|Publication number||US4794206 A|
|Application number||US 06/932,622|
|Publication date||Dec 27, 1988|
|Filing date||Nov 20, 1986|
|Priority date||Nov 20, 1986|
|Publication number||06932622, 932622, US 4794206 A, US 4794206A, US-A-4794206, US4794206 A, US4794206A|
|Original Assignee||Industrial Acoustics Company, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (26), Non-Patent Citations (20), Referenced by (22), Classifications (7), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invenlion relates generally to elecrromagnetic wave shielded rooms and more specifically to an RF or radio shielded room which is also acoustically insulated.
2. Description of the Prior Art
RF or radio frequency shielded rooms are often found in laboratories to protect scientific instruments from stray electromagnetic radiation. They are also found in data processing centers to protect the integrity of data files from electromagnetic radiation. In addition, they are often used to prevent electronic evedropping. Representative examples of RF shielded rooms and the doors to seal such rooms are described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,370,831, 4,177,353, 3,518,355, 3,507,974, 3,256,384, 3,236,935, 3,009,984 and 2,757,225.
The above referenced patents generally describe RF shielded rooms that are fabricated from sheets of wood or particle board which are covered with metal. The RF shielded rooms also include special doors which seal the room. This type of RF shielding is usually attached to the frame of the existing room which is being shielded or requires framing to be built to support the RF panels. Accordingly, those RF panels are not inherently self-supporting.
In addition, known RF shielded rooms typically become less reliable in their shielding characteristics over time. They also are generally not fully demountable and reassemblable. That is, once known rooms are dissassembled they generally cannot be reassembled because in the assembly process known panels undergo some distortion which makes it virtually impossible to reassemble the panels without an attendant undesirable RF leakage.
There is also an additional problem in sealing the doors to these known shielded rooms because any crack or aperture between the door and the frame will degrade the quality of the RF shielding. Two approaches have generally been used to provide sealing of the doors. The first approach makes use of a door seal that has a groove with flexible metallic fingers. When the door is shut, a projection from the door is inserted into the metallic fingers, thereby sealing the gaps which would otherwise exist. The second approach includes inflatable conductive gaskets which seal the gaps between the door and its frame. Prior art door seals result in doors which often are not aesthetically pleasing. These doors are typically surface mounted, i.e., they are not flush with the wall, and they make it readily apparent that the room is being utilized for some special purpose.
In addition to the drawbacks mentioned above, known RF shielded rooms are not inherently soundproof. While prior art RF panels have some minimal sound insulating properties, these properties are quite small. Thus, in order to provide adequate acoustic insulation, conventional sound proofing techniques must be used within known RF shielded rooms. This results in a "room within a room" arrangement, i.e., the soundproof walls are built within the RF shielded walls or vice-versa. This arrangement is very time consuming and expensive. The contractor must install two sets of panels and must ensure that the installation of the acoustic insulation does not interfere with the RF shielding.
Accordingly, there is a need for a room which can provide both RF shielding and acoustic insulation and eliminate the necessity of building "a room within a room". There is also a need for such a room which retains its RF shielding and acoustic insulation characteristics over time and which are fully demountable and reassemblable. There is also a need for an aesthetically pleasing door for sealing such rooms.
The present invention provides a self-supporting room that is both RF or radio frequency shielded and acoustically insulated. The room is fabricated from panels which have a continuous metallic sheathing that is filled with acoustic insulating material, such as fiberglass. The panels are fastened together by H-shaped joiners which are inserted between the panels. The H-shaped joiner incorporates an offset to accommodate RF shielding gasket material. Channel shaped compression members are disposed above and below the flanges of the H-shaped member and are fastened together by bolts which pass through the H-shaped member. The fasteners form an RF seal between adjacent panels. Edge and corner panels seal the corners and edges of the room. Access to the room may be provided by a flush mounted door with particular hinge and seal configurations.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the RF shielded and acoustically insulated room of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial exploded perspective view of a pair of panels and the joint formed therebetween;
FIG. 3 is a cross sectional view of the joint of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view of a joint formed between a pair of panels and a structural steel member;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a cap used to seal the intersections between joints;
FIG. 5A is a perspective view of the interior of the cap of FIG. 5;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a corner piece for the intersection of three panels;
FIG. 7 is a cross sectional view of the corner piece taken along line 7--7 of FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of an edge piece for the intersection of two panels;
FIG. 9 is a print view of a door to the RF shielded and acoustic room;
FIG. l0 is a cross sectional view of the door taken along line 10--10 of FIG. 9;
FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the hinge for use with the door;
FIG. l2 is a cross sectional view of the hinge of FIG. 11 taken along line 12--12 of FIG. 11;
FIG. l3 is a cross sectional view of "T" shaped cover member taken along line 13--13 of FIG. 1; and
FIG. l4 is a cross eectional view of an "X" shaped cover member taken along line 14--14 of FIG. 1.
FIG. l5 is a cross sectional view of a corner cover member taken along line 15--15 of FIG. 1.
Referring to FIG. 1, a perspective view illustrates the EM (electromagnetic wave) shielded and acoustically insulated room 10 or enclosure of the present invention. For the sake of convenience the electromagnetic shielding will be refered to as RF shielding but is not intended as a limitation on the particular frequency of the electromagnetic waves shielded by the invention.
The room 10 is fabricated from a plurality of panels 11 that are fastened together. Two panels 11 lying in the same plane are fastened along a joint 12 with a clamping device hereinafter described in greater detail. Edge pieces 13 are used to join panels 11 lying in two different planes, and corner pieces 14 are used to join panels 11 lying in three different planes and intersecting to form a corner. When long ceiling spans are encountered, a structural steel tube 15 may be used to give the room 10 greater structural strength (See also FIGS. 4 & 5). At the corners of the panels 11, caps are used to seal the joints 12 for shielding purposes. As will be described in more detail below, the caps may have different shapes, e.g. "T", "X" or "L" depending upon the number of joints being sealed and the location of the seal. The room 10 includes an access door 17 and a multi-point cam seal latch system 19.
FIGS. 2-4 illustrate the joint assembly 12 for joining together in the same plane a pair of panels 11. These panels, which provide RF shielding and acoustic insulation, are used in the construction of walls, roofs and floors. As illustrated in the Figures, each panel 11 comprises a pair of spaced apart face sheet members 11a which are separated by internal and peripheral wall or support portions 11b. Preferably face members 11a extend beyond wall portions 11b to form peripheral edge portions 11c around the periphery of the panel.
Preferably face members 11a and support portions 11b are formed from an RF shielding material e.g., galvanized steel. When galvanized steel is used the walls 11b may be spotwelded to the face sheets 11a. By way of further example, panels 11 may be fabricated from suitable gauge galvanized steel, (e.g. 18 ga, 14 ga, 16 ga, 12 ga, 11 ga) with the face sheets spaced apart several inches. The support members 11b may be arranged, for example, 24" on center and spot welded to face sheets 11a 241 on center.
In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the interior of each panel 11 is filled with a suitable acoustic insulating material 30 such as fiberglass.
In an alternate embodiment of the invention each of the opposed face sheets 11a of panels 11 may be formed from a different material. In addition, in certain applications it is enough for only one of the opposed face sheets 11a of each panel 11 to have the desired RF shielding characteristics, with the other face sheet simply serving to close the panel and retain the acoustic fill 30.
In another embodiment of the invention, one of the panel face sheets 11a may be perforated to provide the desired acoustic insulation (i.e., sound absorption as well as acoustic shielding).
In a further embodiment of the invention, the panels 11 may be of the "packless" type, i.e. the type in which the acoustic insulation is not provided by an acoustic fill, but rather by the configuration of portions of the panel. For an example of a packless type of acoustic panel reference is made to U.S. Pat. No. 4,287,962 (issued on Sept. 8, 1981 and assigned to the assignee of the present invention) and the prior art cited therein. In connection with the packless type panel, it is also conceivable that one of the panel face sheets is solid while the opposing face sheet is perforated for acoustic reasons.
Referring now again to FIGS. 2-4, the joint assembly 12 comprises a flexible, generally H-shape RF-acoustic compression joiner 20 which is receivable between a pair of compression channel members 21 and 22. Joiner 20 includes a pair of opposed flange portions 20a joined by a substantially perpendicular support portion 20b. Compression channels 21 and 22 are generally U-shaped in configuration, having a pair of leg members 2la, 22a joined by a generally perpendicular base portion 2lb, 22b.
Compression channel member 21 and joiner 20 include apertures 60 for receiving clamping bolts 23. Preferably, the heads of bolts 23 are countersunk in compression channel 21. Nut members 29 are captured in compression member 22 for receiving and securing clamping bolts 23. Where nuts 29 are hexagonal, they may be captured in compression channel 22, for example, by means of hexagonal apertures in compression channel 22 which receive and hold the nuts.
As shown in the Figures the edges of a pair of panels 11 which are to be joined together are clamped between the flange portions of joiner 20 by compression channels 21 and 22. In accordance with the invention, an RF sealing material 31 is sandwiched between the joiner flanges 20a and the edges of the panels 11. Sealing material 31 may comprise, for example, a wire mesh gasket material or a conductive caulk. In the preferred embodiment of the invention, joiner flange portions 20a include offsets or recessed portions 20c for receiving the RF sealing material 31.
In operation, compression channels 21 and 22 compress the RF sealing material 31 between the "H" joiner 20 and the panel 11. As illustrated best in FIG. 3, the legs of compression channel members 21 and 22 are preferably substantially aligned with the wall or support portions llb of the panels 11. The RF shielding material 31 acts as a metal gasket between joiner flanges 20a and the surface of panels 11 ensuring electrical continuity between adjacnnt panels 11. The compression channels 21, 22, which may be bolted on 4" centers, provide high uniform compression loads along the entire length of the joint 12. Due to the flexibility or spring nature of the compression channels 21, 22, this uniform clamping action is maintained without the need for periodic re-torquing of the compression bolts 23 even with deformations and stresses resulting from wind buffeting, thermal expansion and contraction, or applied live loads.
Referring now to FIG. 4, a cross-sectional view illustrates the joint formed between a structural steel member 15 and two panels 11. The structural steel member can for example, be a standard 8"×4" steel tube. The structural steel member 15 is held between the two panels 11 by two H-shaped joiners 20. The joiners 20 are held in place by compression channels 21, 22 and bolts 23 as described above.
Referring now to FIG. 5, a perspective view illustrates a "T" shaped cap 25 which is used to seal the intersection formed among three compression channels 21. Such intersections occur, for example when the two panels 11 are joined to a structural steel member 15. Without the cap 25 the intersection would not be tightly sealed, and any resulting apertures could adversely affect the RF shielding properties of the room 10. In FIG. 5A an enlarged perspective view illustrates the interior of the cap 25. Openings 24, 26 and 27 of the cap 25 accommodate the compression channels 21. Around the interior of the cap 25, RF gasketing 31, of the same type discussed earlier in connection with joint assembly 12, is disposed. Preferably, cap 25 includes a peripheral recess for seating gasketing material 31. The cap 25 also includes an aperture 32 for a bolt which is used to secure the cap 25 to the compression channels 21. The cap 25 insures RF shielding continuity.
It will be appreciated that in addition to the exterior type cap members exemplified in FIGS. 5 and 5a, the subject invention also provides for complementary interior type cap members which are disposed in the interior surface of the subject enclosure, the interior and exterior cap members being fastened to one another.
For example, referring to FIG. 13, there is illustrated an assembly wherein interior and exterior "T" shaped type caps are used to join and seal an intersection formed among three sets of compression channels 21 and 22. Cap member 25 is an exterior type cap member similar to that illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 5a. Cap member 25' is an interior cap, and as can be seen in the Figure is virtually identical to the exterior cap except that the interior cap includes a threaded aperture 32a for receiving fastening bolt 33. As is also shown in FIG. 13, the interior cap 25' includes openings for accommodating compression channels 22. Cap 25' also includes RF gasketing 31 around its interior to seal between cap 25' and compression member 22 and panel 11.
FIG. 14 illustrates exterior and interior "X" shaped type cap members, 25a and 25a', respectively, that are used to join and seal an intersection formed among four sets of compression channels 21 and 22. The structure of "X" shaped type cap members 25a and 25a' is very similar to that of "T" shape caps 25 and 25' except for the inclusion of an additional aperture in each of caps 25 and 25a' for accommodating a fourth set of compression channels 21 and 22. Caps 25a and 25a' each include RF gasketing material 31 around their periphery and they each preferably include a recess for seating the RF gasketing material.
FIG. 15 illustrates exterior and interior generally "L" shaped corner cap members 25b and 25b', respectively, that are used to join and seal an intersection of two sets of compression channels 21 and 22 in corner portions of the enclosure. Each cap member 25b and 25b' includes an aperture for receiving a compression channel member. In addition, each cap member 25b and 25b' includes RF gasketing material around its periphery. As with the other cap members, it is preferable that each cap member 25b and 25b' include a peripheral recess for seating the RF gasketing material.
FIG. 6 illustrates a perspective view of the corner pieces 14 which are used at the intersection of two walls and the ceiling or two walls and the floor. Corner pieces 14 or "tri-corner" panels may be preseamed and prefabricated, thereby avoiding troublesome three-way clamped corner connections. In FIG. 7 a cross-sectional view taken along line 7--7 of FIG. 6 illustrates the interior of the corner piece 14. As illustrated, corner pieces 14 comprise three panel portions 14' which are joined substantially orthogonally to one another to form a corner. Each of the corner panel portions includes a pair of spaced apart, opposed face sheets 14a which are joined by a wall or support portion 14b. Preferably, the sheets 14a extend beyond their respective support portions 14b to form lip portions 14c around the periphery of the panels. The materials that are used to form the corner panel portions may be the same as those described above in connection with panels 11 (e.g. all or partially RF shielding material). Preferably, the interior portions of corner pieces 14 include an acoustic fill 30 as described above in connection with panels 11.
Referring now to FIG. 8, a perspective view illustrates an edge piece 13 which is used for making two-way connections such as between the floor and a wall or between the ceiling and a wall. As illustrated, edge piece 13 is generally "L" shaped in configuration having a pair of substantially orthogonal panel portions 13'. Panel portions 13', like panels 11 and corner pieces 14, may be constructed with opposed sheet members l3a, support portions l3b and lip portions l3c. Panel portions 13' may be constructed from the same material as panels 11 and corner pieces 14 and preferably include in their interiors acoustic insulation fill material.
Referring to FIG. 9, a front view illustrates the door 17 to the enclosure 10. The door 17 is fabricated from RF shielding material, e.g., sheet metal and filled with acoustic insulation. The door 17 is hung from a door frame 36 by hinges 34, 40. There are RF finger seals 37 on the interior of the door frame 36. At the corner of the door frame 36, the RF seal 337 is preferably rounded. This rounding of the RF seal 37 minimizes the chance of the seal being worn or broken, and eliminates a discontinuity in the fingers often associated with a shortfall in shielding effectiveness.
Referring now to FIG. 10, a cross-sectional view taken along line 10--10 of FIG. 9 illustrates the interior details of the door 17, frame 36 and the hinge 40. The RF shielded door frame 36 is provided with conductive finger seals 37 around the perimeter of the door frame. A projecting metallic strip 38 is disposed about the perimeter of the door 17. The strip 38 is inserted into the metallic finger seal 37 when the door 17 is closed. These seals 37 are contained in a protective channel around the entire perimeter of the door frame 36 and are mortised into the frame 36. The door 17 is flush with the frame 36. Double Acoustic seals 39 are integrated into the door frame 36. Seals 39 may be purely acoustic seals or may also include a surrounding RF gasketing mesh to provide RF shielding as well. A single cam action multi-point latch 19 (See FIG. 9) is used to draw the strip 38 on door 17 into the frame mounted finger seals 77 and the door into seals 39. The corners of the strip 38 are rounded so that the finger seals 37 will be continuous around the entire perimeter of the door frame 36. Therefore, troublesome finger seal corners are eliminated. The door 17 is preferably pre-hung at the factory to assure correct alignment. It will be noted that the subject door may be used in applications other than those specifically described herein, e.g. in welded structures.
Referring now to FIGS. 11 and 12, a perspective view and cross-sectional view illustrate the hinge 40 for use with the door 17. The hinge 40 is secured to the frame 36 by bracket 41. An arm 42 extends from the hinge 40 and is secured to the door 17 by bolts which pass through holes 43-45. Within a housing 46, two gears 47, 48 are rotatably mounted. Gear 47 is fixed to bracket 41 and gear 48 is fixed to arm 42. The gears 47, 48 are connected together by the housing 46 and mesh with each other. In prior art doors the finger seals typically do not align well with the door knife edge 38 during initial opening of the door causing a loss of shielding effectiveness and excessive maintenance to repair seal damage. Hinge 40 reduces the lateral displacement of knife edge 38 from the center line of the finger seal array on the hinge side of the door minimizing seal damage and wear associated with the prior art In other words, the hinge structure of the invention gets knife edge 38 out of seals 37 as quickly as possible, thus reducing damage to the seals.
Preferably the door 17 is flush mounted. The flush mounting of an RF door is particularly difficult because of the alignment necessary for the RF seal and the strip projecting from the door. In the prior art, RF doors are typically surface mounted which enables the pivot point or hinge line to be in line with the lip of the RF seal. When the pivot point is aligned with the lip of the RF seal, the door edge can be inserted substantially straight into the lips bf the RF seal 37. Another alternative for aligning the pivot point, other than surface-mounting, is to recess the door hinge as illustrated in FIG. 10. A recessed door hinge, however, would normally prevent the door from opening 180°.
The hinge 40 overcomes these problems and allows the door to be flush mounted and to open 180°. As the door 17 is opened, the gear 48 rotates about the gear 47, until the door 17 is opened 180°. When the door is closing, the strip 38 on the door 17 is inserted with minimum misalignment into the lips of the RF seal 37. This arrangement provides a tight RF seal and minimizes the wear on the RF seal 37.
The apparatus of the present invention has the following advantages over known RF shielded rooms:
a. All panels 11, joiners 20, and doors 17 are acoustically rated per ASTM E90-84 and shielding effectiveness rated per NACSEM 5204 as assembled system and as individual components (panels and doors). The panels 11 and joiners 20 are acoustic rated STC 52 while the door 17 is acoustic rated STC 49 (high performance) and 36 (low performance). The assembled system is RF shielded effectiveness rated in excess of 100 dB from 100 k.Hz to 10 GHz High sound attenuation is achieved in addition to RF shielding without the need to "add-on" to the basic RF enclosure.
b. The acoustic-RF wall system satisfies government physical security specifications. Hence, a fully secure facility is achieved in one structure without need for "add-on" or "room within a room" measures.
c. The unique acoustic RF clamp system includes machine threaded fasteners 23 which assure that the structure is demountable and re-assembleable without a need to change fasteners or the basic joiners.
d. The panels of the subject invention are rigid and do not deform in assembly. The clamping forces in assembly are absorbed by the RF gasketing materia which can be replaced with new gasketing material upon reassembly of any disassembled panels. The panels are fully reusable.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2066718 *||Oct 16, 1935||Jan 5, 1937||Dietz Louis F||Enclosure bulkhead|
|US2516935 *||May 8, 1946||Aug 1, 1950||Donald S Ashley||Door closer|
|US2667242 *||Sep 13, 1949||Jan 26, 1954||Soule Steel Company||Prefabricated metal panel joining member|
|US2757225 *||Dec 24, 1952||Jul 31, 1956||Ace Engineering & Machine Co I||Doors for radio shielded enclosures|
|US2838592 *||Mar 27, 1956||Jun 10, 1958||Frank Feketics||Shielding enclosures|
|US2927665 *||Feb 7, 1955||Mar 8, 1960||Chicago Metal Mfg Co||Prefabricated sealed building construction|
|US3009984 *||Aug 7, 1958||Nov 21, 1961||Lindgren Erik A||Door for a shielded enclosure|
|US3013103 *||Dec 23, 1959||Dec 12, 1961||Intrator Alexander M||Shielded enclosure|
|US3130651 *||Aug 23, 1960||Apr 28, 1964||Neenah Foundry Company||Mounting for hinged covers|
|US3153692 *||Nov 15, 1961||Oct 20, 1964||Lindgren Erik A||Shielding enclosure|
|US3159093 *||Oct 9, 1961||Dec 1, 1964||Morton M Rosenfeld||Door structure|
|US3236935 *||Feb 25, 1963||Feb 22, 1966||Socony Mobil Oil Co Inc||Room shielded from the effect of an ambient magnetic field|
|US3256384 *||Aug 7, 1963||Jun 14, 1966||Erik A Lindgren||Sliding door for a shielding enclosure|
|US3304360 *||Jun 3, 1964||Feb 14, 1967||Bell Telephone Labor Inc||Radio frequency gasket for shielded enclosures|
|US3322879 *||Jan 12, 1965||May 30, 1967||Lindgren Erik A||Soundproof screen room|
|US3437735 *||Sep 21, 1966||Apr 8, 1969||Ace Eng & Machine Co Inc||Door construction for shielded room|
|US3507974 *||Mar 6, 1968||Apr 21, 1970||Us Navy||Electromagnetic shielded door structure|
|US3518355 *||Dec 6, 1968||Jun 30, 1970||Lectromagnetics Inc||Electromagnetic shield|
|US3783174 *||Nov 15, 1972||Jan 1, 1974||Lindgren E||Double isolated shielding enclosure|
|US3790696 *||Dec 29, 1972||Feb 5, 1974||Lindgren E||Double isolated screen room|
|US4016689 *||Jan 20, 1976||Apr 12, 1977||United States Gypsum Company||Sound absorbing panel system and method for connecting panels|
|US4177353 *||Mar 18, 1977||Dec 4, 1979||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army||RFI shielded doors with inflatable gaskets|
|US4370831 *||Nov 28, 1980||Feb 1, 1983||The Boeing Company||RF Shielded door seal|
|US4572921 *||Jul 30, 1984||Feb 25, 1986||Instrument Specialties Co., Inc.||Electromagnetic shielding device|
|GB744723A *||Title not available|
|NL250274A *||Title not available|
|1||"Lectroshield Model LDC/LDP RF Shielded Rooms", Lectromagnetics, Inc., Bulletin LDC-500B, 6-1981.|
|2||"Radio Frequency Shielded Enclosure", Euroshield Series DS-82 brochure.|
|3||"Rayshield Radio Frequency Shielded Enclosures", Rayshield brochure on Class-10 STD.|
|4||"RF Shielded Rooms", Lectro Magnetics, Inc. Catalog LSR-2000, 6-1986.|
|5||"RF-Tightness Using Resilient Metallic Gaskets", pp. 116 & 123, Electrical Manufacturing.|
|6||"Series '81", Rayproof Catalog No. 812.|
|7||"Series 85 Radio Frequency and Audio Shielded Rooms", Rayproof Corporation.|
|8||Belling Lee Intec Ltd. Brochure, "Electromagnetic Shielded Enclosures", 1986.|
|9||*||Belling Lee Intec Ltd. Brochure, Electromagnetic Shielded Enclosures , 1986.|
|10||*||Euroshield Fact Sheets on Euroshield RFD 100 Door, RFD 60 Door, RFD 60 Double Door, EMPD 60 Double Door, EMPD 60 Door.|
|11||Euroshield Fact Sheets on Euroshield RFD-100-Door, RFD-60-Door, RFD-60-Double Door, EMPD-60-Double Door, EMPD-60-Door.|
|12||Kessler Sales Corporation Information Sheet, "R.F. Enclosure", Fremont, Ohio.|
|13||*||Kessler Sales Corporation Information Sheet, R.F. Enclosure , Fremont, Ohio.|
|14||*||Lectroshield Model LDC/LDP RF Shielded Rooms , Lectromagnetics, Inc., Bulletin LDC 500B, 6 1981.|
|15||*||Radio Frequency Shielded Enclosure , Euroshield Series DS 82 brochure.|
|16||*||Rayshield Radio Frequency Shielded Enclosures , Rayshield brochure on Class 10 STD.|
|17||*||RF Shielded Rooms , Lectro Magnetics, Inc. Catalog LSR 2000, 6 1986.|
|18||*||RF Tightness Using Resilient Metallic Gaskets , pp. 116 & 123, Electrical Manufacturing.|
|19||*||Series 81 , Rayproof Catalog No. 812.|
|20||*||Series 85 Radio Frequency and Audio Shielded Rooms , Rayproof Corporation.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5013869 *||Jan 5, 1989||May 7, 1991||Trube & Kings Kg||High-frequency-impervious shielding door|
|US5510575 *||Nov 26, 1993||Apr 23, 1996||The Curran Company||Window wall for shielded enclosures|
|US5595801 *||Sep 3, 1993||Jan 21, 1997||International Paper Company||Laminated shielding material and method for shielding an enclosure therewith|
|US5685045 *||Mar 26, 1996||Nov 11, 1997||Select Products Limited||Intumescent material in a continuous pinless hinge|
|US5813180 *||Mar 28, 1996||Sep 29, 1998||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Privacy enclosure|
|US5974757 *||Sep 29, 1998||Nov 2, 1999||3M Innovative Properties Company||Privacy enclosure|
|US6282848||May 6, 1999||Sep 4, 2001||Imedco Ag||Floor, ceiling and wall construction for a magnetically shielded room|
|US6320123 *||Oct 20, 1999||Nov 20, 2001||Steven S. Reimers||System and method for shielding electrical components from electromagnetic waves|
|US6323419 *||Nov 6, 2000||Nov 27, 2001||William W. Toy||RFI shielding enclosures and their closure seals|
|US6626264||Oct 30, 2001||Sep 30, 2003||Igt||Radio frequency shielded and acoustically insulated enclosure|
|US6639145 *||Jun 22, 2000||Oct 28, 2003||Nokia Corporation||Protecting device against interfering electromagnetic radiation comprising EMI gaskets|
|US6696639||Jun 22, 2000||Feb 24, 2004||Nokia Corporation||Protecting device against interfering electromagnetic radiation comprising EMI-gaskets|
|US7117640||Dec 10, 2002||Oct 10, 2006||Imedco Ag||Radio frequency shielded and acoustically insulated door|
|US7246681||Aug 6, 2003||Jul 24, 2007||Imedco Ag||Radio frequency shielded and acoustically insulated enclosure|
|US7491898||Jan 2, 2007||Feb 17, 2009||Daniel Villanella||Radio frequency shielding arrangement|
|US7589285 *||Sep 10, 2004||Sep 15, 2009||Nippon Steel & Sumikin Coated Sheet Corporation||Magnetic shield panel|
|US8707634 *||Jan 29, 2012||Apr 29, 2014||Edward D. Anklam||Collapsible modular building with canvas seams|
|US8960815||Jan 25, 2012||Feb 24, 2015||Abb Technology Ag||Switchgear enclosure with improved door assembly|
|US20130192146 *||Jan 29, 2012||Aug 1, 2013||Edward D. Anklam||Collapsible modular building with canvas seams|
|DE102014202660B3 *||Feb 13, 2014||Jul 9, 2015||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Verkleidungselement für die Raumbegrenzung eines eine Magnetresonanzeinrichtung enthaltenden Raums, Raumverkleidung und Verfahren zum Verkleiden eines Raumes|
|EP1043923A1 *||Apr 4, 2000||Oct 11, 2000||TüV Süddeutschland Bau und Betrieb GmbH||Trust centre unit|
|WO1997036066A2 *||Mar 28, 1997||Oct 2, 1997||Minnesota Mining & Mfg||Privacy enclosure|
|U.S. Classification||174/371, 16/354, 181/290|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T16/541, H05K9/0001|
|Nov 20, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INDUSTRIAL ACOUSTICS COMPANY, INC., 1160 COMMERCE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:WEINSTEIN, JONATHAN;REEL/FRAME:004647/0429
Effective date: 19861119
|Jan 27, 1992||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Aug 6, 1996||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Dec 29, 1996||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Mar 11, 1997||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19970101
|Oct 16, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LANDSBANKI COMMERCIAL FINANCE, UNITED KINGDOM
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:INDUSTRIAL ACOUSTICS COMPANY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:019967/0721
Effective date: 20070921
|Jan 31, 2011||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INDUSTRIAL ACOUSTICS COMPANY, INC., NEW YORK
Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:LANDSBANKI COMMERCIAL FINANCE, A DIVISION OF LANDSBANKI ISLANDS HF.;REEL/FRAME:025720/0395
Effective date: 20110124