinone, 4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol(bisphenol A), 2,2'-methylenebis(4-chlorophenol), 4,4'-cyclohexylidenediphenol, 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfide, hydroquinone monobenzyl ether, 4-hydroxybenzophenone, 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone, 2,4,4'-trihydroxybenzophenone, 2,2',4,4'-tetrahydroxybenzophenone, dimethyl 4-hydroxyphthalate, methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, sec-butyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, pentyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, phenyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, benzyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, tolyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, chlorophenyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, phenylpropyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, phenetyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, p-chlorobenzyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, p-methoxybenzyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, novolak phenol resin, phenol polymers and the like; aromatic carboxylic acids such as benzoic acid, p-tert-butylbenzoic acid, trichlorobenzoic acid, terephthalic acid, 3-sec-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 3-cyclohexyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 3,5-dimethyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid, salicylic acid, 3-isopropylsalicylic acid, 3-tert-butylsalicylic acid, 3-benzylsalicylic acid, 3-(α-methylbenzyl)salicylic acid, 3-chloro-5-(α-methylbenzyl)salicylic acid, 3,5-di-tert-butylsalicylic acid, 3-phenyl-5-(α,α-dimethylbenzyl)salicylic acid, 3,5-di(α-methylbenzyl)salicylic acid and the like; and salts of the above phenolic compounds or aromatic carboxylic acids with polyvalent metals such as zinc, magnesium, aluminium, calcium, titanium, manganese, tin and nickel.

As the acceptors preferably used in the present invention, there are 4-hydroxydiphenylsulfone derivatives represented by the formula (II), ##STR3## wherein each of R9, R10, R11, R12 and R13 radicals is hydrogen, halogen, C1-10 saturated or unsaturated alkyl, C1-10 alkoxyl, benzyloxy, aryloxy or hydroxyl; R9 and R10 or R10 and R11 may form trimethylene or tetramethylene;

4-hydroxybenzenesulfonylnaphthalene derivatives represented by the formula (III) or (IV), ##STR4## wherein each of R19 to R28 radicals is hydrogen, halogen, C1-10 saturated alkyl, C1-10 alkoxyl, benzyloxy, aryloxy or hydroxy; and polyvalent metal salt of halophthalic acid monoesters represented by the formula (V), ##STR5## wherein R39 radical is substituted or unsubstituted C1-18 saturated alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C5-6 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-9 unsaturated alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl; X is halogen; and n is an integer of 1 to 4.

Among 4-hydroxydiphenylsulfone derivatives represented by the formula (II), there are included such as 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone, 3,3'-dipropenyl-4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-chlorodiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-methyldiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-3',4'-dimethyldiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-ethyldiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-tert-butyldiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-n-octyldiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-methoxydiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-ethoxydiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-isopropyloxydiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-n-butoxy-diphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-tert-butoxydiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-isoamyloxydiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-n-octyloxydiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-benzyloxydiphenylsulfone, 4-hydroxy-4'-phenoxydiphenylsulfone, 3',4'-trimethylene-4-hydroxydiphenylsulfone, 3',4'-trimethylene-2,6-dimethyl-4-hydroxydiphenylsulfone, 3',4'-tetramethylene-4-hydroxydiphenylsulfone, 3',4'-tetramethylene-2-methyl-4-hydroxydiphenylsulfone and the like.

Among 4-hydroxybenzenesulfonylnaphthalenes represented by the formula (III) or (IV), there are included 1-(4-hydroxybenzenesulfonyl)naphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxybenzenesulfonyl)-4-methylnaphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxybenzenesulfonyl)-4-methoxynaphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxybenzenesulfonyl)-4-chloronaphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxy-2-methylbenzenesulfonyl)naphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxy-2-chlorobenzenesulfonyl)naphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxybenzenesulfonyl)-2,3-dimethylnaphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxybenzenesulfonyl)-4-hydroxynaphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxybenzenesulfonyl)-2-hydroxynaphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxy-2-isopropylbenzenesulfonyl)naphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxy-2-isoamylbenzenesulfonyl)naphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxy-2-isopropyloxybenzenesulfonyl)naphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxybenzenesulfonyl)-4-tert-butoxynaphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxy-2-benzyloxybenzenesulfonyl)naphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxy-2-phenoxybenzenesulfonyl)naphthalene, 2-(4-hydroxybenzenesulfonyl)naphthalene and the like.

Among halophthalic acid monoesters represented by the formula (V), there are included monomethyl ester, monoethyl ester, monopropyl ester, monobutyl ester, monopentyl ester, monostearyl ester, monocyclohexyl ester, monocyclopentyl ester, monallyl ester, monobenzyl ester, mono-p-methylbenzyl ester, mono-p-chlorobenzyl ester, monophenethyl ester, monophenyl ester, mono-p-methylphenyl ester, mono-2,4-dimethylphenyl ester, mono-p-chlorophenyl ester, mono-p-ethoxyphenyl ester, mono-1-naphthyl ester, mono-2-naphthyl ester, mono-2-hydroxyethyl ester, mono-2-hydroxybutyl ester, mono-3-hydroxybutyl-2-ester, mono-2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethyl ester, mono-2-hydroxypropyl ester, mono-4-hydroxybutenyl ester, mono-4-hydroxybutyl ester, mono-2-hydroxycyclohexyl ester, mono-4-hydroxycyclohexyl ester and mono-2,3-dihydroxypropyl ester of halophthalic acids, such as 4 (or 5)-fluorophthalic acid, 4 (or 5)-chlorophthalic acid, 4 (or 5)-bromophthalic acid, 3,6 (or 4,5)-difluorophthalic acid, 3,6 or (4,5)-dichlorophthalic acid, 3,6 (or 4,5)-dibromophthalic acid, 3,4,5,6-tetrafluorophthalic acid, 3,4,5,6-tetrachlorophthalic acid, 3,4,5,6-tetrabromophthalic acid and the like. Among the polyvalent metal compounds which form polyvalent metal salts with the above esters, there are included magnesium, calcium, barium, zinc, aluminum, tin, iron, cobalt, nickel and the like. Preferable metals are magnesium, calcium, barium and zinc.

The acceptors as described above may be used either solely or in combination. Among them, benzyl 4-hydroxybenzoate and dimethyl 4-hydroxyphthalate are preferably used, because heat-sensitive record materials which are very superior in adaptability to high speed recording and retainability of the recorded images at high temperature and high humidity and in the white area of which fogging is not substantially appreciated can be obtained with the use of them. Benzyl 4-hydroxybenzoate is most preferably used.

Further, it is preferable to use as the acceptor at least one selected from the group consisting of 4-hydroxydiphenylsulfone derivatives represented by the formula (II), 4-hydroxybenzenesulfonylnaphthalene derivatives represented by the formula (III) or (IV), and polyvalent metal salts of halophthalic acid monoester derivatives represented by the formula (V). With the use of them heat-sensitive record materials which are superior in stability of recorded images and unrecorded white area, and further superior in water resistance and wet plasticizer resistance of the recorded images can be obtained.

Among the above acceptors, there are most preferably used 4-hydroxydiphenylsulfone derivatives represented by the formula (II'), ##STR6## wherein each of R14, R15, R16, R17 and R18 radicals is hydrogen, halogen, C1-4 saturated or unsaturated alkyl, C1-4 alkoxyl or hydroxy, R14 and R15 or R15 and R16 may form trimethylene or tetramethylene;

4-hydroxybenzenesulfonylnaphthalene represented by the formula (III') or (IV'), ##STR7## wherein each of R29 to R38 radicals is hydrogen, halogen, C1-4 saturated alkyl or C1-4 alkoxyl; and

polyvalent metal salts of halophthalic acid monoesters represented by the formula (V'); ##STR8## wherein R40 radical is C1-4 saturated alkyl which may be substituted by hydroxy group, C1-4 unsaturated alkyl which may be substituted by hydroxy group or cyclohexyl which may be substituted by hydroxy group; X is halogen atom; and n is an integer of 1 to 4. Particularly tetrahalo derivatives represented by the formula (V') in which n is 4 are most preferably used.

Most typically, the recording layer may be produced by coating a coating composition including a chromogenic material, an acceptor, a phenol compound represented by the formula (I) and a binder on a base sheet. The ratio of the chromogenic material and the acceptor in the recording layer is not particularly limited. However, the amount of the acceptor is generally within the range of 1 to 20 parts by weight, preferably within the range of 2 to 10 parts by weight, per one part by weight of chromogenic material.

The amount of the phenol compound represented by the formula (I) in the recording layer may be within the range of 1 to 1000 parts by weight, preferably within the range of 10 to 300 parts by weight, per 100 parts by weight of the acceptor.

The method for forming the recording layer is not limited. It may be formed by applying a coating composition on a base sheet. The coating composition may be prepared by dispersing, simultaniously or separately, the chromogenic material, the acceptor and the phenol compound represented by the formula (I) in an aqueous medium with the use of a mixer or pulverizer such as ball mill, attritor, sand mill or the like.

The coating composition usually may comprise a binder in an amount of 2 to 40%, preferably 5 to 25% by weight on the basis of total solid amount. Among the useful binder materials there may be included starches, hydroxyethylcellulose, methylcellulose, carboxymethyl-cellulose, gelatin, casein, gum arabic, polyvinyl alcohol, acetoacetyl-modified polyvinyl alcohol, salts of diisobutylene-maleic anhydride copolymer, salts of styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer, salts of ethylene-acrylic acid copolymer, salts of styrene-acrylic acid copolymer, styrene-butadiene copolymer emulsions, urea resin, melamine resin, amide resin and the like.

The coating composition may include adding materials such as dispersing agents, e.g., sodium dioctylsulfosuccinate, sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate, sodium lauryl sulfate and metal salts of fatty acids; ultraviolet ray absorbing agents, e.g., triazole compounds; antiforming agent; fluorescent dyes; coloring dyes and the like.

Further, in the coating composition, they may be added zinc stearate; calcium stearate; waxes such as polyethylene wax, carnauba wax, paraffin wax and ester wax; aliphatic amides, e.g., stearic acid amide, stearic acid methylenebisamide, oleic acid amide, palmitic acid amide and coconut aliphatic acid amide; hindered phenols, e.g., 2,2'-methylbenebis(4-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol) and 4,4'-butylidenebis(6-tert-butyl-3-methylphenol); ethers, e.g., 1,2-bisphenoxyethane, 1,2-bis(3-methylphenoxy)ethane, 1,2-bis(4-methylphenoxy)ethan and 2-naphthol benzyl ether; esters, e.g., dibenzyl telephthalate and phenyl 1-hydroxynaphthoate; and inorganic pigments, e.g., kaolin, clay, talc, calcium carbonate, calcined clay, titanium oxide, diatomaceous earth, finely divided silica anhydride and activated clay.

As the base sheets, there are included paper, plastic films, synthetic paper and the like. Paper is most preferably used because of the cost and coating applicability.

There may be applied any conventional coating technique. Generally, the coating composition is coated on a base sheet with an air-knife coator, a blade coator or the like in an amount of 2 to 12 g/m2, preferably 3 to 10 g/m2 on dry basis.

Further, in order to protect the recording layer, an over-coating layer may be formed on the recording layer. If necessary, a protective layer may be formed on the opposite surface of the base sheet. There may be applied under-coating on the base sheet, adhesive agent on the back of the recording material to produce adhesive labels, and the other known techniques in the manufacture of heat-sensitive recording materials.

PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION

The following examples serve to illustrate the invention in more detail although the invention is not limited to the examples. Unless otherwise indicated, parts and % signify parts by weight and % by weight, respectively.

EXAMPLE 1 (1) Preparation of A liquid

The following composition was passed through a sand mill.

______________________________________1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-                   10 parts5-cyclohexylphenyl)butane5% aqueous solution of  20 partsmethylcellulosewater                   10 parts______________________________________

Pulverization was continued until an average particle size of 3 μm.

(2) Preparation of B liquid

The following composition was passed through a sand mill.

______________________________________3-(N--ethyl-N--iso-amyl)amino-                    10 parts6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran5% aqueous solution of   20 partsmethylcellulosewater                    10 parts______________________________________

Pulverization was continued until an average particle size of 3 μm.

(3) Preparation of C liquid

The following composition was passed through a sand mill.

______________________________________4,4'-cyclohexylidenediphenol               45 parts1,2-bis(3-methylphenoxy)ethane               35 parts5% aqueous solution of               20 partsmethylcellulosewater               100 parts______________________________________

Pulverization was continued until an average particle size of 3 μm.

(4) Making a heat-sensitive record material

The following composition was mixed to prepare a coating composition.

______________________________________A liquid            100 partsB liquid            100 partsC liquid            200 partssilicone dioxide pigment                30 parts(oil absorption: 180 ml/100 g)20% aqueous solution of               140 partsoxidized starchwater                50 parts______________________________________

The coating composition was coated on a base sheet of 50 g/m2 in the weight of an amount of 7 g/m2 on dry basis to obtain a heat-sensitive record material.

EXAMPLE 2 (1) Preparation of D liquid

The following composition was passed through a sand mill.

______________________________________benzyl 4-hydroxybenzoate                   30 parts5% aqueous solution of  10 partsmethylcellulosewater                   50 parts______________________________________

Pulverization was continued until an average particel size of 3 μm.

(2) Making a heat-sensitive record material

Example 1 was repeated except that D liquid was used instead of C liquid to obtain a heat-sensitive record material.

(3) Forming a protective layer

200 parts of kaolin, 200 parts of 20% aqueous solution of oxidized starch and 200 parts of water were mixed to prepare a coating composition. The coating composition was coated on the above record material in the weight of an amount of 3 g/m2 on dry basis to obtain a heat-sensitive record material having a protective layer.

EXAMPLE 3

Example 1 was repeated except that 3-dibutylamino-7-(o-chlorophenylamino)fluoran was used instead of 3-(N-ethyl-N-isoamyl)amino-6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran in B liquid, the used amount of B liquid was 200 parts and D liquid was used instead of C liquid to obtain a heat-sensitive record material.

EXAMPLE 4

Example 1 was repeated except that C liquid was prepared with use of 4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol instead of 4,4'-cyclohexylidenediphenol to obtain a heat-sensitive record material.

CONTROLS 1 TO 3

Examples 1 to 3 were repeated except that such A liquid was not used to prepare heat-sensitive record materials.

CONTROL 4

Example 4 was repeated except that A liquid was prepared with use of 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butylphenyl)butane instead of 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclohexylphenyl)butane to obtain a heat-sensitive record material.

The following properties of thus obtained eight heat-sensitive record materials were examined. The results are shown in Table 1.

(1) Color developability

Each record material was passed through a thermal facsimile (UF-2 type manufactured by Matsusita Denso Kabusiki Kaisha) to develop a color image. The optical density of the color image was measured by Macbeth densitometer.

(2) Heat resistance

The record materials after the above color developing test 1 were allowed to stand at 60 C. under 10% RH and at 70 C. under 10% RH for 24 hours, and then the optical density of the developed color images and the white area without color images was measured in the same manner as in the above test 1.

(3) Moisture resistance

The record materials after the above color developing test 1 were allowed to stand at 40 C. under 90% RH for 24 hours, and then the optical density of the developed color images and the white area without color images was measured in the same manner as in the above test 1.

                                  TABLE 1__________________________________________________________________________         Heat Resistance  Moisture Resistance         60 C., 10% RH                 70C., 10% RH                         40C., 90% RHColor         Color             White                 Color                     White                         Color                              WhiteDevelopability         Images             Area                 Images                     Area                         Images                              Area__________________________________________________________________________Example 1 1.20    1.14             0.11                 1.09                     0.13                         1.19 0.13Example 2 1.30    1.30             0.13                 1.21                     0.15                         1.30 0.15Example 3 1.25    1.23             0.08                 1.15                     0.11                         1.25 0.08Example 4 1.32    1.30             0.08                 1.26                     0.13                         1.32 0.10Control 1 1.18    1.00             0.12                 0.89                     0.13                         0.94 0.13Control 2 1.20    0.84             0.15                 0.74                     0.17                         0.84 0.15Control 3 1.10    0.66             0.08                 0.54                     0.10                         0.66 0.08Control 4 1.30    1.27             0.10                 1.22                     0.27                         1.29 0.13__________________________________________________________________________

As shown in Table 1, each of the heat-sensitive record materials according to the present invention is superior in both of high speed recordability and recorded image retainability and further fogging-free at high temperature and high humidity.

EXAMPLE 5 (1) Preparation of E liquid

The following composition was passed through a sand mill.

______________________________________3-(N--cyclohexyl-N--methylamino)-                    10 parts6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran5% aqueous solution of    5 partsmethylcellulosewater                    40 parts______________________________________

Pulverization was continued until an average particle size of 3 μm.

(2) Preparation of F liquid

The following composition was passed through a sand mill.

______________________________________4-hydroxy-4'-methyldiphenylsulfone                    20 parts5% aqueous solution of    5 partsmethylcellulosewater                    55 parts______________________________________

Pulverization was continued until an average particle size of 3 μm.

(3) Preparation of G liquid

The following composition was passed through a sand mill.

______________________________________1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-                   10 parts5-cyclohexylphenyl)butane5% aqueous solution of   5 partsmethylcellulosewater                   40 parts______________________________________

Pulverization was continued until an average particle size of 3 μm.

(4) Making a heat-sensitive record material

The following composition was mixed to prepare a coating composition.

______________________________________E liquid               55 partsF liquid               80 partsG liquid               55 parts15% aqueous solution of                  50 partspolyvinylalcoholcalcium carbonate      10 parts______________________________________

The coating composition was coated on a base sheet of 50 g/m2 in the weight of an amount of 6 g/m2 on dry basis to obtain a heat-sensitive record material.

EXAMPLE 6

Example 5 was repeated except that 4-hydroxy-4'-iso-propoxydiphenylsulfone was used instead of 4-hydroxy-4'-methyldiphenylsulfone in F liquid to obtain a heat-sensitive record material.

EXAMPLE 7

Example 5 was repeated except that 3',4'-trimethylene-4-hydroxydiphenylsulfone was used instead of 4-hydroxy-4'-methyldiphenylsulfone in F liquid to obtain a heat-sensitive record material.

EXAMPLE 8

Example 5 was repeated except that 2-(4-hydroxybenzenesulfonyl)napthalene was used instead of 4-hydroxy-4'-methyldiphenylslufone in F liquid to obtain a heat-sensitive record material.

CONTROLS 5 TO 8

Examples 5 to 8 were repeated except that each G liquid was not used to obtain heat-sensitive record materials.

The following properties of thus obtained eight heat-sensitive record materials were examined. The results are shown in Table 2.

(1) Whiteness

In order to evaluate fogging, the whiteness of the recording layer of each record materials was measured by Hunter multipurpose reflectometer.

(2) Color developability

Each record material was printed by a thermal printer to develop a color image. The optical density of the color image was measured by Macbeth densitometer RD-100R manufactured by Macbeth Corp.

(3) Water resistance

The record materials after the above color developing test 2 were immersed in water at room temperature for 48 hours, and then the optically density of the developed color image was measured in the same manner as in the above test 2.

(4) Wet plasticizer resistance

The record materials after the above color developing test 2 were slightly moistened with water and the obtained wet record materials were rounded on a roll formed by rounding three times polyvinylchloride film (manufactured by Mitsui Toatsu Kabusiki Kaisha) on a polypropyrene pipe having a diameter of 40 mm, and then the same polyvinylchloride film as used above were further rounded three times on the wet record materials. The resultant roll was allowed to stand for 12 hours at room temperature. The optical density of the color images on the record materials were measured in the same manner as in the above test 2.

              TABLE 2______________________________________          Optical             WetWhiteness      density  Water      Plasticizer(%)            of images                   Resistance Resistance______________________________________Example 5   82.5       1.40     1.18     1.08Example 6   82.5       1.40     1.19     1.09Example 7   81.4       1.40     1.07     1.04Example 8   81.0       1.35     1.10     1.13Control 5   83.0       1.40     0.53     0.20Control 6   82.9       1.40     0.53     0.20Control 7   81.6       1.38     0.40     0.24Control 8   81.0       1.36     0.35     0.31______________________________________
EXAMPLE 9 (1) Preparation of H liquid

The following composition was passed through a sand mill.

______________________________________3-(N--cyclohexyl-N--methylamino)-                    10 parts6-methyl-7-phenylaminofluoran5% aqueous solution of    5 partsmethylcellulosewater                    40 parts______________________________________

Pulverization was continued until an average particle size of 3 μm.

(2) Preparation of I liquid

The following composition was passed through a sand mill.

______________________________________zinc salt of 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-                     20 partsphthalic acid-mono-2-hydroxyethylester5% aqueous solution of     5 partsmethylcellulosewater                     55 parts______________________________________

Pulverization was continued until an average particle size of 3 μm.

(3) Preparation of J liquid

The following composition was passed through a sand mill.

______________________________________1,2-bis(3-methylphenoxy)-                   20 partsethane5% aqueous solution of   5 partsmethylcellulosewater                   55 parts______________________________________

Pulverization was continued until an average particle size of 3 μm.

(4) Preparation of K liquid

The following composition was passed through a sand mill.

______________________________________1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-                   10 parts5-cyclohexylphenyl)butane5% aqueous solution of   5 partsmethylcellulosewater                   40 parts______________________________________

Pulverization was continued until an average particle size of 3 μm.

(4) Making a heat-sensitive record material

The following composition was mixed to prepare a coating composition.

______________________________________H liquid               55 partsI liquid               80 partsJ liquid               80 partsK liquid               27 parts15% aqueous solution of                  50 partspolyvinylalcoholcalcium carbonate      10 parts______________________________________

The coating composition was coated on a base sheet of 50 g/m2 in the weight of an amount of 6 g/m2 on dry basis to obtain a heat-sensitive record material.

EXAMPLE 10

Example 9 was repeated except that stearic acid amide was used instead of 1,2-bis(3-methylphenoxy)ethane in J liquid to obtain a heat-sensitive record material.

CONTROLS 9 TO 10

Examples 9 to 10 were repeated that each K liquid was not used to obtain heat-sensitive record materials.

The properties of thus obtained four heat-sensitive record materials were examined in the same manner as in Example 5. The results are shown in Table 3.

              TABLE 3______________________________________          Optical             WetWhiteness      density  Water      Plasticizer(%)            of images                   Resistance Resistance______________________________________Example 9   81.0       1.25     1.13     1.06Example 10   81.8       1.20     1.05     1.03Control 9   81.4       1.24     0.66     0.24Control 10   81.6       1.20     0.50     0.21______________________________________

As shown in Tables 2 and 3, each of the heat-sensitive record materials according to the present invention is superior in stability of the recorded images and particularly in improvement of the water resistance and the plasticizer resistance in the wet state. Further, fogging was not appreciated in them.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4473831 *Sep 29, 1982Sep 25, 1984Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Heat sensitive recording paper
US4498091 *Mar 15, 1984Feb 5, 1985Jujo Paper Co., Ltd.Heat-sensitive recording sheet
US4628335 *Sep 30, 1985Dec 9, 1986Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Heat-sensitive recording material
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4950637 *Apr 6, 1989Aug 21, 1990Kanzaki Paper Manufacturing Co. Ltd.Heat sensitive recording material
US5110786 *Apr 12, 1990May 5, 1992Kanzaki Paper Manufacturing Co., Ltd.Heat-sensitive recording material
US5120702 *Jul 17, 1990Jun 9, 1992Jujo Paper Co., Ltd.Heat-sensitive recording material
US5296440 *Sep 27, 1991Mar 22, 1994Kanzaki Paper Manufacturing Co., Ltd.Heat-sensitive recording medium
US6583086 *Jun 9, 2000Jun 24, 2003Nippon Paper Industries Co. Ltd.Thermally sensitive recording medium
Classifications
U.S. Classification503/209, 427/152, 503/225, 503/208, 503/226, 428/913, 427/150
International ClassificationB41M5/337, B41M5/333, B41M5/30
Cooperative ClassificationY10S428/913, B41M5/3335, B41M5/3336
European ClassificationB41M5/333D2
Legal Events
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Effective date: 19870620
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Owner name: NEW OJI PAPER CO., LTD., JAPAN
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