|Publication number||US4831464 A|
|Application number||US 07/126,376|
|Publication date||May 16, 1989|
|Filing date||Nov 30, 1987|
|Priority date||Nov 28, 1986|
|Publication number||07126376, 126376, US 4831464 A, US 4831464A, US-A-4831464, US4831464 A, US4831464A|
|Original Assignee||Pioneer Electronic Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (25), Classifications (10), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field Of The Invention
This invention relates to a signal recording device which is represented typically by an R-DAT (rotary head-digital audio tapedeck).
2. Background Art
In an R-DAT or the like, an analog audio signal, which is a recording signal, is converted from analog-to-digital (A/D) form so that it is recorded in the form of a digital signal on the magnetic tape. In the quantization of an analog signal, a quantizing distortion occurs. Hitherto, a dither signal is used as a random noise to eliminate the quantizing distortion.
FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a signal recording device in which a signal is recorded with the dither signal. In FIG. 1, an analog audio signal is applied to an input terminal. A digital noise generating circuit 6 generates digital noise as the dither signal. The digital noise generated by the noise generating circuit 6 is subjected to D/A (digital-to-analog) conversion in a D/A converter circuit 7. The output of the D/A circuit 7 is applied to an addition circuit 2 where it is added to the analog audio signal. The output of the addition circuit 2 is applied to an A/D converter circuit 3, where it is subjected to A/D conversion. The output of the A/D converter circuit 3 is applied to a subtraction circuit 4.
The digital noise generated by the digital noise generating circuit 6, after being delayed for a predetermined period of time by a delay circuit 8 (corresponding to the sum of delay times in the D/A converter circuit 7, the addition circuit 2 and the A/D converter circuit 3), is applied to the subtraction circuit 4. In the subtraction circuit 4, the digital noise is subtracted from the output signal of the A/D converter circuit 3 and the result of subtraction is provided at its output terminal 5. The signal thus provided at the output terminal 5 is applied to the rotary head so as to be recorded on the magnetic tape.
In the above-described method, the recording signal is added to the dither signal before being subjected to A/D conversion and, therefore, the quantizing distortion can be decreased at the A/D conversion.
However, in the signal recording device thus organized, for sufficient effect it is essential that the A/D converter circuit 3 and the D/A converter circuit 7 are uniform in accuracy and in quantization characteristic. Furthermore, if the frequency of the digital noise is set in the audio frequency band, then the S/N ratio is lowered.
Accordingly, an object of this invention is to eliminate the above-described difficulties accompanying a conventional signal recording device.
The foregoing object and other objects of the invention have been achieved by the provision of a signal recording device which, according to the invention, includes a dither signal generating circuit for generating a dither signal in a frequency band extending from a frequency higher than 1/2 of a recording signal sampling frequency to a frequency lower than (n-1/2) of the recording signal sampling frequency. An addition circuit adds the dither signal to a recording signal. An analog-to-digital converter circuit subjects an output of the addition circuit to analog-to-digital conversion with a frequency which is n times the sampling frequency. A digital filter removes a high frequency component from an output of the analog-to-digital converter circuit. A sampling circuit samples an output of the digital filter with the sampling frequency.
The nature, principle and utility of the invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
In the accompanying drawings:
FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a conventional signal recording device.
FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing one example of a signal recording device according to this invention.
FIGS. 3A through C is a spectrum diagram for a description of the operation of the signal recording device shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing one example of a signal reording device, which is applied to an R-DAT, according to this invention.
The signal recording device, as shown in FIG. 1 includes an input terminal 11 to which a recording signal, namely, an analog audio signal is applied. In an addition circuit 12, the audio signal is added to a dither signal outputted by a dither signal generating circuit 17. An A/D (analog-to-digital) converter circuit 13 converts the output of the addition circuit from analog-to-digital form. A digital filter 14 operating as a high-cut filter cuts off the high frequency component of the output of the A/D converter circuit 13. A sampling circuit 15 samples its input signal. The output of the sampling circuit 15 is applied to an output terminal 16.
The analog audio signal from the input terminal 11 is applied to the addition circuit 12 where it is added to the dither signal outputted by the dither signal generating circuit 17. The output of the addition circuit 12 is applied to the A/D converter circuit 13, where it is subjected to A/D conversion.
When the final sampling frequency of the audio signal is f, the sampling frequency of the A/D converter circuit 13 is n×f (where n is an integer), for instance 2f. That is, oversampling is performed. Accordingly, the quantization error is decreased. In addition, it is unnecessary to provide an analog filter (or low-pass filter) with a steep characteristic in the front stage of the A/D converter circuit 13. Accordingly, the irregularity of the phase characteristic attributed to the analog filter can be eliminated.
The spectrum of the PAM signal quantized by the A/D converter circuit 13 is as shown in trace (a) of FIG. 3. In trace (a), there is shown a recording signal A, or audio signal component, its aliasing component B, and a dither signal component D. The dither signal D is set in a relatively wide frequency band of from f/2 to 3f/2 (n=2). If the dither frequency is made lower than f/2, then the dither signal enters the audio frequency band, thus overlapping the audio signal A. If it is made higher than 3f/2, then the aliasing components B are involved. Therefore, it is preferable that the frequency band of the dither signal is set as described above.
The output of the A/D converter circuit 13 is applied to the digital filter 14 driven with a clock pulse having a frequency of 2f, in which the audio signal higher in frequency than f/2 is suppressed. In this operation, the phase characteristic will not be disturbed, because the digital filter is used.
The frequency of the dither signal D is set to a value larger than f/2. Therefore, in the digital filter 14, the dither signal D together with the high frequency component of the audio signal A is removed, but the aliasing signal B remains. Accordingly, the spectrum of the output of the digital filter 14 is as shown in trace (b) of FIG. 3.
The output of the digital filter 14 is applied to the sampling circuit 15. In the sampling circuit 15, the input data over-sampled with a frequency of 2f is sample intermittently with the aide of a clock pulse having a frequency of f so that data sampled at a frequency of f is finally provided. A clock signal at a frequency of 2f directly controls the A/D converter circuit 13 and the digital filter 14 but is frequency divided to f by a frequency divider 18 for controlling the sampling circuit 15. The spectrum of the output of the sampling circuit 15 is as shown in trace (c) of FIG. 3, in which the aliasing component C is provided by the sampling operation with a frequency of f.
As was described above, the signal recording device of the invention comprises: the dither signal generating circuit for generating a dither signal in a frequency band of from a frequency higher than 1/2 of the recording signal sampling frequency to a frequency lower than (n-1/2) of that frequency; the addition circuit for adding the dither signal to the recording signal; the A/D converter circuit for subjecting the output signal of the addition circuit to A/D conversion with a frequency n times the sampling frequency; the digital filter for removing a high frequency component from the output of the A/D converter circuit; and the sampling circuit for sampling the output of the digital filter with the sampling frequency. Therefore, the signal recording device of the invention, being simple in arrangement, can minimize the quantizing distortion without decreasing the S/N ratio.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4626158 *||Jul 5, 1984||Dec 2, 1986||Gallay S.A.||Container seam and a process for forming a container seam|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5327298 *||Sep 10, 1992||Jul 5, 1994||International Business Machines Corporation||Noise minimization for magnetic data storage drives using oversampling techniques|
|US5479168 *||Aug 20, 1993||Dec 26, 1995||Pacific Microsonics, Inc.||Compatible signal encode/decode system|
|US5525984 *||Aug 6, 1993||Jun 11, 1996||Adc Telecommunications, Inc.||Optimization of weighted signal-to-noise ratio for a digital video encoder|
|US5638074 *||May 31, 1995||Jun 10, 1997||Pacific Microsonics, Inc.||Method and apparatus for slew limiting|
|US5640161 *||May 31, 1995||Jun 17, 1997||Pacific Microsonics, Inc.||Silent data conversion system with sampling during electrical silence|
|US5675335 *||Sep 15, 1995||Oct 7, 1997||Wandel & Goltermann Elektronische Messtechnik Gmbh||Method of improving the distortion behavior of analog-to-digital converters|
|US5802186 *||Dec 3, 1996||Sep 1, 1998||Sony Corporation||Audio signal processing apparatus|
|US5808574 *||Feb 11, 1997||Sep 15, 1998||Pacific Microsonics, Inc.||Systems for achieving enhanced frequency resolution|
|US5838274 *||Jan 13, 1997||Nov 17, 1998||Pacific Microsonics, Inc.||Systems for achieving enhanced amplitude resolution|
|US5854600 *||Aug 29, 1997||Dec 29, 1998||Pacific Microsonics, Inc.||Hidden side code channels|
|US5864311 *||Feb 18, 1997||Jan 26, 1999||Pacific Microsonics, Inc.||Systems for enhancing frequency bandwidth|
|US5867330 *||Nov 1, 1995||Feb 2, 1999||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Reproducing apparatus detecting pilot signals by binary data processing|
|US5872531 *||Feb 11, 1997||Feb 16, 1999||Pacific Microsonics, Inc.||Signal encode/decode system|
|US5999347 *||Apr 9, 1997||Dec 7, 1999||Sony Corporation||Method and apparatus for higher resolution audio signal transmitting|
|US6166873 *||Jun 9, 1999||Dec 26, 2000||Sony Corporation||Audio signal transmitting apparatus and the method thereof|
|US6433723 *||Jul 30, 1999||Aug 13, 2002||Siemens Power Transmission & Distribution, Inc.||Analog-to-digital conversion with reduced error|
|US6980145 *||Jul 30, 2004||Dec 27, 2005||Broadcom Corporation||System and method for noise cancellation in a signal processing circuit|
|US7071860 *||Apr 21, 2005||Jul 4, 2006||Broadcom Corporatin||System and method for noise cancellation in a signal processing circuit|
|US20060022859 *||Apr 21, 2005||Feb 2, 2006||Anil Tammineedi||System and method for noise cancellation in a signal processing circuit|
|EP0810599A2 *||May 28, 1992||Dec 3, 1997||Pacific Microsonics, Inc.||Improvements in signal encode/decode systems|
|EP0810600A2 *||May 28, 1992||Dec 3, 1997||Pacific Microsonics, Inc.||Improvements in systems for archieving enhanced amplitude resolution|
|EP0810601A2 *||May 28, 1992||Dec 3, 1997||Pacific Microsonics, Inc.||Improvements in hidden code side channels|
|EP0810602A2 *||May 28, 1992||Dec 3, 1997||Pacific Microsonics, Inc.||Improvements in systems for achieving enhanced frequency resolution|
|EP0898813A1 *||Dec 18, 1997||Mar 3, 1999||Quantum Corporation||Data and servo sampling in synchronous data detection channel|
|WO1992022060A1 *||May 28, 1992||Dec 10, 1992||Pacific Microsonics Inc||Improved signal encode/decode system|
|U.S. Classification||360/32, 341/131, G9B/20.061, G9B/20.014|
|International Classification||G11B20/22, G11B20/10|
|Cooperative Classification||G11B20/22, G11B20/10527|
|European Classification||G11B20/10C, G11B20/22|
|Jan 25, 1989||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PIONEER ELECTRONIC CORPORATION, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:CHIJIIWA, MASARU;REEL/FRAME:005013/0926
Effective date: 19871112
|Oct 23, 1992||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Dec 26, 1996||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|May 18, 1997||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jul 29, 1997||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19970521