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Publication numberUS496759 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 2, 1893
Filing dateNov 14, 1892
Publication numberUS 496759 A, US 496759A, US-A-496759, US496759 A, US496759A
InventorsTheodore R. Timby
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 496759 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

3 Sheets-Sheet 1.

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No. 496,759. 'Patented-May 2, 1893.

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No. 496,759. PatentedMay 2, 1893.

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Patented May 2, 1893.

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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 496,759, dated May 2, 1893.

Application iiled November 14, 1892. Serial No. 451,983- (No model.)

To all whom, it may concern.:

Be it known that I, THEoDoRE R. T1MBY,-a citizen of the United States, residing at Washington, in the District of Columbia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Processes of and Apparatus for Aging Wines, Spirits, or other Liquors, of which the following is a specication.

In Letters Patent of the United StatesNo. 485,999 and No. 486,000, granted to me the 8th of November, 1892, for processes of and apparatus for aging wines, spirits or other liquors, I have described a mode of treatment under which the liquor, in bulk, as forexample in barrels in which it is commonly stored, is -subjected to rapid mechanical vibration produced by the movement of rail- Way cars on a track, preferably notched or re` cessed, and causing a sustained tremulous action which is diffused through the body of the liquor. I have discovered that the action upon the liquor can be increased and the desired change expedited by subjecting it to a combined tremulous action as already described, and a lateral rocking or oscillating movement which serves to constantly change the surface of the liquor exposed to the air, in the barrels or other packages and thus accelerates the diffusion of the atmosphere or oxidizing gas through the body. I prefer to effect this operation by constructing an endless railway track with one or both rails undulating and when undulations are made in both rails having the elevations in one rail opposite the depressions in the other, so as to apply a lateral oscillatory or rocking movement to trucks running thereon and tothe load carried thereby. If preferred a similar effect may be produced by means of trucks running on a level track and cradles mounted on the truck platforms so as to rock or swing, which movement in conjunction with the progressive motion and the tremulous action produced thereby operates on the liquor in a-very rapid and effective manner.

It will be understood that the tremulous action sought is produced by relative progressive movement between the carrying trucks and the track and hence it is immaterial whether the trucks run on the track or the track runs beneath the trucks or both. For driving the track beneath the trucks mounted thereon a turntable may be employed, driven by suitable gearing or belt.

In the accompanying drawingszFigure I 55 a perspective view of an apparatus illustrating the invention consisting of an endless revolving track constructed with undulating` rails, and springless trucks running thereon driven by an endless cable, and on which the liquor is stored in barrels. Fig. II is a plan illustrating the use of a turntable carrying the undulating rails, and stationary trucks mounted thereon beneath which the rails run. Fig. III is a vertical section of the same. Fig. IV is a detail elevation on a larger scale ot' a part of the track'shown in Fig. I, for the purfoundation 2 and having the rails notched or y recessed as indicated by dotted lines at 3 in Figs. IV and V for the purpose of imparting a jarring motion to the springless trucks for running thereon and thereby imparting a stronger tremulous motion through the body of the liquor in the barrels 5 which are loaded or stored upon the said trucks as described in Letters Patent No. 485,999, granted to me the 8th day of November, 1892.

The notched or recessed track is not essontial to my present invention though it operates very advantageously in conjunction therewith.

In my present improvement I construct one or both of the track rails with undulations so as to impart an oscillating or rolling motion to the trucks and their load of liquor as illus- Y trated in Figsl, III, VI and VII. The undulations are exaggerated in the `drawings and are indicated particularly in the detail diagram Fig. IV. They are shown much shorter, deeper and more abrupt than they are required to be. In practice one wave in each fifty feet of track will suffice to imparta rolling motion simulating that to which liquor is subjected on ship-board, which is wellknown to be highly efficacious in accelerat- IOO ` means.

ing the aging of liquors. The undulations may be produced by Waving both rails of the track, the elevations in one rail being directly opposite the depressions of the other as shown in the drawings, or the effect may be produced by means of one rail only of the pair. In practice a variation of two inches in the height of the rails is believed to be sufficient but this may be increased or the undulations brought nearer together when the motion im-l plarted to the trucks is to be comparatively s 0W.

The variation of the surface level of the liquor with reference ,to the barrels and truck platforms, under the rolling motion is indicated by dotted lines in Figs. III, VI and VII.

VTo increase the effect of the rolling motion and expose a larger surface of liquor to the air the barrels are not quite filled with liquor. The trucks may be driven by any suitable For illustration I have shown an endless cable 9 carried over vertical and horizontal guiding sheaves l2, l2a 13, 13ct to and from any suitable cable driving mechanism not here shown. Suitable mechanism for this-purpose is shown and describedin my patent No. 485,999, hereinbefore referred to. I have also shown suitable cable seats l0 upon the sides of the trucks and suitable guiding sheaves 26 on which thecable runs in the intervals between the cars or trucks. I have also indicated a switch ll by means of which the trucks may be run on and o the endless track as required. In practice the endless track may be illed with trucks or otherwise as circumstance requires and it is not necessary that all the trucks should be provided with cable seats l0. I have illustrated in Figs. Il and III the use of a turntable 36 for driving the track l beneath the trucks 4 which may be held st-ationary by means of an abutment 40 adapted to be thrown up when it is required to run the cars off the turntable. A switch 1l is used as before for running the trucks on and off the turntable. The turntable may thus be completely filled with loaded trucks if required. As each truck is run on by the switch ll it moves around as illustratedv at 4 and 4b in Fig. II until it is stopped by the rear end of the series of trucks 4 bearing against the abutment 40. Pinion 3S and gear wheel 39 are shown as suitable means for driving the turntable 36. I have also shown customary antifriction balls 37 for the turntable to run on.

The extent and proximity of the undulation in the track rails are much exaggerated in Fig. III, for clearness of representation.

Having thus described my invention the following is what I claim as new therein, and desire to secure by LettersPatentl.. The process of aging wines, spirits and other liquors which consists i,n storing the same on suitable trucks or cars, producing vprogressive relative movement between said trucks and the tracks onA which they are mounted to cause a diffused tremulous'action through the liquor and imparting a simultaneous lateral rolling or oscillating movement to the body of liquor, as explained.

2. In an apparatus for aging wines, spirits and other liquors the combination of one or more trucks on which theliquor is stored and a railway track one rail of which projects at intervals above the level of the other, Whereby lateral oscillation is imparted to the truck platforms and to the liquor stored thereon, as explained.

3. In an apparatus for aging Wines, spirits and other liquors the combination of one or more trucks on which the liquor is stored and a track constructed with undulating rails with the elevations in one rail opposite the depressions in the other, whereby lateral oscillation is imparted to the trucks running on said track as explained.



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US4596469 *Apr 5, 1983Jun 24, 1986F. Korbel & Bros., Inc.Method and apparatus for mechanical riddling of bottled wine
US4650181 *Jan 21, 1986Mar 17, 1987Yang Tzu TsanDynamic rowing machine
US5560300 *Sep 26, 1994Oct 1, 1996Schneider; John R.Skate train
US7175334 *Mar 31, 2004Feb 13, 2007Dpc Cirrus, Inc.Vessel agitator assembly
US8215821Dec 15, 2006Jul 10, 2012Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics Inc.Vessel agitator assembly
US20040244597 *Jun 3, 2003Dec 9, 2004Oleg NaljotovRiddling/remuage machine
US20050219944 *Mar 31, 2004Oct 6, 2005Babson Arthur LVessel agitator assembly
US20070291580 *Jun 15, 2006Dec 20, 2007Oleg NaljolovRemuage-riding machine
US20140192609 *Oct 24, 2013Jul 10, 2014Wistron CorporationVibration generating device
Cooperative ClassificationC12C7/17