|Publication number||US4774537 A|
|Application number||US 06/867,575|
|Publication date||Sep 27, 1988|
|Filing date||May 28, 1986|
|Priority date||May 30, 1985|
|Also published as||EP0204471A2, EP0204471A3|
|Publication number||06867575, 867575, US 4774537 A, US 4774537A, US-A-4774537, US4774537 A, US4774537A|
|Inventors||Michael H. Moody|
|Original Assignee||English Electric Valve Company Limited|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (18), Classifications (12), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to iris and shutter arrangements and in particular, though not exclusively to such arrangements for use in CCD and other electronic cameras.
Typically, iris and shutter arrangements for cameras as at present known are essentially mechanical in operation ableit possibly controlled electronically. The complexity of such mechanical iris and shutter arrangements tends to be high and one object of the present invention is to provide an improved iris and shutter arrangement which does not require mechanically moving components to achieve the essential aperture-limiting and shutter actions.
According to this invention an iris and shutter arrangement for a camera comprises a first segmented liquid crystal member and a second segmented liquid crystal member mounted consecutively in the path of incident energy, said first and second members each comprising a plurality of discrete areas in said path which may be addressed individually to change their light transmissivity to vary the effective aperture provided by the display to said incident energy and wherein said discrete areas in the second member overlie at least the boundaries between the discrete areas of said first member.
Preferably said discrete areas are provided in the form of coaxial annuli.
Preferably the innermost of said annuli in the first segmented liquid crystal member surrounds a circular area which has a fixed relatively high energy transmissivity and represents the smallest aperture required of said iris and shutter arrangement.
Commonly the radial dimensions of said annuli in the first segmented liquid crystal member will increase in an outward direction from annulus to annulus whereby a range of apertures may be obtained which is in accordance with a desired law.
Preferably each annulus is substantially complete save that in a preferred embodiment the annuli are broken along a radially extending line along which pass control electrical conductors for selectively energising said annuli of liquid crystal material.
Preferably said control electrical conductors are conductive strips formed on one faceplate of said display.
Preferably said circular central area of said first member is covered by a disc of liquid crystal material in said second member.
The liquid crystal member may be a guest/host material such that when a discrete area is energised the light transmissivity of that area changes from a relatively highly obstructive to a relatively highly passive state.
Normally said incident energy is visible light.
According to a feature of this invention a camera includes an iris and shutter arrangement substantially as described above and according to a further feature of this invention said camera is a CCD camera.
The invention is illustrated in and further described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2 of the accompanying drawings in which FIG. 1 is a plan view of the first segmented member and FIG. 2 is a plan view of the second segmented member display of an iris and shutter arrangement applied to a CCD camera, all in accordance with the present invention.
Referring to FIG. 1 the liquid crystal display forming said first segmented liquid crystal member comprises five coaxial annuli 1 to 5 which are complete (i.e. continuous) except along a radially extending line 6. The breaks in said annuli 1 to 5 along the line 6 form a path through which electrical conductors 7 are passed to control the energisation of the liquid crystal material in each of the annuli 1 to 5.
It will be noted that the radial dimension of each of the annuli 1 to 5 is not the same. In this particular case the dimensions are chosen to provide conventional increases, or decreases, of aperture as conventionally found in photography.
The clear circular area surrounded by the innermost annulus 5 represents the smallest required aperture of course.
Referring to FIG. 2, the second segmented liquid crystal member shown therein should be taken concentrically to overlie the first segmented liquid crystal member illustrated in FIG. 1. As will be seen, this comprises a concentric series of annuli 8 to 11 of liquid crystal material each annuli overlying, inter alia, the unobstructed annular areas separating the annuli 1 to 5 of liquid crystal material forming the first segmented member of FIG. 1. In addition, the second segmented member of FIG. 2 includes a central disc 12, surrounded by the innermost annulus 8 which covers the relatively unobstructed area (of fixed relatively high transmissivity) surrounded by the innermost annulus 5 of FIG. 1.
Again, the annuli 8 to 11 of FIG. 2 are broken along a line 13 to form a path along which controlling electrical conductors 14 are passed.
In both the first segmented member of FIG. 1 and the second segmented member of FIG. 2, the liquid crystal material within the different annuli is a guest/host material (without polarisers). Thus, when energised the different annuli change from a state of relatively complete obstruction to light to a state of relatively high light transmissivity. Thus, by suitably applying control signals to the leads 7 and 14 a combined iris and shutter effect may be achieved depending upon the requirements at the particular time. For example, to increase the size of the aperture through the whole range of sizes from the smallest to the largest, annuli from the two liquid crystal members would be energised substantially and held in that state once energised until the aperture was required to be reduced once more. For shuttering, any energised annuli would be de-energised together. By simple control the sequence of annuli energised before shuttering may be energised together when shuttering is to cease so that the aperture is restored to size immediately before shuttering.
The conductors 7 and 14 (together with any desired connecting pads as shown) are conveniently provided by deposited conductors formed upon one of the faceplates of the respective displays. Whilst not illustrated, the conductors may of course be discrete wired conductors or separate light transmissive plates may be provided whose principle purpose is to carry the control conductors, in which case the annuli 1 to 5 of the first member and the annuli 8 and 11 of the second member may be completely continuous.
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|US4313663 *||Apr 16, 1979||Feb 2, 1982||Agfa-Gevaert Ag||Electrooptic diaphragm and circuit operative for causing the diaphragm to open up stepwise and then close to terminate exposure|
|US4478502 *||Sep 27, 1982||Oct 23, 1984||Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha||Aperture control device for use in a still camera|
|DE2428012A1 *||Jun 11, 1974||Jan 2, 1976||Heinrichs Klaus Dieter||Diaphragms and shutters for still and cine cameras - consist of liquid crystals in circular distribution between plates|
|DE2620173A1 *||May 7, 1976||Nov 10, 1977||Storz Karl||Inertialess compact shutter for camera - uses liq. crystal in sections in conjunction with polarising film to block passage of light|
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|FR894337A *||Title not available|
|GB1318082A *||Title not available|
|GB1529212A *||Title not available|
|1||*||Patent Abstracts of Japan, vol. 8, No. 65, p. 263, Mar. 27, 1984; Mitsumasa Moriya.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5589906 *||Aug 18, 1995||Dec 31, 1996||Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Aperture device for a camera|
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|US7508566||Sep 12, 2003||Mar 24, 2009||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Switchable optical element|
|US8891042||Sep 23, 2013||Nov 18, 2014||Lc-Tec Displays Ab||Electro-optic liquid crystal camera iris providing angle independent transmission for uniform gray shades|
|US9280020||Jun 17, 2010||Mar 8, 2016||Kent State University||Tunable electrode-optic liquid crystal lenses having resistive bridges and methods for forming the lenses|
|US9323113||May 23, 2013||Apr 26, 2016||Kent State University||Tunable electro-optic liquid crystal lenses having resistive bridges and methods for forming the lenses|
|US20050270672 *||Sep 12, 2003||Dec 8, 2005||Koninkjkle Phillips Electronics Nv.||Switchable optical element|
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|US20080094557 *||Dec 29, 2005||Apr 24, 2008||Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V.||Liquid Crystal Based Light Control Element|
|US20110025955 *||Jun 17, 2010||Feb 3, 2011||Kent State University||Tunable electro-optic liquid crystal lenses and methods for forming the lenses|
|CN102804000A *||Jun 18, 2010||Nov 28, 2012||肯特州立大学||Tunable Electro-optic Liquid Crystal Lenses And Methods For Forming The Lenses|
|EP0785461A2 *||Feb 28, 1997||Jul 23, 1997||Sinar AG||View camera for selectively recording images photographically or electronically|
|EP0785461A3 *||Feb 28, 1997||Nov 12, 1997||Sinar AG||View camera for selectively recording images photographically or electronically|
|EP3049864A4 *||Sep 19, 2014||Jan 4, 2017||Lc-Tec Displays Ab||High contrast electro-optic liquid crystal camera iris|
|WO2010147664A1 *||Jun 18, 2010||Dec 23, 2010||Kent State University||Tunable electro-optic liquid crystal lenses and methods for forming the lenses|
|WO2011069248A1 *||Dec 10, 2010||Jun 16, 2011||Lensvector Inc.||Apparatus and method for dynamically controlling light transmission|
|WO2015042395A1||Sep 19, 2014||Mar 26, 2015||Lc-Tec Displays Ab||High contrast electro-optic liquid crystal camera iris|
|U.S. Classification||396/506, 348/E05.04, 396/505|
|International Classification||G02F1/1343, G03B9/02, H04N5/238|
|Cooperative Classification||G03B9/02, G02F1/134309, H04N5/238|
|European Classification||H04N5/238, G02F1/1343A, G03B9/02|
|Aug 1, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ENGLISH ELECTRIC VALVE COMPANY LIMITED, 106 WATERH
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:MOODY, MICHAEL H.;REEL/FRAME:004585/0101
Effective date: 19860707
Owner name: ENGLISH ELECTRIC VALVE COMPANY LIMITED,UNITED KING
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MOODY, MICHAEL H.;REEL/FRAME:004585/0101
Effective date: 19860707
|Apr 29, 1992||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Sep 27, 1992||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Dec 1, 1992||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19920927