US 487244 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
mme E J EEEEZE EMBALMING APPARATUS.
No. 487,244. Patented Dec.y 6, 1892i` Tn: Noms Krans co4. PHoro-L|THo., WASHING-rou, 1:4 c4
l UNTTED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HERBERT J. BREEZE, OF OLEAN, NEW YORK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 487,244, dated December 6, 1892.
Application iled March 4, 1891.
To ctZZ whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, HERBERT J. BREEZE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Olean, in the county of Cattaraugus and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Embalming Apparatus; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and eXact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same. Y
My invention consists in a new and improved aspirator and injector or embalming apparatus by the use of which the decomposed fluids and gases can be iirst drawn from the abdominal and other cavities, and the said cavities and the arteries and veins can then be filled with an antiseptic fluid; andthe invention will be hereinafter fully described and claimed.
The accompanying drawing shows a side view of my complete apparatus, partly in section.
Referring to the several parts by their designating-numerals, 1 indicates a glass bottle of ordinary construction, the mouth of which is closed by a rubber stopper 2, which is formed with three longitudinal openings. Through one of these openings passes a hard-rubber tube 3, to the upper end of which is connected by a pipe 4 the bulb 4, which forms the elastic air chamber or reservoir.
5 indicates a hard-rubber tube which passes through one of the stopper openings and which is formed at its upper end with two branches 5 5b. To the tube 5EL is connected by a pipe 6 an air-injector 7, consisting of a flexible bulb having the inlet and outlet valves S 9, respectively, so that when the bulb is compressed air will be forced through the valve 9 and pipe 6, while when the grasp on the bulb is released the end valve 8 will open and the air rush in to lill the bulb. At the inner end of the air-injector 7 is arranged a cut-olf valve 10, for the purpose hereinafter specified. To the branch tube 5b is connected by a pipe 11 a flexible bulb 12, the valve 13 at the inner end of which opens toward the bulb 12, while its outer-end valve 1/1 opens outward, so that when this bulb is compressed the air from. the bottle will pass the valve 13 Serial No. 383,735. (No model.)
and pass out through the end valve 14, and the air in the bottle 1 be thus exhausted. The exhaust-bulb is provided at its inner end with a suitable cut-olf valve, as 15. Through the central opening of the stopper passes a hardrubber tube 16, which is detachably connected at its lower end with an extension or hardrubber tube 162. This latter tube is formed near its lower end with an entranceport or opening 17 and is provided with the gravitating float-valve 18, the operation of which will be hereinafter described.
To the Lipper end of the hard-rubber tube 16 is connected a flexible tube 19 of sufficient length and diameter, this tube being 4used both in withdrawing the decomposed luids and gases from the abdominal and other cavities and also in filling the said cavities, veins, and arteries with an antiseptic fluid. In the outer end of this flexible tube is secured a hollow needle 20. Near its outer end thetube 19 is provided with a cut-oft valve 21.
In the great majority of cases when about to embalm a body it is found necessary to first remove the decomposed fluids and gases, and this I accomplish with my invention in the following manner: The rubber stopper 2 is placed in the mouth of an empty bottle of any preferred size, the lower tube 16a being first disconnected from the tube 16 and removed. The long hollow needle 20 is inserted into the abdominal cavities, and the cut-olf valve 21 is closed. By then closing the cutoff valve of the injector-bulb 7 and opening the valve 15 and compressing the bulb 12 a number of times the air will be entirely exhas been thus prepared for the reception of the antiseptic fluid, the stopper 2 is placed in a bottle filled with such fluid, the extension 16a being previously connected to the'- tube IOO 1.6. Thestop-valvel is then turned to cut olf thefeXhaust-bulb 12 and the stop-valve'lO of the air-injector 7 is opened. The cut-off valve 21 is closed and the bulb 7 is compressed to force air through the pipe 6 into the upper part of the bottle and through the tube 4a into the air chamber or'reservoir 4, filling and distending the same, as shown in Fig. 1. When the air chamber or reservoir 4 has been filled and the valve 18, by reason of its buoyancy, has opened the opening 17, the apparatus is ready for work as an injector, and the hollow needle 2O is then inserted in the body at the proper point for injecting the fluid intov either the abdominal cavities or the arteries. When the cut-oft valve 21-is opened, the antiseptic fluid Will, under thepressureof the air from the chamber or reservoir 4, flow slowly, evenly, and continuously into the arteries under a uniforrnpressure, which will produce the best results in `preserving the tissues and rendering the embalming most effective.
It is obvious that the branch tube rrnay be dispensed with and a plain straight tube, like the tube 3, be substitutedtherefor,.to,which either of the bulbs 7 or 12 can be attached as they are required for use.
When the antiseptic fluid in the bottle is almost exhausted and reaches the level of the opening 17 at the lower end of the tube 16, the valve 18, by'reason of gravity, will close the opening 17, and thus prevent air from passing through the pipe 16* and tube 19 into the arteries.
From `the foregoing description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, the construction, operation, and advantages of my invention will be readily understood.
It willvbe seen Ithat my embalming device has two functions-first, that of removing all decomposed fluids and gases from the abdominal and yotherfcavities and the veins or arthe upperend of the same, the tube 16, the
removable extension-tube 16, having the opening 17 andthe valve .18at its lower end, the combined suction and injection tube 19, connected tothe tube land-having the cutoff valve 21 and the hollovs7 needle at its outer end, the tube `6, the injector bulb 7, connected to the-tube 5 and provided with `the valves 8 and 9 land vthe cut-off valve 10,.and the exhaust-bulb 12, connectedtothe tube 5 and provided Vwith the valves 13 and 14 and the cutoff valvel, substantially as set forth. 2. The combination of a suitable bottle 1, the stopper 2, formed with the three longitudinal openings, the tube 16, the tube 19, connected to the tube 16 and having the hollow needle at its outer end, a tube extending through the third opening of the stopper, and the exhaust-bulb 12, connected to the said tube and provided with the valves v13 and 14, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I affix my si gnature in presence of two witnesses.
HERBERT J. BREEZE. Witnesses:
W. M. ABRAMS, Jr., F. L. GLEAsoN.