US 496459 A
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J. H. 8v W. H. WA'GGENER 8: W. K. CARDWELL.
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J. H. 81; W.-H. WAGGENER & W. K. GARDWEL'L.
No. 496,459. Patented May 2, 1893.
UNrTnn STATES ATENT rrrcnc JAMES H. WAGGENER, WILLIAM H. VVAGGENER, AND \VESLEY K. CARDWELL, OF HARRODSBURG, KENTUCKY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 496,459, dated May 2, 1893.
Application filedDecember 9,1892. Serial No. 154M N 1110591) To all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that we, JAMES H. WAGGENER, WILLIAM H. WAGGENER, and WESLEY K. OARDWELL, citizens of the United States, residing at Harrodsburg,in the county of Mercer and State of Kentucky, have invented a new and useful Folding WVagon-Body, of which the following is a specification.
The invention relates to improvements in wagon bodies.
The object of the present invention is to improve the construction of folding wagon bodies and to provide one which will be simple and inexpensive in construction, strong and durable, and in which the sides may be compactly folded on the body.
The invention consists in the construction and novel combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings and pointed out in the claims hereto appended.
In the.drawingsFigure lis a perspective view of a wagon body constructed in accordance with this invention, the parts being shown in operative position. Fig. 2 is a similar view, the body being folded. Fig. 3 is a trated in Fig. 2 of the accompanying draw-,
ings. The sides 2 are hinged to the bottom at their inner ends by metal cleats 3 and 4 which terminate at their lower ends in eyes 5 and 6 and are secured to the bottom by staples or clips 7; and the metal cleats extend vertically to the upper edges of the sides of the body and serve to strengthen the same. The metal cleats 3 which are located at the ends of the sides are L-shaped in cross-section or flanged and form with adjacent flanged cleats 8 ways for the reception of end gates, 9. The sides are secured in a vertical position by inclined braces 10 which have their ends bifurcated and which are pivoted at their each have one arm secured to an extending end of a cross-bar 13 and provided with an eye let and has its vertical arm 15 arranged at the edge of the bottom 1 and projecting above the same and forming a stop to limit the outward swing of the'sides; and a bolt 16 is arranged at each side of the vehicle with its head located to be engaged by the vertical arm 15 to prevent injury to the body. The braces 10 incline upward from the outer ends of the horizontal arms of the L-shaped braces, to which they are secured by removable bolts 17, to the eye bolts 11 which are arranged near the upper edges of the sides. The bolts 17 are removed to detach the inclined braces when the sides are to be folded and may be replaced to avoid loss. The sides are connected at the end gates by chains 18 each of which is provided at each end with an eye bolt 19 which extends through the adjacent side of the body and is engaged by nuts 20 having handles 21, whereby the chains may be tightened or slackened as desired. The chains have their eye bolts passing through the cleats 3 and are'particularly adapted for the folding sides as they need not be removed when the sides are folded and they may also be used as a means for suspending the wagon body in a barn orother desired place.
It will be seen that the folding wagon body possesses great strength and durability and that the sides fold compactly against the bottom; and we desire it to be understood that changes in the form, proportion and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the principle or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention.
What we claim is L'In a wagon body the combination of a bottom, sides hinged at their inner faces to the bottom and adapted to fold inward on the same, L-shaped braces arranged at the side edges of the bottom and having one arm extending upward beyond the same to form a stop and having the other arm extended outward and provided with an eye and inclined braces having their lower ends detachably secured to the outer ends of the arms of the L- shaped braces and having their upper ends hinged to the sides of the body near their upper edges, substantially as described.
2. In a Wagon body, the combination of a bottom, sides hinged at their inner faces to the bottom and adapted to fold inward on the bottom and provided at their ends with Ways, end gates arranged in the Ways, chains arranged at each end of the body and connecting the sides and provided at each end with a bolt passing through the sides and handle nuts arranged on the outer faces of the sides and screws on the bolts, substantially as described.
3. In a Wagon body, the combination of a bottom, sides hinged at their inner faces to the bottom and provided on their outer faces near their upper edges with eye bolts, L-
shaped braces arranged at the side edges of the bottom and having vertical arms pro ecting above the same to form stops for the sides and having horizontal bars provided at their outer ends with eyes, inclined braces having their ends bifurcated and secured to the eyes of the sides and detachably fastened to the eyes of the L-shaped braces, end gates, chains connecting the sides and provided with bolts passing through the sides and handle nuts arranged on the bolts securing the sides together, substantially as described.
In testimony that we claim the foregoing as our own we have hereto aflixed oursignatures in the presence of two witnesses.
JAMES H. WVAGGENER. WILLIAM H. WAGGENER. \VESLEY K. OARDXVELL.
JOHN S. HARRIS, CLAYTON II. BOARD.