|Publication number||US4850054 A|
|Application number||US 07/173,142|
|Publication date||Jul 25, 1989|
|Filing date||Mar 25, 1988|
|Priority date||Mar 25, 1988|
|Publication number||07173142, 173142, US 4850054 A, US 4850054A, US-A-4850054, US4850054 A, US4850054A|
|Inventors||Kim C. Sutton|
|Original Assignee||Sutton Industries, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (22), Referenced by (2), Classifications (21), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates in general to sun visors and more particularly to a sun visor that is adaptable to other uses.
Sporting events held in open stadiums attract large numbers of spectators and as such represent a popular form of entertainment. By far the greatest number of these events occur during the summer and fall of the year, seasons when the sun is least likely to be obscured. Indeed, the sun creates considerable glare, and many spectators find it necessary to wear a visor of one type or another. Aside from that sporting events generate considerable spirit, and it is not uncommon for spectators to purchase clothing and other accessories bearing the names and symbols of teams participating in the contests.
The present invention concerns a sun visor which comfortably conforms to the user's head, and further may be easily converted to several other uses, namely a megaphone, a fan, a more expansive sunshade, or a party hat. Moreover, the visor has a large surface area to which the name or symbol of a sporting team or some other organization may be applied or on which an advertising message may be placed, and as such the visor is ideally suited for sale at sporting events.
In the accompanying drawings which form part of the specification and wherein like numerals and letters refer to like parts wherever they occur.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the sun visor of the present invention shown as it would normally be worn;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the sun visor in the configuration it would normally be worn, the perspective being from the rear looking over the inner portion and top of the visor;
FIG. 3 is a front elevational view of the visor in the configuration in which it is normally worn;
FIG. 4 is a plan view of the visor in the configuration that is normally worn;
FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the visor taken along line 5--5 of FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a sectional view of the visor taken along line 6--6 of FIG. 3;
FIG. 7 is plan view of the blank from which the visor is formed;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the visor converted into a megaphone;
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the visor converted into a party hat;
FIG. 10 is a top plan view of the sun shade formed from three visor blanks connected together end-to-end; and
FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a modified sun visor.
Referring now to the drawings, a sun visor A (FIG. 1) fits comfortably against the forehead of the user where it is held in place by an elastic band B which extends from the visor along the sides of and around the back of the user's head. When in place, the visor A is inclined downwardly from the user's forehead just enough to shade the user's eyes, but does not obstruct the user's vision.
The visor A is derived from a blank C (FIG. 7) which is cut from a flexible sheet-like material that is preferably durable and water repellant. Polyethylene is one such material, and although paperboard will also suffice, it is not nearly as durable as polymers. The thickness of the material is not too critical, although the material should be thin enough to flex relatively easily and to fold at score lines, yet thick enough to withstand forces, such as light wind loads, that might otherwise distort it. The blank C is easily converted into the visor A by making two simple folds and attaching the elastic band B.
Considering the visor A first in terms of the blank C (FIG. 7) from which it is derived, the blank C has an arcuate inner margin 2 and an arcuate outer margin 4 as well as side margins 6 and B which merge into the margins 2 and 4 at rounded corners 10. The arcuate inner and outer margins 2 and 4 lie generally concentric to each other and are thus parallel, the space between them being about 63/4 in. The side margins 6 and 8, on the other hand, are straight and diverge from the inner margin 2 to the outer margin 4, with the angle between the two being between 80° and 100° and preferably about 90°. The four margins 2, 4, 6, and 8 together with the four corners 10 constitute the border or perimeter of the blank C, but not necessarily the visor A.
The blank C contains two score lines 16 and 18, both of which generally follow the curvature of the arcuate margins 2 and 4 and extend the full width of the blank C. As such, the score lines 16 and 18 divide the blank C into three sections: namely a center or main panel 20, an abutment panel 22 and a front lip 24. The main panel 20 lies between the two score lines 16 and 18 and possesses the greatest area. The abutment panel 22 exists between the score line 16 and the inner margin 2, whereas the front lip 24 lies between the score line 18 and the outer margin 4. The former is somewhat wider than the latter, but neither occupies nearly the area of the main panel 20.
The inner score line 16 extends from the one side margin 6 to the other side margin B and intersects those margins beyond the two corners 10 at the ends of the arcuate inner margin 2. Moreover, the score line 16 lies generally concentric to the inner margin 2, but is slightly closer to the inner margin 2 at its ends than midway between its ends. Indeed, midway between their respective ends, the score line 16 and the inner margin 2 are spaced about 1 3/16 in. apart. The score line 16 permits the abutment panel 22 to be folded downwardly with respect to the main panel 20, and when the panel 22 is so folded, the main panel 20 acquires an upwardly directed bow.
The outer score line 18, in contrast to the inner line 16, does not extend out to the end margins 4 and 6, but instead terminates or runs out into the two rounded corners 10 which are located at the ends of the outer margin 4, intersecting those rounded corners 10 approximately midway between their ends. While the outer sore line 18 generally follows the curvature of the outer margin 4, it is substantially closer to that margin at its ends than midway between its ends. Indeed, the spacing between the score line 18 and the outer margin is about 7/16 in. midway between their ends, whereas at their ends it is about 1/8 in. The score line 18 enables the lip to be folded upwardly with respect to the main panel 20.
Near the side margin 6 the center panel 20 is provided with a slit 30 that lies parallel to the margin 6. Moreover, the slit 30, which is about 3/4 in. long, lies somewhat closer to the score line 16 than the score line 18. The slit 30 is set about 1/2 in. inwardly from the margin 6.
On its other side adjacent to the side margin 8, the panel 20 is provided with another slit 32 which delineates a tab 34 that projects toward the margin 8. The tab 34 has rounded corners 36, and where it merges with the main body of the panel 20 it is provided with small cutouts 38. Although the tab 34 is slightly wider than the slit 30 is long, in the regions of its cutouts 38, it is slightly narrower than the slit 30 is long. When the blank C is bent into the shape of a cone, the tab 34 may be manipulated into the slit 30 and when fully inserted will engage the panel 20 at its cutouts 38, thus enabling the tab 34 to lock within the slit 30 (FIG. 8). As such the tab 34 is presented outwardly where it may be bent away from the main panel 20 to serve as a handle.
Near the rounded corners 10 at the ends of the inner margin 2, the abutment panel 22 for the blank C has small holes 44, there being one generally at the center of curvature for each of the two corners 10. The holes 46 are large enough to loosely receive the elastic band B. The main panel 20 has similar holes 45 near the ends of the score line 16, these holes being set inwardly slightly from both the score line 16 and their respective side margins 6 and 8, and still more holes 46 which are likewise located along the score line 16 but are set further inwardly, perhaps as much as 2 in. from the holes 45. As such, the spacing between the two holes 46 is slightly greater than the spacing between the holes 46 and their respective side margins 6 and 8. The holes 45 and 46 are likewise large enough to loosely receive the elastic band B. Finally, the lip 24 contains two more holes 48 which are spread such that they will be located 180° from each other when the blank C is bent into a cone and held in that configuration with the tab 34 locked into the slit 30. The holes 4B are also large enough to loosely receive the band B.
The band B includes a string 52 which is elastic and therefore can be stretched, but when released will of course return to its original length. At each of its ends, the string 52 has a metal clip 54 which is straight and connects with the string 52 generally midway between the ends of the clip 54. This enables the clip 54 to be moved into a position in which it is generally parallel to the string 52, and when so disposed, it will pass through any one of the holes 44, 45, 46 and 48 along with the string 52 to which it is connected. Once through the hole, the clip 54 turns perpendicular to that portion of the string 52 which extends from it and thus prevents the string 52 from being withdrawn through the particular hole 44, 45, 46 or 48 through which it was threaded.
The blank C is easily transformed into the visor A, and to effect the conversion the lip 24 is folded upwardly with respect to the main panel 20 along the curved score line 18 (FIG. 5). On the other hand, the abutment panel 22 is folded downwardly with respect to the main panel 20 along the score line 16, indeed at a substantially greater angle than the lip 24. These folds impart a somewhat convex configuration or bow to the main panel 20, at least transversely between its side margins 6 and 8, with the bow being greatest along the shorter score line 16. Moreover, the folds at the score lines 16 and 18 become the inner and outer margins of the main panel 20. Furthermore, the clips 54 at the ends of the string 52 of the band B are inserted through holes 46 in main panel 20 and then turned parallel to the panel 20 so that the band B cannot be withdrawn from the holes 46.
With the blank C so configured, that is to provide the sun visor A, the elastic band B is stretched and fitted around the back of the user's head while the abutment panel 22 is brought against the user's forehead (FIG. 1). Once the band B is released, it contracts and holds the abutment panel 22 snugly against the forehead, the force being transmitted from the clips 54 through those small portions of the main panel 20 that lie between the holes 46 and the score line 16. Actually, the inner margin 2 is directed slightly away from the user's forehead, this being by reason of the application of the retaining force at the holes 46, so the margin 2, which is an edge, does not press into the forehead and create discomfort. In other words, the elastic band B pulls the upper portion of the panel 22 snugly against the user's forehead and causes the lower portion including the margin 2 to remain somewhat away from the forehead. The upper portion of the main panel 20 assumes the curvature of the score line 16, which is in essence against the user's forehead, but the curvature is less pronounced along the lower score line 18. In any event, the upper surface of the panel 20 acquires a convex shape from one side margin 6 to the other margin 8 (FIG. 6), curving generally over the user's eyes where it shades them from the glare of the sun. As such, the main panel 20 lies obliquely with respect to the abutment panel 22 and the user's forehead, indeed so much so that an acute angle exists between the two. Actually, the natural tendency of the panel 20 is to fold flat against the abutment panel 22, and if this occurred, the main panel 20 would completely block the user's eyes. The lip 24, when turned upwardly from the main panel 20 at an obtuse angle prevents this, for it stiffens the main panel 20 along its lower edge so that the lower region of the main panel 20 cannot assume a curvature as pronounced as the upper region. Consequently, the main panel 20 projects obliquely outwardly from the abutment pane 22, has a transverse curvature which becomes progressively less beyond the score line 16, and otherwise assumes an inclination and curvature most suitable for protecting the user's eyes from the glare of the sun.
The blank C may also be converted into a megaphone D (FIG. 8). For this transformation, the blank C, while the abutment panel 22 and lip 24 are extended from it with no break at either of the score lines 16 or 18, is bent into a conical configuration. Indeed the side margin 8 is brought over the side margin 6 and likewise over the end of the tab 34, whereupon the tab 34 is inserted through the slit 30, it being bowed slightly to reduce its width to the length of the slit 30. The tab 34 moves through the slit 30 until its cutouts 38 align with the ends of the slit 30, whereupon the sides of the tab 34 spread outwardly so that the two sides of the blank C lock together at the slit 30 and tab 34. The inner and outer margins 2 and 4 of the blank C likewise become curved, the former forming the small end of the megaphone D and the latter the large end. The tab 34 forms a handle for holding the megaphone D.
The megaphone D in turn may be converted into a party hat E (FIG. 9) simply by inserting the clips 54 at the ends of the elastic band B through the holes 48 in the lip 24 and then turning those clips parallel to the surface which surrounds their respective holes 48. In this regard, the holes 48 are spaced 180° apart when the tab 34 interlocks with the slit 30. The string 52 of band B loops downwardly to provide a thin strap for holding the hat E on the user's head.
Thus, the hat E is placed on the user's head with the outer margin 4, now curved into a circle, against the top of the head, and the inner margin presented upwardly. The string 52 extends downwardly along the sides of the user's head and loops under the user's chin to hold the hat E in place.
Several of the blanks C, preferably three of them C-1, C-2 and C-3, may be connected together end to end to provide a shade F (FIG. 10) for protecting the front and sides of the user's head from the sun. To this end, each of the three blanks C is folded along its score line lB such that the lip 24 is turned upwardly, all as with the sun visor A. Then the three blanks C-1, C-2 and C-3 are connected together end to end. In this regard, the side margin 8 on the first blank C-1 is passed under the side margin 6 of the second blank C-2, and the tab 34 of the first blank C-1 is inserted through the slit 30 of the second blank C. Indeed, the tab 34 is forced to its fullest extent into the slit 30, and accordingly interlocks with the ends of the slit 30, thus securing the two blanks C-1 and C-2 together. The third blank C-3 is connected to the first blank C-1 in a like manner, that is to say that the tab 34 on the blank C-3 is interlocked with the slit 30 of the blank C-1. This creates a somewhat circular arrangement of the blanks C-1, C-2 and C-3, but even so, the tab 34 of the third blank C-3 remains detached from the slit 30 of the second blank C-2. The elastic band B is looped several times between the detached ends of the blanks C-2 and C-3, where it passes through the closely spaced holes 44 and 45 in each. Another elastic band B extends between the holes 46 in the blank C-1, the center of the three blanks C-1, C-2, C-3.
The shade F fits over the user's head, resting on it along the panels 22 of the three interlocked blanks C-1, C-2, C-3, for the elastic band B which is looped several times between the blanks C-2 and C-3 urges all three abutment panels 22 against the user's head, with the panel 22 of the blank C-1 being against the forehead and the panels 22 of the blanks C-2 and C-3 being against the sides of the head. In other words, the elastic band B renders the sun shade F adjustable so that it can fit heads of varying size. The main panels 20 of the three blanks C-1, C-2 and C-3 project obliquely outwardly beyond the forehead, sides, and back of the user's head, each being stabilized by its lip 24 which turns upwardly or at least outwardly along its outer score line 18. In other words, each lip 24, when turned back toward its respective main panel 20 so as to be disposed at an angle with respect to the panel 20, prevents the panel 20 from assuming an excessive angle along its other score line 16 and thereby turning too far downwardly. The other elastic band B, that is the one that attaches to the panel C-1, extends around the back of the user's head or under the user's chin and holds the sun shade F on the user's head.
Finally, the blank C may be used as a fan for moving air in front of the user's face on still days.
The panel 20 for the blank C is quite large and visible irrespective of whether the blank C is used as the sun visor A, the megaphone D, the hat E or the sunshade F, and as such provides an excellent location for displaying advertising messages or other information.
The invention, while being a visor, need not have that traditional appearance of a visor. Indeed, it may take on less orthodox shapes, perhaps the shape of an animal that may be the mascot of a sports team or university. For example, a modified visor G (FIG. 11) resembles the head of a bird, such as a cardinal, but like the visor A, it has a main panel 60, an abutment panel 62 at one end of the main panel 60 and a lip 64 at the other end of the main panel 60. The abutment panel 62 turns downwardly from the main panel 60 along a rear score line 66 and follows the contour of the user's forehead along which it is located when the visor G is in use. The lip 64 turns upwardly from the opposite or forward end of the main panel along a score line 68, and as such maintains the main panel in an outwardly directed orientation with respect to the abutment panel 62 and the user's forehead. Otherwise the main panel 60 would drop downwardly in front of the user's face to obscure his vision.
While the score line 66 resembles a simple arc--and well it should for it is along the user's forehead--the other score line 68 has two segments which converge forwardly, and this imparts a V-shaped configuration to the main panel 60. Indeed, the main panel 60 resembles the head of a bird with the region of convergence for the segments of the score line 68 being the beak. The greater surface area created in the main panel 60 by reason of the V-shaped configuration may be marked to resemble the eyes, beak and other features of a bird, or it may bear advertising messages, or both.
In addition to the two panels 60 and 62 and the lip 64 the visor G has a decorative panel 70 which is connected to the abutment panel 62 along a score line 72 where it turns upwardly along the abutment panel 60 and projects above it, terminating at a peak 74. The decorative panel 70 thus resembles the head feathers of a bird. Actually when the visor G is in use, the decorative panel 70 is against the user's forehead, whereas the abutment panel is for the most part interposed between the decorative panel 70 and the main panel 60.
The visor G is held against the user's forehead by an elastic band B which attaches to the main panel 60 inwardly from its edge and extends around the user's head.
This invention is intended to cover all changes and modifications of the example of the invention herein chosen for purposes of the disclosure which do not constitute departures from the spirit and scope of the invention.
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|US4429420 *||Jun 21, 1982||Feb 7, 1984||Container Corporation Of America||Cowboy hat|
|US4481680 *||May 20, 1983||Nov 13, 1984||Rosetta Mason||Protective visor|
|US4670910 *||Oct 31, 1985||Jun 9, 1987||Rosasco Leroy P||Visor|
|US4701965 *||Mar 21, 1986||Oct 27, 1987||Landis Timothy J||Visor-type mask for dentists|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5113529 *||Nov 28, 1990||May 19, 1992||Carr J Scott||Eyeglasses visor and retainer|
|US20120047614 *||Aug 27, 2010||Mar 1, 2012||Medu-Scientific, Ltd.||Disposable Face Shield|
|U.S. Classification||2/10, 2/209.3, 446/27, 2/DIG.11|
|International Classification||A61F9/04, G09F21/02, G10K11/08, G09F23/00, A42B1/20|
|Cooperative Classification||G09F23/0066, Y10S2/11, A42B1/208, G09F23/00, G09F21/02, G10K11/08, A61F9/045|
|European Classification||G09F23/00, G09F21/02, G10K11/08, A61F9/04B, A42B1/20F|
|Mar 25, 1988||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SUTTON INDUSTRIES, INC., ST. PETERS, MISSOURI A CO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SUTTON, KIM C.;REEL/FRAME:004878/0399
Effective date: 19880316
Owner name: SUTTON INDUSTRIES, INC., A CORP. OF MO, MISSOURI
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SUTTON, KIM C.;REEL/FRAME:004878/0399
Effective date: 19880316
|May 8, 1990||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Feb 23, 1993||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jul 25, 1993||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Oct 12, 1993||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19930725
|Nov 14, 1994||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SUTTON, KIM C., MISSOURI
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SUTTON INDUSTRIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:007205/0232
Effective date: 19941103