|Publication number||US4911188 A|
|Application number||US 07/163,273|
|Publication date||Mar 27, 1990|
|Filing date||Mar 2, 1988|
|Priority date||Mar 2, 1988|
|Publication number||07163273, 163273, US 4911188 A, US 4911188A, US-A-4911188, US4911188 A, US4911188A|
|Inventors||Jurgen F. Seidel|
|Original Assignee||Midwest Hydro-Blasting, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (10), Classifications (21), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Cement structures, particularly those using reinforced concrete, suffer degradation over time and with use. Cracks often develop and even portions of the cement may dislodge.
The problem becomes particularly acute in regions which include salt as an environmental ingredient. This occurs, of course in localities near the ocean which receive salt directly form the water spray and the like. Furthermore, the salting of roads in the northern portions of this country during winter have an especial destructive effect upon cement structures.
The repair of cement damage by the environment and use generally commences with the removal of the remaining surface layers of concrete. This cleans out degraded or dislodged cement, much like drilling a decayed tooth. Replacing the removed cement with new concrete precludes the further and dangerous degradation of the cement structure.
The removal of cement has often entailed the use of jack hammers generally operating under pneumatic pressure. This type of equipment has proven very slow, requires a large number of employee hours, and thus entails a very substantial ezpense to a structure's owner. It can also create microcracks in the structure.
A more recent type of device employs a strong stream of water, under high pressure, to remove the superficial cement. Typically, a nozzle moves across a boom positioned over a cement floor, roadway, or the like. The boom, in turn, connects to a tractor which moves in the direction generally perpendicular to that in which the nozzle travels. The coordinated motions of the nozzle on the boom moving in a first direction and the tractor holding the boom in a perpendicular direction permits the coverage of a large area of cement floor or roadway with a minimal number of employees. It also produces a smoother surface which admits to a more uniform layer of new cement and thus a stronger resulting structure. The Atlas-Copco Company in Sweden has produced equipment of this type.
However, the hydraulic demolition equipment utilizing a nozzle traveling on a boom attached to a tractor has a limited utility. It only operates upon the upward-facing surface upon which the tractor may sit. This limits its use to cement floors, roadways, aprons, and the like.
However, many cement structures have downwardly facing surfaces as well. This occurs, of course, in buildings. The ceiling surface may also undergo degradation, especially in structures such as parking lots or other areas which suffer heavy wear from vehicles. The search for equipment to effectuate the surface demoltion of cement on ceiling surfaces accordingly continues.
One of the primary objects of the present invention is to provide novel apparatus for removing concrete from a ceiling surface.
A more particular object of the present invention is to provide a novel apparatus for removing concrete from a ceiling surface for repair of the ceiling and which employs a mobile support truck adapted for movement along a floor surface or the like. The truck carries a pair of telescoping upstanding support arms which support a transverse boom so as to enable selective orientation of the boom relative to a ceiling surface. A carriage is reciprocally moveable along the boom and carries a lance having a high pressure fluid discharge nozzle thereon operative to discharge high-pressure fluid, such as water, against the ceiling surface as the nozzle and truck undergo predetermined movement relative to the ceiling surface.
A feature of the ceiling concrete removing apparatus in accordance with the present invention lies in the provision of control means at opposite ends of the boom which are operative in response to traverse of the carriage to effect automatic reversal and reciprocating movement of the carriage.
Further objects, advantages and features of the invention, together with the organization and manner of operation thereof, will become apparent from the following description of the invention when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein like reference numerals designate like elements throughout the several views.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an apparatus for removing concrete from a ceiling surface utilizing water under pressure in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the ceiling concrete removing apparatus of FIG. 1 with the boom shown in a lowered position in solid lines and in an elevated operating position in phantom;
FIG. 3 is a front elevational view of the apparatus of FIG. 2 but with the boom shown tilted in a first angular position in solid lines, and shown in an opposite angular position in phantom;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the concrete removing apparatus of FIG. 1 with portions broken away to illustrate the mechanism for raising and lowering the boom and for effecting traverse of the nozzle and lance carriage along the boom; and
FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary cross-sectional view taken substantially along line 5--5 of FIG. 2.
Referring to the drawings, apparatus for removing concrete from a ceiling surface, alternatively termed a hydraulic ceilingconcrete remover, is indicated generally at 10 in FIG. 1. The apparatus 10 includes mobile support means in the form of a tractor 11, and elongated boom means in the form of a boom 12. The boom is supported on the upper end of telescoping support arm means in the form of a pair of telescoping upstanding support arms 13 and 14.
A pair of hydraulic cylinders 15 and 16 are operatively connected, respectively, to the telescoping arms 13 and 14 and have corresponding extendable piston rods 17 and 18 (FIG. 4) for selective raising and lowering of the boom 12 so as to position it substantially parallel to a ceiling surface, indicated at 19 in FIGS. 1 and 5, for demolition work. The cylinders 15 and 16 comprise actuator means adapted for separate operation so as to enable selective varying of the longitudinal lengths of the support arms 13 and 14 and thereby selective movement of the boom between an elevated operating position, shown in phantom in FIG. 2, and a lowered nonoperating position as shown in solid lines. Since not all concrete ceilings or raised concrete surfaces lie parallel to the underlying floor or support surface on which the tractor 11 may be supported, independent operation of the cylinders 15 and 16 permits the boom 12 to be tilted generally about an axis transverse to the boom as shown in solid and phantom lines in FIG. 3.
As illustrated in FIG. 4, the cylinders 15 and 16 are connected to hydraulic lines or hoses 20a and 20b which are interconnected through a conventional hydraulic lock 21, such as manufactured by the Monson Tison Mfg. Company of Sweden. The hydraulic lock 21 is operative to prevent inadvertent lowering of the boom in the event of hydraulic pressure failure to the cylinders 15 and 16, thereby assisting in safe operation.
The boom 12 may be disconnected from the support arms 13 and 14 and rotated or swung 180 degrees about its transverse axis, and then connected directly to the tractor 11 to remove concrete from a floor surface, thus eliminating the support arms 13 and 14. For this purpose, a pair of boom connecting plates 23a and 23b may be connectd, respectively, directly to a pair of tractor connecting plates 24a and 24b. This latter configuration basically constitutes the configuration in which Atlas-Copco Company of Sweden sells its equipment. Since in the removal of concrete from a floor surface the tractor 11 is disposed on the floor undergoing demolition, very little, if any, need exists to adjust the height of the boom relative to the floor surface during demolition.
To convert the boom 12 from a floor demolition condition to a condition for working on a ceiling surface, the boom plates 23a and 23b are disconnected from the tractor plates 24a and 24b. A cross bar or support beam 25 is then attached to the tractor plates 24a and 24b through face plates 26a and 26b which are fixed to ends of corresponding connecting bars 27a and 27b welded transversely to the support beam 25. A pair of mounting plates 28a and 28b are fixed to opposite ends of the connecting bars 27a and 27b and are adapted for releasable connection to face plates 29a and 29b, respectively, fixed to outer rectangular sleeves 30a and 30b of the support arms 13 and 14.
The upstanding support arms 13 and 14 include upper extendable members 32a and 32b of rectangular transverse cross section which telescope into the corresponding fixed outer sleeves 30a and 30b. A rigid beam or bar 33 has end plates 34a and 34b attached to its opposite ends which are secured to the sleeve 30a and 30b through mounting plates 35a and 55b so as to provide structural rigidity for the support arms 13 and 14. Rectangular end caps 36a and 36b are fixed to the upper ends of the extendable members 32a and 32b, respectively. The hydraulic cylinders 15 and 16 are connected at their lower ends, respectively, to the outer sleeves 30a and 30b at pivot connections 38a and 38b, and have the upper ends of their piston rods 17 and 18 suitably pivotally connected at 39a and 39b to the upper ends of the telescoping members 32a and and 32b through connector brackets 40a and 40b fixed to the corresponding end caps 36a,b.
Pivot shafts 42a and 42b pass through and are supported by the end caps 36a and 36b, respectively, so as to enable rotation of the pivot shafts about their longitudinal axes. A pair of mounting plates 43a and 43b are fixed to the rearward ends of the pivot shafts 42a and 42b and facilitate attachment of the boom 12 to the support arms 13 and 14 through the boom connecting plates 23a and 23b which are fixed on ends of corresponding spacer members 44a and 44b. The spacer members 44a,b have mounting plates 45a and 45b fixed on their opposite ends, the latter being attached to an elongated boom guide track 46 as by bolts or the like. In this manner, the boom 12 may be adjusted to a predetermined work position relative to the ceiling 19 by selective acutation of the cylinders 15 and 16.
To help prevent tipping of the tractor 11, the crossbar or beam 25 has end plates 48a and 48b fixed thereon to which are attached mounting bars 49a and 49b through mounting plates 50a and 50b. The mounting bars 49a and 49b have outer plates 51a and 51b which factilitate mounting of wheels 52a and 52b to the opposite ends of the beam 25. When being employed to remove concrete from a floor surface, the wheels 52a and 52b may be fixed directly to the tractor chassis, as through mounting plates, one of which is illustrated at 53 in FIGS. 1 and 4. By mounting the wheels 52a and 52b on the outer ends of the crossbar 25, an outerigger type arrangement is established which provides greater stability for the tractor 11. This is desirable when the boom 12 is elevated to heights, such as 12 feet, frequently necessary for operating upon ceilings of commercial structures. The tractor 11 also has a steerable third wheel 52c which may be rotatably driven through a tractor 11, and thus movement of the boom 12, relative to a ceiling surface. A counterbalance weight (not shown) may be mounted on the front end of the tractor opposite the boom so as to counterbalance the boom 12 and provide greater stability for the tractor.
As illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5, the boom 12 includes the aforementioned elongated guide track 46 which is comprised of an elongated support beam or angle frame 55 connected to the mounting plates 45a and 45b and which carries a pair of elongated rail plates 56a and 56b fixed along the length of the angle frame as by welding. The angle frame 55 and rail plates 56a,b establish an elongated guide track to support and guide carriage means in the form of a carriage or sled 57 which carries a tubular lance 58 and an associated fluid pressure discharge nozzle 59 for rectilinear reciprocating movement along the boom.
The lance 58 supports the nozzle 59 at its upper outer end and is connected to a fluid pressure hose 60. The nozzle 59 is operative to direct a stream of high pressure water from the hose 60 against the ceiling surface 19. The lance 58 is supported by a sleeve 61 which has a pair of longitudinally spaced mounting tabs or pivot brackets 62a and 62b fixed to its outer surface. The pivot brackets define axially aligned openings to receive a quick release support pin 63. The support pin 63 also passes through a the lance chain 77 are preferably enclosed within a suitable housing as illustrated in phantom at 79 in FIG. 4. Control means in the form of a pair of limit switches 80a and 80b (FIG. 1) are supported generally adjacent opposite ends of the boom 12 and are connected through leads 81a,b to a hydraulic control (not shown) for the drive motor 70 so as to automatically reverse the direction of rotation of the drive motor and thereby the direction of traverse of the sled 57 each time the sled engages a limit switch 80a and 80b.
As the nozzle 59 directs water under pressure upwardly against a ceiling surface, debris and water may spatter downwardly. To confine splatter, a pair of shrouds 83 and 84 are supported along the length of boom so as to provide an enclosure around the nozzle 59 to protect personnel and property in the area. The shrouds 83 and 84 have free upper edges which extend above the height of the nozzle 59 so as to engage the ceiling surface without inhibiting movement of the lance and nozzle.
A more effective and even removal of ceiling concrete occurs if the boom is moved transverse to its longitudinal axis in forward and backward steps to provide a repetitive, back-and-forth motion as the lance and nozzle traverse the boom. One sequence of steps that has proven very effective after positioning the boom generally parallel to and adjacent the ceiling surface involves first moving the lance from one end of the boom to the other end, then moving the tractor 11 so as to move the boom 12 one step in a first direction perpendicular or transverse to the direction of lance travel. The lance and nozzle are then caused to travel back along the boom from the second to the first end by the actuated limit switch 80a or 80b, and the tractor and boom 12 are moved one step in a second direction opposite to the direction of the prior move. The lance is again caused to traverse the length of the boom by the other limit switch 80a or 80b, and the tractor and boom are moved a further step in the second direction. This will place the lance on fresh concrete where it can begin the process all over again. Control of movement of the truck 11, along with selective raising, lowering or tilting of the boom 12 and initiating actuation of the lance chain drive motor 70, can be effected from a control console 86 supported forwardly of the truck 11 by a support arm 87.
The upstanding telescoping boom support arms 13 and 14 enable positioning of the boom for operation with 12 foot high ceiling surfaces. The water passing through the hose 60, lance 58, and nozzle 59 is provided by a high pressure water pump that may experience rapid wear during use. Adding a slight amount of oil to the water can help reduce that wear. Thus, adding one-fourth quart of mobile S-122 into the microfilters of the hydraulic pressure system for each 800 gallons of water discharged from the nozzle, or more generally one quart for each 2000 to 6000 gallons of water, can provide a substantial reduction in the wear to the equipment.
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|U.S. Classification||134/56.00R, 134/182, 134/174, 239/743, 239/750, 134/198|
|International Classification||B08B3/02, E04G23/00, B26F3/00, B28D1/00, E04G23/08|
|Cooperative Classification||E04G23/00, B28D1/00, E04G23/08, B26F3/004, B08B3/024|
|European Classification||B28D1/00, B26F3/00C, B08B3/02C, E04G23/00, E04G23/08|
|Sep 6, 1989||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MIDWEST HYDRO-BLASTING, INC., ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SEIDEL, JURGEN F.;REEL/FRAME:005137/0702
Effective date: 19890824
|Aug 20, 1991||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Oct 26, 1993||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Mar 27, 1994||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jun 7, 1994||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19940330