|Publication number||US486902 A|
|Publication date||Nov 29, 1892|
|Publication number||US 486902 A, US 486902A, US-A-486902, US486902 A, US486902A|
|Inventors||John W. Shults|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
J. W. SHULTS. 'GALVANIG BODY BATTERY.
Patented Nov. 29, 1892.
'J z z E WIIIIHI /Vz%72 egg e g,
ma NORRIS Ptrzns 00., Prlofouma. WASHINGTON, o. c
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN W. SHULTS, OF WVICHITA, KANSAS.
GALVAN lC BODY-BATTERY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 486,902, dated Nvember 29, 1892.
Application filed March 22, 1 8 92.
To all whmn it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN W.'SHULTS, a citizen of the United States of- America, residing at Wichita, in thecounty of Sedgwick and State of Kansas, have invented certain new and usefulImprovelnents in Galvanic Electric Batteries, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings, and the letters of reference thereon, forming a part of this specification, in which- Figures 1 and 2 are face views of the battery; Fig. 3, a back view of the same, also showing a supporting-cord and the conductors of the battery; Fig. 4, a longitudinal sec-- tional view of the battery on line 2 2 of Figs. 2 and 3; Fig. 5, a cross-sectional view of the same on line 1 1 of Figs. 2 and 3; Fig. 6, an enlarged sectional view of one end portion of the battery on the same line as that of Fig. 4, Fig. 7, a detailed side view of the cap or cover for inclosing the receptacle of the body portion of the battery, a portion thereof being shown in section to disclose its hollowed form; and Figs. 8 and 9 are detailed perspectives of the metallic elements of the battery.
This invention relates to certain improvements in galvanic electric batteries of aclass designed as a body-battery to be worn in contact with the body of a person in such manner that the elements thereof will be subjected to the exudations out of the cutis; and it consists of a body portion of vulcanized rubber having set therein or fixed thereon metallic elements or two or more cells of an electric battery; of electric conductors connected with and extending from. the poles of the battery, which terminate with electrodes adapted to be held in contact with the body of the wearer, and of a receptacle made in the battery-body for holding a deposit of muriate of ammonia or other preparation or compound suitable as an element for generating an electric current, which is adapted to sift through perforations of the receptacle and come incontact with the body of the wearer, which improvements are fully set forth and explained in the following specification and pointedout in the claims.
Referring to the drawings, D represents the body portion of the battery, and is shown Serial No. 425,982- (No model.)
as having face depressions, into which the metallic elements, which are of thin sheet metal, and shown at a, a and dd, are set, said eletending prongs Z, as shown in Figs. 8 and 9, and in setting said elements holes are bored or otherwise made,corresponding with said prongs, into the body portion D, leading from said face depressions at an angle, as shown at Z in Fig. 6, and said prongs Z are forced into said holes, and without again bending said prongs the elements cannot be removed if their body portion is not disturbed. The elements (Z d are further provided with a broader prong c opposite the prong Z, (see Fig. 9,) which prong e of each said element is bent at right angle to the elementbody and placed into a corresponding recess of the body D, as shown in Figs. 4 and 6, which is adjacent a screw-hole at each element, and into said screw-holes are respectively turned the screws to w, which come in contact with and hold the prongs e, and c 0' represent the conductors of the battery, which are preferably of cord, having metallic strands interwoven or twisted with fibrous material, and are electricallyconnected with the battery elements 02 01, through the agency of the screws to w, by being held clamped under the heads of said screws, as shown in Figs. 3, 4, and 6, and terminate with metallicbutton electrodes G G, electrically connected therewith, as shown in Fig. 3. I
I have illustrated a battery incorporating two cells in which I prefer that the center elements of one cell be of copper, as at d, and the opposite like element be of zinc, as at d, each of circular form, and that their fellow elements be of like metal, circular in form, with their center portion removed, and arranged encircling the center elements; arranging a copper element a about a zinc element d, and a zinc element a, about a copper element d, and electricallyv connecting said elements a, a, as shown at U in Fig. 1, or by removing a portion of each of said elements and abutting them, as shown in Fig. 2.
R represents a receptacle made as a chamber in the back of the body D to a depth nearly touching the line of seat of the metallic elements, as shown in Fig. 5, and in the bottom thereof is provided with one perforation on a 'ments being respectively provided with exseries of perforations, as shown at P, opening at the face of the battery adjacent the metallic elements, as shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 5, and D is a cap or cover made with a flange to closely fit into said receptacle to iuclose it at the back of the battery, and-within said receptacle is placed muriate of ammonia or other preparation or compound, as hereinbefore mentioned, which must be in a dry powdered form and may be triturated with some substance to render it less potent to a degree to meet the requirements in special treatment,
and when the battery is worn in contact with the body the said powder sifts through said perforations and comes in contactv with the body, and therefore in contact with the exudations out of the cutis and dissolves the greasy substances of said exudations, and thereby moistening the powder and forming a liquid compound, which, like unto the exudations, being of an alkaline reaction when subjected to the metallic elements of the battery, assists the exudations in the generation of an electric current, and by means of the conductors 0 c and the body of the wearer between the contact-points of the electrodes a circuit is made, which results in the said electric current continuously passing through the body or extremities of the person wearing the battery.
S S are screw-eyes turned into one side portion of body D of the battery, and have secured to them a supporting-cord S, as shown in Fig. 3, which serves as a means of support for the battery by placing said cord about the wearers neck or securing it about any portion of the body or extremities thereof.
The object of this invention is to construct a portable body-battery for therapeutical purposes, wherein the exudations out of the cutis of the body of the wearer are utilized as an element of the battery, and wherein muriate of ammonia or its equivalent are utilized as an assistant of the said exudations in generating an electric current, and also wherein the body or extremities of the wearer is made as a part of the electric circuit of the battery.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and useful, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is as follows:
a body portion of vulcanized rubber provided with a receptacle therein and with one or more perforations leading from the receptacle to the face of said body portion, of a depositof muriate of ammonia or an equivalent exciting material or compound placed in said receptacle and adapted to sift through said perforations, of .metallicelements of an electric battery set in or fixed to said bodyportion, and of electric conductors arranged connected with the poles of the battery and terminating with electrodes, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. The herein-described galvanic electric battery, consisting of the body portion provided with a receptacle in the back thereof and with face perforations leading into said receptacle, of the cap or cover for inclosing said receptacle, of the metallic elements set in the face of said body portion, of the conductors arranged electrically connected with said metallic elements and terminating with button electrodes, and of the battery-supporting cord connected with said body portion, wherein a deposit of muriate of aminonia or an equivalent exciting material substance or compound is placed in said recep- I tacle and adapted to sift through the perforations leading therefrom, and wherein both the siftings of said deposit and the metallic elements of the battery are adapted to be brought in contact with the body of the wearer and the exudations out of the cutis, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
JOHN W. SI-IULTS. Witnesses:
WM. J. HUTcHINS, N. B. HAGIN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4557723 *||Aug 18, 1983||Dec 10, 1985||Drug Delivery Systems Inc.||Applicator for the non-invasive transcutaneous delivery of medicament|
|US4569673 *||Jan 12, 1984||Feb 11, 1986||Battelle Development Corporation||Bacterial barrier for indwelling catheters and other medical devices|
|US4622031 *||Oct 12, 1984||Nov 11, 1986||Drug Delivery Systems Inc.||Indicator for electrophoretic transcutaneous drug delivery device|
|US4640689 *||Mar 12, 1986||Feb 3, 1987||Drug Delivery Systems Inc.||Transdermal drug applicator and electrodes therefor|
|US4708716 *||Sep 16, 1985||Nov 24, 1987||Drug Delivery Systems Inc.||Transdermal drug applicator|
|US4713050 *||Oct 24, 1986||Dec 15, 1987||Drug Delivery Systems Inc.||Applicator for non-invasive transcutaneous delivery of medicament|
|US4883457 *||Jun 5, 1987||Nov 28, 1989||Drug Delivery Systems Inc.||Disposable and/or replenishable transdermal drug applicators and methods of manufacturing same|
|US5087240 *||Oct 30, 1989||Feb 11, 1992||Drug Delivery Systems Inc.||Transdermal drug patch with conductive fibers|
|US5685837 *||May 7, 1991||Nov 11, 1997||Lts Lohmanntherapie-Systeme Gmbh & Co. Kg||Galvanically active transdermal therapeutic system|
|US5879322 *||Mar 24, 1995||Mar 9, 1999||Alza Corporation||Self-contained transdermal drug delivery device|
|US6287484||Apr 8, 1999||Sep 11, 2001||Robert Hausslein||Iontophoretic material|
|US7883487||Dec 18, 2008||Feb 8, 2011||Shantha Totada R||Transdermal local anesthetic patch with injection port|
|EP2886153A1||Dec 20, 2013||Jun 24, 2015||LTS LOHMANN Therapie-Systeme AG||System for the transdermal delivery of an active substance|
|WO2015090583A1||Dec 17, 2014||Jun 25, 2015||Lts Lohmann Therapie-Systeme Ag||System for the transdermal delivery of active ingredient|