|Publication number||US4947576 A|
|Application number||US 07/328,633|
|Publication date||Aug 14, 1990|
|Filing date||Mar 27, 1989|
|Priority date||Mar 27, 1989|
|Publication number||07328633, 328633, US 4947576 A, US 4947576A, US-A-4947576, US4947576 A, US4947576A|
|Inventors||Harold L. Hull, Donnell J. Ekins|
|Original Assignee||Hull Harold L, Ekins Donnell J|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (18), Referenced by (8), Classifications (4), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to means to remove a fish hook and line from the throat of a fish and means to remove the slack of the line between the hook and the device.
A number of devices have been proposed and taught by the prior art involving pliers, pinchers, hook-shaped probes, clutches to tighten on the hook, spring-loaded line followers, etc. Although the prior art shows a number of devices that work, most of them are bulky, complicated and expensive to manufacture.
The device of the present invention is somewhat similar to that described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,377,735 and U.S. Pat. No. 2,519,098 but has been developed as a modification of and an improvement upon these patented devices.
While the devices of the patents above referred to have proved capable of being utilized somewhat satisfactorily in the manner described in the said patents, in actual use by the inventors, it has been found that they provide no means to lock the line into the device when sliding the device down the line, or means to lock the line to the device when removing the hook and line from the fish. Also, no means is provided to remove the slack in the line between the device and the hook when sliding the device down the line.
It is a primary object of the invention to provide a fish hook disgorger comprising a shaft member, a fishing line engaging and disengaging member, means for receiving and retaining a hook and line locking means.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a device for removing a fish hook, along with its line or leader attached, from the inside of a fish in such a manner as to lock the hook and line or leader into the device, so that full attention may be given to holding the fish and removing the hook.
Another object is to provide a fish hook remover that has multiple size knobs available which may be removably mounted on each end to accommodate various size hooks and for various size fish.
Yet another object is to provide a fish hook remover whereby the knob engaging the fish hook is rotatable on the shaft member so that when the fishing line is placed into the interior chamber of the knob, the knob can be rotated to disalign the slit in the knob with the guide means on the shaft member thus capturing the fishing line in the interior chamber of the knob.
Still another object is to provide a fish hook remover that slips over the line, then locks into place over the line so that the line cannot come out of the device as the device is slipped down the line into the fish's mouth and engages the hook.
Yet another object and advantage in a second embodiment is to provide a fish hook remover that after the device has engaged the hook, the line may be easily and quickly secured to the knob on the distal end of the device, thus making the hook, line, and device one homogeneous member.
Still another object is to provide a knob with a slit smaller than the line or leader, but through which the line or leader can be forced to allow the line or leader to be contained in the interior chamber of the knob, with the knob being made of a material having a memory or other means to return to a closed position.
Another object is to provide the various knobs in various colors for identification or aesthetic value.
Yet another object is to provide a device that has means to remove the slack from the line between the device and the hook as the device moves down the line.
The invention accordingly comprises the features of construction, combination of elements and arrangement of parts that will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter set forth, and the scope of the invention will be indicated in the claims.
For a fuller understanding of the nature and objects of the invention, reference should be made to the following detailed description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective, exploded view of the entire device.
FIG. 2 is a side view of the device drawn at a smaller scale.
FIG. 3 is a side view but with the device rotated at 90 degrees to FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary, sectional view of the end rotatable knobs of FIG. 1.
FIG. 5 is an end elevation taken on the line indicated at 5*--5* of FIG. 4.
FIG. 6 is a section taken at 6*--6* of FIG. 3 drawn to a larger scale.
FIG. 7 is a second embodiment eliminating the section 8*--8* of FIG. 3 drawn to a larger scale.
FIG. 8 is a section taken at 8*--8* of FIG. 3 drawn to a larger scale.
FIG. 9 is a side view of a third embodiment.
FIG. 10 is a side view of the third embodiment with the device rotated at 90 degrees to FIG. 9.
FIG. 11 is a section taken at 9*--9* of FIG. 9 drawn to a larger scale.
FIG. 12 is an end elevation taken on the line indicated at 17*--17* of FIG. 10.
FIG. 13 is a section taken an 19*--19* of FIG. 7 taken to a larger scale.
FIG. 14 is a sectional view of the interior chamber of a fixed or rotatable knob such as in FIGS. 1-5,7,9-13 and showing the hook and line in place and drawn to a larger scale.
FIG. 15 is a reversed side view of the section 8*--8* of FIG. 3 drawn to a larger scale.
FIG. 16 is a partial view of the third embodiment of FIG. 9 showing an end with a line locking system drawn to a larger scale.
FIG. 17 is a partial view of the third embodiment of FIG. 9 showing an end with a line locking system but rotated at 90 degrees to FIG. 16.
FIG. 18 is an end view of FIG. 16.
Referring now to the drawings in detail with like numerals designating like parts in the different views, 10 is a central shaft or stem member while 12 are rotatable knobs, 14 being thumb-activated knobs and 16 being split shaft sections with 18 being tapered connections and 20 being outside detents with 22 being tapered grooves and 24 being inside indents while 26 are cantilevered ratchet arms and 28 being split collars and bearings with 30 being cantilevered arms while 32 are leader or line guides with 34 being serrated surfaces and 36 are V-shaped grooves with 38 being rounded, tapered slits or gaps with 40 being interior chambers and 42 being ratchet wheels and 44 being shoulders with 46 being fixed knobs with 48 being tie-down notches for the fishing line with 50 being slits or gaps smaller than the fishing line and 56 are threads for the rotatable knobs 12 with 52 being a fish hook and 54 a fishing line, while 58 is a raised boss or section to provide a means to hold the fishing line when wound on the fixed knob 46 through the slit 50 and notch 48 and 59 is a means to cause tension on slit 50, while 60 is an additional means to provide tension to close slit 50 such as a metal slip-ring.
When the device is fully assembled as shown in FIG. 2 with the rotatable knobs 12 assembled at each end of the device, and the thumb-activated knobs 14 inserted into the bearings 28 and held in place by cantilevered arms 30 while also engaging cantilevered ratchet arms 26 (this being the preferred embodiment), the device is ready for use.
When a fish is caught and the hook is embedded in the fish's mouth or stomach, the device of the present invention is held in one hand while the fish may be held with the other or left lying in a net or the like, the line or leader protruding from the fish's mouth is engaged by slipping said line through the slit 38 of the rotatable knob 12, (which is in alignment with tapered groove 22), then through the tapered groove 22 and over line guide 32 and then inserted between the two thumb-activated knobs 14 into the serrated surfaces 34 which holds the line in a secure manner because the thumb-activated knobs 14 cannot turn as they are locked by ratchet wheels 42 and cantilevered ratchet arms 26. Also, at this time rotatable knob 12 is rotated or turned until the tapered, rounded slit or gap 38 is out of alignment with V-shaped groove 22, thus securely locking and capturing the leader or line into the interior chamber 40 of rotatable knob 12.
Now, with the thumb of the hand holding the device, the thumb-activated knob on the thumb side of the device is pressed toward the stem member 10, which disengages the bottom ratchet 42 from the cantilevered arm and ratchet 26. The device, being made of plastic or the like, is resilient. Said resiliency in said cantilevered arms 26 and 30 create pressure between the said thumb-activated knobs 14 and said ratchet assembly 42. This position of the thumb-activated knobs 14 allows the thumb to rotate the thumb-activated knobs 14 in a forward, rotating motion which pulls or walks the fishing line or leader through the thumb-activated knobs 14, thereby shortening the distance of the line or leader between the device and the hook. With repeated action of the thumb, the device travels or walks its way into the fish's mouth until the shank of the hook is engaged in the interior chamber 40 and the point of the hook rests and is protected in one of the tapered grooves 36. Now the hook and line or leader is locked securely in the device by the said pressure between the said thumb activated knobs and/or by wrapping the line around the thumb-activated knobs 14 as demonstrated by FIG. 15, and cannot come loose while the fisherman pushes or pulls on the device to remove the hook from the fish.
To disengage the hook and line from the device, the tapered, rounded slit or gap 38 of rotatable knob 12 is again aligned with tapered groove 22, and with the line removed from in between the thumb-activated knobs 14, the hook and line are once again free.
The second embodiment as shown by FIG. 7 may have the rotatable knobs 12 releasably mounted to the central shaft or stem member 10 by means of threads 56 as shown in FIG. 13 and the center portion as shown by FIG. 8, eliminated. The rotatable knobs 12 of this embodiment lock the line into the interior chamber 40 as demonstrated by the preferred embodiment and may also be locked at the distal end between the shoulder 44 and rotatable knob 12 by threads 56.
Also, a third embodiment is shown in FIGS. 9, 10, 11 and 12 which shows a fixed knob 46 and eliminates the center portion as shown by FIG. 8. The ends of this embodiment have slits or gaps 50 which are narrower than the diameter of the fishing line so that the line may be forced through the said slit 50 into the interior chamber 40 as illustrated by FIG. 12.
Also FIGS. 9, 10 and 11 show a notch 48 which provides a means to lock the line by winding several loops of the line through the slit or gap 50 and around the notch 48.
Also FIGS. 16, 17 and 18 show a line engaging and disengaging system which allows the fishing line to be inserted forcefully through slit 50 into the interior chamber 40 and the fixed knob 46 being made of material with resiliency, causes the slit 50 to again close to its closed position capturing the fishing line in the interior chamber 40. Also, the knob 46 may be relieved by means 59 to cause tension on the slit 50. Also other tensioning means are shown by slip-ring 60.
It will now be seen that we have provided a versatile and valuable device, which may be made of plastic by injection molding or the like, which is economical to manufacture, and which performs a valuable service to fisherman in a manner heretofore not provided, as said device will allow the fisherman to hold the fish with one hand and with the other hand work the device down the fishing line into the fish's mouth, to the hook, and disgorge the hook in a safe manner that leaves the fish, the hook, the line and the fisherman in a satisfactory and desirable condition.
Although the invention has been herein shown and described in what is conceived to be the most practical and preferred embodiments, it is recognized that departures may be made therefrom within the scope of the invention, which is not to be limited to the details disclosed herein but it is to be accorded the full scope of the claims so as to embrace any and all equivalent devices and apparatus.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2455013 *||Jan 28, 1947||Nov 30, 1948||Klinicki Anthony S||Fish hook remover|
|US2469699 *||Nov 13, 1945||May 10, 1949||Mundy John D||Fishhook remover|
|US2519098 *||Jan 12, 1948||Aug 15, 1950||Peter Aye Francis||Fishhook remover|
|US2670561 *||Jun 8, 1951||Mar 2, 1954||Alfred Howorth Sydney||Fish disgorger|
|US2967373 *||May 20, 1957||Jan 10, 1961||Garrison Clarence L||Fish hook dislodger|
|US2984931 *||Dec 18, 1958||May 23, 1961||Shaw Arthur W||Fishing implement|
|US3132438 *||Sep 13, 1963||May 12, 1964||Sandman Jack N||Fish hook removal device|
|US3334437 *||Jul 31, 1964||Aug 8, 1967||Sawyer Cecil W||Fishhook dislodging and extracting implement|
|US3377735 *||Apr 29, 1966||Apr 16, 1968||Albert E. Daughtry||Device for removing embedded fishhook|
|US3434231 *||Sep 30, 1966||Mar 25, 1969||King Arlie L||Fishing tool|
|US3713243 *||Jan 27, 1971||Jan 30, 1973||Tetzner S||Fish hook remover|
|US4006554 *||Jul 17, 1975||Feb 8, 1977||Tice Richard P||Fishhook remover and leader storage device|
|US4014130 *||Feb 20, 1976||Mar 29, 1977||Allen Roberts||Fish hook extraction tool|
|US4028825 *||Jul 18, 1975||Jun 14, 1977||Tetzner Siegfried K||Fish hook remover|
|US4068400 *||Jan 12, 1976||Jan 17, 1978||Mccoy Horace S||Fishing device|
|US4342171 *||May 22, 1981||Aug 3, 1982||Cripps Michael W||Fish hook disgorger|
|US4473966 *||Jun 1, 1982||Oct 2, 1984||Norman Neal||Combination bobber and fish hook remover|
|US4674220 *||Sep 8, 1986||Jun 23, 1987||Bearce Jr Ronald H||Bait threader|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5724762 *||Jul 16, 1996||Mar 10, 1998||Thompson; Jack||Fishing lure retrieval device|
|US5784830 *||Jan 2, 1996||Jul 28, 1998||Brumfield; John H.||Fish hook removing devices|
|US6272788 *||May 12, 2000||Aug 14, 2001||John W. Bergacker||Fish hook removing device|
|US7407069||Jun 24, 2005||Aug 5, 2008||Trafas Paul J||Fishing stringer with multiple integral fishing tools|
|US7562490 *||Jul 21, 2009||John Itamura||Fish hook remover system|
|US7603806||Jul 11, 2006||Oct 20, 2009||Olivier James J||Fish hook remover|
|US20070011938 *||Jul 11, 2006||Jan 18, 2007||Olivier James J||Fish hook remover|
|US20110072707 *||Jun 4, 2009||Mar 31, 2011||Graydon Aubrey Shepherd||Hook removal tool|
|Mar 22, 1994||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Aug 14, 1994||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Oct 25, 1994||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19940817