US 491198 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Unirse Srnrns armar Fries. e
ALEXANDER L. STRAUS, BALTIMORE, MARYLAND.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 491,198, dated February 7, 1893.
Application filed May 16, 1892i Serial No. 433,200. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.
Be it known that I, ALEXANDER L. STRAUS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Baltimore, in the State of Maryland, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottles, of which the following is aspecication.
My invention relates to bottles and more especially to that class of bottles which are adapted to be closed by caps which tit upon and around the'head of the bottle without entering the neck.
In many branches of trade material put up in bottles is sold independently of the bottle, the latter being at all times the property of the bottler. .A source of great expense and annoyance to brewers and others arises from the loss of bottles which have been distributed to dealers to be returned when the contents are sold. This loss arises mainly from the appropriation of the bottles to otherpurposes by the retail dealers and consumers, such bottles usually being readily convertible to domestic uses, such as putting u p ketchup, pickles, dro. When the bottles are used for such purposes it is customary to close them with corks or other Stoppers of circular section.
The object of my invention is to provide bottles of such shape that they cannot be closed by ordinary circular Stoppers of cork or other material, thus preventing the loss of bottles by rendering them useless to persons not supplied with proper capping` machinery. I accomplish this object by making the sectional outline of the throat or interior of the neck of the bottles irregular or other than circular in outline so that it will he impossible to close the bottle with an ordinary cork or stopper although the bottle may be used over and over again by the proper owner who is provided with the necessary mechanism for applying the caps or outside seals.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 shows a side View of the upper part of a bottle made according to my invention. Fig. 2 is a central sectional view of the head of such a bottle with a sealing device-applied thereto. Fig. 3 is a plan View of the head of the bottle shown in Figs. 1 and 5.. Figs. 4, 5, 6, 7 and8 are views simiiar to Fig. 3 showing different forms of throat sections, and Fig. 9 shows a cylindrical throat formed with inward projections.
In the drawings A represents the neck of a bottle and a an annular lip which surrounds the mouth of the bottle.
B is a cap of any suitable material which as shown is provided with a depending flange b adapted to be pressed into an annular groove a beneath the lip to retain it firmly upon the bottle.
To accomplish the object of my invention I form the throat or inside surface of the neck of the bottle near the mouth with either projections orV depressions, thus departing from the usual cylindrical throat. I preferably form the throat with one or more acute angular grooves running longitudinally inward from the mouth and which it would be impossible to close completely with an ordinary cork or stopper. As shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 the inner surface of the neck is tluted, having rounded inwardly projecting shoulders c and angular grooves c extending lfrom the mouth some distance inward. In Figs.- 4 to 8 inclusive other forms of throats are shown,
and such forms might be multiplied to any extent Without departing from the spirit of my invention, the main feature of which is to prevent the closing of bottles of the class described by the ordinary means such as corks or Stoppers of rubber or other. material which are adapted to close bottles of the usual construction.
Instead of longitudinal grooves and ridgcs I may use one or more isolated projections upon the surface of the throat, which may be otherwise cylindrical if desired, as shown in Fie. 9.
Iam aware that the necks of bottles have been formed with internal projections and depressions for the purpose of retaining corks or Stoppers, and also to prevent corks from being pushed into the body of the bottle. But my invention is to a certain extent for an opposite purpose, that is, it is to prevent bottles from being closed by ordinary corks or Stoppers; and it applies only to seal bottles or bottles which are closed by pressing upon them an outside cap or seal.
Without limiting myself to the precise forms shown, I claim:
1. A bottle having the interior of its vneck near the mouth other than circular in sectional outline, and its head constructed to receive IOO and retain a cap or seal, substantially as deand projections or depressions in its throat ro scribed and for the purpose set forth. near the mouth, substantially as described 2. A bottle having one or more projections and for the purpose set forth. 0r depressions in its throat near the mouth In testimony whereof I affix mysgnature in 5 and its head constructed to receive and represence of two Witnesses.
tain a cap or seal, substantially as described ALEXANDER L. STRAUS. and for the purpose set forth. Vitnesses: Y
3. A bottle having a lip and an annular J. A. WATSON,
groove on its head to receive andretain a cap THEODORE L. STRAUS.