|Publication number||US4775330 A|
|Application number||US 07/123,120|
|Publication date||Oct 4, 1988|
|Filing date||Nov 20, 1987|
|Priority date||Nov 21, 1986|
|Also published as||CA1283183C, CN1010725B, CN87107911A, DE3639793C1, EP0269553A2, EP0269553A3|
|Publication number||07123120, 123120, US 4775330 A, US 4775330A, US-A-4775330, US4775330 A, US4775330A|
|Inventors||Heide Teichler, Wolfgang Radelow|
|Original Assignee||Krone Ag|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (1), Classifications (4), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates in general to cable connectors and in particular to and useful method and apparatus for connecting double-wire dropwire cables.
A cable connecting element is known from U.S. Pat. No. 4,062,615, and it is provided with several connecting elements for contacting a multi-wire flat cable. The individual wires of the flat cable being arranged side by side have a common insulation surrounding the electricity conductive wires. The two ends of the incoming and outgoing flat cables to be connected are placed in the lower part of the cable connecting element. Contact is performed by the multitude of connecting elements arranged side by side in the upper part of the cable connecting element. The connecting elements are provided with cutting and clamping contacts which penetrates with cutting and clamping contacts each from above the insulation of the flat cable and effect electrical contact between the respective wires of the incoming and of the outgoing flat cables to be connected. For this, high press-in forces are required, in order to cut simultaneously the insulation of the multitude of wires of the two flat cables to be connected. Further, it is necessary that the spacing of the cutting and clamping contacts arranged side by side is accurately identical to the spacing of the wires of both flat cables. Another disadvantage is that the known cable connecting element cannot be used for dropwire cables. In particular double-wire dropwire cables, because dropwire cables have a particularly thick insulation, which normally cannot be penetrated by the cutting and clamping contacts. Thus it is necessary up to now to separate the two wires of a double-wire dropwire cable with the respective insulation from each other, in order to connect the two wires of the incoming double-wire dropwire cable with the two wires of the outgoing double-wire dropwire cable. Further there is the problem when connecting double-wire dropwire cables that the wires have no defined spacing to each other.
The invention provides an economic cable connecting element which allows the electrical connection between two double-wire dropwire cables, without the two wires with their thick insulations having to be separated from each other and without the spacings between the wires of the double-wire dropwire cables having to be accurately identical to each other.
With the invention it is achieved that the double-wire dropwire cables pressed-in on their narrow sides into the guide channels of upper and lower part are cut laterally on their narrow sides. In doing so, the insulation of the wires arranged above the double-wire dropwire cable is cut by the cutting and clamping contacts of the connecting element arranged in the upper part of the cable connecting element. The insulation of the wires arranged below of the double-wire dropwire cable is cut by the cutting and clamping contacts of the connecting element arranged in the lower part of the cable connecting element, and their respective wires are electrically contacted and are connected to each other. As the cutting and clamping contacts penetrate on both sides of the center axis of the double-wire dropwire cables, different spacings of the two wires will not effect the switch-on procedure and the contact connection between the wires and the cutting and clamping contacts of the connecting elements. Another advantage is that the upper and the lower part and the connecting elements arranged in the upper and lower part can be designed absolutely identical in construction, such that, by this, a considerable economic advantage is achievable.
Further advantageous embodiments of the invention include, e.g., the guide channels formed in U-shape, the incoming and outgoing double-wire dropwire cables inserted into the guide channels being each deflected by approximately 180° in the respective guide channels, whereby a strain relief of the double-wire dropwire cables is obtained.
Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a method of electrically connecting two electrical dropwire cables each of which have a narrow top and bottom ends with upper and lower contact wires arranged in the insulation one above the other between the upper and lower ends and using a connecting body which has upper and lower interengaging parts each of which has a connecting element with two spaced apart upstanding electrical contacts with cutting and connecting elements which include cutting edges capable of cutting through the insulation of the cable and the vertically extending receiving slot of a width smaller than the diameter of the contact wires and which comprises placing the two dropwire cables into the connecting body so that each is oriented over and pressed against the respective cutting edge and so as to effect the cutting of the insulation up to the lower cutting wire and the engaging of the cutting wire into the receiving slot to cause the wire of each cable which is to be connected to the wire of the other cable to enter the slot and make contact with the cutting and connecting contacts and become electrically connected together through said cutting and connecting contacts, and which method may further include placing the upper part of a connecting body onto the lower part so as to effect the cutting of the insulation of each cable downwardly into the upper wire so that the two cables upper wire are interconnected electrically.
A further object of the invention is to provide a cable connecting device for connecting incoming and outgoing double-wire dropwire cables which have narrow top and bottom ends and which comprises an upper and lower part of two connecting elements with two spaced apart cutting and clamping contacts each disposed in both said upper and lower parts, said upper and lower parts having guide channels of a size for accommodation of the double-wire dropwire cables narrow ends and with a connecting element having two spaced apart cutting and clamping contacts being arranged in each of said upper and lower parts, said contacts each having a cutting penetrating into the narrow sides of both incoming and outgoing double-wire dropwire cables and contacting electrically their wires.
A further object of the invention is to provide a device for electrically connecting two electric double-wire dropwire cables which is simple in design, rugged in construction and economical to manufacture.
The various features of novelty which characterize the invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this disclosure. For a better understanding of the invention, its operating advantages and specific objects attained by its uses, reference is made to the accompanying drawings and descriptive matter in which preferred embodiments of the invention are illustrated.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a top view of the lower part of a first embodiment of a cable connecting element constructed in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 2 is a section taken along the line II--II of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a section taken along the line III--III of FIG. 1 through both the lower and upper part;
FIG. 4 is a top view of the lower part of a second embodiment of a cable connecting element; and
FIG. 5 is a section taken along the line V--V of FIG. 4 through the lower part with the upper part shown in dotted lines.
Referring to the drawings in particular, the invention embodied therein comprises a method and apparatus for electrically connecting at least one of two lower and upper electrical wires 11 and 12 of dropwire 9,9 which may be accomplished in a simple manner using a basic body generally designated 1 which has upper and lower parts 2 and 3 which when fitted together will effect contact through a contact connecting element 4 between the two lower wires of one cable and the two upper wires of the other cable.
The cable connecting element comprises, in the first embodiment shown in FIGS. 2 to 3, an upper part 2 and a lower part 3 being of the same construction as the upper part 2. In the following, only the lower part 3 shown in FIG. 1 is described. The lower part 3 comprises a plate-type basic body 1 with tapered side edges. On the inner side of the basic body 1, two O-shaped section guide channels 13 are provided forming together substantially the shape of a numeral "8". Further, another central guide channel 14 is arranged centrally and extrudes longitudinally. The guide channel 14 extends accurately through the central area of the 8-shaped guide channels 13. The guide channels 13 and 14 are designed in the form of grooves in the basic body 1, the groove in the central area of the 8-shaped guide channels 13 being as wide as the groove in the area of the guide channels 14. The guide channels 13 and 14 permit insertion of incoming and outgoing double-wire dropwire cables 9.
Further, centrally and laterally to the transverse axis of the basic body 1of the cable connecting element, a substantially Z-shaped clamping groove 18 is arranged which have end areas at the guide channels 13 disposed at an angle of approximately 45°. Into the Z-shaped clamping groove 18, a Z-shaped connecting element 4 is inserted. The element 4 has a bar 5which is arranged in the area of the clamping groove 18 and it has cutting and clamping contacts 6 and 7 arranged laterally to the longitudinal axis of the basic body 1 and each in the areas of the clamping groove 18 arranged and under an angle of 45° with respect to the guide channels 13. There are, displaced by approximately 90° with respectto the end areas of the Z-shaped clamping groove 18, provided accommodationgrooves 15 in the basic body 1, being arranged at approximately 45° laterally with respect to the guide channels 13. Those accommodation grooves 15 serve for accommodation of those sections of the connecting element 4 which extend into the upper part 2 and which project above the lower part 3 of the basic body 1. The cutting and clamping contacts 6 and 7 of the Z-shaped connecting element 4 comprise each a clamping slot 8, the width of which is smaller than the diameter of the wires 11 and 12 of the double-wire dropwire cables 9.
The basic body 1 of the lower part 3 of the cable connecting element is provided on one longitudinal side with a recess 16 and on the other longitudinal side with a rib 17 shaped corresponding to the recess 16 and projects over the basic body 1 when placing the upper part 2 on the lower part 3, the rib 17 of one part engages into the recess 16 of the respective other part.
For connecting two double-wire dropwire cables 9, they are first bent into a U-shape at their free ends, and then they are inserted with their narrowsides 19 into the guide channels 13 and 14. The respective lower wires 11 of the two double-wire dropwire cables 9 lie, thus, above the clamping slots 8 of the Z-shaped connecting element 4 arranged in the lower part 3.After both double-wire dropwire cables 9 are inserted into the respective guide channels 13 and 14 of the lower part 3, the upper part 2 is placed upon the lower part. The upper part is of the same construction as the lower part 3 and it has a second Z-shaped connecting element 4. When placing the upper part 2, the insulations 10 of the respective lower wires11 are cut, as shown in FIG. 3, by the cutting and clamping contacts 6 and 7 of the Z-shaped connecting element 4 arranged in the lower part 3, and the lower wires 11 are electically contacted and conductively connected toeach other. Simultaneously, the insulations 10 of the upper wires 12 are cut by the cutting and clamping contacts 6 and 7 of the Z-shaped connecting element 4 arranged in the upper part 2, and the upper wires 12 are electrically contacted and electrically connected to each other. Both is effected, according to the invention, from the narrow side 19 of the double-wire dropwire cable 9. The cutting and clamping contacts 6 and 7 exhibit, for this, at the upper ends sharply constructed cutting edges 31 reducing the press-in forces.
As can be seen from the top view according to FIG. 1 in connection with thesectional representations according to the FIGS. 2 and 3, the two Z-shaped connecting elements 4 are arranged symmetrically to each other with respect to both the longitudinal and transverse axes of the basic body 1 and form an X-shape within the body 1. The cross bars 5 of the connecting elements 4 are of smaller height than their end parts with the cutting andclamping contacts 6 and 7 to prevent an electrical connection of the upper and lower connecting elements 4 to each other. When pressing upper and lower parts 2 and 3 together, the upper edges of the connecting elements 4engage in the area of the cutting and clamping contacts 6 and 7 into the opposite accommodation grooves 15 of the respective other part.
By the U-shaped guiding of the ends of the double-wire dropwire cables 9, acable strain relief is provided.
In FIGS. 4 and 5, the second embodiment of the cable connecting element is shown. It includes identical upper and lower parts 2a or 3a, respectively,such that, in the following, only the lower part 3a shown in FIG. 4 will bedescribed in more detail. The lower part 3a comprises a basic body 1a, being of different design on the left and on the right of its cross axis. In the left side section (FIG. 4), the basic body 1a exhibits a guide channel 13a for the double-wire dropwire cable 9a standing upright on its narrow side 19. The guide channel 13a terminates before a central separating wall 25. In the guide channel 13a, clamping ribs 23 being opposed to each other are arranged on both side walls, said clamping ribs 23 providing for a strain relief of the double-wire dropwire cable 9a inserted in upright position. The basic body 1a is provided on the left side of FIG. 4 on both longitudinal sides with recesses 20. Near the separating wall 25, a wider recess 26 extending obliquely under an angle of approximately 45° is provided. In parallel to the recess 26 there is an accommodation groove 21 for a U-shaped connecting element 4a (to be described below) which extends at 45° to the guide channel 13a.
The basic body 1a exhibits in the right-side section of FIG. 4 a hollow space surrounded by outer side ribs 22, into which fits the section of thebasic body 1a of the upper part 2a limited by the recesses 20.
Near the separating wall 25, a rib 28 extending under an angle of 45° to the longitudinal axis of the basic body 1a and interrupted by a guide channel 14a is arranged, said rib 28 being provided with an accommodation groove 24 extending under 45° to the longitudinal axis of the basic body 1a for accommodation of the U-shaped connecting element 4a. The rib 28 of the lower part 3a fits accurately into the recess 26 of the upper part 2a.
On one longitudinal side of the basic body 1a, in the area of the separating wall 25, a slot 29 extending longitudinally to the basic body 1a is provided, said slot 29 accommodating the cross bar 5a of the U-shaped connecting element 4a.
The U-shaped connecting element 4a exhibits in its two end areas angled under 45° with respect to the narrower cross bar 5a cutting and clamping contacts 6a and 7a with one clamping slot 8a each, the width of which being smaller than the diameter of the wires 11, 12 of the double-wire dropwire cable 9a.
When mounting the cable connecting element according to the second embodiment, first the incoming double-wire dropwire cable 9a is pressed with its narrow side 19 into the guide channel 13a of the lower part 3a, the clamping ribs 23 serving as strain relief. Correspondingly, the outgoing double-wire dropwire cable 9a is pressed with its narrow side 29 into the upper part 2a of the cable connecting element. Then, the upper and lower parts 2a, 3a are plugged upon each other and are pressed together, the cutting and clamping contacts 6a, 7a of the U-shaped connecting element 4a of the lower part 3a penetrating the insulations 10 of the lower wires 11 of the two double-wire dropwire cables 9a. Correspondingly, the cutting and clamping contacts 6a,7a of the U-shaped connecting element 4a of the upper part 2a penetrate the insulation 10 of the upper wires 12 of the double-wire dropwire cables 9a. Then, the wires 11 or 12, respectively, of both double-wire dropwire cables 9, 9a are pressed into the cutting and clamping contacts 6a, 7a and are connected electrically over the respective connecting elements 4a. Here, too, cutting edges 31 are provided at the upper end of the cutting and clampingcontacts 6a, 7a for reducing the press-in forces.
In the second embodiment according to the FIGS. 4 and 5, the two U-shaped connecting elements 4a are staggered over each other, because the connecting elements are not arranged centrally.
In both embodiments of the cable connecting element, the areas of the innerconnecting element 4 and 4a are marked by outer ribs 30, 30a on the outer sides of the basic body 1, 1a. By the ribs 30, 30a, material saving is obtained, as the full height of the housing must not be reached.
The closed cable connecting elements can be completely filled with a gel.
While specific embodiments of the invention have been shown and described in detail to illustrate the application of the principles of the invention, it will be understood that the invention may be embodied otherwise without departing from such principles.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3835444 *||Apr 5, 1973||Sep 10, 1974||Amp Inc||Slotted plate connector|
|US4037905 *||Dec 12, 1975||Jul 26, 1977||Ideal Industries, Inc.||No-strip electrical connector|
|US4326767 *||Jan 14, 1980||Apr 27, 1982||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Wire cutting electrical connector|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6674014 *||Sep 28, 2001||Jan 6, 2004||Rockwell Automation Technologies, Inc.||Unique way of terminating devices using insulation displacement|
|Jan 12, 1988||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: KRONE AG, 3-11, D-1000 BERLIN 37, BRD
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:RADELOW, WOLFGANG;TEICHLER, HEIDE;RADELOW, WOLFGANG;REEL/FRAME:004818/0356
Effective date: 19871120
Owner name: KRONE AG,GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:RADELOW, WOLFGANG;TEICHLER, HEIDE;RADELOW, WOLFGANG;REEL/FRAME:004818/0356
Effective date: 19871120
|Nov 21, 1989||CC||Certificate of correction|
|May 5, 1992||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Oct 4, 1992||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Dec 8, 1992||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19921004