|Publication number||US4987654 A|
|Application number||US 07/260,394|
|Publication date||Jan 29, 1991|
|Filing date||Oct 20, 1988|
|Priority date||Nov 12, 1987|
|Also published as||DE3783770D1, DE3783770T2, EP0315722A1, EP0315722B1|
|Publication number||07260394, 260394, US 4987654 A, US 4987654A, US-A-4987654, US4987654 A, US4987654A|
|Original Assignee||Premiere De Tabbah Sa|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (6), Classifications (17), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a fastener or clasp for connecting two flexible straps, more especially flexible straps made of leather. Such a fastener may be used, for example, in a bracelet or a belt.
In known fastening means for connecting flexible, leather straps, the straps include boles which are provided in order to accommodate a tongue when the straps are connected together. However, this conventional design has the disadvantage that the straps are liable to split, generally at the place where a hole is situated, because of the strain to which they are subjected.
In consequence, the present invention proposes to achieve a tongueless fastener for connecting flexible straps which do not have any holes, the fastener permitting the elimination of any splitting of the straps. To achieve this object, the fastener of the invention comprises a first means, having a passage for a first strap and permitting the length of this strap to be set, and a second means pivotally connected to the first means, at one end of which which there is attached a second strap, the first means comprising a securement mechanism which permits the first strap to be tightened and retained in position relative to the second means.
During the connecting procedure, the free strap is inserted into a guide passage which is included in a component part of the fastener and is limited by the tightening lever. When the desired length of the inserted free strap is attained, the tightening lever is pressed against the portion of this strap which emerges from the passage, and the strap is tightened by this lever against the passage and against the end of a second component part of the fastener, to which end there is pivotally connected the end of the second strap. The tension in the straps maintains the pressed lever in its locked position. The second component part, in the form of a lever, permits the fastener to be opened as a result of a pivotal movement about a pivot joint. The above statements clearly show that the fastener of the present invention permits straps with no holes to be provided, the free strap simply being held securely by means of a lever under the influence of the traction force existing in this strap when it is being worn. Such a construction is especially suitable for eliminating all risk of the straps breaking.
The invention will be described in more detail hereinafter with reference to the drawing of one embodiment.
FIG. 1 is a plan view of the fastener according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the fastener shown in FIG. 1; and
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line III-III of FIG. 1.
The Figures show that the fastener comprises of the present invention a U-shaped component part 1 in the lower portion of which there is mounted a spindle 2 between the two arms of the "U", a tightening lever 3 being pivotally connected to the spindle 2. The upper portion of the U-shaped component part is hook-shaped, as illustrated more clearly in FIG. 3. The U-shaped portion of component 1 defines a guide passage which is closed at the bottom end by the portion of the lever 3 which is engaged on the spindle 2.
In addition, the fastener comprises a loop-shaped component part 4 which serves as a lever, this component part comprising a spindle 5 mounted between the ends b1 and b2 of the loop 4. This spindle 5 engages in the open neck of the hook-shaped portion of the component part 1. The component part 4 also comprises crosspiece members 6 which rigidly connect the loop-shaped portion of 4 to an open cylinder containing a spindle 8, about which there is pivotally mounted the end of the second strap 10. When the fastener is in its open position, the lever 3 is pressed downwardly in FIGS. 2 and 3, in the direction of the arrow, and, when the strap 9 is inserted into the passage in the component part 1, as mentioned above, it is substantially in a horizontal position or slightly inclined downwardly. When the desired length of the strap 9 is attained, the lever 3 is pressed upwardly into the position illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3. In this position, the lever 3 presses the strap 9 both against the base of the hook-shaped portion of the component part 1 and against the open cylinder 7, and this phenomenon is as a result of the traction exerted upon the straps 9 and 10 in opposite directions, as indicated by the arrows f1 and f2 in FIG. 3. The resultant of these traction forces can be expressed as a torque seeking to pivot the lever 3 upwardly as shown in FIG. 3, thereby producing the force for tightening the strap 9 in the passage and against the open cylinder 7. The higher the forces f1 and f2, the greater the tightening force. To increase the friction between the lever 3 and the strap 9, it is possible to provide the lever 3 with a rough internal surface by incorporating grooves therein, for example, or with any other suitable configuration.
To open the fastener, it is sufficient to seek to pivot the lever 4 in the direction of the arrow in FIG. 2. This action permits the component part 4, 6, 7 to pivot slightly about its spindle 5, which is engaged in the neck of the book-shaped portion of the component part 1, this pivotal movement causing the open cylinder 7 to tilt downwardly, with the result that the strap 9 causes the lever 3 to pivot downwardly and disengages the lever 3 from its looked position. The strap 9 is then released.
As indicated above, the fastener may be intended for use as a bracelet, a belt, etc. It does not have a tongue, and the straps do not have any holes. Securement is effected by tightening the free strap, with the result that all wear is eliminated and any risk of the strap breaking is prevented.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US530960 *||May 3, 1894||Dec 18, 1894||Suspender-buckle|
|US623489 *||Oct 24, 1898||Apr 18, 1899||Suspender-buckle|
|US1324080 *||Aug 6, 1919||Dec 9, 1919||Facturing coebant|
|US1393425 *||Oct 14, 1920||Oct 11, 1921||Belt-buckle|
|US1850722 *||Oct 23, 1929||Mar 22, 1932||Kestenman Bros Mfg Co||Fastening-device for wrist-watch straps, bands, bracelets, and the like|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6179177 *||May 25, 1999||Jan 30, 2001||Casio Computer Co., Ltd.||Band|
|US6298640 *||Aug 17, 1999||Oct 9, 2001||John R. Schneider||Grab saddle system|
|US8079793||Oct 28, 2008||Dec 20, 2011||Wabash National, L.P.||Multi-layer hold down assembly|
|US8662804||Nov 16, 2011||Mar 4, 2014||Wabash National, L.P.||Multi-layer hold down assembly|
|US8956094||Jan 16, 2014||Feb 17, 2015||Wabash National, L.P.||Multi-layer hold down assembly|
|US20090267318 *||Oct 28, 2008||Oct 29, 2009||Michael Thoma||Multi-layer hold down assembly|
|U.S. Classification||24/170, 24/265.0BC, 24/191, D08/349|
|International Classification||F16B2/08, A44C5/22, F16G11/00, A44B11/04, A44C5/20, B65D63/16|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T24/4072, A44C5/22, A44C5/2042, Y10T24/4016, Y10T24/4736|
|European Classification||A44C5/20F, A44C5/22|
|Oct 20, 1988||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PREMIERE DE TABBAH SA, SWITZERLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:MEJIAS, ANDRE;REEL/FRAME:005019/0387
Effective date: 19881013
|Sep 6, 1994||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jan 29, 1995||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Apr 11, 1995||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19950202