US 486463 A
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No.486,463. I Patented'Nov.22, 189Z.
21m! M I UNITED "STATES- PATENT ()FFICE.
STITH GREEN, OF JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 486,463, dated November 22, 1892.
Application filed November 9, 1891. Serial No. 411,308. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
provements in Metallic Fences; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
The invention relates to an improvement in fences, and the novelty will be fully understood from the following description and claims when taken in connection with the annexed drawings, in'which- Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved devices, showing a brace or anchorpost in dotted lines. Fig. 2 is a view of the slotted bolt for securing the runners or wires removed from the cuff. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a modification of my improved anchor or foot-brace. Fig. 4 is a perspective view of another modification, showing a style of cuff which I use on panel-posts for the attachment of the runners; and Fig. 5 is a plan view of the sleeve and the bolt in position.
Referring by letter to said drawings, A indicates a post, which I shall denominate the anchor-post, as it is designed to take up the greatest strain on the fence, caused by the drawing of the runners, and B (illustrated in dotted lines in Fig. 4. of the drawings) indicates what I style as a panel-post, as these posts are designed to be arranged at suitable intervals along the fence and between the anchor-posts A. These posts. are preferably formed of angle-iron and V shape in cross-section, as illustrated.
7 indicates an anchor or foot-brace, which is of an angular form and of a shape corresponding to that of the post. These anchors or foot-braces are here illustrated as of triangular form in plan and are designed to receive within the angular opening a the lower end of the posts. These braces maybe formed from iron or other suitable material and have formed integral therewith or fixed thereto anchor-arms D. These anchor-arms, as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings, extend horizontally for a sufficient distance from the exterior of each angle and terminate in an upward extension I) and a downward extension 0, for a purpose which will be presently explained.
In Fig. 3 of the drawings I have illustrated these anchor-arms as each having but one entering point or extension 0, and such points depend only and are preferably beveled, as shown, so that they may readily enter the earth, and it should be observed that as well as providing one of these anchoring branches at each angle of the brace I also provide one in one or more of the flat sides thereof at a point opposite one of the angles; but I do not wish to be understood as confining myself to any particular number of anchor branches, as more or less may be used, according to the fancy of the manufacturer.
E indicates a sleeve which is designed to be secured upon the post at any desired altitude, and this sleeve is provided with an integral horizontal arm or branch d, having a hole 6 for the reception of a bolt F, the armbeing so arranged upon the sleeve that the angular head of the bolt may abut against one of the side walls of the sleeve, which will form a shoulder therefor when the bolt has been forced home. The bolt F, which has an angular head f and is preferably hexagonal, is also provided at a suitable point from the head with a transverse hole g to receive apin or key G. This bolt is furthermore provided at its opposite end and for a sufficient length thereof with a spiral or semi-spiral slot h, which is designed to receive the fence-wire or runners.
While it is obvious that various means might be employed for securing the cuffs and also the anchor-braces to the posts, yet I prefer to employ wedges H for such purposes, and these Wedges may be interposed between the outer side of the post at one of the angles and the inner side of the anchor-braces and ouifs, or such wedges may be inserted within the angles of the post and bear against one of the straight Walls of the cuffs and braces.
Referring more particularly to Figetof the drawings, it will be observed that I provide two stays I and K for the runners. These stays may be formed from wire secured at one end to the cuff E and the outer ends terminating in books, with the hook of the one I turned downwardly and the hook of the one K turned upwardly or in a reverse direction, so that the runner L must heslightly subjected to torsional strain in order to insert it in said stays and also in removing it from the stays.
In operation the post is first driven into the ground to the desired depth, after which the anchor or foot-brace is slipped down over the same and driven into the ground and the anchor-arms covered, so as to take into the earth when it may be necessary to throw earth upon said brace after the wedge has been inserted. The cult is then placed upon the post and adjustably secured by means of a wedge, the bolt placed in the hole in the branch of the cuff, and after the wire or runner has been placed in the slot of the bolt the latter is turned by a wrench or other implement, so as to wind the slack wire upon the bolt, when the latter is driven so as to bring one of the flat sides of its head against one of the sides of the cuff, so as to prevent it from turning. The pin G is then inserted in the hole of the bolt, so as to prevent casual displacement thereof.
Having described my invention, what I claim is 1. The combination, with a fence-post, of a cuff adapted to be secured thereto and having a branch projecting therefrom and provided with a bearing and a bolt having a slot at one end, adapted to receive a fence-wire and having an angular head at its opposite end adapted to prevent the bolt from turning when forced against a bearing, substantially as specified.
2. The combination,with a fence-post, of a cufi adapted to be secured thereto and having an extended bearing for a bolt and a bolt having a spiral slot at one end to receive a fence-wire and having an angular head at its opposite end, whereby said bolt when driven to place in the bearing of the cuff will be prevented by the engagement at its angular head with said end from turning therein, substantially as specified.
3. The angular post, in combination with the cuff placed over said post, the wedge for adj ustably securing said and thereto, the bolt having a spiral slot at one end and an angular head at its opposite end and also having a hole between the slot and head, and a pin or key adapted to enter said hole for securing the bolt to the cuff, substantially as specified.
4:. In a fence of the character described, the bolt having a spiral slot opening longitudinally from one end thereof to receive the fencewire and an angular head at its opposite end, substantially as and for the purposes specified.
5. The angular post, in combination with the and placed over said post and having an extended bearing for the bolt, the bolt having a spiral slot at one end to receive a fencewire and having an angular head at its opposite end, whereby said bolt when driven to place in the bearing of the cufl. will be prevented by the engagement of its angular head with said and from turning therein, the angular and vertically-movable anchor or footbrace adapted to be secured to said post and having on its outer sides the anchor branches provided with entering points or arms, which arms are designed to be embedded in the earth and resist both vertical and lateral strain, the whole adapted to serve in a fence, substantially as specified.
In testimony whereof I alfix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
W. H. MILLETT, R. H. HARPER.