|Publication number||US4860280 A|
|Application number||US 07/121,548|
|Publication date||Aug 22, 1989|
|Filing date||Nov 17, 1987|
|Priority date||Nov 17, 1987|
|Also published as||CA1331645C, DE3882537D1, DE3882537T2, EP0388441A1, EP0388441B1, WO1989005076A2, WO1989005076A3|
|Publication number||07121548, 121548, US 4860280 A, US 4860280A, US-A-4860280, US4860280 A, US4860280A|
|Inventors||Paul B. Gerhart|
|Original Assignee||Honeywell Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (2), Classifications (12), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the invention
This invention relates generally to networks that receive and transmit groups of logic signals from remote locations and, more particularly, to apparatus for insuring the accuracy of the information transmitted between the local and the remote locations.
2. Description of the Related Art
In the automatic control of processes, process control networks are provided to collect status information for use by at least one central location and to distribute control signals to the devices coupled to the network. Referring to FIG. 1, a portion of such a process control network is shown. The process control network includes a system bus 5 which has at least one central control unit 6 coupled thereto and at least one bus interface module 9 also coupled thereto. The central control unit 6 receives signals from the system bus 5, signals that typically communicate the status of user devices coupled to the process control network and applies signals to the network that provides the control signals determining the operation of the user devices. The bus interface module 9 applies status signals to the system bus and receives signals from the system bus 5 which are relevant to a subset of network user devices 10 that communicate with the central control unit 6 through bus interface module 9. User devices 10, (such as motors, lamps and heaters), responsive to digital signals, receive digital control signals through device interface unit 16 and digital output module 12 from the bus interface module 9. User devices 10, generating digital status signals in response to contact closures, transmit the status signals to the bus interface module 9 by means of device interface unit 17 and digital input module 13. User devices 10, (such as control valves), responding to analog control signals, receive signals from the bus interface module 9 by means of analog output module 14 and device interface unit 18. User devices 10, (such as flowmeters, level detectors, pressure meters etc.), of the type generating analog status information transmit the status signals to the bus interface module 9 through device interface unit 19 and analog input module 15. The device interface units 16, 17, 18 and 19 convert the signals received from and transmitted to the user devices into a format usable by the digital output and input modules and the analog output and input modules, respectively. The digital input and output modules 13 and 12 and the analog input and output modules 15 and 14 couple the signals of the user devices, as transformed by the device interface unit, with the bus interface module 9 by means of local bus 11.
In the communication between the bus interface module 9 and the digital and analog input and output devices, the messages typically have an upper bound on the time that a single message can be active (in the preferred embodiment, the upper limit is 10 milliseconds [ms], however, this interval is a matter of design choice). A malfunction in the network can result in uncontrolled communication of information, generally referred to as jabber, in which the message can extend beyond the single message boundary. Because the jabber is the result of a malfunction, such a condition must be detected and the network repaired or inactivated. The detection of a jabber event is typically performed by an antijabber timing unit which measures the duration of the message. However, the antijabber circuit can itself malfunction and not detect a jabbering incident. Furthermore, in process control networks of the related art, a jabber incident can be the result of a single component malfunction.
A need has therefore been felt for apparatus and an associated method that can verify the operation of the antijabber timing circuit without compromising the normal communication operation, and which can assist in isolating a malfunction that could result in a jabber event, the jabber event resulting in interruption of communication on the network beyond the immediate consequence of the malfunction.
It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved process control network.
It is a feature of the present invention to provide an improved process control network in which specified network malfunctions are identified.
It is another feature of the present invention to provide an improved process control network having an antijabber circuit.
It is still another feature of the present invention to provide an improved process control network having the capability of testing an antijabber circuit.
It is yet another feature of the present invention to provide an exchange of signals on a process control network wherein failure of a single component in the associated process control network does not result in a jabber event.
The aforementioned and other features are accomplished, according to the present invention, by providing a microprocessor unit with the capability of applying a timing signal to the antijabber timing unit. The timing signal has a duration longer than the maximum permitted message duration. When the antijabber circuit is functioning properly, a failure signal is transmitted to the microprocessor. In the event of a malfunction in the antijabber circuit, the microprocessor will detect that no failure signal was received as a result of the timing signal and appropriate response can be taken. A signal is applied to the properly functioning antijabber to remove the failure signal and apparatus is provided to insure that the removal of the failure signal does not compromise the network communication. The antijabber circuit is also used to supply a second enable signal for the network to minimize the opportunity for a single component to result in a jabber event.
These and other features of the present invention will be understood upon reading of the following description along with the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a process control network capable of using the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the principal components of the apparatus for testing an antijabber timing unit.
FIG. 3 is a timing diagram illustrating the relationship of the important signals used for testing the antijabber timing unit.
FIG. 1 has been described with reference to the related art.
Referring now to FIG. 2, the apparatus for testing the antijabber circuit is illustrated. Logic signal groups are exchanged between the microprocessor unit 21 and the communication channel transceivers 22 and 23 when the communications channel transceivers 22 or 23 are enabled. The microprocessor unit 21 applies an UNLOCK signal to antijabber timing unit 24 and to a second input terminal of logic `AND` gate 25 and applies a REQUEST signal to the antijabber timing unit 24 and to a first terminal of logic `AND` gate 27, to a first input terminal of logic `AND` gate 26 and to a first terminal of logic `AND` gate 25. The microprocessor receives a LOCKED UP signal from antijabber timing unit 24 and a RESET signal from an output terminal of logic `AND` gate 25. An output window signal from antijabber timing unit 24 is applied to a second input terminal of logic `AND` gate 27 and to a second input terminal of logic `AND` gate 26. The logic `AND` gate 27 applies an ENABLE signal to communication channel transceiver 22 and logic `AND` gate 26 applies an ENABLE signal to communication channel tranceiver 23. Communication channel transceivers 22 and 23 exchange signal groups with the remainder of the process control network.
Referring next to FIG. 3, the relationship of principal signals of the preferred embodiment are shown. As timing or REQUEST signal is generated by the microprocessor unit 21 and applied to antijabber timing unit 24. After a period of time that exceeds the maximum period permitted for a message, the antijabber timing unit provides a LOCKED UP signal indicating that the antijabber timing unit has detected a message that exceeds the maximum permitted length. In response to the LOCKED UP signal, applied to the microprocessor, the microprocessor applies an UNLOCK signal to the antijabber timing unit 24. Although the original REQUEST signal is inactivated prior to generation of the UNLOCK signal, a current REQUEST signal related to an actual message transmission, can be present. The combination of a REQUEST signal and an UNLOCK signal causes the microprocessor to be reset by a RESET signal regardless of the state of the LOCKED UP signal. 2. Operation of the Preferred Embodiment
The present invention makes use of the processing capability of a microprocessor unit used for transmission of messages over the network to provide a timing signal and determine if, as a result of the timing signal, the antijabber timing unit is functioning correctly. Because the timing signal exceeds the maximum permitted message length, when a LOCKED UP (failure) signal is not generated as a result of the timing signal, then the microprocessor unit responds to a antijabber timing unit malfunction. When a LOCKED UP signal is generated by the antijabber timing unit, the microprocessor responds with an UNLOCK signal to the antijabber unit that inactivates the LOCKED UP signal. Because the timing signal has been removed, a message REQUEST signal can be applied to the antijabber unit. To prevent the UNLOCK signal from impacting the operation of a message transmission, the simultaneous presence of an UNLOCK signal and a message REQUEST signal results in the resetting of the microprocessor unit, i.e., any activity in progress will be aborted and reinitiated.
Referring once again to FIG. 2, an important feature of the present invention is illustrated. The ENABLE signal for the communication channel transceiver 22 from logic `AND` gate 27 and the ENABLE signal for the communication channel transceiver 23 from logic `AND` gate 26 are activated by two signals, one from the microprocessor unit 21 and one (the WINDOW signal) from the antijabber timing unit. Thus, a component malfunction that would normally result in a jabber incident is prevented from so doing because of the presence of the second activation component. The WINDOW signal is present when the LOCKED UP signal is not present, when a REQUEST signal is present and when the REQUEST signal has been active for less than the maximum signal transmission time.
It will be clear that, although the preferred embodiment uses the processing capability of a microprocessor unit, the same antijabber timing unit testing can be performed by dedicated apparatus.
The foregoing description is included to illustrate the operation of the preferred embodiment and is not meant to limit the scope of the invention. The scope of the invention is to be limited only by the following claims. From the foregoing description, many variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art that would yet be encompassed by the spirit and scope of the invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4680581 *||Mar 28, 1985||Jul 14, 1987||Honeywell Inc.||Local area network special function frames|
|US4692919 *||Nov 29, 1985||Sep 8, 1987||Scientific Atlanta, Inc.||Communications network|
|US4700344 *||Jun 13, 1986||Oct 13, 1987||Ncr Corporation||Processor overrun circuit|
|US4701910 *||Nov 29, 1985||Oct 20, 1987||General Electric Company||Reliable local area network including active stations|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5870589 *||Jul 23, 1997||Feb 9, 1999||International Business Machines Corporation||Method for enhanced broadcast and unknown server operation|
|US20050164699 *||Nov 1, 2002||Jul 28, 2005||Christopher Temple||Remote switching a communication device in a communication network|
|U.S. Classification||370/239, 370/242|
|International Classification||H04B3/04, H04Q9/00, H02J13/00, H04L12/40, H04L12/26, H04L|
|Cooperative Classification||H04L43/0817, H04L43/00|
|European Classification||H04L43/00, H04L12/26M|
|Nov 17, 1987||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HONEYWELL INC., HONEYWELL PLAZA, MINNEAPOLIS, MINN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:GERHART, PAUL B.;REEL/FRAME:004813/0351
Effective date: 19871113
|Dec 17, 1992||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Dec 23, 1996||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Feb 2, 2001||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12