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Publication numberUS4958404 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 07/252,335
Publication dateSep 25, 1990
Filing dateSep 30, 1988
Priority dateOct 10, 1987
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asDE3734313A1
Publication number07252335, 252335, US 4958404 A, US 4958404A, US-A-4958404, US4958404 A, US4958404A
InventorsWerner Lasenga
Original AssigneeHergeth Hollingsworth Gmbh
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Card for producing fibrous webs etc.
US 4958404 A
Abstract
A card for producing fibrous webs or random webs of textile fibers comprises a plurality of cylinders in series with metallic wire. The cylinders rotate in a predetermined mutual sense to which worker rolls are coordinated. The cylinders and workers are covered by trough-shaped plates. The trough-shaped cover of the cylinders or workers (7, 8, 9) is formed of a plurality of trough sections (20a, 20b, 20c, 20d, 20e) which are arranged in close succession. The trough sections are adapted to be adjustable and to be opened respectively. By this means, a control of the optimum air amount at the rollers may be achieved uniformly over the working width.
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Claims(6)
What is claimed is:
1. A textile card for producing fibrous webs and random webs of textile fibers comprising a series of cylinders fitted with metallic wire which rotate relative to each other in a predetermined sense, and a plurality of worker rollers coordinated with said cylinders, a fiber intake and, at least one take-off roller, said worker rollers including a trough shaped cover which includes trough-shaped plates, and said cover containing an opening for regulating the air current between said rollers and said cover, characterized in that said trough-shaped cover of said worker rollers is formed of a plurality of trough sections arranged in spaced series relationship, and means for opening said trough sections to provide a desired air flow around said cylinder and rollers.
2. The card of claim 1 wherein said means for opening said trough sections includes pivotal means for mounting said trough sections for tilting outwardly away from said roller.
3. The card of claim 2 wherein said pivotal means tilts said trough sections to a nearly radial extension.
4. The card of claim 2 including a stop for limiting the angle that said trough sections may be tilted outwardly.
5. The card of claim 1 wherein the open condition of said trough sections is controllable individually.
6. The card of claim 1 including a space between adjacent trough sections, and an outwardly flaring gap defined in said space by opposing inclined edges of said adjacent trough sections.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to a card for producing fibrous textile webs and random webs of natural or synthetic fibers. The card comprises a series of cylinders clothed with metallic wire which rotate in a predetermined sense with respect to each other. A plurality of working rollers are coordinated with the cylinders for working the fibers. A roller and feed plate feed the fibers and at least one takeoff roller takes off the fibers. The cylinders and the workers are covered by trough-shaped plates.

It has been known to use closed undercasings in cards such as random web cards, under carding cylinders and licker-in roller to prevent accidental air movements and negative influences. Further, dirt deposits on the driving units frequently arranged beneath the rollers are prevented. It also has been known to use interrupted undercasings with slots to remove trash particles, etc., beneath rollers within the licker-in range when the rollers have teeth points inclined in the sense of rotation (positively inclined metallic wire).

With the use of arcuate undercasings which are produced more and more accurately in order to obtain a more uniform final product, the optimum air amount may not be available for the formation of the air current entrained by the roller when operational conditions change, i.e. changes in fiber material,

In the absence of sufficient air, the system absorbs air in an uncontrollable manner. An unequal pressure distribution is caused over the working width from one roller end to the other. A nonuniform fiber distribution is produced accordingly. On the other hand, the presence of too much air may entail a formation of alleys, i.e. streaks and thin places in the material.

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a card having a regulation and control of the air balance around the rollers.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention is characterized in that the troughshaped cover of the cylinders and/or workers is formed of a series of trough sections arranged in spaced relationship which are adapted to be selectively opened.

If the roller cover is designed this way, a control of the optimum air amount for the cylinders and/or rollers may be easily performed uniformly over the working width. An optimum adjustment of the air current causes a stabilization and a uniform distribution of the material entrained by the rollers. The quality of a nonwoven product or of another fibrous web may be substantially improved. At the same time, the fiber throughput may be increased and an optimum quality of the fibrous web may be obtained simultaneously.

According to another feature of the invention, the trough sections are adapted to be tilted outwardly from the cylinder or roller. The trough sections which may be tilted away, are suitably adapted to be opened to a nearly radial extension. The angle of opening of the trough sections may be limited by a stop. The opening of the trough sections may be controlled individually and/or in common, e.g. by groups.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The construction designed to carry out the invention will hereinafter be described, together with other features thereof. The invention will be more readily understood from a reading of the following specification and by reference to the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof, wherein an example of the invention is shown and wherein:

FIG. 1 is an elevational and schematic view of an embodiment of a card of the invention; and

FIG. 2 is a roller, in particular a worker, comprising the cover of the invention, in detail and schematically.

DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring now in more detail to the drawings, a random web card, designated generally as 1, is illustrated which comprises an undercasing intake 2 which also may be an intake roller, five carding cylinders K1 to K5, a drum C and seven coordinated workers or clearer rollers 3 to 9. A centrifugal-dynamic web formation means 11 is followed by take-off rollers 13 and 14. If necessary, a stuffing means 15 or 16 is provided on the upper take-off roller or on both of them. As can best be seen in FIG. 2, a division of the undercasing 18a and 18b is preferably provided near workers and can also be provided near carding cylinders K1 to K5 7, 8, and 9 and/or near drum C. Between casing parts 18a and 19b, the cover of roller 8 is formed of a plurality of trough sections 20a, 20b, 20c, 20d, 20e arranged in series. The sectional portions are designed to be adjustable and adapted to be opened. The undercasing for the other worker rollers is constructed likewise. The longitudinal sides of each trough section 20a, 20b, 20c, 20d, 20e are provided with outwardly directed angular elements 21, 22. The angular elements of two adjacent sectional portions form an outwardly flared gap 23. The trough sections are pivotally supported about a shaft 26 at an edge situated rearwardly in the sense of rotation 25 of roller 8. The trough sections are adapted to be tilted away and opened to a nearly radial extension such as indicated by positions in short lines. The angle of opening of the trough sections may be limited by a stop 26a. For the formation of the enlarged gap 23, the angular element 22 is directed inwardly beyond 90 degrees at the leading edge of the trough section, as seen in the sense of rotation 25.

Due to the trough sections 20a, 20b, 20c, 20d, 20e adapted to be opened more or less, the air balance at the workers may be regulated according to the prevailing demand. By the arrangement of the axis of rotation 26 and the design of the trough sections, the setting angle may be selected within a wide range. Since several workers are provided with the controllable undercasing, the air balance may be controlled at one or several sites. Their movements may be controlled individually and/or in common. The teeth of the metallic wire of the workers are always directed opposite to the sense of rotation. Due to the various possibilities of control, the air balance may be regulated for the plurality of carding rollers in such a way that a uniform pressure distribution may be maintained which ensures a uniform fiber distribution.

While a preferred embodiment of the invention has been described using specific terms, such description is for illustrative purposes only, and it is to be understood that changes and variations may be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the following claims.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3685099 *Sep 3, 1970Aug 22, 1972Jenkins Metal Shops IncSpark preventing card screen
US4008511 *Sep 3, 1975Feb 22, 1977Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki SeisakushoDevice for adjusting position of taker-in under casing in card
US4366601 *Oct 23, 1980Jan 4, 1983Trutzschler Gmbh & Co. KgCard screen
US4523350 *Jun 28, 1983Jun 18, 1985Spinnbau GmbhCarder for manufacturing non-woven, formed fabric from fibrous substances
US4524492 *Dec 23, 1982Jun 25, 1985Elliott Olin SCarding apparatus and method
US4542560 *Apr 11, 1984Sep 24, 1985Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki SeisakushoPre-opening device for a carding machine
US4583267 *Jul 5, 1985Apr 22, 1986Ernst FehrerApparatus for making a fibrous web
US4615080 *Dec 19, 1984Oct 7, 1986Hergeth Hollingsworth GmbhMethod and apparatus for making a web from staple fibers
US4797978 *Jul 21, 1987Jan 17, 1989Marcello GiulianiMultiple-card with transferring, carding and cleaning cylinder
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5226214 *Jun 25, 1992Jul 13, 1993Nicola NapolitanoDrum carding machine for making non woven fabrics and natural or synthetic fiber webs
US5313688 *Sep 17, 1991May 24, 1994Trutzschler Gmbh & Co. KgFiber waste separator including carriers, movable covers, and suction hood
US5655262 *Nov 3, 1995Aug 12, 1997Mtm-Modern Textile Machines Ltd.Apparatus for cleaning fibers
US5771541 *Mar 31, 1997Jun 30, 1998MTM--Modern Textile Machines Ltd.Apparatus for cleaning fibers
US5974628 *Mar 13, 1997Nov 2, 1999Giuliani; MarcelloCard for textile fibers with carding cylinders cooperating in series
US6732412 *Sep 30, 2002May 11, 2004ThibeauMethod and installation for the production of a condensed nonwoven and condenser device
US7111366 *Aug 5, 2004Sep 26, 2006Akiva PintoMachine for making a non-woven fibrous web
US20060026801 *Aug 5, 2004Feb 9, 2006Akiva PintoMachine for making a non-woven fibrous web
Classifications
U.S. Classification19/98, 19/105, 19/95
International ClassificationD01G15/70, D01G15/34, D01G15/52, D01G15/32
Cooperative ClassificationD01G15/70, D01G15/34, D01G15/52
European ClassificationD01G15/52, D01G15/70, D01G15/34
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 30, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: HERGETH HOLLINGSWORTH GMBH, D-4408 DUELMEN, FEDERA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:LASENGA, WERNER;REEL/FRAME:004948/0811
Effective date: 19880926
Owner name: HERGETH HOLLINGSWORTH GMBH, D-4408 DUELMEN, FEDERA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:LASENGA, WERNER;REEL/FRAME:004948/0811
Effective date: 19880926
May 3, 1994REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Sep 25, 1994LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Dec 6, 1994FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 19940928