US 499655 A
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2 Sheets-Sheet 1. D. S. CLARK.
v (No Model.)
No. 499,656. Patented June 13, 1893;
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NESSES WCCTJKM 2 Shets-Sheet 2. D. S. CLARK.
PatentedJune 13, 1893.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
DWIGHT S. CLARK, OF OAMBRIDGE, ASSIGNOR TO WILLIAM H. FORBES, OF
' BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Batent No. 499,655, dated June 13, 1893. Application filed August 6, 1892. Serial No. 442,351. (No model.)
' To all whom it may concern.-
I Be it known that I, DWIGHT S. CLARK, of (Jambridge, in the county of Middlesex and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Boxes, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention consists of a box made of paper or card board, or other suitable sheet material, constructed and arranged all substantially as hereinafter fully described reference being bad to the accompanying sheets of drawings in which is illustrated a box constructed in accordance with this invention.
Figure 1, represents in plan view the paper or other sheet material cut into the blank form, previous to being folded and secured together in the box form. Fig. 2, represents a longitudinal vertical anda partial perspective view with a portion broken away; Fig. 3, a detail longitudinal vertical section with the box opened; Fig. 4., a detail horizontal cross section. Figs. 5 and 6 represent two end blanks.
In the drawings A represents a box having a bottom B; sides 0, D; ends E, F, andacover G, constructed as follows:In Fig. 1, H represents a blank for the bottom, sides, ends and cover cut from a sheet of paper or card board oroth er suitable sheet material in which blank B is the bottom, 0, D the sides, E,F the ends, G the cover in two parts or flaps J, K, each side 0, D, also having a short flap L, M, respectively. Extending from each end, of each end E, F of the box, is a corner connecting piece N, P, Q, B, respectively.
S and T represent two supplementary ends each of which has a short flap U, V, respectively.
The dotted lines in the figures represent the lines of fold or bend of the sheet into a box form, and at such lines the blank is scored or indented or cut partially through the thickness of the sheet on one side to enable the sheet to be easily folded or bent thereat without injuring or breaking the same.
In forming the box from the blank the sides O, D, are folded or bent upward on their respective lines a, b, and also the corner pieces N, P, Q, R, the lines extending across such corner piece as shown, and the ends E, F, are folded along their respective lines d, e, the
corner pieces being put inside the folded sides, to which sides the corner pieces are respect ively secured by paste. The flaps L, M, of the sides are then folded upward and over on their respective linesf, g, and the cover by its two parts J, K, folded upward and over on the lines 72, m, respectively. The flaps U, V, of the two supplementary ends S, T, are then folded or bent upward along their respective lines a, r, and the end T, is secured by paste to the inner side of the end F, its edge t, being placed in line with the line 6, of fold, of the end F, and the other end S is secured by paste to the inner side of the end E, its edge it, being placed on the line d, of fold of such end. To the inner side of the bottom, each side, and the supplementary ends, is secured by paste, stiffening or strengthening pieces WV, preferably of thicker paper, or card board, which pieces are sufficiently short and narrow to allow the sheets to be folded or bent freely along its lines as described. On the sides these strips WV are secured over the corner pieces N, P, Q, R doubly securing the corners.
Any suitable paste or adhesive material can be used to secure the parts together.
In opening the box to display the goods the cover flaps are turned back at each end, the covers bending back freely on their lines 01,
m. The short flaps of the sides and ends lie over the top of the box, and can be folded back or not when the cover is opened. The parts can be folded or bent in any order than as herein particularly described.
In transporting these boxes it is preferable to do so when in the sheet form shown in Fig.
1, the party to whom they are sent folding and securing them together as described.
The ends of the flaps L, M, U and V, are cut off on an angle of about forty five degrees, as at to, Figs. 1, 5 and 6 more particularly, so that when the four are folded over they will not interfere with or overlap each other.
It is not intended to limit this invention to securing the parts together by paste or other adhesive material as they can be secured by rivets or other fasteniugs as is obvious.
Having thus described my invention, what 100 I claim is- 1. A box of paper, or card board, or other suitable sheet material, its bottom, sides, ends, and cover being made of one piece and folded to make their respective parts, each side having a side flap to lie over the box, the ends each having two corner pieces, each of which is secured to the inner side of the side next thereto, a supplementary end piece secured to each end, each of which has a flap to lie over the box, each end of the bottom piece being folded and extending over the top of the box to form a cover.
2. A box of paper, or card board, or other suitable sheet material, its bottom, sides, ends, and cover being'made of one piece and folded to make their respective parts, each side having a side flap to lie over the box, the ends each having two corner pieces, each of which is secured to the-inner side of the side next thereto a supplementary end piece secured to each end, each of which has a flap to lie over the box, each end of the bottom piece being folded and extending over the top of the box to form a cover and strengthening and stiffening pieces secured to the respective inner sides.
3. A box of paper or card board, or other suitable sheet material, its bottom, sides, ends, and cover being made of one piece and folded to make their respective parts, each side having a side flap to lie over the box, the ends each having two corner pieces, each of which is secured to the inner side of the side next thereto, each end of the bottom piece being folded and extending over the top of the box to form a cover.
4:. A blank for boxes scored or indented for folding, so as to form the bottom B, sides 0, D, ends E, F N, P, Q, R and cover G, in two flaps J, K, each flap being a continuation of its respective end and each side having a flap L M respectively, having angular ends.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of thetwo subscribing witnesses.
DWIGHT S, CLARK.
EDWIN W. BROWN, CARRIE E. NIcHoLs.