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Publication numberUS487659 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 6, 1892
Filing dateMar 7, 1892
Publication numberUS 487659 A, US 487659A, US-A-487659, US487659 A, US487659A
InventorsJohn M. Browning
Original AssigneeThe Winchester Repeating Arms Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Magazine-firearm
US 487659 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No Model. 1 3 SheetsSheet 1.

J. M. & M. S. BROWNING. I

MAGAZINE FIREARM.

No. 487,659. Patented Dec. 6, 1892.

3 SheetsSheet 2.

No Model.

J. M. 8c M. S. BROWNING.

MAGAZINE FIREARM.

No. 487,659. Patented Dec. 6, 1892.,

3 Sheets-Sheet 3.

Patented Dec. 6, 1892.

No Model.

J. M. & M. s. BROWNING.

MAGAZINE FIREARM.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

JOHN M.-BRO WNING AND MATTHEW S. BROWNING,,OF OGDEN, UTAH TER- RITORY, ASSIGNORS TO THE \VINCHESTER REPEA'IING ARMS COMPANY,

OF NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT.

MAGAZINE-FIREARM.

. 1 SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 487,659, dated December 6, 1892. Application filed March 7, 1892- Serial No. 423,999. (No model.) I

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, JOHN M. BROWNING and MATTHEW S. BROWNING, of Ogden, in the county of Weber and Territory of Utah,

5 have invented a new Improvement in Magazine-Firearms; and we do hereby declare the following, when taken in connection with accompanying drawings and theletters and tigures of reference marked thereon, to be a full,

clear, and exact description of the same, and which said drawings constitute part of this specification, and represent, in-

Figure 1, a longitudinal sectionalside view of the receiver, showing portions of the barrel and stock, with the mechanism in side view in partial section, the parts in the closed position; Fig. 2, a transverse section through the receiver and breech 'piece cutting on line a a: .of Fig. 1; Fig. 2*, a section cutting on line 2o y 'g of Fig. 1,1ooking rearward; Fig. 3, the

. same as Fig. 1 on a reduced scale, showing the stock complete; Fig. 3, a transverse section on line as a: of Fig. 3, looking rearward; Fig. 4, a top view of the receiver and portions of the stockand barrel; Fig. 5, an under side view at the junction of the stock and receiver, the guard broken away to show the dog which looks the receiver in its closed position, the same dog also serving to lock the sear; Fig. 6, the same as Fig. 3, but showing the parts in the open position; Fig. 7, a transverse section cutting on line ma: of Fig. 1; Fig. 8, an inside view of the receiver, showing the breech-piece in longitudinal section and looking from the right; Fig.9, a transverse section cutting on line mo: of Fig. 8; Fig. 10, a longitudinal section of the receiver, showing a top view of thlatch as in engagement with the cartridge-head in the maga- 4o zine; Fig. 11, the same as Fig. 10, showing the latch as disengaged from the cartridge; Fig. 12, a rear end of the tubular guide in the stock, showing the head of the hammer-tail as in the position for detaching the parts; Fig. 13, the same as Fig. 12, showing the head engaged to prevent the detachment of the parts.

This invention relates to an improvement in that class of firearms in which the breech is opened by a forward sliding movement of 5c the barrel,and,while the invention is specially adapted to magazine-firearms, it is also applicable to sin gle-loaders, the object of the invention being the construction of an arm ,,which may be readily operated from the shoulder for rapid firing.

The invention consists in the construction and combination of mechanism, as hereinafter described, and particularly recited in the the claims. I 6

A represents the receiver, to the forward end of which the barrel B is attached in the usual manner and so as to open into the receiver at the rear.

C represents a magazine arranged beneath 6 the barrel, also opening into the receiver atthe rear.

Instead of the receiver being attached directly to the stock, as in the more general construction of firearms, the receiver is detached 71 from the stock, and so that the receiver, with the barrel, may be drawn forward from the position seen in Fig.1 to that seen in Fig. 3 and returned. The forward end of the stock D is provided with a plate E, against which 7 the rear end of the receiver may abut, as seen in Fig. 4, when the receiver is in the rear position.

The receiver is constructed with a spindle F, projecting from its rear end and dow n- 8 wardly inclined according to the downward inclination of the stock. This spindle is made tubular, and within the stock is a tube G, opening through the plate E at the forward end-and corresponding to the spindle F, and 8 so that the spindle F may slide longitudinally therein as a guide for the forward and back movement of the receiver and barrel. I

H represents the breech-piece, which is arranged longitudinally in the receiver and so 9 as to be free longitudinally; but the breechpiece H stands between the two sides of the receiver, and so as to allow the receiver .to move forward and back to take the barrel away from the forward end of the breech- 9 piece. From the plate E is an upwardly and forwardly projecting arm I, which is constructed with an upwardly and forwardly ini-piece and the slot J in the arm I is a ,which forms a connection between the i-piece and the arm I, so that the slot the forward-and-back movement of the l-piece. In the normal or closed posi- 1e pin K stands at the lower end of the and so that a forward movement iml to the breech-piece will cause the pin ide forward and upward. in the slot J,"

as to raise the rear end of the breechas it is thus moved forward and as-from sition seen in Fig. 3 to that. seen in he receiver, beiow the breech-pi ce, a ler L is formed. This appears in Fig. 3

forward end of the spindle, and the i-piece is constructed with a correspon doulder M, and so that when the breechis in the closed position, as seen in Figs. 3, the shoulder of the breech-piece abuts at the shoulder L of the receiver, and so he breech-piece is locked in its closed )1], so as to resist recoil.

barrel is provided with any suitable a by which it may be moved forward ickward. (Not shown.) The stock beld and the barrel moved forward, the er, spindle, and breech -piece will all together, because the shoulder L enthe shoulder M of the breech-piece; but forward movement of the breech-piece ,1 end will rise, because of the moveif the pin K in the slot J, as before de- 1, and so as to take the shoulder M of eech-piece above the shoulder Let the ar by the time the pin K has reached per end of the slot in the arm J, and so.

he breech-piece being there arrested, oulder L of the receiver may. pass forieaving the breech-piece stationary and s rear end in the raised position, the id of the breech-piece resting upon the side of the spindle, as seen in Fig. 6. the barrel is returned, the breechtill remains with its rear end in the ition and rides upon the upper side of ndle until the receiver has returned so to take the shoulder L to the rear of wider M of the breech-piece. Then as trrel or forward end of the receiver the forward end of the breech-piece force the breech-piece rearward, and rend will be drawn down because of :lination of the slot J until the shoulhas passed down forward of the shoul- )f the receiver in the fully-closed po- )f the breech-piece, and so as to lock eech -piece in that closed position :recoil. The breech-piece fits closely n the sides of the receiver and upon at I, so that that connection between tech-piece, the stock, and the receiver ts the receiver and stock against any tendency to. turn laterally upon the spindle as an axis. The breech-piece is provided at its forward end with extracting-hooks to engage the head of the cartridge-shell, so as to withdraw it when the breech is opened. The receiver has an opening N at one side, as seen m ejected and also through which a cartridge may be inserted when the arm is used as a single-loader, a common construction of receiver.

To support the breech-piece at its forward end and maintain it in its proper relation to the barrel, a longitudinal groove is made in one side of the receiver,'and on that side the extractor-hook P or other suitable projection extends into this groove. The groove is shown in Fig. 8 and is of a length sufficient only to permit the required forward movement of the receiver, the projection from the extractor or breech-piece into the groove working freely therein, and so as tov permit the natural rising movement of the forward end of the breech-piece, while the rear end is held as before described, such'rising movement being due to the inclination of the spindle with relation to the barrel.

Within the breech-piece the firing-pin Q is arranged, extending from the forward end of the breech-piece through to the rear end, as

seen in Fig. 1.

R represents the hammer, arranged in'the tubular spindle F. The tail S of the hammer extends rearward through the-end of the spin- Fig. 2, through which the shell may be die and through the end of the tube G, and

within the spindle a spiral spring '1 is arranged around the tail of the hammer, adapted to bear forward against a shoulder U on the hammer and against'a corresponding shoulder V at the rear end of the spindle, and so that as the hammer is forced rearward the spring will be compressed that the reaction of the spring may force the hammer forward. The nose of the hammer stands in such position with relation to the firing-pin that when the parts are in the closedposition the hammer may strike the rear end of the firing-pin, as usual in the arrangement of hammers in other arms. Naturally the hammer will move backward and forward with the spindle, and

this condition is taken advantage of as a means for cocking the hammer, and this is produced by means of a scar W, hung upon a pivot X at the rear end of the receiver and below the hammer, as seen in Fig. 3. The scar is provided with aspring Y, the tendency of which is to force the nose or rear end of the sear upward against the hammer.

The rear end of the tail of the hammer is provided with a head Z of larger diameter,

than the opening through the end of the tube G, and the length of the tail of the hammer is such that the head Z will strike the end of the tube G before the receiver shall have reached its extreme forward position, and, as

seen in Fig. 6, thereby arresting the forward movement or advance of the hammer with the receiver, and so that when the hammer is so arrested the receiver will continue its forward movement and compress the spring and the sear W may swing up forward of the hammer or the shoulder thereon, as seen in Fig. 6.

Then when the receiver returns, asin the closthe hammer free to be thrown forward by the force of its spring, and in which forward movement the hammer will strike the firingpin Q and communicate its blow to the primer of the cartridge.

In order to conveniently detach the barrel and receiver from the stock, the rear end of the tube G is constructed with an elongated opening b, (see Fig. 12,) and the head Z of the tail of the hammer is of a shape corresponding to the opening I), (see Fig. 13,) but normally stands at an angle to the said opening 1;. It, therefore, the receiver and spindle be turned to bring'the head Z into line with the opening b, then the head of the tail of the hammer may freely pass through,so as to permit the spindle to be withdrawn, and then when returned after the head of the tail of the hammer has passed through the opening I) in the rear end of the guide-tube G the receiver is turned into its proper plane with the stock, which brings the head of the tail of the hammer across the opening in the tube, so as to again interlock the har'nmer with thetube.

To permit the separation of the receiver from the stock, the pin K through the breechpiece is first removed, so as to disconnect the breech-piece from the stock. Then the parts are readily separated.v

To engage the stock with the receiver, so as to prevent their accidental separation, a springbolt d is arranged (see Fig. 3) in the stock, with a beveledor rounded nose adapted to engage a corresponding notch in the spindle when the parts are in the closed position, but so as to yield to a force applied to draw the spindle from its home position. As a further lock to hold the receiver and stock in their closed position a dog e is hung in the stock or mend, as upon a pivot f, the nose 9 of which is adapted to engage the receiver,

as seen in Fig. 5, and also to engage the sear when in the cooked position, as-seen in broken lines, Fig. 1. The dog is provided with a spring-bolt h, working over a corresponding cam '5, here represented as in the guard, to yieldingly hold it in either its engaged ordisengaged position, and the tail of the dog extends into the guard and terminates in a finger-piece Z, by which it may be conveniently operated by the same finger which pulls the trigger.

As thus far described the arm is applicable to single-loading purposes.

As a magazine-arm a carrier m is arranged in the receiver, below the breech-piece, and hung upon a pivot n at the rear,so as to swing in a vertical plane, as,from the down position in Fig. 1 to that seen,;,in Fig. 6. In the down position the carrier stands at the rear of the magazine C, and so that the rearmost cartridge in the magazine may pass onto the carrier in the usual manner, and then as the carrier rises that cartridge will be presented between the forward end of the open breechpiece and the rear end of the barrel, so that as the parts are closed the cartridge may be forced from the carrier into the barrel, as usual in magazine firearms. The carrier at its rear end is provided with an upward extension u, by which it may be operated by coming in contact with the breech-piece at the extreme movements, as usual in: this class of carriers, and so that as the breech-piece'approaches its extreme rear position, as seen in Fig. 6, the carrier will be raised, and then as'the parts are closed the projection to will strike the breech-piece and be returned to its down position. I i a To yieldingly hold the carrier in its down position, and so that it may serve as a trap or cover for the opening through the bottom of the receiver for the introduction of cartridges to the magazine, the carrier is provided with a spring 10, which being engaged by the breechpiece in its closed position, as seen in Fig. 1, will yieldingly hold the carrier in its down position, but so that the carrier may be turned inward 'for the introduction of cartridges into the magazine. As here represented the spring p is employed in connection with an L-shaped lever q. (See Fig. 7.) This lever is hung to the carrier by its downwardly-projecting arm upon a pivot r and so as to swing in a horizontal vertical plane. The other arm of the lever extends across and bears upon the spring p. This lever is constructed with a nose s, which as the carrier rises is adapted to engage a corresponding notch t in the receiver, and so as to yieldingly hold the carrier in the up position during the transfer of acartridge from the carrier to the barrel, the nose of the lever easily passing from its engagement with the receiver under the force of the closing movement, so as to release the carrier for its cartridge follows the latch it until the cartridge reaches its position on the carrier.

To prevent the rear movement of the colhmn of cartridges after the carrier has risen i'or the transfer of a cartridge to the .barrel, a iatch a (see Figs. 8, 9, 10, and 11) is provided in a recess in the side of the receiver, the nose w of the latch being adapted to extend inward, so as to engage the head of a car: tridge, as seen in Fig. 10, but tobe withdrawn therefrom, so as to leave the head of the cartridge free, as seen in Fig. 11; The latch is hung in the receiver upon a pivot :0, so as to swing laterally, and extends longitudinally in the receiver. I

The latch is projecting tail is a spring 2,

provided with a rearwardlyy, and combined with thelatch thetendency of which is to force the latch into the engaging position. (Seen in iEig. 10.) At the rear end the tail of the latch is constructed with a beveled shoulder 2, and the breech-piece is constructed. with a corresponding cam-shaped surface 3, and which cam-surface 3 as the breech-piece approaches its closed position will engage the shoulder i, of the tail of the latch, and so as to force that tail inward and correspondingly turn the nose outward, as seen in Fig. 11, and so that the rearmost cartridge in the magazine may escape and pass onto the carrier. Then as the receiveris drawn forward from the breechpiece the cam 3 of the carrier escapes from the shoulder 2 of the latch, when the nose of the latch will be forced in ward by its spring, so as to engage the head of the next cariridge, as seen in Fig. 10, which engagement will occur before the said rearmost cartridge shall have reached its rear position on the carrier.

For the convenience of rapid firing the tail ii of the sear, with which the trigger engages, is beveled upon its rear end, as at 5, and so that should the trigger be held in the drawn position when the receiver is returned to the closed position-the beveled end 5 will pass below the trigger, as seen in Fig.3, so as to draw the sear out of engagement with the hammer. Thus the act of bringing the parts to the closed position will operate automatically to discharge the hammer, it only being necessary that the operator shall hold the trigger in the drawn position or that it be held in that position by some suitable device.- Then the firing becomes practically automatic, and consequently limited only to the rapidity with which the barrel and receiver may be moved backward and forward while the operator holds the gun to the shoulder.

While preferring the mechanism described to be arranged in thereceiver, it will be evident that various known mechanisms may be arranged in the receiver, so that the receiver, with its guiding-spindle, may operate in the forward movement of the receiver to produce the opening movement of the breech-piece and in the closing movement of the receiver to produce the closing movement of the breechpiece. It is also evident that other known arrangements of hammers may be substituted for the one described. Such modifications are 'ceiver constructed with too well known to require particular refer- I once or illustration. The invention is therefore not to be understood as limited to the specificconstruction of parts, except as hereinafter particularly recited.

' We claim- 1. In a firearm, the combination of a receiver carrying the barrel at the forward end, opening at the rear into the receiver, the receiver constructed with a spindle extending from its rear end into the stock, the stock provided with a suitable guide within which the said spindle may slide, described, and whereby the receiver and barrel are adapted to be moved forward from the stock in opening and toward the stock in closing.

2. In a firearm, the combination of a. receiver carrying the barrel at its forward end, opening at the rear into the receiver, the rea spindle extending longitudinally rearward into the stock, the stock provided with a suitable guide for said spindle, a breech-piece nally in the receiver, and an arm projecting forwardly from the stock and constructed with an upwardly and forwardly inclined slot, the breech-piece constructed to embrace said arm and provided with a pin extending through said slot in the said arm and the breech-piece provided near its forward end with longitudinal guides in the receiver, substantially as described.

3. In a firearm, the combination of a receiver carrying the barrel at its forward end, opening at the rear into the receiver, the receiver constructed with a rearwardly and longitudinally projecting-spindle extending into the stock, the stock provided with a suitable guide for said spindle to permit the longitudisubstantially as' arranged longitudinal movement of the receiver and spindle, the

said spindle tubular, a hammer arranged longitudinally in the said spindle, provided with a spring, a stop to limit the forward movement of the hammer in the spindle, and a sear hung in the receiver and adapted to engage the hammer in the closing movement of the parts, substantially as described.

4. In a firearm, the combination of a receiver, a barrel at the forward end of the receiver, opening at the rear into the receiver, the receiver constructed with a spindle extending rearward into the stock, the stock provided with a longitudinal guide for said spindle, and a breech pieciaarranged lon gitndinall yin said receiver, the breech-piece adapted for an u-pward-and-downward movement at its rear end, the stock constructed with an arm projecting from its forward end,and said arm constructed with an upwardly and forwardly inclined slot, the breech-piece embracing the said arm and having a pin through said slot, whereby in the forward movement of the receiver an upward and forward movement is imparted to the rear end of the breechpiece, the breech-piece constructed with a shoulder at its rear end and the receiver with a corresponding shoulder, the said two shoulders adapted to engage as the parts are brought to the closed position, substantially as described.

5. In a firearm, the combination of a receiver having a barrel attached at its forward end, opening at the rearinto the receiver, the receiver constructed with a spindle extending from its rear end longitudinally into the stock, the stock provided with a guide to receive and permit the longitudinal movement of said spindle, and whereby the receiver and barrel may be moved forward from the stock, and a breech-piece arranged in thereceiver and adapted to be opened as the receiver is moved forward, with a hammer arranged in said spindle and a sear adapted to engage said hammer, substantially as described.

6. The combination of a receiver having a barrel attached at its forward end, opening at the rear intothe receiver, the receiver constructed with a spindle extending from its rear end into the stock, the stock provided with a suitable guide for the back-and-forward movement of said receiverand spindle, and a spring-dog hung upon the stock and adapted to engage the said receiver in the closed position, substantially as described.

7. In a firearm, the combination of a receiver having a barrel at. its forward end, opening at the rear into the receiver, the receiver constructed with a spindle extending from its rear end longitudinally into the stock, the stock provided with a guide forthe backand-forward movement of said receiver and its spindle, the spindle made tubular,a hammer arranged in said spindle and adapted for a limited extent of forward movement less than that of the receiver, a scar hung in the receiver and moving therewith and adapted to engage the hammer as the receiver is returned to the closed position, and so as to bring the hammer to full cock, and a dog hungin' the stock and adapted to engage said sear in the rear or closed position and while the sear is in engagement with the hammer, substantially as described.

8. The combinatiomin a firearm, of the receiver having abarrel at its forward end,-

opening at its reareud into the receiver, a spindle extending from the rear end of the receiver longitudinally into the stock, the stock provided with a guide for the spindle, and so as to permit a forward-and-back movement of the receiver and spindle, and a springbolt in the stock adapted to engage the said spindle when the parts are in the closed position, substantially as described.

9.'In a firearm, the combination of a re-' ceiver having a barrel attached at its forward end and opening at its rear end into the receiver, the receiver constructed with a spindle extending from its rear end into the stock, the stock provided with a tubular guide within which said spindle may move forward and backward in the opening-andclosing movement of the receiver, and a hammer arranged longitudinally in thesaid spindle,with a spring within the spindle adapted to force the hammer forward, the tail of the hammer extending through the rear end of the guide within which the spindle slides and provided at its rear end with an elongated head, the end of the guide through which the tail of the hammer extends constructed with an elongated slot corresponding in shape to the head of the tail of the hammer, but the said slot and head normally in angular positions with relation to each other, substantially as and for the purpose described.

10. In a firearm, the combination of a. receiver carrying a barrel at its forward end, opening at the rear into the receiver, the receiver adapted forlongitudinalforward-andback movement with the barrel from and toward the stock, and a breech-piece arranged longitudinally-in said receiver and provided with longitudinal guides at its forward end, the rear end of the receiver connected-with the stock by an upwardly and forwardly inclined slot, whereby in the first part of the forward movement of the receiver the rear end of the breech-piece will rise, the breechpiece constructed with a shoulder at its rear end and the receiver'with a corresponding shoulder, the said shoulders adapted to engage as the parts are returned to the closed position, substantially as described.

ll. In a firearm, the. combination of a receiver carrying a barrel at the forward end, opening at the rear into the receiver, the receiver adapted for longitudinal movement from and toward the stock in opening and closing, a breech-piece arranged longitudinally in the receiver and longitudinally guided therein at its forward end and at its rear end connected to the stock by an upwardly and forwardly inclined slot, whereby in the first part of the forward movement of the receiver the rear end of the bre'ech-piecetvill be raised, a magazine beneath the barrel, opening at the rear into the receiver, a-carrier hung below the breech-piece in the re- 1 too ceiver, adapted to swing up and down for the transfer of a cartridge from the magazine to the barrel, and a spring between the breechpiece and the carrier adapted to yieldingly hold the carrier in the closed position, substantially as described.

12. In a firearm, the combination of a receiver carrying a barrel atthe forward end, opening at the rear into the receiver, the receiver adapted for longitudinal movement from and toward the stock in opening and closing, a breech-piece arranged longitudinally in the receiver and longitudinally. guided therein at its forward end and at its rear end connected to thestock byan upwardly and forwardly inclined slot, whereby in the first part of the forward movement of the receiver the rear end of the breech-piece will iii 7. 59

adapted to swing up and down for the transmovement and a corresponding rearward and 25 liter of a cartridge from the magazine to the bartel, and an L-shaped lever q, hung to the carrier and so as to swing in a plane at substantially right angles to the carrier, one arm of the lever extending across the carrier,with a spring between the carrier and the said arm, the said lever on its pivot side constructed with a nose 8 and the receiver with a corre; sponding notch t, substantially as and for the gypnrpose described.

11113. In a firearm, the combination of a reliaeiver provided with a barrel at its forward end, opening at the rear into the receiver, and with a magazine below' the barrel, also opening at the rear into the receiver, the receiver adapted for longitudinal movement from and toward the stock in opening and closing, a llzireech-piece arranged longitudinally in the receiver, hung by its rear end to an upwardly ttnd forwardly inclined slot at the forward lililld of the stock, and whereby an upward and lliiorward movement is produced upon the lztitreech-piece in the first part of the opening downward movement to the said rear part of the breech-piece in the last part of the closing movement of the receiver, a lever v, hung in the side of the receiver and constructed with a nose w, adapted to engage the head of a cartridge, and a suitable spring the tendency bf which is to force the said nose into engagement with the cartridge, the lever extending at the rear of the pivot and constructed with a cam-shaped projection 2 at its real-end, the

breech-piece toward itsrear end construct ed with a corresponding cam-shaped surface 3,-- substantially as and for the purpose described.

In testimony whereof we have signed this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

JOHN M. BROWNING. v MATTHEW S. BROWNING.

Witnesses.

JOHN E. RAMSDEN, FRANK BROWNING.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2699006 *Apr 28, 1948Jan 11, 1955Mikkel MaerkFirearm of the repearter gun type
US2699007 *Apr 22, 1952Jan 11, 1955Mikkel MaerkRepeater gun
US2835998 *Nov 1, 1954May 27, 1958Mikkel MaerkSlidable barrel gun with a combined sear and cocking member
US7225574Sep 9, 2004Jun 5, 2007Battelle Energy Alliance, LlcForwardly movable assembly for a firearm
US7337574Sep 9, 2004Mar 4, 2008Battelle Energy Alliance, LlcFrame for a firearm
US7634959Sep 8, 2004Dec 22, 2009Battelle Energy Alliance, LlcForwardly-placed firearm fire control assembly
US7661220Sep 9, 2004Feb 16, 2010Battelle Energy Alliance, LlcFirearm trigger assembly
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationF41A5/16