|Publication number||US4960829 A|
|Application number||US 07/223,749|
|Publication date||Oct 2, 1990|
|Filing date||Jul 25, 1988|
|Priority date||May 23, 1986|
|Publication number||07223749, 223749, US 4960829 A, US 4960829A, US-A-4960829, US4960829 A, US4960829A|
|Inventors||Ralph D. Allen, Seshan Thiruvengada, Frank C. Cesare, Harry D. Visser|
|Original Assignee||Uniroyal Chemical Company, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (29), Classifications (21), Legal Events (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 866,854 filed May 23, 1986, now abandoned.
This invention is directed to a curable composition comprised of a blend of (A) an elastomer having a molecular weight of at least about 40,000; (B) a sufficient amount of ethylene/alphaolefin/nonconjugated polyene terpolymer having a molecular weight of between about 1,000 and about 15,000 such that the viscosity of the blend of components (A) and (B) is at least about 5% less than the viscosity of component (A) alone; and (C) a curative. In another aspect, this invention is directed to a process for forming an elastomer comprising such blend. When cured, the compositions of this invention exhibit unexpectedly improved resistance to extraction, high tensile strength and improved ozone resistance, and are thus suitable for many uses such as in precision molded parts, e.g. brake parts, corner molds, and nonstaining sponges.
In the processing of high molecular weight elastomer compositions, it has become standard to employ plasticizers in order to decrease the viscosity and thereby to improve the workability of the composition. In general, extender oils such as mineral oils or paraffinic oils have been employed to plasticize rubber compounds.
However, the incorporation of such oils into the rubber composition, while effectively plasticizing such composition, will produce a number of deleterious effects upon the cured composition. Among these undesirable effects are decreased tensile strength, poor resistance to extraction and poor low temperature flexibility.
U.S. Pat. No. 3,819,592 to Visser at al discloses a process for producing liquid ethylene/propylene/(optionally) nonconjugated diene copolymers employing a vanadium salt-alkylaluminum halide catalyst and a molecular weight regulator which is a phosphorodithioate, a dithiocarbamate or a dithiocarbonate. This patent broadly discloses that curable liquid ethylene/alphaolefin/diene terpolymers can be utilized as adhesives, caulking compounds, sealants and plasticizing coagulants. However, Visser et al neither discloses any actual formulations nor provides any incentive in so employing such compounds.
It is elementary polymer chemistry that low molecular weight polymers will, upon curing, possess reduced tensile strength relative to higher molecular weight polymers. Consequently, the finding that the compositions of this invention, which comprise a blend of high and low molecular weight polymers, will exhibit increased tensile strength relative to compositions comprising high molecular weight polymer alone which has been plasticized with equivalent amounts of conventional extender oil is completely unexpected.
Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide an easily processable elastomer composition which, upon curing, exhibits unexpectedly high tensile strength.
It is a further object of this invention to provide an elastomer composition which, upon curing, exhibits unexpectedly desirable resistance to ozone and extraction.
It is yet another object of this invention to provide a process for compounding a high molecular weight elastomer such that the composition containing said elastomer will be easily processable and, upon curing, will exhibit unexpectedly desirable tensile strength, ozone resistance and resistance to extraction.
The above objects and other additional objects will become more fully apparent from the following description and accompanying Examples.
In one aspect, this invention is directed to a curable composition comprised of a blend of:
(A) an elastomer having a molecular weight of at least about 40,000;
(B) a sufficient amount of a terpolymer formed from the copolymerization of (i) ethylene; (ii) an alphaolefin having the formula H2 C═CHR wherein R is C1 to C10 linear or branched alkyl; and (iii) a nonconjugated polyene; and having a molecular weight of between about 1,000 and about 15,000 such that the viscosity of the blend of components (A) and (B) is at least about 5% less than the viscosity of component (A) alone: and
(C) a sufficient amount of curative to cure components (A) and (B).
In another aspect, this invention is directed to a method of producing an elastomeric composition comprising the steps of:
(A) providing a high molecular weight elastomer having a molecular weight of at least about 40,000;
(B) blending with said high molecular weight elastomer with: (1) a sufficient amount of a terpolymer formed by the copolymerization of (i) ethylene, (ii) an alphaolefin having the formula H2 C═CHR wherein R is C1 to C10 linear or branched alkyl; and (iii) a nonconjugated polyene, and having a molecular weight of between about 1,000 and about 15,000 such that the viscosity of the blend is at least about 5% less than the viscosity of the high molecular weight polymer alone; and (2) a sufficient amount of a curative to cure the composition;
(C) forming the blend produced in step (B) into a desired configuration; and
(D) subjecting said blend to curing conditions.
The composition of this invention is a blend comprised of (A) a high molecular weight elastomer: (B) an ethylene/alphaolefin/nonconjugated polyene terpolymer having a molecular weight of between about 1,000 and about 15,000; and (C) a curative.
The high molecular weight elastomers which may comprise component (A) include polymers having saturated and unsaturated backbones, optionally substituted with halogen, hydroxyl, carboxyl, nitrile or amino moieties.
Illustrative of the high molecular weight saturated hydrocarbon elastomers which may be employed are copolymers of ethylene with a copolymerizable monomer having the formula CH2 ═CHR, wherein R is C1 -C10 alkyl. Such copolymers may contain unsaturation due to the incorporation of non-conjugated dienes such as dicyclopentadiene, 5-ethylidene-2-norbornene, 1,4-hexadiene and the like. The non-conjugated diene content of the saturated rubbers employed may range from between 0 to about 20 weight percent. Alternatively, other saturated polymers such as butyl rubber, chlorinated polyethylene, and chlorosulfonated polyethylene may be employed. The preferred saturated rubber is ethylenepropylene diene terpolymer ("EPDM").
Illustrative of the high molecular weight unsaturated hydrocarbon elastomers which may utilized are polymers based on conjugated dienes such as 1,3-butadiene; 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene; 1,3-pentadiene; 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene; and the like, as well as copolymers of such conjugated dienes with monomers such as styrene, alpha-methylstyrene, acrylonitrile, methacrylonitrile, methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate, ethyl methacrylate, vinyl acetate and the like. Preferred unsaturated rubbers include natural rubber, cis-polyisoprene, polybutadiene, poly(styrenebutadiene), polychloroprene and poly(acrylonitrilebutadiene).
Alternatively or additionally, the high molecular weight elastomeric polymer, component (A), may comprise a silicone rubber or a fluorocarbon rubber. Moreover, blends of two or more high molecular weight elastomeric polymers may be employed.
The high molecular weight elastomeric polymers comprising component (A) of the composition of this invention possess a number average molecular weight of at least about 40,000. Preferably, such polymers possess a number average molecular weight of more than about 50,000, and most preferably of more than about 70,000.
The low molecular weight ethylene/alphaolefin/non-conjugated polyene terpolymers, component (B), which may be employed are polymers of ethylene, at least one alphaolefin (of the formula H2 C═CHR, wherein R is a linear or branched alkyl radical comprised of from 1 to 10 carbon atoms) and at least one copolymerizable nonconjugated polyene. Illustrative of the nonconjugated polyenes which may be employed are aliphatic dienes such as 1,4-hexadiene, 1,5-hexadiene, 1,4-pentadiene, 2-methyl-1,4-pentadiene, 3-methyl-1,4-hexadiene, 4-methyl-1,4-hexadiene, 1,9-decadiene, exo- and endo-dicyclopentadiene and the like; exo- and endo-alkenylnorbornenes, such as 5-propenyl-, 5-(buten-2-yl)-, and 5-(2-methylbuten-[2']-yl)norbornene and the like; alkylalkenylnorbornenes, such as 5-methyl-6-propenylnorbornene and the like; alkylidenenorbornenes, such as 5-methylene-, 5-ethylidene-, and 5-isopropylidene-2norbornene, vinylnorbornene, cyclohexenylnorbornene and the like: alkylnorbornadienes, such as methyl-, ethyl-, and propylnorbornadiene and the like; and cyclodienes such as 1,5-cyclooctadiene, 1,4-cyclooctadiene and the like. The preferred nonconjugated polyenes are 5-ethylidene-2-norbornene, 1,4-hexadiene and dicyclopentadiene.
The ethylene content of the ethylene/alphaolefin/nonconjugated polyene terpolymers that may be employed is generally between about 25% and about 85%, is preferably between about 30% and about 75%, and is most preferably between about 40% and about 70%, all by weight. The polyene content of such terpolymers is generally below about 25%, and is preferably between about 2 and about 20%, all by weight.
In addition, the low molecular weight polymers employed in this invention may have incorporated therein and/or at the terminals thereof functional groups such as halogen, sulfo, sulfino, sulfinyl, cyano, epoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, COOR, Si(OR)3, Si(OOCR)3 (R being a hydrocarbyl radical having 1-18 carbon atoms) and the like. Such functional groups may be introduced either by replacement, addition or graft polymerization reactions well known to those skilled in the polymerization art.
The polymers employed in the composition of this invention are liquids at ambient temperatures, which are between about 20° and about 40° C. The term "liquid" is employed in conventional terms, that is that the polymer will have a definite volume, but will assume the shape of its container. More specifically, such low molecular weight polymers will be amenable to liquid handling techniques. Such liquid polymers will possess a number average molecular weight of from about 1,000 to about 15,000, with a preferred range of between about 2,000 and about 10,000, and a most preferred range of between about 4,000 and about 7,000.
As is employed herein, the term "curative" encompasses both curatives and curing systems. As is well known to those skilled in the art, the particular curatives which may be employed in a given composition is generally governed by the availability of unsaturation and/or functional groups present in the polymers to be cured. A wide variety of curatives and curing systems may be employed where applicable, such as free radical generating agents such as organic aromatic and aliphatic peroxides, including, for example, aromatic diacyl peroxides and aliphatic diacyl peroxides, dibasic acid peroxides, ketone peroxides, alkyl peroxyesters and alkyl hydroperoxides. Specific nonlimiting examples of useful organic peroxides and hydroperoxides include diacetylperoxide, dibenzoylperoxides; bis-2,4-dichloro benzoyl peroxide: ditert.-butyl peroxide; dicumylperoxide; tert.-butylperbenzoate: tert.-butylcumyl peroxide; 2,5-bis-(tert.-butylperoxy)-2,5-dimethylhexane; 2,5-bis-(tert.-butylperoxy)-2,5-dimethylhexyne-3: 4,4,4',4'-tetra-(tert.-butylperoxy)-2,2-dicyclohexylpropane; 1,4-bis-(tert.-butylperoxy-isopropyl)-benzene: 1,1-bis-(tert.-butylperoxy)-3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexane: lauroyl peroxide; succinic acid peroxide, cyclohexanone peroxide tert.-butyl peracetate and butyl hydroperoxide.
Also suitable in applicable cases are the azide curing agents including azidoformates, such as tetramethylenebis(azido-formate) and the like; aromatic polyazides, such as 4,4'-diphenylmethane diazide and the like; and sulfonazides such as p,p'-oxybis(benzene sulfonyl azide) and the like. Other curatives that may be used include the aldehydeamine reaction products such as formaldehyde-ammonia, formaldehyde-ethylchlorideammonia, acetaldehyde-ammonia, formaldehyde-aniline, butyraldehyde-aniline, heptaldehyde-aniline, heptaldehyde-formaldhyde-aniline, hexamethylenetetramine, alpha-ethyl-beta-propylacrolein-aniline and the like; substituted ureas, such as trimethylthiourea, diethylthiourea, dibutylthiourea, tripentylthiourea, 1,3-bis(benzothiazolyl-mercaptomethyl)urea, N,N-diphenylthiourea and the like: guanidines, such as diphenylguanidine, di-otolylguanidine, diphenylguanidine phthalate, the di-o-tolyguanidine salt of dicatechol borate and the like: xanthates, such as zinc ethylxanthate, sodium isopropylxanthate, butylxanthic disulfide, potassium isopropylxanthate, and zinc butylxanthate and the like: dithiocarbamates, such as copper dimethyl-, zinc dimethyl-, tellurium diethyl-, cadmium dicyclohexyl-, lead dimethyl-, selenium dibutyl-, zinc pentamethylene-, zinc didecyl-, zinc isopropyloctyldithiocarbamate and the like: thiazoles, such as 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc mercaptothiazolyl mercaptide, 2-benzothiazoly-N,N-diethylthiocarbamyl sulfide, 2,2'-dithiobis(benzothiazole) and the like; imidazoles, such as 2-mercaptoimidazoline, 2-mercapto-4,4,6-trimethyl-dihydropyrimidine) and the like: sulfenamides such as N-t-butyl-2-benzothiazole-, N-cyclo-hexylbenzothiazole-, N,N-diisopropyl-benzothiazole-, N-(2,6-dimethylmorpholino)-2-benzo-thiazole-sulfenamide and the like: thiuramdisulfides, such as N,N'-diethyl-, tetrabutyl-, N,N'-diisopropyldioctyl-, tetramethyl-, N,N'-dicyclohexyl-, N,N'-tetralaurylthiuramidsulfide and the like; paraquinonedioxime, dibenzoparaquinonedioxime and the like and sulfur itself. (See Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, vol. 17, 2nd edition, Interscience Publishers, 1968: also Organic Peroxides, Daniel Swern, vol. 1, Wiley-Interscience, (1970).
When a peroxide curative is employed, such curative may be used alone or with auxiliary substances such as sulfur: maleimides, including bis-maleimides: polyunsaturated compounds, such as cyanurate and the like; acrylic esters, such as trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate and the like; organic transition metal salts, such as cobalt octoate, cobalt naphthenate, copper stearate, chromium laurate and the like; and tertiary amines, such as tributylamine, and dimethyloctylamine and the like.
When using sulfur as a curative (whether in its elemental form or in the form of a sulfur donor, e.g., 4,4-dithiomorpholine), it is desirable to include an accelerator and an activator (e.g., a metal salt or oxide).
Mixed peroxide-type or mixed-sulfur-type curing systems may be employed. These include dicumylperoxide plus 2,5-bis-(tert.-butylperoxy)-2,5-dimethyl-hexane or sulfur plus tetramethylthiuramidisulfide plus dicumyl peroxide. See "Vulcanization and Vulcanizing Agents," W. Hoffman, Palmerton Publishing Co., New York, 1967, for an extensive disclosure of curing agents.
Further, one particularly preferred curative is comprised of (i) at least one member of the group consisting of sulfur and sulfur donor compounds: (ii) at least one member of the group selected from organic peroxides and hydroperoxides; and (iii) a sulfur cure accelerator. Particularly preferred sulfur cure accelerators in such tri-component curatives are sulfenamides.
The curatives of the composition of this invention are present in an amount effective to cure the polymer of such composition. Typically, such curatives will be present in amounts of between about 0.5 and about 5 parts by weight per 100 parts of polymer.
In addition to the high molecular weight elastomeric polymer, low molecular weight terpolymer, and curing agent described above, the blends of this invention may further comprise reinforcing agents, fillers, processing aids, extender oils, plasticizers, antioxidants, ultraviolet stabilizers, cross-linking agents and the like, all of which addtional components are well known to those skilled in the rubber art.
The low molecular weight ethylene/alphaolefin/non-conjugated polyene terpolymer is present in an amount such that the viscosity of the blend of components (A) and (B) is at least about 5% lower than if such component (B) were not present. Generally, a minor amount (i.e., less than about 50% by weight based upon the weight of the entire composition) of component (B) is present. Although the preferred amount of component (B) in any given composition will vary in accordance with the particular high molecular weight elastomeric polymer employed (i.e., component A), the particular low molecular weight terpolymer, employed (i.e., component B), and the amount and composition of other additives included, in most instances component (B) will typically preferably comprise between about 5 and about 50, more preferably between about 10 and about 40 weight percent of the total weight of components (A), (B) and (C).
The blend of this invention is typically prepared by first mixing all the ingredients except the curing agent in a suitable mixing device (such as a Banbury [trademark] type internal mixer, a two roll mill, or the like). Such mixing will typically require about 5 minutes, although shorter or longer mixing periods may be employed. This mixing may be performed at temperatures ranging from room temperature or cooler up to about 180° C. If mixing temperatures above the activation temperature of the curing agent are employed, upon completion of the mixing the blended rubber is cooled or allowed to cool to temperature below such activation temperature. The curing agent is then incorporated into the blend by subsequent mixing or milling.
Alternatively, the blend of this invention may be prepared by formulating a high molecular weight polymer component and a low molecular weight polymer component and blending desired amounts of the two components together. In this alternative embodiment, the location of the elements of the curing agent or of the curative is not critical, with any or all such elements or such curative being blended in either the high molecular weight component, the low molecular weight component, or both.
Vulcanization of the blend may be carried out in a press, an oven or other suitable means until crosslinking has occured to a satisfactory state of cure.
The cured compositions of this invention exhibit unexpectedly desirable tensile strength, high resistance to extraction and high ozone resistance and are thus highly suitable for use in precision molded parts, e.g., brake parts, corner molds, and nonstaining sponges.
The following Examples are intended to further illustrate the invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention in any manner.
Employing the ingredients indicated in Table I, (which are listed in parts per hundred by weight) several rubber compositions were produced as follows:
Elastomers, liquid EPDM, carbon black (N-774), zinc oxide and an antioxidant in the amounts listed in Table I were charged to a Banbury type B internal mixer. Mixing was continued until the temperature reached 154° C, then the mixing was stopped and the inside of the mixer was swept. Blending was then resumed for one more minute and the stock was removed from the mixer.
The curative ingredients (trimethylol propane trimethacrylate and dicumyl peroxide) were incorporated in the cooled rubber stocks on a mill, with care being taken not to exceed 105° C. stock temperature.
Samples of the materials of Examples 1-4 and Comparative Experiments A and B were cured 30 minutes at 165° C. and tested for their physical properties. The results appear in Table II. These same samples were given an additional hot air post cure at 204° C for 30 minutes. The results of this additional post cure appear in Table III below.
TABLE I______________________________________ Example or Comparative Experiment A B 1 2 3 4______________________________________EPDM1 100 100 95 90 75 90EPDM - Liquid2 -- -- 5 10 25 10Zinc Oxide 5 5 5 5 5 5Carbon Black N-774 60 60 60 60 60 60Antioxidant3 1 1 1 1 1 1Co-curing Agent4 2 2 2 2 2 2Plasticizer5 10 -- -- -- -- --Dicumyl Peroxide, 40% 7 7 7 7 7 8 185.0 175.0 175.0 175.0 175.0 176.0Mooney DataMooney Viscosity, 69 84 74 68 47 68ML-4 at 100° C.Mooney Scorch, MS at 13 13 14 13 12 11125° C.______________________________________ Remarks: 1 Ethylene-Propylene-5-ethylidene-2-norborene terpolymer: E/P Wt. Ratio = 57/43; Mooney Viscosity (ML1 + 4 at 100° C.) = 53; Molecular weightn (Mn) approx. 70,000. 2 Ethylene-Propylene-Dicyclopentadiene terpolymer: Iodine No. = 24; Molecular Weight = 6100 3 Polymerized trimethyldihydroquinoline Naugard ™ Q Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 4 Trimethylol propane trimethyacrylate SR350 ™ Sartomer Resins, Inc. 5 Paraffinic Oil, ASTM D2226 Type 104B Sp. gr. 0.8916, Aromatics 23.5% Sunpar ™ 2280, Sun Oil Co.
TABLE II______________________________________ Example or Comparative Experiment A B 1 2 3 4______________________________________Unaged Physical Properties, Cured at 30 minutes at 165° C.Room Temperature200% Modulus, psi 1510 2330 1840 1740 1630 1550200% Modulus, MPa 10.4 16.1 12.7 12.0 11.2 10.6Tensile Strength, psi 2520 2830 2760 2860 2470 2600Tensile Strength, MPa 17.4 19.5 19.0 19.7 17.0 17.9Elongation, % at Break 300 240 240 270 270 200Hardness, Shore A 69 72 71 69 69 70Tear Strength, Die C, ppi 250 220 200 220 210 210Tear Strength, Die C, 43.8 38.5 35.0 38.5 36.8 36.8kN/mPercent Volume Change - Fluid Aged -Immersion in Delco Supreme #11 Brake Fluid22 Hours at 150° C. +2.0 +3.0 +5.3 +5.3 +5.3 +5.27 Days at 24° C. -0.1 +0.4 +0.1 +0.1 +0.1 +0.1Chloroform Acetone 7.7 3.1 2.9 3.0 3.8 2.9Extract, %______________________________________
TABLE III______________________________________ Example or Comparative Experiment A B 1 2 3 4______________________________________Cured 30 Minutes at 165° C. Plus 30 Minutes at 204° C.Air Post CureRoom Temperature200% Modulus, psi 1350 2010 1940 1680 1680 2410200% Modulus, MPa 93 13.8 13.4 11.6 11.6 16.6Tensile Strength, psi 2660 3020 2940 2750 2650 2800Tensile Strength, MPa 13.3 20.8 20.3 18.9 18.3 19.3Elongation, % at Break 340 270 260 260 270 220Hardness, Shore A 69 72 73 70 71 73Tear Strength, Die C, ppi 250 230 220 230 220 210Tear Strength, Die C, 43.8 40.3 38.5 40.3 38.5 36.8kN/m______________________________________
The data above are noteworthy in several respects. Preliminarily, it is seen that the Mooney viscosity of the high molecular weight polymer is considerably reduced --and thus the processability of the blend considerably improved --by the addition of small amounts of low molecular weight polymer. Thus, a comparison of Example 1 with Comparative Experiment B shows a reduction in viscosity of about 11% with the incorporation of only 5% by weight of low molecular weight EPDM.
Moreover, the above data show that for a composition of a given processability (i.e., viscosity), the compositions of this invention --which are comprised of low and high molecular weight polymers --upon curing exhibit unexpectedly higher tensile strength than do prior art oil extended compositions composed of high molecular weight polymer alone. Specifically, a comparison of Example 2 with Comparative Experiment A indicates that although these compositions have a similar viscosity (68 vs 69 respectively) the tensile strength of the cured composition of this invention is unexpectedly higher (2860 psi vs 2520 psi after being cured for 30 minutes at 165° C.: 2750 psi vs 2660 psi after being cured for 30 minutes at 165° C. plus 30 minutes at 204° C. hot air post cured).
Further, the above data indicate the reduced amount of extraction exhibited by the compounds of this invention --an essential result in many uses, such as in brake compositions, where high extraction is undesirable.
In order to show the ozone resistance of the compositions of this invention, a series of blends were prepared by coflocculating the ingredients shown in Table IV below. Samples of the blends were cured for 15 minutes at 350° F. (176° C.) and their physical properties measured. The results of such testing are summarized in Table V.
TABLE IV______________________________________ Example or Comparative Experiment 5 6 C D______________________________________Natural Rubber 60 60 60 60SBR-1500 15 15 15 15High MW EPDM1 20 20 25 20Liquid EPDM-12 5 -- -- --Liquid EPDM-23 -- 5 -- --Liquid EP4 -- -- -- 5Carbon Black, N-550 35 35 35 35Extender Oil (Circosol 4240) 5 5 5 5Zinc Oxide 5 5 5 5Stearic Acid 1 1 1 1Sunproof Imp5 5 5 5 5Delac NS6 1 1 1 1Sulfur 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6______________________________________ Remarks: 1 High MW EPDM: Termonomer = dicyclopentadiene; ML 1 + 4 = 40 at 125° C.; E/P ratio = 68/32; Molecular weight (Mn) = 45,000 2 EPDM-1: Termonomer = dicyclopentadiene; IV (tetralin 135° C.) = 0.16; Molecular weight approximately 2800 3 EPDM-2: Termonomer = 5ethylidene-2-norbornene; IV (tetralin 135° C.) = 0.21; Molecular weight approximately 4500 4 EP: IV (tetralin 135° C.) = 0.14; Molecular weight approximately 2300 5 A mixture of micro and paraffinic waxes 6 t-butylbenzothiazole sulfenamide
TABLE V______________________________________ Example or Comparative Experiment 5 6 C D______________________________________Natural Rubber 60 60 60 60SBR-1500 15 15 15 15High MW EPDM 20 20 25 20Liquid EPDM-1 5 -- -- --Liquid EPDM-2 -- 5 -- --Liquid EP -- -- -- 5Bent Loop (Ozone Resistance) 1000+ 1000+ 2 2450 pphm/100° F., hoursASTM D518 Method BTensile, psi 1710 1790 1680 1260300% Modulus, psi 730 590 820 400Elongation, % 550 590 510 660______________________________________
The above data indicate the improved ozone resistance as well as the unexpectedly improved tensile strength exhibited by the compositions of this invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3364155 *||Feb 17, 1964||Jan 16, 1968||Du Pont||Adhesive containing diene rubber and olefin copolymer|
|US3378512 *||Sep 28, 1965||Apr 16, 1968||Goodrich Co B F||Tackifying cements for epm and epdm rubbers|
|US3819552 *||Oct 20, 1972||Jun 25, 1974||Int Synthetic Rubber||Adhesive composition|
|US3819592 *||Aug 27, 1973||Jun 25, 1974||Uniroyal Inc||Molecular weight regulation of ethylene-alpha-olefin copolymers|
|US3884993 *||Apr 9, 1973||May 20, 1975||Copolymer Rubber & Chem Corp||EPM and EPDM rubbers having improved processability|
|US4481335 *||Aug 10, 1981||Nov 6, 1984||Stark Jr Fred J||Rubber compositions and method|
|USRE32028 *||Nov 17, 1983||Nov 12, 1985||Uniroyal, Inc.||Dynamically partially cured thermoplastic blend of monoolefin copolymer rubber and polyolefin plastic|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5162441 *||Jan 16, 1991||Nov 10, 1992||Toyoda Gosei Co., Ltd.||Sealing part for hydraulic cylinder|
|US5239000 *||Jun 21, 1991||Aug 24, 1993||Yukong Limited||Thermoplastic elastomer and process for preparation|
|US5242971 *||Oct 5, 1990||Sep 7, 1993||Mitsui Petrochemical Industries, Ltd.||Ethylene-propylene-diene rubber, elastomer composition and vulcanized rubber thereof|
|US5621044 *||Jun 6, 1995||Apr 15, 1997||Exxon Chemicals Patents, Inc.||Intervulcanized elastomer blends|
|US5691406 *||Aug 21, 1996||Nov 25, 1997||Amtrol Inc.||Universal EPDM/butyl compound for use as an elastomeric barrier in water storage and treatment systems and the like|
|US5756575 *||Jun 12, 1996||May 26, 1998||Mitsui Petrochemical Industries, Ltd.||Ethylene/α-olefin/nonconjugated polyene copolymer rubber composition|
|US5869563 *||Jun 12, 1996||Feb 9, 1999||Mitsui Petrochemical Industries, Ltd.||Ethylene/α-olefin/nonconjugated polyene copolymer rubber composition|
|US5952396 *||Jun 16, 1997||Sep 14, 1999||Raychem Corporation||Low modulus elastomer|
|US5958530 *||Jun 17, 1994||Sep 28, 1999||Uniroyal Chemical Company, Inc.||Method of making extruded polyethlyene pipes|
|US6812294||Dec 23, 2002||Nov 2, 2004||Freudenberg-Nok General Partnership||Solventless liquid nitrile compounds|
|US6852805||Dec 23, 2002||Feb 8, 2005||Freudenberg-Nok General Partnership||Solventless liquid FKM compounds|
|US7335807||Dec 23, 2002||Feb 26, 2008||Freudenberg-Nok General Partnership||Solventless liquid isoprene compounds|
|US7629412||Jun 8, 2006||Dec 8, 2009||Chemtura Corporation||Rigid PVC blend composition|
|US8431667 *||Dec 19, 2007||Apr 30, 2013||Yulex Corporation||Guayule natural rubber latex thin film articles|
|US20030135001 *||Dec 23, 2002||Jul 17, 2003||Hochgesang Paul J.||Solventless liquid FKM compounds|
|US20030139524 *||Dec 23, 2002||Jul 24, 2003||Hochgesang Paul J.||Solventless liquid isoprene compounds|
|US20030139548 *||Dec 23, 2002||Jul 24, 2003||Hochgesang Paul J.||Solventless liquid EPDM compounds|
|US20040214958 *||May 18, 2004||Oct 28, 2004||Jourdain Eric Paul||Use of chemically modified elastomeric polymers to improve adhesion properties of thermoset elastomeric polymers components|
|US20050256267 *||Jul 25, 2005||Nov 17, 2005||Freudenberg-Nok General Partnership||Solventless liquid EPDM compounds|
|US20070031623 *||Aug 4, 2006||Feb 8, 2007||Cesare Frank C||Low molecular weight polymers and their use as dispersion AIDS|
|US20070287782 *||Jun 8, 2006||Dec 13, 2007||Peter Frenkel||Polymeric component and its applications in rigid PVC|
|US20080045102 *||Aug 15, 2006||Feb 21, 2008||Gerald Timothy Keep||Controlled flow polymer blends and products including the same|
|US20080116645 *||Jan 28, 2008||May 22, 2008||Freudenberg-Nok General Partnership||Solventless liquid isoprene compounds|
|US20090163689 *||Dec 19, 2007||Jun 25, 2009||Yulex Corp.||Guayule natural rubber latex thin film articles|
|EP0826729A1||Dec 23, 1996||Mar 4, 1998||Amtrol Inc.||Universal EPDM/BUTYL compound for use as an elastomeric barrier in water storage and treatment systems|
|EP1630888A1 *||Mar 16, 2004||Mar 1, 2006||Nok Corporation||Material for formation of seal for battery electrolyte|
|EP1630888B1 *||Mar 16, 2004||Sep 26, 2012||Nok Corporation||Material for formation of seal for battery electrolyte|
|WO1995009197A1 *||Sep 26, 1994||Apr 6, 1995||Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.||Intervulcanized elastomer blends|
|WO2000077091A1 *||Jun 9, 2000||Dec 21, 2000||Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.||Use of chemically modified elastomeric polymers to improve adhesion properties of thermoset elastomeric polymers components|
|U.S. Classification||525/193, 525/211, 525/315, 525/290, 525/237, 525/194, 525/313, 525/289|
|International Classification||C08L83/04, C08L23/16, C08L21/00|
|Cooperative Classification||C08L23/16, C08L2312/00, C08L9/06, C08G77/04, C08L7/00, C08L83/04, C08L21/00|
|European Classification||C08L21/00, C08L83/04, C08L23/16|
|Mar 16, 1994||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Mar 23, 1998||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Apr 1, 2002||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|Apr 16, 2002||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Nov 10, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DEUTSCHE BANK AG NEW YORK BRANCH, NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:UNIROYAL CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:015377/0437
Effective date: 20040816
|Jul 13, 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: UNIROYAL CHEMICAL COMPANY, CONNECTICUT
Free format text: RELEASE OF LIEN IN PATENTS;ASSIGNOR:DEUTSCHE BANK AG, NEW YORK BRANCH;REEL/FRAME:016522/0117
Effective date: 20050701
|Jul 11, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LION COPOLYMER GEISMAR, LLC, LOUISIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CHEMTURA CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:019541/0140
Effective date: 20070629
|Aug 7, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., AS AGENT, GEORGIA
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNORS:LION COPOLYMER, LLC;LION COPOLYMER GEISMAR, LLC;LION GEISMAR SERVICES,LLC;REEL/FRAME:019649/0961
Effective date: 20070629
|Aug 15, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., AS ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT, CA
Free format text: NOTICE OF GRANT OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:LION COPOLYMER GEISMAR, LLC;REEL/FRAME:019690/0467
Effective date: 20070629
|Feb 1, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: UNIROYAL CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC., CONNECTICUT
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CROMPTON MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:020451/0370
Effective date: 20011108
Owner name: CROMPTON MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC., CONNECTICUT
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:UNIROYAL CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:020451/0346
Effective date: 20001212
Owner name: CHEMTURA USA CORPORATION, CONNECTICUT
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:UNIROYAL CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:020451/0389
Effective date: 20051215
Owner name: CHEMTURA CORPORATION, CONNECTICUT
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:CHEMTURA USA CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:020451/0394
Effective date: 20061218