|Publication number||US4961578 A|
|Application number||US 07/367,040|
|Publication date||Oct 9, 1990|
|Filing date||Jun 16, 1989|
|Priority date||Jun 24, 1988|
|Also published as||DE68910392D1, DE68910392T2, EP0348281A1, EP0348281B1|
|Publication number||07367040, 367040, US 4961578 A, US 4961578A, US-A-4961578, US4961578 A, US4961578A|
|Inventors||Clotaire R. G. Chateau|
|Original Assignee||Chateau Clotaire R G|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (47), Classifications (11), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a machine for the random drawing of balls, of the type used, for example, for the selection of lottery numbers.
These machines comprise small balls, marked with a number, placed in a receptacle comprising means to agitate them and extract them one by one, in a random fashion.
These machines must fulfill three criteria.
In the first place, they must be reliable and the drawing must be perfectly random.
In the second place, as the drawings are public, numbers on the balls must be readily visible.
Finally, for reasons connected to the psychology of the participants at the lottery, it is essential that each player who attends the drawing have no doubts about the origin of the ball extracted. In other words, as soon as the ball is caught, in a random fashion, by the extraction mechanism of the machine, it must still remain perfectly visible to the spectators.
The existing machines do not make it possible to fulfill these three criteria in a satisfactory fashion.
The machine of the invention which overcomes these disadvantages is of the type in which the balls are agitated by a blower and the balls are placed in a spherical and transparent receptacle, comprising a plurality of orifices for the escape of pulsed air.
The jets of air thus produced are directed obliquely with respect to the vertical and to the horizontal of a point.
According to another embodiment, the ball can enter a tube which has an inner diameter slightly greater than that of the balls, and is evacuated at an orifice provided on the lower part of the tube, the means being provided so that the introduction of a ball in the tube is one at a time, and occurs at the instant desired by the user and, only at this instant.
Other characteristics will become clear from the description which follows, by referring to the annexed drawings by way of example only.
FIG. 1 is a vertical sectional view of a machine conforming to the invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged partial view in perspective showing, particularly, escape orifice's for the pulsed air.
FIGS. 3 and 4 are partial views showing the machine in operation and the extraction of a ball respectively;
FIG. 5 is a partial view, in section, showing another embodiment of the machine conforming to the invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view, of detail A of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a view similar to that of 6, showing the lower part of a movable tube.
By referring to the drawings, it can be seen that the balls 1 are placed in a receptacle 2 which is a hollow and transparent sphere, resting on a support 3.
The lower part of the sphere 2 communicates, by means of flaps 4, with an annular space 5 in which pulsed air is sent by means of a compressor 6 lodged in the support 3.
The annular space 5 is defined by a tubular casing 7 and by a central tube 8 whose use will be described below. The flaps 4 are each journalled around axes extending radially with respect to the space 5. The control of the inclination of the previously cited flaps not posing any particular probelm, the latter has not been shown; it can be manual or remote-controlled.
When the flaps 4 are open and all inclined in the same direction and the pulsed air is sent the balls 1 turn in the sphere 2 and are stirred up. It can be seen then that all of the balls are placed along a diametric ring, as shown in 9 of FIG. 3.
It can also be observed that by closing certain adjacent flaps, one could place the balls 1 along a ring such as 10, as shown in FIG. 3.
In the two cases, the balls forming the rings turn, and thus there is obtained an important scenic effect which is heightened if the balls have different colors.
Experience has shown that if the number of balls is greater than that admissible to form a diametric ring, the balls are placed spontaneously along two parallel rings.
Finally, it has been observed that if one reverses the inclination of one of the flaps, the ring formed by the balls tips and tends to be placed in a vertical plane.
Tube 8 is connected by a flexible pipe II to an aspirator 12 able to create a sudden depression in said tube. At the instant when the drawing of a ball must be done, one interrupts the sending of the air and, at this moment, the ring "explodes", i.e. all the balls which were positioned along this ring move in a perfectly unpredictable fashion in the sphere.
According to the invention, one can take advantage of this transitory phase to "capture" a ball and, to that effect, there is created a sudden depression in the tube 8 which has the effect of sucking up the ball which passes close to the upper orifice of the tube 8.
The ball captured is firmly held by the depression and the shocks caused by the other balls have no effect.
At this moment, there is activated, for example, a back-geared motor 13 which causes the axial displacement, along arrow F1 of the tube 8. The latter pushes the captured ball and attracts it from the sphere, the latter having to this effect, at its upper part, an opening 14 (FIG. 1).
The opening 14 necessarily having the most reduced section possible, there are provided, on the upper part of the sphere, small orifices 15 so that the flow of air is not checked.
As a safety measure, the opening 14 can be partially sealed by flexible tongues (not shown) opposing the untimely ejection of a ball, but retracting under the action of tube 8.
Naturally, the machine can be completed by a transparent chute such as 16, making it possible to evacuate the ball drawn for example, by means of a blower not shown or another device.
According to another embodiment, it can be seen that the balls are placed in a receptacle 2, which is transparent, resting on a support 3 (FIG. 5).
The lower part of the receptacle 2 communicates by means of flaps 4 with an annular space 5, defined by a tubular casing 7 and by a central tube 17, axially movable and whose internal diameter is slightly greater than that of the balls 1.
The tube 17 has, towards its lower part, a lateral orifice 18 capable of mating with the inlet orifice 19 of a fixed pipe 20 making it possible to evacuate the balls.
The essential problems to be overcome include:
preventing the balls from penetrating inopportunely in the tube 17;
holding, at the instant determined by the user, one ball at a time in the upper part of the tube;
evacuating this ball.
This result is obtained by providing, in the upper part of the tube, two retractable stops 21 and 22 capable of projecting within the tube 17, as seen in FIGS. 6 and 7.
The stop 21 is situated nearest the inlet orifice 17a of the tube and it prevents the penetration of the balls in the tube and even the holding of a ball at the end of said tube.
The stop 22 is situated at a distance H from the orifice 17a which is such that when a ball is held by said stop, the top of said ball is substantially flush with the end of the tube and prevents the penetration of another ball and even, its holding in place (FIG. 7).
When the balls are agitated in the receptacle 2, the stop 21 projects in the tube.
To capture a ball, there is created a strong suction in the tube 17 to draw a ball facing the orifice 17a and, successively, but in a very brief lapse of time, one retracts the stop 21 and one projects stop 22.
The ball captured is thus quite visible at the end of the tube which is made of a transparent material.
To evacuate the ball, the stop 22 is retracted, simultaneously, stop 21 s projected, and the ball falls and passes out of the tube through orifice 18.
According to an embodiment of the machine, the orifice 18 does not meet with that 19 of the pipe 20. Thus, as shown in the drawings, it is necessary to elevate the tube to make the two orifices meet, but the reverse is likewise possible.
According to an embodiment, the stops 21 and 22 form the ends of a lever 23, journalled, substantially in its middle, on an axis 24, said lever being constantly subject to the action of a spring 25 which forces the stop 21 to project in the tube 17.
When, by an exterior action, one forces the lever 23 to pivot along arrow F2 one determines simultaneously the retraction of the stop 21 and the exit of 22.
Such an action can be achieved, for example, by means of a cable 26, fixed on the lower part of the lever 23, in a point which is carried towards the exterior with respect to the axis 24. Tensioning of the cable can be achieved by any known means.
It is apparent that in the device a deflector stop 27 can direct the ball to be evacuated towards the orifice 18.
Of course, the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described and shown but extends, on the contrary, to all alternative forms and dimensions.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2385980 *||Feb 6, 1943||Oct 2, 1945||John Fostos||Amusement device|
|US4508346 *||Jan 23, 1984||Apr 2, 1985||Salvucci Lucio P||Random number selection method and apparatus|
|EP0271365A2 *||Dec 14, 1987||Jun 15, 1988||The Winners' Choice Selector Inc.||Random number selector|
|GB1407930A *||Title not available|
|SU791383A1 *||Title not available|
|WO1984000115A1 *||Jun 3, 1983||Jan 19, 1984||Hans Rundgren||Game device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5050880 *||Aug 17, 1990||Sep 24, 1991||Randy Sloan||Random distribution machine|
|US5121920 *||Aug 3, 1990||Jun 16, 1992||Laezzo Patrick D||Air driven random ball type lot mixer|
|US5380007 *||Jan 21, 1994||Jan 10, 1995||Travis; Christopher P.||Video lottery gaming device|
|US5590879 *||Jun 12, 1995||Jan 7, 1997||Tripp; Warren W.||Method and apparatus for automatic random selection identification|
|US5673813 *||Sep 7, 1995||Oct 7, 1997||Cap Toys, Inc.||Candy-dispensing device|
|US5743526 *||Dec 23, 1996||Apr 28, 1998||Eagle Co. Ltd.||Bingo game machine|
|US5799940 *||Sep 30, 1996||Sep 1, 1998||Tripp; Warren W.||Method and apparatus for automatic random selection identification|
|US5845903 *||Jul 18, 1996||Dec 8, 1998||Sloan; Randy||Game of chance device|
|US6599189||Jul 10, 1998||Jul 29, 2003||Clotaire Raoul Georges Chateau||Numbers drawing machine|
|US6692354 *||Jun 7, 2002||Feb 17, 2004||Igt||Method of playing a group participation game|
|US6764396||Oct 18, 2001||Jul 20, 2004||Atlantic City Coin & Slot Service Company, Inc.||Gaming display device|
|US6837788||Aug 24, 2001||Jan 4, 2005||Igt||Method of playing a dual wagering game|
|US7134959||Jun 25, 2003||Nov 14, 2006||Scientific Games Royalty Corporation||Methods and apparatus for providing a lottery game|
|US7147557||Feb 9, 2004||Dec 12, 2006||Scientific Games Royalty Corporation||Method of playing a group participation game|
|US7213811||Dec 7, 2005||May 8, 2007||Scientific Games Royalty Corporation||Extension to a lottery game for which winning indicia are set by selections made by winners of a base lottery game|
|US7410168||Aug 24, 2005||Aug 12, 2008||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Poker style scratch-ticket lottery games|
|US7429044||Aug 30, 2005||Sep 30, 2008||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Scratch-ticket lottery and promotional games|
|US7481431||Jan 31, 2006||Jan 27, 2009||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Bingo-style lottery game ticket|
|US7485037||Oct 11, 2005||Feb 3, 2009||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Fixed-odds sports lottery game|
|US7547018 *||Sep 28, 2004||Jun 16, 2009||Jumbo Technology Co., Ltd.||Drawing machine for multiple games|
|US7601059||Jan 20, 2006||Oct 13, 2009||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Word-based lottery game|
|US7621814||Jul 20, 2005||Nov 24, 2009||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Media enhanced gaming system|
|US7631871||Aug 22, 2005||Dec 15, 2009||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Lottery game based on combining player selections with lottery draws to select objects from a third set of indicia|
|US7654529||May 17, 2006||Feb 2, 2010||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Combination scratch ticket and on-line game ticket|
|US7662038||Jan 6, 2006||Feb 16, 2010||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Multi-matrix lottery|
|US7699314||Jan 6, 2006||Apr 20, 2010||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Lottery game utilizing nostalgic game themes|
|US7726652||Oct 25, 2005||Jun 1, 2010||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Lottery game played on a geometric figure using indicia with variable point values|
|US7766740||Oct 13, 2006||Aug 3, 2010||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for providing a lottery game|
|US7780165 *||May 12, 2006||Aug 24, 2010||William Owen Cudlipp||Gaming system|
|US7824257||Jan 11, 2006||Nov 2, 2010||Scientific Games International, Inc.||On-line lottery game in which supplemental lottery-selected indicia are available for purchase|
|US7837117||Mar 29, 2006||Nov 23, 2010||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Embedded optical signatures in documents|
|US7874902||Mar 16, 2006||Jan 25, 2011||Scientific Games International. Inc.||Computer-implemented simulated card game|
|US7878895||Oct 13, 2006||Feb 1, 2011||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for providing a lottery game|
|US7885851||Nov 17, 2006||Feb 8, 2011||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Retailer optimization using market segmentation top quintile process|
|US8033905||Apr 27, 2006||Oct 11, 2011||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Preprinted lottery tickets using a player activated electronic validation machine|
|US8056900||Apr 19, 2010||Nov 15, 2011||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Grid-based lottery game and associated system|
|US8109513||Jun 1, 2010||Feb 7, 2012||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Lottery game played on a geometric figure using indicia with variable point values|
|US8177136||Oct 28, 2010||May 15, 2012||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Embedded optical signatures in documents|
|US8221210||Mar 8, 2005||Jul 17, 2012||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Lottery game having secondary game with multiplier and second payout|
|US8262453||Feb 8, 2006||Sep 11, 2012||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Combination lottery and raffle game|
|US8308162||Dec 29, 2009||Nov 13, 2012||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Combination scratch ticket and on-line game ticket|
|US8460081||May 11, 2011||Jun 11, 2013||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Grid-based multi-lottery game and associated method|
|US8808080||May 11, 2011||Aug 19, 2014||Scientific Games International, Inc.||Grid-based lottery game and associated method|
|US20040266508 *||Jun 24, 2003||Dec 30, 2004||D'avanzo Scott||Electronic gaming machine|
|EP1207947A1 *||Aug 23, 2000||May 29, 2002||Atlantic City Coin & Slot Service Company, Inc.||Gaming display device|
|WO1995019825A1 *||Jan 20, 1995||Jul 27, 1995||Christopher P Travis||Video lottery gaming device|
|WO2006095030A1 *||Mar 10, 2005||Sep 14, 2006||Tock Theo||Amusement machine comprising random ball selection|
|U.S. Classification||273/144.00R, 273/144.00A, 273/144.00B|
|International Classification||G07C15/00, A63F9/00, A63F7/04|
|Cooperative Classification||G07C15/001, A63F2009/0087, A63F7/048|
|European Classification||A63F7/04R, G07C15/00B|
|Apr 5, 1994||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 4, 1995||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INTERNATIONALE DES JEUX S.A., FRANCE
Free format text: LICENSE;ASSIGNOR:CHATEAU, CLOTAIRE;REEL/FRAME:007453/0203
Effective date: 19940401
|Apr 9, 1998||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Apr 9, 2002||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12