|Publication number||US4848619 A|
|Application number||US 07/168,269|
|Publication date||Jul 18, 1989|
|Filing date||Mar 15, 1988|
|Priority date||Apr 4, 1986|
|Also published as||EP0264391A1, EP0264391B1, WO1987005887A1|
|Publication number||07168269, 168269, US 4848619 A, US 4848619A, US-A-4848619, US4848619 A, US4848619A|
|Original Assignee||Bennes Marrel|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (19), Classifications (8), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention is comparable to a new type of device destined to fit the vertical panel at the front of a parallelepiped container to allow its handling from the lifting hook of a known handling apparatus, in all leaving the panel in front of the container available for other uses, notably for the implantation of an open door.
From French Pat. No. 2,858,352, one is familiar with a handling apparatus with hydraulic arms, which comprises a telescopic jib (arm) hinged on a subframe which rocks or sways on the bottom of a truck frame. This device is designed to manipulate a parallelepiped container whose exterior sides correspond to the international standard "ISO." One knows that this container includes a niche (recess) sunken in the vertical panel in front of the container, and a longitudinal tunnel sunken under the lower face or bed of the container. Close to the upper part of the first niche, a transversal axis or handle is provided for and is rigidly fixed to receive the handling of a truck's lifting hook. This lifting handle, being mounted at a fixed post, and unnecessarily fixed on rigid and solid parts of the container, renders the front panel unavailable for the installation of accessories, such as a door.
This invention is intended to avoid these inconveniences in achieving, in a standardized way, a parallelepiped container whose front can be manipulated by a standard handling apparatus with a hydraulic arm, therefore the front panel of the container will remain available for the installation of different accessories, notably an access door to the interior of the container.
An apparatus according to the invention is intended to equip the front panel of a provided container, in this location, of a transversal hooking bar, to receive the hook of a swinging jib which, in a known fashion, equips a transportation and handling vehicle; and is characterized such that the hooking bar is integral with a removable support such that the methods of bypassing the locking mechanism, voluntarily permitting secure locking on the container, for handling/storing operations, and for unlocking for opening the removable support which renders the container's front panel available.
Another characteristic of the invention, is that the removable support is locked in the niche vertically set out in the hollow vertical panel in front of the container.
In accordance with another feature of the invention, the niche is arranged between two vertical rigid columns upon which the means of eclipsable locking permit the locking of the removable support.
In accordance with another characteristic of the invention, the removable support is made up of a vertical frame, more or less rectangular which, more or less according to its horizontal median is responsible for the hooking bar, such that the exterior of the two vertical sides, the means of the eclipsable locking mechanism, assures an immobilization on the two vertical columns of the container between which this frame can embed itself.
According to another characteristic of the invention, the removable support is made up of a tilting or swinging frame that is more or less rectangular, as one of the sides is made up by the horizontal hooking bar such that the opposite side forms a pivot axis integral with the upper horizontal line at the front of the container.
According to another characteristic of the invention, the aforementioned tilting or swinging frame is provided for resilient means of return (readjustment) which tends to return in upper position, horizontally folded back on the upper panel of the container. The hooking bar therefore being situated to the extreme back of the frame.
According to another characteristic of the invention, the upper part in front of the container is made up of two hollow niches to receive the swinging or tilting hooking frame to wit:
a first niche at the upper part of the front vertical panel, to receive the frame when it is in vertical handling position, with the hooking bar located at the bottom;
a second niche, hollowed on the front of the horizontal upper panel, to receive the swinging or tilting frame where it is in the eclipsed position on the top of the container; it's extreme back carrying the handling bar.
According to another characteristic of the invention, the removable support is made up of two grooved bases each movable in one of the two vertical side sills (of the frame), these two bases being connected by the horizontal hooking bar, with which they constitute a vertically moving cart between the two groves that fit the columns of the container.
According to another characteristic of the invention, the aforementioned cart can lower itself just to a low position, where the hooking bar is located in proximity to the horizontal lower line.
According to another characteristic of the invention, the eclipsable locking mechanism is made up of movable hinge pins that one inserts in the lodgings situated opposite on the vertical columns of the container and on the vertical sides of the removable support, cart, tilting column or removable column.
According to another characteristic of the invention, the vertical panel in front of the container is equipped with an access door, where the swing door is set out between the principle niche's two vertical columns.
The attached design, given as an unlimited example, will permit one to better understand the characteristics of the invention.
Diagram 1 is a perspective view showing a container standardized according to the invention.
Diagrams 2 through 4 illustrate the handling and transporting phases of this container, when one can manipulate it with a known apparatus of the type called a "hydraulic arm" that fits a truck.
Diagram 5 shows a first possible variation, for the realization of a removable swing support on the front of the container.
Diagram 6 shows a second variation where the swing bar fits a tilting or swinging frame.
Diagram 7 shows a third variation where the swing bar is carried by a vertical sliding cart.
The diagrams represent a truck (1) whose chassis (2) is equipped with a handling apparatus of a known type with a hydraulic arm. This apparatus is notably made up of a lifting support whose upper arm (3) carries, at its top, a handling hook (4), such that its lower arm (5) is articulated by an axis (6), on the front of an adjustable false chassis or small rod (7). The latter is articulated in (8), on the rear of chassis (2) on the truck (1). Truck (1), also so equipped, is provided to assure loading, (Diagrams 4 and 3), transport (Diagram 2) and the handling of a parallelepiped container (9). The latter conforms to the international standard "ISO". In other respects, as already acknowledged by the French Pat. No. 2,358,352, one knows that the container (9) provides for two main niches, namely:
a lower niche (10), provided in hollow under its lower horizontal panel or bed (support) (11);
an upper front niche (12), provided in hollow on the front vertical panel (13).
At its lower part, the main niche (12) comes out onto the lower niche (10).
These two niches (10 and 12) are provided to receive respectively, the support arms (5 and 3) when the container (9) is on truck (1) in transporting position (Diagram 2). In this case, the front panel (13) is situated immediately behind the cabin (14) of the truck (1).
In the main niche (2), and at its upper part is fixed a transverse hooking bar (15), provided to receive the handling hook (4).
On the standard containers (9), the hooking bar (15) is rigidly integral with the container, in other words, fixed in a irremovable way.
According to the present invention, the hooking bar (15) is, on the contrary, fixed in removable fashion, as illustrated in diagrams 5 and 7.
In the case of Diagram 5, the main niche (12) is defined in hollow between two rigid vertical columns (16). The latter are joined between them by a tightening cross bar (17), located above the given site for hooking bar (15). The latter one is integral with a rectangular framework case (18) comprising two horizontal side members and horizontal top and bottom members, where the hooking bar approximately houses the placement of the horizontal median.
At the outside of the two vertical sides (19) of the case (18), the pinning yokes are provided for (20), susceptible to be brought up coinciding with the fixed yokes (21) responsible for the interior walls opposite the columns (16) to lock the fixture into place on the front panel of the container.
When the rectangular case (18) is embedded between the two columns (16) in the handling position, it suffices to put the removable pins (22) in place in order to lock the case (18) tightly on the columns (16).
At its upper part, the case (18) comprises a horizontal supporting bed plate (23), susceptible of coming to support itself against the lower face of the (frame's) cross member (17), for example at the level of a bed plate (24).
In the diagram 6 variation, the horizontal hooking bar's (15) removable support is made up of a tilting (swinging) frame whose arm (25) pivots around the pivotal axis (26) situated at the level of the upper edge/line (27), in front of the container (9).
The return or drawback springs not shown, resiliently spring toward the top of (arrow 28) the swinging/tilting frame (15, 25, 26). When horizontally folded back at the top of the container (9), (interrupted pulling position), the frame is incorporated into the container (9) in a second retraction niche (29) provided for this effect. On the other hand, when it is folded back toward the bottom in active position (in full pull) the frame finds itself in a first niche (30) hollowed at the top of the vertical panel (13), at the bottom of the principle niche (12). The latter can be the simple extension toward the bottom of niche (30), between the columns (16).
In Diagram 7's variation, the hooking bar (15) is integral with each extremity, from a base (31) that vertically slides in a groove (32) of the corresponding column (16). The cart (31, 15, 31), in this way fashioned groove vertically between two positions, such that:
a high position (33) for the handling of the container (9);
a low eclipsable position (34), facing the lower niche (10).
One sees that in all cases:
(a) in handling position (in full pull, 5, 6, 7) the hooking bar (15) is kept in place on the columns (16) by removable pins (22);
(b) in eclipsed position (in interrupted pulling diagrams 5, 6, 7) it completely releases the path of the open flaps of the door (35) or any other accessories provided for in the main niche (12) or on the container's front panel (13).
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|U.S. Classification||220/1.5, 414/498|
|International Classification||B65D90/00, B65D88/12|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D88/121, B65D90/0033|
|European Classification||B65D88/12A, B65D90/00D|
|May 31, 1988||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BENNES MARREL, ZONE INDUSTRIELLE SUD, F-42161, AND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:COROMPT, ANTOINE;REEL/FRAME:004888/0983
Effective date: 19880518
Owner name: BENNES MARREL, FRANCE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:COROMPT, ANTOINE;REEL/FRAME:004888/0983
Effective date: 19880518
|Jan 18, 1993||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Feb 17, 1993||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jun 21, 1993||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MARREL, FRANCE
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:MARREL, BENNES;REEL/FRAME:006581/0047
Effective date: 19920326
|Feb 25, 1997||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jul 20, 1997||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Sep 30, 1997||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19970723