|Publication number||US4839920 A|
|Application number||US 06/900,039|
|Publication date||Jun 13, 1989|
|Filing date||Aug 25, 1986|
|Priority date||Sep 30, 1985|
|Also published as||DE3685788D1, EP0217131A2, EP0217131A3, EP0217131B1|
|Publication number||06900039, 900039, US 4839920 A, US 4839920A, US-A-4839920, US4839920 A, US4839920A|
|Inventors||Gabriele Held-Elbert, Wolfgang Kaiser, Wilhelm Koch, Werner Schmutzler|
|Original Assignee||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Non-Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (6), Classifications (9), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of telephone dial pulse parameter testing, and especially to a method for determining independent of the subscriber line length--the time parameters of dial pulses.
2. Description of the Prior Art
The determination of time parameters of dial pulses is of importance for instance in the noise suppression of a subscriber connection. The pulse duration/pulsing interval ratio of telephone dial pulses is measured and evaluated according to the relationship ##EQU1## sometimes referred to as percent break.
The time values measured for this purpose in the subscriber circuit at the telephone central office for the pulse duration and interval duration of dial pulses are dependent on the length of the telephone subscriber's line, so that values derived according to prior art techniques do not give exact information about the actual conditions in the dial pulsing switch in the subscriber terminal. As the line lengths differ from subscriber connection to subscriber connection, this influence cannot be taken into account in a lump sum.
It is therefore the object of the invention to indicate a method for determining the time parameters of dial pulses where the influence of the line length of a telephone subscriber's line is excluded.
According to the invention, this problem is solved in that during the first pulse interval of a dial pulse series a voltage produced by the supply voltage source on the subscriber line is measured, and that according to the voltage amplitude thus determined, which depends on the line length of the subscriber line, the times measured for the pulse duration and pulse interval of the dial pulse series are corrected.
To exclude influences of variances in the supply voltage during the correction process, a further step of the method according to the invention provides that during the first dial pulse of a dial pulse series, caused by a loop interruption, a measurement of the supply voltage is made and the deviation of the resulting value from a mean value is made use of for the correction of the voltage value determined in the first pulse interval of the dial pulse series.
According to a first exemplary method, the measuring point for said voltage measurements may be, for the measurement during the pulse interval, the b-wire and, for a measurement during the dial pulse thereof, the a-wire of the telephone subscriber line. According to a second exemplary method, the voltage between the a-wire and the b-wire is measured both during the first dial pulse and during the first pulse interval.
In the following detailed description, the invention will be explained more specifically by way of an exemplary embodiment with reference to a drawing comprising two figures.
FIG. 1 shows a pulsing time diagram for a dial pulsing telephone; and
FIG. 2 discloses a circuit arrangement for carrying out the method according to the invention together with a subscriber line and a terminal connected thereto, as well as a part of the subscriber line circuit at a telephone central office.
In FIG. 2 a subscriber line TL with the wires a and b is symbolized by line resistances R and a line capacitance C.
Of the terminal connected to the subscriber line, only the contact nsi of the dial pulsing switch is shown, by means of which the subscriber loop is interrupted and closed during dialing.
Of the subscriber line circuit at the telephone central office for this subscriber line, only the supply resistors RS are shown, which are contained in the circuit of a supply battery, as well as the windings D of the voice transformer.
To carry out the method of the invention, that is, to determine the time parameters of the dial pulses in the manner according to the invention, the actual circuit arrangement consists firstly of a loop status indicator J. By means of the loop status indicator, the make-break status of the loop is determined. During the operation state of the dialing, the loop status indicator furnishes information as to whether a loop connection or a loop interruption exists.
Secondly, it comprises an analog to digital converter A/D which is connected to the wires a and b of the subscriber line and which transforms an analog voltage measured between the wires of the subscriber line into a digital value. The arrangement thus serves for the aforementioned method variant where in the dial pulse interval as well as during a dial pulse the voltage between the line wires is evaluated.
The circuit arrangement according to FIG. 2 further comprises a microcomputer MC, to which are supplied the output signals of the analog to digital converter as well as those of the loop status indicator. The microcomputer MC may control a data display MA.
FIG. 1 shows the time ratios of loop closure and loop interruption during a part of the operational state of dialing. Starting from a state in which the subscriber loop is closed, the first dial pulse, see time span Wl, of a dial pulse series is caused by a loop interruption.
According to the invention, during this first dial pulse the voltage between wires a and b of the subscriber loop, that is, the supply voltage, is measured. In the microcomputer MC, the relation of the thus determined voltage value to a mean value of the supply voltage is processed to within a correction factor.
During the following first dial pulse interval, see time span WPl in FIG. 1, in which the subscriber loop is closed again, a voltage measurement between the a-wire and the b-wire takes place again, since during this interval the voice circuit in the subscriber terminal is bridged at low impedance, the voltage value found represents a measure of the line length of the subscriber line and in relation to the value of the supply voltage delivered by the battery, modified by the first-named correction factor, resulting in a correction factor by which the pulse duration and pulse interval, measured by the loop status indicator, of the first and of the following pulses of the dial pulse series are corrected by means of the microcomputer MC. The data display MA thus may indicate values independent of the length of the subscriber line.
As has been indicated, instead of a voltage measurement between the a and b wires of the subscriber line, there can be measured during the first dial pulse, the voltage prevailing between the a-wire and a point in the circuit carrying ground potential. This voltage may be then used for the formation of a correction factor for the value of the supply voltage., For the correction of the pulse time and interval time, the voltage prevailing during the following dial interval between the b-wire and the circuit point carrying ground potential can be used.
Thus, three methods for obtaining a line length correction signal are disclosed from the application of which, accurate time parameters may be obtained. These methods should only be deemed to be limited in scope by the claims which follow.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3456083 *||Aug 27, 1965||Jul 15, 1969||Philips Corp||Arrangement for identifying pushbutton signals|
|US3879583 *||Aug 17, 1973||Apr 22, 1975||K Son Corp||Reconstruction of telephone dial signals|
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|US4071781 *||Nov 15, 1976||Jan 31, 1978||Northern Telecom Limited||Pulse duration correction circuit|
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|JPS54133806A *||Title not available|
|JPS56122579A *||Title not available|
|JPS57207496A *||Title not available|
|1||"Dial Pulse Detector", C. R. Bringol et al., IBM Technical Disclosure, vol. 18, No. 4, Sept. 1975, pp. 991-992.|
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|3||Translation Japanese Pat. No. 56 --122579.|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5428662 *||Mar 1, 1993||Jun 27, 1995||Dialogic Corporation||Detecting make-break clicks on a telephone line|
|US5621731 *||Feb 4, 1994||Apr 15, 1997||Omnilink Communications Corporation||Private exchange for ISDN|
|US5627827 *||Apr 28, 1994||May 6, 1997||Omnilink Corporation||Automatic service cutover for ISDN private exchange|
|US5771285 *||Feb 7, 1996||Jun 23, 1998||Lucent Technologies||Circuit and method for detecting telephone line status and telephone instrument embodying the same|
|US5822424 *||Nov 12, 1996||Oct 13, 1998||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Dial pulse detector and detecting method for paging service for mechanical telephone subscriber|
|US5881146 *||Jun 4, 1997||Mar 9, 1999||Dialogic Corporation||Method and apparatus for determining digits dialed using a selected algorithm|
|U.S. Classification||379/377, 379/286, 379/342|
|International Classification||H04Q1/36, H04Q1/32|
|Cooperative Classification||H04Q1/32, H04Q1/36|
|European Classification||H04Q1/36, H04Q1/32|
|Aug 25, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, BERLIN AND MUNICH, GER
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:HELD-ELBERT, GABRIELE;KAISER, WOLFGANG;KOCH, WILHELM;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:004594/0909;SIGNING DATES FROM 19860812 TO 19860818
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HELD-ELBERT, GABRIELE;KAISER, WOLFGANG;KOCH, WILHELM;ANDOTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 19860812 TO 19860818;REEL/FRAME:004594/0909
Owner name: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT,GERMANY
|Dec 2, 1992||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jan 21, 1997||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jun 15, 1997||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Aug 26, 1997||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19970518