Ephemerous drinking-cup and advertising medium
US 496131 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. LE G. PEIRGE.
EPHEMOROUS DRINKING 0UP AND ADVBRTISINGVMBDIUM. No. 496,131. Patented Apr. 25, 189-3.
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I AAver [isemz I oww UNITE STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ALMY LE GRAND PEIROE, OF CINCINNATI, OHIO.
EPHEMEROUS DRINKING-CUP AND ADVERTISING MEDIUM.
SPECIFIGATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 496,131, dated April 25, 1893.
Application filed May 21, 1892.
To all whom, it may concern;
Be it known that I, ALMY LE GRAND PEIROE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Oincinnati, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented a certain new and useful Ephemerous Drinking-Cup and Advertising Medium; and I do declare the following to be afull, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
The object of this invention is to provide for public drinking-places, such as are found in hotels, assembly halls, rail-way depots and cars, watering places, fountains, 850., and within convenient reach thereat, drinking cups for each individual frequenter of the liquid dispensary, who after done with it, may throw the same away and thereby avoid the objectionable features of a successive use of one and the same vessel bya great many persons. Such an arrangement as to use requires of' course a large quantity of cups or tumblers, and to make the idea feasible, especially as to the matter of expense, I have selected a material and devised a construction which makes the cost of a tumbler only nominal. This cost is further reduced by using the cups as a medium for carrying advertisements, for which use they are especially adapted, owing to the fact, that they pass through the hands of a large multitude of people. The material should be very light, so as to reduce the weight where quantities of them have to be carried, like for instance in railroad cars, and their shape should be so, that large numbers may be closely packed or nested together. A special apparatus is desirable and suitably located, which is provided with a sufficient supply of cups and from which by an easy and convenient manipulation, each user extracts the cups as he needs them. I have devised such an apparatus which I make however the subject of a separate patent for which I filed an application on June 7, 1892, Serial No. 435,864. In the selection of the material, while little weight, combined with a sufficieut degree of imperviousness to liquids, are essential features, the possibility of attaching Serial No. 453.895. (No model.)
the advertisements in a convenient and ready manner must also be duly regarded. As to weight, I have found paper the best material, and particularly the sheet-paper, in contradistinction to paper-pulp, or papier-mach, because the former is not only cheaper, but permits also the more ready attachment of the advertising matter, which is printedon the blank-sheet of the shell before the cups are formed. Among the: different kinds of sheet-paper, I find the so-called tag-paper the most suited, because it possesses a sufficient degree of imperviousness against liquids, to enable the cups to readilyhold their contents for a reasonable time, sufficient for their purpose and prevent them from getting soft before their usefulness has passed.
The construction of this cup is explained in the following specification and pointed out in the claims concluding the same as well asillustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1, shows in a perspective view the front side of the cup. Fig. 2,shows in a similar view the rear side of the same. Fig. 3, is a view of the blank-sheet of the shell of the cup. Fig. 4, shows in an enlarged view the manner of forming the joint, where the upright edges of the blank are connected. Fig. 5, is a vertical, central section through the blank after the same has been bent to form the shell. Fig. 6, is a perspective View of the bottom of the cup, detached. Fig. 7, is avertical, central section through the completed cup and after the bottom, shown in the preceding figure, has been put in position.
The shape of this cup is preferably that of an inverted cone-frustum which shape per mits ready and close nesting and packing.
10, is the blank of the shell, cut so as to form the proper shape of the cup, when bent and connected. Before bending and con necting however, the advertising matter is best printed thereon, as well as a notice, containing the necessary information as to the manner in which the cup should be used, respectively disposed of after use. The advertising matter is best printed on a space in closed by some ornamental figure, like a shield for instance, as shown at 11, which more readily attracts the attention of the user to the printed matter thereon. The edges 12,
and 13, of the shell are brought together, one lapping suificie'ntlyover the other to permit a proper union to be accomplished and which union is completed by means of a suitable glue or cement. The shell appears now as shown in Figs. 2, pleted by the attachment of the bottom 14. This latter also forms the means to stiffen the otherwise flimsy structure and aid it in retaining its shape and therefore should be of a construction sulficiently rigid to accomplish such purposes. For this reason I construct the bottom as shown in Fig. 6, that is provided with an integral flange 15, the whole being cut out and formed in one operation by a suitable punch and die. The taper of this flange 15,-corresponds with the taper of the shell so as to produce a close contact and joint between the two. This latter isfinished by means of glue or cement. To obviate an open spacebetween the flange-of the bottom and the shell at a point where this lattersthickn-ess is increased byits over-lapping edges at the joint, as shown at 16, Fig. 4, one of these edges is shaved down as shown at 17, in the same figure. After the bottom is secured in place, the cup is completed byputting the false bottom 18, inits proper position and securing it thcreat. Such proper position is against bottom 14 which provides the means to secure it to, through the'medium of glue. As the false bottom is also used to carry advertising-matter it forms preferably a part of the blank of the main shell, thereby permitting all the printing to be done in one operation. Such double bottom greatly increases the stilfness of the structure and for the reaand 5, and the cup is com-.
son that the outer or false bottom is partly connected to the shell, the two bottoms, after glued to each other keep each other in place, especially while the glue is drying during the course of manufacture. The inner one or real bottom 14, is prevented from slipping up, and
1. A drinking cup or tumbler constructed entirely of paper, and consisting of thebody proper, the real bottom 14, secured to it by flanges 15, and the'false bottom 18, secured to the real bottom and thereby preventing the same from slipping inwardly, especially during the course of manufacture, allas substantially shown and described.
2. In a drinking-cup of the kind and for the purposes described, the combination with a tapering'body or shell of a bottom 14, having a flange 15, ot' the same taperas the body or shell and the outer or false bottom 18,.con-
nected to the shell, the two bottoms mutually assisting each other in retaining their position, all as substantially shown and described.
In testimony whereof I atfix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
ALMY LE GRAND PEIRCE.
CHAS. SPENGEL, ALFRED M. DAVIS.