|Publication number||US4925286 A|
|Application number||US 07/008,120|
|Publication date||May 15, 1990|
|Filing date||Jan 23, 1987|
|Priority date||Nov 15, 1985|
|Publication number||008120, 07008120, US 4925286 A, US 4925286A, US-A-4925286, US4925286 A, US4925286A|
|Inventors||Ronald W. Cutburth|
|Original Assignee||The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (9), Classifications (6), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. W-7405-ENG-48 between the United States Department of Energy and the University of California for operation under Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
This application is a continuation of Ser. No. 798,159 filed Nov. 15, 1985, and now abandoned, which is a continuation of Ser. No. 573,251 filed Jan. 23, 1984, and not abandoned.
The present invention relates to a three-point spherical mirror mount for use with laser technology. As is known in the laser art, it is extremely critical and important for any associated mirrors to be aligned in proper orientation. It is critical that the alignment be maintained with high precision because any minor deviation can seriously affect the laser beam propagation.
Numerous prior art approaches are known, most of which tend to be, in general, an alignment of a spherical housing surface with another spherical inner ring surface. When properly aligned, such prior art devices can provide suitable orientation for positioning of a mirror.
A problem with such an approach is that the two spherical surfaces to be "mated" must be machined with extremely high precision in order to provide the necessary stability. In essence, an infinite number of points must be "mated" together on the two spherical surfaces and any minor deviation can affect the overall orientation, and consequently the precision of the mirror mount. Moreover, the prior art approach with matching two spherical surfaces is difficult to achieve in an economical fashion. As indicated above, high precision is necessary and desired.
It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved spherical mirror mount for use with laser technology.
Another object is to provide a spherical mirror mount which is economical and simple to implement.
Briefly, the spherical mirror mount includes a spherical housing, and a pivot ring having an outer surface for supporting a mirror. The outer surface has at least three spaced apart mating points formed thereon and the spherical housing has an inner spherical surface which is adapted to engage the three spaced apart mating points of the pivot ring.
In a preferred embodiment, the mating points can be formed by ball bearings so that the spherical housing can provide the necessary support function at the three spaced apart mating points while at the same time significantly reducing the required precision of prior art approaches.
Additional objects, advantages and novel features of the present invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows, and in part will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon examination of the following, or may be learned by practice of the invention. The objects, features and advantages of the invention may be realized and attained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and form a part of the specification, illustrate a preferred embodiment of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.
FIG. 1 is a frontal view of a mirror mount for use in laser technology.
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the mirror mount depicted in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 depicts a cross-sectional view of an improved mirror mount according to the present invention.
FIG. 4 depicts a schematic frontal view of the pivot ring of the mirror mount of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 depicts an exploded, perspective view of the improved mirror mount according to the present invention.
Reference will now be made in detail to the preferred embodiment of the invention, an example of which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings. While the invention will be described in conjunction with the preferred embodiment, it will be understood that it is not intended to limit the invention to that embodiment. On the contrary, it is intended to cover all alternatives, modifications and equivalents as may be included within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
Referring now to the drawings, FIG. 1 depicts a frontal view of a suitable mirror mount for use with laser technology, and FIG. 2 depicts a side cross-sectional view of the mirror mount of FIG. 1.
The mirror mount illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2 will be described briefly to illustrate the problems in the prior art.
The mirror mount of FIGS. 1 and 2 is supported by a base 11 which supports a pivot ring 12, as illustrated in FIG. 2. An adjustment ring 13 as seen in FIG. 1 is affixed to pivot ring 12 via screws 17, as illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2.
A clamp nut 14 is illustrated in FIG. 2 for supporting a mirror 18, in pivot ring 12, which is screw threaded.
Set screws 16 are shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 which, with suitable adjustment, will provide orientation in a proper alignment for mirror 18 by simple adjustment of hand wrenches (not shown). A key support 15 is shown engaged in FIGS. 1 and 2 to the base 11.
The mirror mount illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, although providing suitable orientation, nevertheless can only provide such an orientation with extremely high precision machining. As illustrated clearly in FIG. 2, the orientation of spherical base 11 and pivot ring 12 can only be achieved with extremely high precision machining. The mating of the outer surface of pivot ring 12 and the inner surface of base 11 are two curved mating surfaces which are spherical. To provide desired alignment, an infinite number of points on each of the respective spherical surfaces must engage between pivot ring 12 and base 11. Consequently, it can be seen that to achieve suitable orientation with the mirror mount depicted in FIGS. 1 and 2, extremely high precision is required of the pivot ring 12 and base 11.
Referring now to FIGS. 3 and 4, a modification to the two spherical surfaces is depicted. In particular, FIG. 3 depicts a spherical mount having a base 21 which has a spherical inner or surface face 24.
Pivot ring 22 illustrated in FIG. 3 includes ball bearings 23 oriented in holes 25. Ball bearings 23 form mating points to engage the spherical base 21 at three spaced apart points. Alternatively, steel buttons could be utilized rather than ball bearings.
In a preferred embodiment, the present invention has spaced apart mating points which are equidistant to one another, as illustrated in FIG. 4.
As can be seen in FIGS. 3 and 4, the improved spherical mirror mount provides at least three spaced apart mating points between inner ring 22 and outer spherical support base 21.
Referring now to FIG. 5, an exploded perspective view of the present invention is depicted. In FIG. 5, the base 21 has a spherical inner face 24 which engage the ball bearings 23 of pivot ring 22. The adjustment ring 13 can be affixed to pivot ring 22 via screws 17. Adjustment screws 16 provide suitable adjustment for proper alignment.
An advantage of the improved mirror mount is that the machining of the necessary components need not be as precise as with prior art approaches. Because only three mating points are necessary, it is quite evident that the necessary machining of the pivot ring and spherical base can be achieved with much less cost than prior art approaches.
In a preferred embodiment, the components of the improved mirror mount are typically made of carbon steel or heat treated steels. With the specific orientation depicted in FIG. 4, the three mating points spaced apart at equidistant points provides for a high precision instrument capability while yet allowing for a much cheaper machining of the components.
The foregoing description of the preferred embodiment of the invention is presented for purposes of illustration and description. It is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed, and obviously many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiment was chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and its practical application to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention and various embodiments and with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated. For example, because of the high precision capability of the present invention, it is suitable for use with all types of test equipment requiring such type of precision capability. It is intended that the scope of the invention be defined only by the claims appended hereto.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US31279 *||Jan 29, 1861||Robert Burnett||William burnett|
|US3357268 *||May 1, 1964||Dec 12, 1967||Gen Dynamics Corp||Optical cell|
|US3368781 *||Nov 23, 1966||Feb 13, 1968||Westinghouse Electric Corp||Mounting mechanism with angular adjustment|
|US3588052 *||Oct 25, 1968||Jun 28, 1971||Toronto Coppersmithing Co Ltd||Continuous blender|
|US3588232 *||Dec 15, 1969||Jun 28, 1971||Us Navy||Precision adjustable assembly for an optical bench mark|
|US3917385 *||Sep 19, 1973||Nov 4, 1975||Rockwell International Corp||Simplified micropositioner|
|JPS5241538A *||Title not available|
|JPS53108400A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5406578 *||Jul 19, 1993||Apr 11, 1995||Carl-Zeiss-Stiftung||Unstable laser resonator for generating a stable fundamental mode beam profile|
|US5425523 *||Apr 5, 1993||Jun 20, 1995||Miradco||Apparatus for establishing predetermined positions of one element relative to another|
|US5596597 *||May 1, 1995||Jan 21, 1997||Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha||Laser oscillator with stabilized pointing|
|US5611510 *||Feb 10, 1995||Mar 18, 1997||Piaa Corporation||Device for fitting up an auxiliary lamp|
|US6053469 *||Oct 9, 1997||Apr 25, 2000||General Scanning, Inc.||Low-cost 2-axis mirror mount|
|US6577457||Aug 10, 2000||Jun 10, 2003||Nikon Corporation||Catadioptric lens barrel structure having a kinematic alignment structure and method for aligning two planar surfaces|
|US6663247 *||Aug 31, 2000||Dec 16, 2003||Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha||Reflecting mirror unit|
|US8016438 *||Sep 13, 2011||Raytheon Company||Spherical mirror mount|
|US20100073793 *||Sep 23, 2008||Mar 25, 2010||Raytheon Company||Spherical mirror mount|
|U.S. Classification||359/872, 372/107, 248/485|
|Oct 29, 1993||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jul 16, 1997||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Aug 17, 1998||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: UNITED STATES ENRICHMENT CORPORATION, A DELAWARE C
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:UNITED STATES ENRICHMENT CORPORATION, A UNITED;REEL/FRAME:009414/0785
Effective date: 19980728
Owner name: UNITED STATES ENRICHMENT CORPORATION, MARYLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ENERGY, DEPARTMENT OF, THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY;REEL/FRAME:009396/0020
Effective date: 19980618
|Dec 4, 2001||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|May 15, 2002||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jul 9, 2002||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20020515