|Publication number||US4875252 A|
|Application number||US 07/215,240|
|Publication date||Oct 24, 1989|
|Filing date||Jul 5, 1988|
|Priority date||Jul 5, 1988|
|Also published as||EP0352912A1|
|Publication number||07215240, 215240, US 4875252 A, US 4875252A, US-A-4875252, US4875252 A, US4875252A|
|Inventors||Donald R. Falconer, James C. Sneddon|
|Original Assignee||Universal Industrial Products., A Division Of Core Industries, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (18), Classifications (24), Legal Events (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a self-closing invisible hinge.
The invisible hinge of the present invention is generally of the type shown in U.S. Pat. No. 1,687,271 issued on Oct. 9, 1928 to J. Soss. The advantages of the invisible hinge of the type noted are well known in the art. However, in some applications, it is desirable that the hinge be self-closing. A self-closing structure for such a hinge is shown in the U.S. Pat. No. 3,004,280 issued on Oct. 17, 1961 to J. P.Stein. That structure, however, utilizes a complex hydraulic piston and spring combination in which regulation of the closure and latching rates are controlled via adjustable valves. The valves are a part of the hydraulic mechanism which is mounted in a cavity in the associated member of the door and wall combination. The valves, however, require an enlarged cavity portion enclosed by a removable cover plate which must be removed for access and replaced. In the present invention a simple hinge closure structure is provided utilizing a spring and an adjustment rod. The adjustment rod is selectively operable for varying the compression of the spring whereby the rate of closure can be adjusted. One end of the adjustment rod is fixed to and easily, externally accessible at one of the hinge members. The adjustment rod has an end structure such that it can be threaded more or less into a cooperating member by a common tool, i.e. Allen wrench, screw driver, etc. whereby the adjustment can be made. Thus the present invention provides a simple self-closing invisible hinge construction in which the closure rate can be selectively adjusted by a readily, externally accessible member.
Therefore, it is an object of the present invention to provide a new and unique self-closing invisible hinge structure.
It is another object to provide a new and unique self-closing invisible hinge having a simple construction.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a new and unique self-closing invisible hinge having a construction by which the closure force can be selectively adjustable by means readily accessible and external from the associated door and/or wall.
It is still another object of the present invention to provide a new and unique self-closing invisible hinge utilizing the compression of a spring to provide the closure force with the magnitude of the spring compression and hence closure force being selectively variable through a member readily, externally accessible at the hinge.
Other objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the subsequent description and the appended claims, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view with some parts shown in section of an invisible hinge and self-closing structure with a door and associated wall partially shown in section, with the hinge and hence door in their closed positions;
FIG. 2 is a top elevational view of the structure of FIG. 1 with the self closing hinge and hence door shown in a full, 180° open position;
FIG. 3 is an end elevational view of the self closing hinge structure of FIG. 2 taken generally in the direction of the Arrow 3 in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a pictorial, partially exploded, view with some parts shown broken away and in section of the invisible hinge and self-closing structure of FIGS. 1-3 with the hinge in a 90° open position; and
FIG. 5 is a top elevational view of a link assembly shown in the self closing hinge of FIGS. 1-4.
Looking now to the drawings, an invisible hinge 10 is shown and includes a pair of butt members or hinge bodies 12 and 14 connected by a link assembly 15. The assembly 15 includes two pairs of link members with link members 16a and 16b being one pair and link members 18a and 18b being the other pair. The link members 16a, 16b, 18a and 18b are similarly constructed and are formed from a lamination of a plurality of relatively thin sheet metal plates with the opposite outer layers being coated to provide surfaces having good lubricity. In the form of the invention as shown the opposite outer layers were of a relatively thin nylon construction with the inner layers being of a thicker sheet metal construction. The links 16a, 16b and 18a, 18b are generally V-shaped with the outer edge surfaces angulated generally at an angle 'a' of around 120° relative to each other (see FIG. 5). The links 16a, 16b and 18a, 18b have a short and a long let portion and are pivotally connected together at their apexes via a rivet pin 20 which is headed at its opposite ends to hingedly connect the links 16a, 16b and 18a, 18b together as the link assembly 15 (see FIG. 5). In this regard the first pair of links 16a and 16b are interleaved with the second pair of links 18a and 18b.
The hinge bodies 12 and 14 are identically constructed and each has an elongated mounting plate portion 22 and 24, respectively, and a reduced size extension portion 26 and 28, respectively. Generally L-shaped slots or openings 30 and 32 extend across the front face of the mounting plate portion and through one side of each of the hinge bodies 12 and 14, respectively. The link assembly 15 has opposite ends located within the openings 30 and 32 with the ends of the short leg portions of links 16a and 16b pivotally connected to hinge body 12 via a fixed pivot pin 34 extending through aligned openings 35, 37 in extension portion 26 and in links 16a and 16b. Likewise, the ends of the short leg portions of the links 18a and 18b are pivotally connected tohinge body 12 via a fixed pivot pin 36 extending through aligned openings 35, 37 in extension portion 26 and in links 18a and 18b.
The opposite ends of the long leg portions of the first pair of links 16a and 16b are pivotally connected together via a movable guide pin 38 extending through aligned openings 43 while the opposite ends of the of the long leg portions of the second pair of links 18a and 18b are pivotally connected together via a movable guide pin 40 extending through aligned openings 45 (see FIG. 5).
The extreme ends of guide pin 38 extend outwardly from opposite sides of links 16a and 16b and are guidingly located in guide channels 43 formed within the upper and lower surfaces of opening 30. Similarly the extreme ends of guide pin 40 extend outwardly from opposite sides of links 18a and 18b and are guidingly located in guide channels 44 formed within the upper and lower surfaces of opening 32. In this way the link assembly 15 and hinge bodies 12 and 14 are connected together such that the hinge bodies 12 and 14 can be moved to a closed position i.e. in which the hinge bodies 12 and 14 are in face to face, closed alignment (see FIG. 1), or moved to open positions including a 90° open position (FIG. 4) or to a 180° open position i.e. in which the hinge bodies 12 and 14 are swung outwardly to be located in a side-by-side fully open relationship (see FIG. 2). In this regard the pairs of links 16a, 16b and 18a, 18b will, in a sense, be folded together inwardly into a nested position in the openings 30 and 32 of hinge bodies 12 and 14, respectively, in the closed condition and will be folded outwardly from openings 30 and 32 into an open position in the open condition. Mounting holes 46 in the mounting plate portion 22 and mounting holes 48 in plate portion 24 facilitate mounting of the hinge bodies 12 and 14, respectively, to associated members to be hinged together.
As shown in the drawings, the invisible hinge 10 is adapted to hinge a door 50 to the end 52 of a wall 54. Thus the confronting end 56 of door 50 is recessed as at 58 to receive the extension portion 28 of hinge body 14 and be secured thereto via threaded fasteners 60 through mounting holes 48. The recess 58 has an enlarged stepped portion 62 to secure the mounting plate portion 24 to provide a generally flush surface. The wall 54 is generally hollow but has its end 52 formed with an opening 64 to receive the extension portion 26 of hinge body 12 and be secured to the end 52 via threaded fasteners 66 through mounting holes 46. An enlarged stepped portion 68 about the wall opening 64 receives the mounting plate portion 22 to provide a generally flush surface.
The preceding describes an invisible hinge structure generally operating in the manner shown and described in the referenced United States patents. Of course, a plurality of hinges could be used to secure the door 50 to the wall 54.
The invisible hinge 10, however, has been modified to operate with a closing structure 70 such that it is self-closing. Thus an end plate 72 is secured to the end of extension portion 26 of hinge body 12 via a pair of threaded fasteners 74. The end plate 72 generally closes the open end of through opening 30 of hinge body 12 but has a through bore 76 aligned therewith for a purpose to be seen. An elongated adjustment rod 78 has an enlarged head 80 at its outer end and a shank portion 82 with a threaded portion 84 at its inner end. The movable pivot pin 38 has an enlarged center portion 86 adapted to be located between the movable ends of links 16a and 16b and has a transversely extending through bore 88 adapted to receive the shank portion 82 of adjustment rod 78 in clearance relationship. The enlarged head 80 will then engage the center portion 86. The enlarged center portion 86 also helps to maintain the desired alignment and support the associated ends of the links 16a, 16b. The guide pin 40, at the moving ends of the links 18a and 18b, is also formed to have an enlarged center portion 90 which also helps to maintain the desired alignment and support the associated moving ends of the links 18a, 18b.
A helical coil spring 92 is located around the shank portion 82 of adjustment rod 78 and has one end in abutment with the end plate 72 and located within a counter bore 94. The counter bore 94 acts to pilot and positively hold the associated end of the spring 92 in the desired position about the shank portion 82 of adjustment rod 78. The opposite end of the spring 92 is engaged with a retaining ring 96 which is in threaded engagement with the threaded end portion 84 of the adjustment rod 78. A reduced diameter portion 98 of retaining ring 96 fits within the associated end of spring 92 to pilot that end of the spring 92 relative to the retaining ring 96.
The self closing structure 70 can be readily located within the hollow space or a suitable cavity in the wall 54 and inserted from the end 52 through the wall opening 64. Similarly where the associated door is of a hollow construction the self closing structure 70 could be readily located in the hollow space in the door. Note that the area of projection of the extension portions 26 and 28 does not extend outside of the periphery of the respective mounting plate portions 22 and 24. In this regard, it should further be noted that the area of projection of the outer surface of the self closing structure 70 does not extend outside of the periphery of the area of the extension portion 26. In this way the wall opening 64 through the end 52 of wall 54 need be no larger than required to accept the extension portion 26 of hinge body 12. This results in a compact structure and simplifies assembly of the hinge 10 and self closing structure 70 to the wall 54 and door 50.
The initial compressive force of spring 92 will normally bias the door 50 to its closed position (FIG. 1). When the door 50 is opened, the compressive force on the spring 92 is increased. Thus when the door 50 is released the compressive force of spring 92 acting, through the pivotal connections of hinge bodies 12 and 14 will move the door 50 back to its closed position. The compression of the spring 92 can be varied by threading the retaining ring 96 more or less onto the threaded end portion 84 of adjustment rod 78. Note that the door 50 can be opened to a 180° open position (FIG. 2).
The enlarged head 80 of the adjustment rod 78 is formed with an irregular depression or surface such as a cross slot or a hexagonally shaped cavity. In this way the adjustment rod 78 can be manipulated by a screw driver, an Allen head wrench, etc. In the form of the invention shown the head 80 is of a button head construction with the cavity shaped to accept a standard Allen head wrench. Other suitable shapes could be provided. In order to select the desired closure force of the spring 92, the magnitude of its compression can be varied simply by rotating the adjustment rod 78 whereby the retaining ring 96 will be moved along the threaded end portion 84 to increase or decrease that compressive force. Thus in this way the closure force on the invisible hinge 10 and hence on door 50 can be selectively varied. The force of the spring 92 against the retaining ring 96 will inhibit rotation of the retaining ring 96 with the adjustment rod 80. Note that the closure force adjustment can be readily made since the enlarged head 80 of the adjustment rod 78 is readily accessible externally of the wall 54 and /or door 50.
While it will be apparent that the preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed are well calculated to fulfill the objects above stated, it will be appreciated that the invention is susceptible to modification, variation and change without departing from the proper scope or fair meaning of the invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US882721 *||Apr 8, 1907||Mar 24, 1908||Joseph Soss||Door-check.|
|US1687271 *||Jul 20, 1926||Oct 9, 1928||Joseph Soss||Invisible hinge|
|US1731561 *||Apr 29, 1927||Oct 15, 1929||Pacific Spring Hinge Company||Automatic door-closing device|
|US1984092 *||Jul 3, 1933||Dec 11, 1934||Soss Joseph||Link unit for concealed hinges|
|US2035823 *||Mar 24, 1933||Mar 31, 1936||American Hardware Corp||Double acting spring hinge|
|US3001224 *||May 16, 1960||Sep 26, 1961||Charles J Soss||Concealed hinge|
|US3004280 *||Jun 14, 1960||Oct 17, 1961||Stein Joseph P||Self-closing concealed hinge|
|US3903567 *||Sep 24, 1974||Sep 9, 1975||Stanley Works||Two knuckle hinges|
|GB189622320A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5715573 *||Feb 15, 1996||Feb 10, 1998||Cta Space Systems, Inc.||Self latching hinge|
|US6478261||Nov 2, 1998||Nov 12, 2002||Trw Inc.||Spacecraft with deployable panel array|
|US6487755 *||Apr 28, 2000||Dec 3, 2002||Koblenz S.P.A.||Hidden hinge|
|US6823927 *||Mar 5, 2003||Nov 30, 2004||Charles F. Steel||Pocket door with pivoting panel|
|US6938302 *||May 14, 2001||Sep 6, 2005||Kun Long Lin||Door closing mechanism|
|US8220888 *||Jul 23, 2008||Jul 17, 2012||Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.||Storage with a symmetric hinge assembly|
|US8627547||May 6, 2010||Jan 14, 2014||Universal Industrial Products, Inc.||Invisible hinge with internal electrical wiring|
|US8650713||Aug 28, 2012||Feb 18, 2014||Koblenz S.P.A.||Fully concealed hinge with integrated closing device for doors and/or openable furniture parts|
|US8683655||Aug 5, 2008||Apr 1, 2014||Chan Ho Hong||Separated type hinge apparatus with return function|
|US9476238 *||Dec 9, 2014||Oct 25, 2016||William Scott Mooers||Hinge providing an opening or closing force|
|US20040123424 *||Mar 11, 2003||Jul 1, 2004||Nan Juen International Co., Ltd.||Pivotal shaft assembly|
|US20040173327 *||Mar 5, 2003||Sep 9, 2004||Charles Steel||Pocket door with pivoting panel|
|US20070294860 *||Jun 22, 2007||Dec 27, 2007||New Light, Llc||Vehicle door hinge|
|US20090025178 *||Jul 23, 2008||Jan 29, 2009||Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.||Storage|
|CN102758572A *||Aug 7, 2012||Oct 31, 2012||上海鸿润科技有限公司||Hinge fixing structure, hidden hinge and container|
|WO2009123381A1 *||Aug 5, 2008||Oct 8, 2009||I-One Innotec Co., Ltd||Separated type hinge apparatus with return function|
|WO2010129778A2 *||May 6, 2010||Nov 11, 2010||Universal Industrial Products, Inc.||Self-closing invisible hinge with internal electrical wiring|
|WO2010129778A3 *||May 6, 2010||Mar 3, 2011||Universal Industrial Products, Inc.||Self-closing invisible hinge with internal electrical wiring|
|U.S. Classification||16/288, 16/72, 16/301, 16/372, 16/358, 16/370, 16/379|
|International Classification||E05D3/06, E05F1/12, E05D11/10|
|Cooperative Classification||E05Y2900/20, E05D11/1021, E05D3/186, Y10T16/593, Y10T16/5525, Y10T16/548, Y10T16/53833, Y10T16/5443, Y10T16/5476, E05F1/1269, Y10T16/538633|
|European Classification||E05F1/12D4, E05D11/10D2, E05D3/18S|
|Oct 20, 1988||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: UNIVERSAL INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS CO., A DIVISION OF C
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:FALCONER, DONALD R.;SNEDDON, JAMES C.;REEL/FRAME:004973/0588;SIGNING DATES FROM 19880916 TO 19881007
|Jan 28, 1992||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Jan 27, 1993||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Apr 14, 1997||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Oct 6, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: UNIVERSAL INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS, INC., AN OH CORP.,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CORE INDUSTRIES, INC., A NEVADA CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:008753/0467
Effective date: 19970905
|May 15, 2001||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jun 27, 2001||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
Year of fee payment: 11
|Jun 27, 2001||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12