|Publication number||US488451 A|
|Publication date||Dec 20, 1892|
|Filing date||Jul 11, 1892|
|Publication number||US 488451 A, US 488451A, US-A-488451, US488451 A, US488451A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
No. 488,451. Patented Deo. 20, 1892.
@gw NM1/M6 A A TTOHNEYS.
m: Nonms PETERS cov. PNo'ro-Lxmo, WASHINGTON, D. c.
REUBEN QUATERMASS, `OF MOLINE, KANSAS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 488,451, dated December 20, 18952l Application tiled July 11,1892. Serial No. 439,562. (No modeL) To all whom t may concern:
Beit known that I, REUBEN QUATERMAss, of Moline, in the county of Elk and State of Kansas, have invented a new and Improved Building, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
The object of the invention is to provide a new and improved building, which is simple, strong and durable in construction, and more especially designed for use in cyclone swept countries, to forni a temporary and secure in which similar lettersof reference indicateV corresponding parts in both the figures.
Figure 1 isasectional side elevation of the improvement on the line 11 in Fig. 2; and Fig. 2 is a sectional plan view of the same on the line 22 in Fig. 1.
The improved building is provided with a framework formed of a number of posts A, arranged at their lower ends in a circle and placed equal distances apart,l the posts being inclined so as to connect with each other at the top to form avconical shell, as will be readily understood by reference to Fig. l. The lower ends of the posts A extend a suitable distance below the surface of the ground and are attached to anchor beams B, set horizontally in the ground. The framework thus formed of the posts A is covered by a sheathing C made of heavy planks secured to the outside of the posts and arranged horizontally4 between the outer edges of the planks,
forming circles, so that the entire sheathing gives a conical appearance to the building. The top layers of the planks are nailed one upon the other and shaped to form arounded top, as will be readily understood by reference to Fig. l.
The planks extend a short distance below the ground, and are covered on the outside by a metallic covering D, conforming to the shape of the planks, and extending at its lower edge into the ground, so that this metallic covering makes an earth connection for electrical currents passing under the covering. Conducting wires D lead from the lower edge of the covering D farther down into the ground to safely conduct electricity below the hard and dried surface ground.
Between two posts is arranged, in the sheathing and covering, a doorE constructed in a similar manner to the sheathing, and also covered by sheet metal, so that when the door is closed it snugly lits into the opening. The door is hung on hinges as indicated in Fig. 2, and is provided with a suitable lock 'and with suitable knobs for opening the door when desired.
The interiorof the building is provided with a floor F made of suitable material and circular in shape, its outer edge extending close to the posts but not touching them. On this floor F is arranged a seat G, made circular as shown, with an opening opposite the door opening, so that parties entering the building through the doorpassinto the space formed by the seat, and can then conveniently seat themselves on the seat, beingthus arranged in a circle.
In the top of the building are arranged a number of vertically extending Ventilating pipes or tubes I-I, terminating at their outer ends on the outside of the covering ll).
It will be seen that a building constructed in this manner is very strong and durable, is not likely to be upset'by a heavy cyctone, owing to its conical shape, and is a safeguard against lightning, as the metallic covering conducts the currents directly to the ground.
Having thus described my invention, l claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent:-
1. A building made conical and having a metallic covering extending below the surface of 'the ground to form an earth connection for electrical currents, substantially as shown and described. l
2. A building comprising a framework made of aseries of posts anchored at their lower ends in the ground and connected with each other at their upper ends, and a sheathing for the said framework secured on the said posts, and made of planks laid fiat and ICO conforming to the conical shape of the building, substantially as shown and described.
3. A building comprising a framework made of a series of posts anchored at their lower ends in the ground and connected with each other at their upper ends, a sheathing for the said framework secured on the said posts and made of planks laid flat and con- `sheathing made of horizontally extending planks secured to the said posts'and having their outer edges circular, a metallic covering for the said sheathing extending at its lower edge below the surface of the ground, and a floor for the said building extending at its outer edge close to the posts, substantiallyas shown and described.
5. A building comprising a framework made of aseries of posts anchored at their lower ends in the ground and connected'with each otherat their upper ends, la sheathing for the said framework secured on the said posts and made of planks laid flat and conforming to the conical shape of the building, a metallic lcovering for the said sheathing and extending at its lower edge below the surface of the ground, and Ventilating pipes arranged in the top of the sheathing and covering, substantially as shown and described.
6. A building comprising a series of posts extending into the ground and connected with each other at the top, anchor beams con` nected with the lower ends of the said posts and set in the ground, a sheathing made of segmental planks arranged horizontally and secured to the said posts, and a door in the said sheathing and iittin g snugly therein, substantially as shown and described.
7. A building comprising a series of posts extending into the ground yand connected with each other at the top, anchor beams'con nected with the lowerendsof the said posts and set in the ground, a sheathing made of segmental planks arranged horizontally and secured to the said posts, a' door in the said sheathing and fitting snugly therein, and a metallic covering for the said sheathing and for the said door, substantially as shown and described.
GEO. D. SYMMs, R. A. SYMMs.
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