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Publication numberUS491858 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 14, 1893
Filing dateJan 4, 1892
Publication numberUS 491858 A, US 491858A, US-A-491858, US491858 A, US491858A
InventorsAlbert Schlumberger
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Albert schlumberger
US 491858 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 491,858, dated February 14, 1893. Application filed January 4, 1892. Serial No. 417.034. (Specimens-l Patented in France May 6. 1891. No. 213,285.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ALBERT SOHLUMBER- GER, chemist, residing in the city of Paris, France, have invented a new and useful Process of Making Safety-Paper, (for which I have obtained a patent in France, No. 213,285 dated May 6, 1891,) of which the following is a specification.

The present invention relates to a process of producing safety paper, which consists in providing so-called splash paper with marks similar in appearance to water-marks either colored on a white grounder-white upon a colored ground. Papers with marks thus produced are particularly adapted for checks, bank-notes, stock-certificates and bonds.

Under the present invention I first obtain splashpaper,the fibers producing the splashes having first been dyed preferably with permanent colors. pared is printed in an unsized condition with gummed reagents or compounds containing bleaching or color-modifying substances, on those portions where the marks are to appear, whereby the splashings in the paper are so changed as to appear White upon a colored ground. Or, to reverse the operation, the ground alone is printed, the portion whereon the water-mark is to appear being left free, whereby colored marks upon a white ground are obtained. To carry out this process the white paper-pulp is intimately mixed, in a hollander or mixing rag-engine, with colored fibers which produce the splashed appearance of the paper. These splash-fibers are mor- The paper so predanted and dyed with fast colors, such, for

example, as indigo, madder, alizarine and chrome yellow and. the like. The splashpaper is then printed with gummed liquid orsemi-liquid solutions containing bleaching or color modifying reagents such as chromic acid or similarly acting destructive substances. Thus for indigo I employ as a reagent for destroying the color of the splashpaper, a gummed compound containing red prussiate of potash and caustic soda and having the following composition: dextrine water, one liter; glycerine, 0.25 liter; red prussiate of potash, one hundred grams; caustic soda (38 Baum), thirty grams.

grams; alum, thirty grams. the paper is drawn through a very weak solution of chlorinated lime. carefully rinsed This bleaching or color-modifying compound reacts only on indigo, but not on madder; For madder alone acid caustic compounds and chlorinated lime are employed, while chrome yellow (chromate of zinc) is moditied or bleached with oxalic acid.

A bleaching or color-modifying compound for madder and indigo,which acts on both colors, consists in a gum-compound in which alum and citric, or anotherweak acid, are dissolved, and havingthe following composition: dextrine-water, one liter; glycerine, 0.25 liter; citric acid, twenty-five to forty After printing,

manned? The color of the splashes is now destroyed at the printed places, causing them to appear white. v

For obtaining .the marks, printing-forms of the character used in printing wall-papers are employed, by means of which the abovementioned and suitably prepared gummed compound is printed, either on those parts only on which the mark is to appear, or only on the ground, so that the portions for the marks remain unprinted.

Inasmuch as the gum-compounds containing the converting or bleaching or colormodifying chemicals, completely penetrate the unsized paper, thus taking out the color of the splash-fibers at the portions of the paper treated, the same is made more translucent at the said portions, so that the mark in all cases appears in clear relief from 'the ground and becomes plainly visible. The paper thus provided with marks is guided, in the shape of sheets or webs, through machines provided with running cloths of sheeps-wool, so as to remain perfectly smooth and even. At the same time it is rinsed with water. It

is then carried over drying rollers, likewise Finally it is sized be employed, one of the essential features of the invention being that the splash-fibers are dyed with some color which is subsequently modified in some Way in a portion of the paper. 7

WVhat I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In the art of making safety paper the process Which consists in first dyeing the splash fibers, mixingthem with paper-pulp, making paper from the mixture and finally acting upon the fibers in a portion of thepaper by reagents which modify the dye in the splash-fibers, substantially as set'forth.

2. In the art of making safetypaper, the process which consists in'dyeingsplash-fibers with indigo, then mixing them with paper pulp and making paper from the resulting mixture and then applying to portions of such paper a substance containing citric acid. and alum, substantially as set forth.

In the art of making safety-paper, the process which consists in dyeing splash-fibers with indigo, their mixing them with paperpulp and making paper from the resulting mixture, then applying to a portion of the paper a solution of citric acid and alum to remove the'd'ye from the splash-fibers and finally rinsing the paper, substantially as set forth, 7 i

in testimony whereof I sign this specification in the presence oftwo subscribing Witnesses.


Witnesses: 7

Rest. M. HooPER, E. P. MACLEAR.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6019872 *Jan 20, 1999Feb 1, 2000Westvaco CorporationAuthenticatable bleached chemical paper products
US6468393 *Nov 21, 1997Oct 22, 2002Arjo Wiggins Fine Papers LimitedPatterned paper
Cooperative ClassificationD21H21/46