US 48561 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Laundry Water Heater.
No. 48,561. Patenfed July 4, 1865'.
Wv'ivwsses. .Zr'vvezzZor N4 FETERS. Pnwumo mphw. Washingtam o c,
UNITED- STATES PATENT OFFICE.
- Joan KEANE, on NEW YORK, N. Y.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No.' 48,561, dated July 4, 1865.
same, reference being had to the accompany in g drawings, forming partot' this specification, in which? I Figure 1 is an elevation of a vertical section ;of an apparatus made after my invention. Fig. 2 is a plan thereof; and Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the boiler, showing also how the watercirculating pipes are connected with it.
Similar letters of reference indicate like parts.
This invention consists, in general terms, of
an apparatus composed of a system of double water-pipes, terminating in one direction-in a closed metallic boiler for-heatiu g water by placing the boiler in or over afire, the said pipes terminating at their other ends in a tub or other vessel, wherein heated water is to be received for laundry or other uses.
. Ais the heating apparatus, and B is a wooden tub, whose sides are pierced to receive the water-circulating tubes E and'F. The tub B is to be supported upon a bench, G, or other suitable structure, at any convenient height. The tub B has a cover, I, also of wood, whose periphery is made with a square or straight edge fitting in a rabbet cut in theinner edge of the tub. The said cover has a handle, J, on either side, which also serves as a batten thereto. The object in view in constructing and fitting the cover in this manner is to enable one to use it either side up, so that when it becomes warped by long exposure to heat from one side it may be turned over to expose the opposite-side, the square edge enabling the cover to fit the tub either way. I
E and F are branch pipes, entering the tub at difierent elevations, as shown in Fig. 1, for the purpose of obtaining a circulation of water through them, according to the well-known laws of-the motions of fluids. The dischargenozzles b b are so attached to the said pipes by screw-thread connections or otherwise as to be adjustable to different positions, according to the height of water in the tub.
D is a sholthori-zontal distributi n g-pipe, open at each end, which receives both the branch pipes'E and F, the branch pipe F entering it in a vertical direction on its lower side and the branch pipe E entering it in a horizontal direction. The short pipe D is divided into two parts by a curved diaphragm, or, placed diagonally across the pipe, so as to divide it into two distinct divisions, e and f1 These divisions f and ecoinni'unicate, respectively,with the pipes E and F, already'inentioned, and also with the pipes G and L,- which are connected with the horizontal distributing-pipe D at its opposite ends, as seen in Fig. 2. The pipes G and L are to be connected to said pipe D by means of the ordinary'screw-coupling joint,
with right and left hand screwWhr-eads, so as to be removable, and their joints are to be so coustructed,-also, as to be capable of revolving in the ends of the short pipe D, that the water-heating apparatus may be raised and lowered to different elevations, to suit the place of the fire and the height of the tub, and also to enable the attendant to place it vertically against the side of the tub, where it can be fastened by means of a hook, c, and eye, 11. These joints and other joints of the pipes are to be suitably packed, so as to be water and steam tight; but, as this packing is a device well known to mechanics skilled in the art to which this invention relates,it is not necessary to describe it, and for the same reason it is not necessary to describe with particularity the mode of making the revolving joints which connect the pipes G and L with the horizontal pipe D. The pipes G andli are to be made of any desirable length to suit the convenience of the attendants, and'their outer ends; are turned downward and pass through a fixed circular plate, K, which is intended to cover a boiler-hole of a cooking stove or range when the boiler H is inserted through such a hole into the fire-chamber, and thence into a boiler, H, with closed sides, whose shape may be an oblate spheroid, or any other form. The pipe L merely passes through the upper side of the boiler 5 but the pipe G extends down nearly to the bottom thereof.
The boiler and other parts of the apparatus A may be 'madeof copper, or brass, or other metal not liable to speedy corrosion, especially when my apparatus is to be used for the purposes of the laundry or in the preparationot food for man or beast.
The operation of the apparatus is as follows: The boiler H having been lowered into thefirechamber of a cooking stove or range, it is held in proper position therein by the fixed plate K,
which also covers the boiler-hole and prevents the escape of the products of combustion. The
tub B is to be supplied with water to a height above the nozzle of the upper pipe, E, when the several pipes and the boiler will become, filled therewith as soon as it is lowered from its vertical position. The water in the boiler speedily becomes heated, when a circulation ensues therefrom through the pipe L into the division f, and through the pipe E and into the tub, the colder water flowing from the tub into the pipe F through the division 6 and pipe G into the boiler.
tns and water-backs in stoves and ranges where the only objectis to obtain supplies of hot water for kitchen use.
This apparatus also will be useful to farmers and all others who need a portable device for heating water and cooking feed. for stock.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. In water-heating apparatus, connecting the branch pipes E F, which lead to the tub B, with the pipes G and L, which convey the water to the fire, by means of a horizontal pipe, D, which is divided by a diaphragm, as shown, and in whose ends the pipes G and. L are capable of turning, substantially as and for the purpose above described. 2. The combination, with boiler H and. the circulating-pipes G and L, of a plate, K, whereby the boiler can be used with a cooking stove or range, substantially as above described.
3. Combining the water-heating apparatus above described with a tub or other vessel, B, for laundry or culinary uses, substantially as a above. described.
Witnesses WM. TREUIN, M. M. LivrNGsToN.