US 500956 A
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F. SO -AUDNER.
Patented July 4, 1893.
No. 500,956. w
Witt wows WNW UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FREDERICK SOHRAUDNER, OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 500,956, dated July 4, 1893.
Application filed June 20, 1892. Renewed May 22, 1893- Serial No. 475,166- (No model.)
To all whom itmay concern: I
Be it known that I, FREDERICK SOHRAUD- NER, of the city of St. Louis and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Meat-Racks, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference beinghad to the accompan yin gdrawings, forming a part hereof.
My invention relates to improvements in meat hooks, and consists in the novel construction and combination of parts as will be more fully hereinafter described and designated in the claims.
The object of my improvements is to con struct a meat hook, which is adapted to be removably secured in the rail of the frame, and which when desired can be instantly removed.
In the drawings: Figure 1 is a side elevation of my complete invention, showing its application to a wooden rail, which is shown in cross-section. Fig. 2 is a rear plan view of my invention, showing more fully the manner of its fastening to the back of the rail.
Referring to the drawings: 1 indicates a wooden rail, shown in cross-section, such as is ordinarily used in the construction of meatracks, and showing applied thereto a meathook constructed after the method of my invention.
2 indicates a meat-hook having a hook 3 which is practically U-shaped in cross-section, and has one of its terminals 4: pointed while the other end 5 is flattened out and forms a shoulder 6. The shoulder is either round or square, and forms a support or rest.
for the weight depending from the hook 3 as will be more fully hereinafter described. Formed integrally with, or secured to said shoulder 6 near its upper edge is a shank 7. A portion of said shank 7 next to said shoulder 6 is square 8, and from a point about midway in the length of said shank 7 it is rounded 9. The said rounded portion 9 is provided with a transverse slot or key-way 10. The
perpendicular side 11 of said key-way next to the squared portion 8- of the shank 7 is perfectly straight, while the side 12 of said slot adjacent the rear or free end of the shank is inclined, the slant being toward the lower and front sides of said slot 10. The aperture 13 in the rail 1 into which said shank 7 is adapted to fit is square and therefore securely holds the squared portion 8 of the shank 7 in a stationary position, and keeps the hook from turning or having any motion at all.
A key 14 of a suitable size to fit into the key-way 10 and having oneof its edges straight and the other slanting is adapted to be fitted into said key-way 10 and forms a wedge which may be driven into said slot to secure the hook'to the meat-rail in a perfectly rigid position.
, Between the key 14 and the meat-rail l is placed a washer'15 which is provided with a central perforation 16 which fits over the rounded portion 9 of the shank 7.
The surface of the shoulder 6, the larger portion of which is below the shank 7, prevents any motion whatever of the hook 2 when a weight is hung thereon. The smaller portion of the shoulderabove the shank 7 prevents the hook from being bent outwardly from the rail 1 when the key is being forced into its seat.
The sides of the squared portion 8 of the shank 7, and the periphery of the rounded portion 9 of said shank 7 are of the same diameter, and therefore make a straight shank which fits snugly into said square perforation 13 in the rail 1.
Having fully described the construction of my invention I will now proceed with its op eration.
A person desiring to remove the meat-hook from the rail as shown in Fig. 1 simply has to tap the lower end of the key upwardly which releases said key from its position in the key-way 10, and after removing the washer the complete meat-hook can be pulled out through the perforation 13 by pulling outwardly upon the. hook 3. To replace said meat-hook in the rail the shank 7 is pushed through the perforation 13 from the front side of said rail which leaves the shoulder 6 against the front side of said rail. The washer 15 is then placed upon the projecting end of the shank 7, and the key inserted in the key-way 10, the smaller end of same being placed in first, and is acting as a wedge when forced downward. Therefore, the key is in direct contact with the washer 15 which prevents the zey from making any impression in the woo Having fully described my invention, what I claim is 1. An improved meat-hook havingashank 7, a portion 8 of said shank being square, the remaining portion 9 being round,said rounded portion 9 provided with a transverse keyway or slot 10, having its inner side perpendicular, and its outer side downwardly slanting, said slot being adapted to receive and secure a key 14, shoulders 6, formed with a hook 3, said shank 7 being secured to the shoulder 6, and said key 14 being adapted to be forced downwardly into the key-way 10 to hold said shoulder against the front side of the rail 1, and secure the hook in a perfectly rigid position, substantially as set forth.
2. An improved meat-hook having a shank 7, a square portion 8 of which is formed with or secured to the shoulder 6 of the hook 3,
and the rounded portion 9 of said shank 7 pro-.
shank 7 in a perfectly rigid position, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
HERBERT S. ROBINSON, ALFRED A. EICKS.