Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS4892957 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 07/232,043
Publication dateJan 9, 1990
Filing dateAug 15, 1988
Priority dateAug 24, 1987
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asDE3865276D1, EP0305329A2, EP0305329A3, EP0305329B1
Publication number07232043, 232043, US 4892957 A, US 4892957A, US-A-4892957, US4892957 A, US4892957A
InventorsRainer Hildebrand
Original AssigneeCiba-Geigy Corporation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process for the preparation of a n-alkylated bipyrazoleanthrone
US 4892957 A
Abstract
A N-alkylated 2,2'-bipyrazoleanthrone of formula ##STR1## wherein R is C1 -C8 alkyl, is prepared by dimerising a 1,9-pyrazoleanthrone of formula ##STR2## in the presence of an alkali metal hydroxide and an alkanol of 1 to 5 carbon atoms and at elevated temperature, and reacting the resultant intermediate of formula ##STR3## wherein Me is an alkali metal cation, with an alkyl halide which introduces the alkyl radical R, in the molar ratio 1:2, and in the presence of an alkylene glycol or a C1 -C4 alkyl ether thereof as catalyst. The N-aklylated bipyrazoleanthrone is suitable for use as a vat dye.
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(9)
What is claimed is:
1. A process for the preparation of a N-alkylated 2,2'-bipyrazoleanthrone of formula ##STR8## wherein R is C1 -C8 alkyl, which process comprises dimerising a 1,9-pyrazoleanthrone of formula ##STR9## in the presence of an alkali metal hydroxide and an alkanol of 1 to 5 carbon atoms and at elevated temperature, and reacting the resultant intermediate of formula ##STR10## wherein Me is an alkali metal cation, with an alkyl halide which introduces the alkyl radical R, in the molar ratio 1:2, and in the presence of an alkylene glycol or a C1 -C4 alkyl ether thereof as catalyst.
2. A process according to claim 1, wherein R in formula (1) is methyl or ethyl.
3. A process according to claim 1, wherein a mixture of potassium hydroxide and ethanol is used.
4. A process according to claim 1, wherein the dimerisation is carried out in the temperature range from 110 to 180 C.
5. A process according to claim 1, wherein the alkylation is carried out without isolation of the intermediate.
6. A process according to claim 1, wherein the alkylation is carried out with an alkyl bromide.
7. The process of claim 6, wherein the alkyl bromide is ethyl bromide.
8. A process according to claim 1, wherein the reaction with the alkyl halide is carried out in the presence of polyethylene glycol.
9. The process of claim 8, wherein the polyethylene glycol has an average molecular weight of 300 to 1000.
Description

The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of a N-alkylated 2,2'-bipyrazoleanthrone of formula ##STR4## wherein R is C1 -C8 alkyl, which process comprises dimerising a 1,9-pyrazoleanthrone of formula ##STR5## in the presence of an alkali metal hydroxide and an alkanol of 1 to 5 carbon atoms and at elevated temperature, and reacting the resultant intermediate of formula ##STR6## wherein Me is an alkali metal cation, with an alkyl halide which introduces the alkyl radical R, in the molar ratio 1:2, and in the presence of an alkylene glycol or a C1 -C4 alkyl ether thereof as catalyst.

R is preferably C1 -C5 alkyl, in particular methyl or, most preferably, ethyl.

The alkali metal hydroxide is, for example, potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, or a mixture of potassium and sodium hydroxide.

The weight ratio of alkali metal hydroxide to the starting 1,9-pyrazoleanthrone is preferably from 5:1 to 0.9:1, most preferably from 3.5:1 to 2:1.

The alkanol is preferably an alcohol having a boiling point of <120 C. Particularly suitable alkanols are methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, isopropanol, n-butanol, 2-butanol, isobutanol, tert-butanol oder iso-pentanol. In some cases it is also possible to use n-pentanol.

It is especially preferred to use methanol, ethanol or isopropanol. Mixtures of these alkanols can also be used.

The process is carried out, for example, with one to four times the amount by weight of alkali metal hydroxide, based on the alkanol.

It is particularly advantageous to use a mixture of potassium hydroxide and ethanol, in which case a melt is obtained.

The reaction temperature for the dimerisation of the pyrazoleanthrone is influenced by the alkali melt obtained. The reaction temperature will preferably be in the range from 110 to 180 C., most preferably from 130 to 150 C. After the formation of the alkali melt, the reaction product is subjected to air oxidation, usually in the temperature range from 60 to 95 C., whereupon the 2,2'-bipyrazoleanthrone is obtained in the form of an alkali metal salt.

The subsequent alkylation is preferably effected without isolation of the intermediate. It is carried out with an alkyl halide, for example an alkyl iodide, bromide or chloride.

It is necessary to use the alkyl halide in an equivalent amount to introduce the two alkyl radicals R. A small excess of the alkyl halide over the molar amount of bipyrazoleanthrone is normally used. Unreacted alkyl halide can thereafter be removed by distillation or also hydrolysed to alkanol.

The alkylation can be carried out in the temperature range from 10 to 100 C., preferably from 10 to 80 C., or also at a temperature below the boiling temperature of the alkyl halide. The alkylation can also be carried out under pressure at elevated temperature in an autoclave, for example at up to 200 C. The reaction is frequently exothermic and can, if desired, be controlled by cooling.

Examples of suitable alkyl halides are methyl chloride, methyl bromide, ethyl chloride, ethyl bromide, propyl chloride, propyl bromide, 3-methyl-butyl bromide, butyl bromide or bromoctane. Ethyl bromide is preferred.

The alkylation is carried in the presence of a catalyst which is an alkylene glycol or a C1 -C4 monoalkyl ether thereof. Normally 0.5 to 10 percent by weight, preferably 1 to 5 percent by weight, of catalyst is used, based on the bipyrazoleanthrone.

Suitabale catalysts are, for example, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, diethylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, polyethylene glycols, polypropylene glycols, ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, ethylene glycol monoethyl ether, ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, diethylene glycol monomethyl or monoethyl ether, and triethylene glycol monomethyl ether. Mixtures of these alkylene glycols can also be used. The preferred catalyst is polyethylene glycol having an average molecular weight of 300 to 1000 or 300 to 650, preferably 400 to 450.

Upon completion of the alkylation, the N-alkylated bipyrazoleanthrone is isolated in conventional manner, for example by filtering or decanting the resultant suspension and washing and drying the product.

If desired, the N-alkylated bipyrazoleanthrone is subjected to a purification process to remove unwanted isomeric compounds by solvent extraction. Suitble solvents for this procedure are ethyl acetate, acetone, methylene chloride, dimethyl acetamide, formic acid, amyl alcohol, preferably toluene, xylene, chlorobenzenes such as dichlorobenzene or trichlorobenzene or, most preferably, nitrobenzene.

The N-alkylated bipyrazoleanthrone obtained by the process of this invention is a vat dye for dyeing or printing fibres made from natural or regenerated cellulose in the presence of a reducing agent, for example dithionite.

The process of this invention makes it possible to prepare the N-alkylated bipyrazoleanthrones of formula (1), especially N-ethylated 2,2'-bipyrazoleanthrone, in particularly simple manner and in very good yield. The preparation of the bipyrazoleanthrone metal salt and subsequent reaction with an alkyl halide can be combined in a single step. It is thus possible to carry out the alkylation much more rapidly and more economically than, for example, with a dialkyl sulfate.

The novel process therefore makes possible a very substantial saving in effort and time, requires less energy and, in addition, provides a vat dye in very good yield and great purity. In the following Example, percentages are by weight.

EXAMPLES

275.5 g of potassium hydroxide and 76.6 g of ethanol are heated to 130 C. Then 74.9 g of 1,9-pyrazoleanthrone are added in portions over 30 minutes. The mixture is then stirred for 21/2 hours at 140-145 C. The reaction product is then cooled to 125 C. and 200 ml of water are added dropwise. During this addition, a mixture of ethanol and water are distilled off. The aqueous suspension is subsequently oxidised by blowing in air for 3 hours at 80 C. and then cooled to room temperature. The potassium salt of 2,2'-bipyrazoleanthrone is obtained in suspension. Without isolation of the intermediate, a mixture of 5 g of polyethylene glycol (mol. wt. 400) and 87.6 g of ethyl bromide are added. After 1 hour at 25 C., the reaction mixture is warmed to 33 C. and stirred for 15 hours until reaction is complete. The suspension is filtered and the filter residue is washed with 2 liters of water and dried under vacuum at 80 C.

The crude product is subjected to solvent extraction to give 62.7 g of an isomer-free dye of formula ##STR7## in a yield of 80%.

The alkylated bipyrazoleanthrones listed in the following Table are obtained in the indicated yields by repeating the procedure described in this Example and using the alkylating agents, catalysts and temperatures specified in the appropriate columns.

                                  TABLE__________________________________________________________________________Ex. Alkylating agent            Catalyst  Temp./C.                            Yield__________________________________________________________________________A   60 ml   of ethyl bromide            polyethylene                      33    66.5 g; 79%            glycol 300B   60 ml   of ethyl bromide            ethylene glycol                      33    65.2 g; 77%            monoethyl etherC   60 ml   of ethyl bromide            polyethylene glycol                      33    64.1 g; 75%            methyl ether 750D   50 ml   of methyl iodide            polyethylene                      34    52.4 g; 66%            glycol 400E   73 ml   of n-propyl            polyethylene                      65    68.0 g; 76%   bromide  glycol 400F   100 ml   of 3-methyl-            polyethylene                      80    68.9 g; 70%   butyl bromide            glycol 400G   60 ml   of ethyl bromide            polyethylene                      33    59.7 g; 71%            glycol 1000H   140 ml   of bromoctane            polyethylene                      100   65 g; 71%            glycol 400__________________________________________________________________________
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1329435 *Sep 23, 1915Feb 3, 1920Chemical Foundation IncDerivatives of pyrazole anthrone yellow
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *Havlickova et al., Chemical Abstracts, vol. 98, No. 5440b, (1982).
2 *Havlickova et al., Chemical Abstracts, vol. 99, No. 38456K (1982).
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6846351May 7, 2003Jan 25, 2005Konica CorporationInk jet recording liquid
US7794532 *Apr 28, 2006Sep 14, 2010Fujifilm Imaging Colorants LimitedMagenta dyes and their use in ink- jet printing
US20030231235 *May 7, 2003Dec 18, 2003Kyoko IwamotoInk jet recording liquid
US20090214788 *Apr 28, 2006Aug 27, 2009Clive MoscropMagenta dyes and their use in ink- jet printing
EP1364998A1 *May 15, 2003Nov 26, 2003Konica CorporationInk jet recording liquid
Classifications
U.S. Classification548/357.1
International ClassificationC09B5/08, C07D231/54
Cooperative ClassificationC09B5/08
European ClassificationC09B5/08
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Aug 17, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: CIBA-GEIGY CORPORATION, NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:CIBA-GEIGY AG, A SWISS CO.;REEL/FRAME:005216/0106
Effective date: 19890804
Aug 10, 1993REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Jan 9, 1994LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Mar 22, 1994FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 19940109