|Publication number||US5027912 A|
|Application number||US 07/504,045|
|Publication date||Jul 2, 1991|
|Filing date||Apr 3, 1990|
|Priority date||Jul 6, 1988|
|Publication number||07504045, 504045, US 5027912 A, US 5027912A, US-A-5027912, US5027912 A, US5027912A|
|Original Assignee||Baker Hughes Incorporated|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (95), Classifications (6), Legal Events (8) |
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Drill bit having improved cutter configuration
US 5027912 A
Drill bits may include cutting members which have cutting faces formed of segments of differing cutting materials. The faces of the cutting members may include two or more segments, with the segments formed from at least two different materials. For example, a first segment could be formed of a polycrystalline diamond compact surface while a second segment could be formed of a thermally stable diamond product material.
What is claimed is:
1. A rotary drill bit for drilling a subterranean formation, comprising:
a body member secured to shank means for rotating said bit about a longitudinal axis;
a plurality of cutting members disposed on said body member, said cutting members each including a cutting face oriented substantially in the direction of bit rotation;
each cutting face having an edge and comprising at least two laterally adjacent segments formed of different diamond cutting materials and oriented on said cutting face so that the edge thereof engaging said formation as said bit is rotated includes sectors of each of said different diamond cutting materials.
2. The drill bit of claim 1, wherein said face segments of said cutting member face lie in generally parallel planes.
3. The drill bit of claim 1, wherein said face segments of each cutting member face are generally coplanar.
4. The drill bit of claim 1, wherein at least one of said face segments if formed of a polycrystalline diamond compact surface.
5. The drill bit of claim 1, wherein at least one of said face segments comprises a thermally stable diamond surface.
6. The drill bit of claim 1, wherein at least one of said face segments if formed of a diamond mosaic surface.
7. A cutting member for a rotary drill bit comprising:
a supporting structure mounted on said drill bit; and
a cutting face including a cutting edge disposed on said supporting structure and including at least two laterally adjacent segments formed of different diamond cutting materials and oriented on said cutting face so that said cutting edge thereof includes sectors of each of said different diamond cutting materials.
8. The cutting member of claim 7, wherein said cutting face segments lie in generally parallel planes.
9. The cutting member of claim 7, wherein said cutting face segments are generally coplanar.
10. The cutting member of claim 7, wherein at least one of said segments if formed of a polycrystalline diamond compact surface.
11. The cutting member of claim 7, wherein at least one of said segments if formed of a thermally stable diamond surface.
12. The cutting member of claim 7, wherein at least one of said face segments is formed of a diamond mosaic surface.
This application is a continuation of copending application Ser. No. 07/215,499, filed July 6, 1988, now abandoned.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates generally to drill bits, and, more specifically, relates to drill bits having improved cutter configurations.
Drill bits presently known to the industry which utilize stationary cutting members typically use either natural or synthetic diamonds as cutting elements, and are conventionally known as "diamond bits". References herein to "diamond bits" or "diamond drill bits" refer to all bits, for either drilling or coring, having primarily stationary cutting members. Conventional diamond drill bits may have a variety of different types of cutting surfaces, such as, for example polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) cutters, thermally stable diamond product (TSP) cutters, mosaic-type cutters and diamond impregnated stud cutters. Mosaic cutters are typically formed of a plurality of geometrically-shaped thermally stable diamond elements cooperatively arranged and bonded in a desired shape, to form a unitary cutting surface.
On conventional bits, the diamond cutting surface is typically bonded to a supporting member, which is then secured to a carrier member which facilitates attachment to the drill bit. The cutting surface layer is preferably connected to the supporting member such as through use of brazing or sintering. Preferably, the supporting member and the carrier member will both be formed of a suitable hard or sintered metal, such as, for example, tungsten carbide. The supporting member can be soldered or otherwise connected, such as by form sintering or hot isostatic pressing, to the carrier member. A discussion of such a conventional structure is found in U.S. Pat. No. 4,498,549 issued Feb. 12, 1985 to the inventor of the present application, and assigned to the assignee of the present invention. The specification of U.S. Pat. No. 4,498,549 is hereby incorporated herein for all purposes.
Additionally, drill bits may include more than one type of cutting member on a single bit. Some types of cutting surfaces are better adapted to cut specific formations than are others. For example, while large PDC-type cutters are extremely efficient at cutting shales and other similarly soft formations, they are quickly broken or abraded in hard formations. Other cutting surfaces, however, such as mosaic surfaces, will cut through the harder formations satisfactorily. Accordingly, some relatively recent diamond drill bit designs have included dual sets of cutting members, with each set composed of cutting members having different types of cutting surfaces. With bits of that type, for example, a first set of cutters is arranged on the bit to provide essentially full face coverage across the face of the bit, and a second set of cutters, of a different type, is arranged to provide coverage across at least a portion of the bit face. An example of a bit of this type is disclosed in U.S. Pat. application Ser. No. 173,943 filed Mar. 28, 1988, in the names of Mark Jones and Mark Clench, and assigned to the assignee of the present invention.
Such bits with dual cutter sets, while performing exceptionally well in some applications, may not be feasible for use with all types of bits. For example, with bits having cutting members with large cutting surfaces, such as one inch or greater in diameter, it may not be feasible to include two sets of cutters on a single bit. Additionally, even if the additional cutter set could be included on a single bit, the extra surface area could interfere with chip removal, or could raise the total bottom hole surface area contacting the formation to a level which would require an unacceptably high weight-on-bit to cut the formation.
Accordingly, the present invention provides a new method and apparatus for including composite cutting surfaces on a single drill bit, whereby the exposed face of the cutting member may be maintained at a desired size, but whereby that face can be composed of different cutting surfaces adapted to perform differently in the earth formations.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Drill bits in accordance with the present invention include at least some cutting members which include cutting faces with multiple segments of cutting materials. Each cutting member in accordance with the present invention will include at least two segments, which are formed of at least two materials. The cutting material segments will have exposed faces which cooperatively form the cutting face of the cutting member. The segment faces will preferably lie in generally parallel planes, and most preferably will be generally coplanar.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 depicts a diamond drill bit having cutting members in accordance with the present invention.
FIG. 2 depicts that an isolated cutting member of the drill bit of FIG. 1.
FIGS. 3A-3F depict exemplary alternative cutting faces for a cutting member in accordance with the present invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
Referring now to the drawings in more detail, and particularly to FIG. 1, therein is depicted an exemplary embodiment of a drill bit 10 in accordance with the present invention. Drill bit 10 includes a body section 12 which carries a plurality of cutting members 16. Body 12 is preferably a molded component fabricated through conventional metal matrix infiltration technology. Body section 12 is coupled to a shank 18 which includes a threaded portion 20. Shank 18 and body 12 are preferably formed to be functionally integral with one another. Drill bit 10 includes an internal recess (not illustrated), through which hydraulic fluid will flow. A plurality of nozzles 22 are placed in body 12 to distribute hydraulic flow proximate the faces of cutting members 16.
Referring now also to FIG. 2, therein is depicted an exemplary cutting member 16 in greater detail. The cutting face 24 of cutting member 16 includes two segments, 26 and 28. Cutting face segments 26 and 28 will each be formed of a layer of a cutting material, but will be formed of different types of cutting material. For example, segment 26 may be a PDC cutting layer, while segment 28 may be a TSP cutting layer. Cutting face 24 of cutting member 16 may be formed of segments arranged in any of a variety of conformities, and such face segments may be formed of any of a variety suitable materials.
Referring now to FIGS. 3A-3F, therein are depicted exemplary alternative configurations and constructions for the cutting face of a cutting member 16 as depicted in FIGS. 1 and 2. FIG. 3A depicts a cutting face 30 having a PDC face segment 32 and a mosaic face segment 34. The two segments 32 and 34 are symmetrically arranged relative to a vertical axis. FIG. 3B depicts a face segment 36 having three generally vertically extending faces 38, 40 and 42, symmetrically arranged about a central vertical diameter. In the depicted embodiment, outer face segments 38 and 42 are of a first type of cutting surface, while central face segment 40 is of a second type of cutting surface.
FIG. 3C depicts a cutting face 44, which is similar in construction to cutting face 36 of FIG. 3B, with the exception that the face segments, 46, 48 and 50 are symmetrically disposed about a nonvertical diameter. FIG. 3D depicts a two segment cutting face 52, with face segments distributed on either side of a horizontal diameter. Here again, upper segment 54 may be of a material such as a PDC layer, while lower segment 56 may be of a different material, such as a TSP or mosaic material.
FIG. 3E depicts an exemplary embodiment where the cutting face 58 is divided into a plurality of quadrant face segments 60, 62, 64 and 66. These face segments 60, 62, 64 and 66 can be formed, for example, of two alternating cutting layer materials or could all be formed of different cutting layer materials.
FIG. 3F depicts an embodiment similar to that of FIGS. 3B and 3C, with the exception that the three face segments of cutting face 68 are disposed symmetrically relative to a horizontal diametrical axis.
Many modifications and variations may be made in the techniques and structures described and illustrated herein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. For example, the multiple material cutting face segments may be formed of virtually any appropriate material, and may be arranged in a variety of patterns in addition to those described and depicted herein. Accordingly, the techniques and structures described and illustrated herein are exemplary only and are not to be considered as limitations on the scope of the present invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4478298 *||Dec 13, 1982||Oct 23, 1984||Petroleum Concepts, Inc.||Drill bit stud and method of manufacture|
|US4592433 *||Oct 4, 1984||Jun 3, 1986||Strata Bit Corporation||Cutting blank with diamond strips in grooves|
|US4606418 *||Jul 26, 1985||Aug 19, 1986||Reed Tool Company||Cutting means for drag drill bits|
|US4624830 *||Nov 30, 1984||Nov 25, 1986||Nl Petroleum Products, Limited||Manufacture of rotary drill bits|
|US4726718 *||Nov 13, 1985||Feb 23, 1988||Eastman Christensen Co.||Multi-component cutting element using triangular, rectangular and higher order polyhedral-shaped polycrystalline diamond disks|
|DE1122021B *||Jan 28, 1960||Jan 18, 1962||Wladimir Tiraspolsky||Bohrmeissel|
|EP0086086A2 *||Feb 3, 1983||Aug 17, 1983||Boart International Limited||Cutting device, a tool including a cutting device and a method of making a cutting device|
|GB980799A *|| ||Title not available|
|GB2095142A *|| ||Title not available|
|GB2190412A *|| ||Title not available|
|SU1086110A1 *|| ||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5238074 *||Jan 6, 1992||Aug 24, 1993||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Mosaic diamond drag bit cutter having a nonuniform wear pattern|
|US5316095 *||Jul 7, 1992||May 31, 1994||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Drill bit cutting element with cooling channels|
|US5590729 *||Dec 9, 1994||Jan 7, 1997||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Superhard cutting structures for earth boring with enhanced stiffness and heat transfer capabilities|
|US5595252 *||Jul 28, 1994||Jan 21, 1997||Flowdril Corporation||Fixed-cutter drill bit assembly and method|
|US5706906 *||Feb 15, 1996||Jan 13, 1998||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Superabrasive cutting element with enhanced durability and increased wear life, and apparatus so equipped|
|US5732784 *||Jul 25, 1996||Mar 31, 1998||Nelson; Jack R.||Cutting means for drag drill bits|
|US5778994 *||Jul 29, 1997||Jul 14, 1998||Dresser Industries, Inc.||Claw tooth rotary bit|
|US5787022 *||Nov 1, 1996||Jul 28, 1998||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Stress related placement of engineered superabrasive cutting elements on rotary drag bits|
|US5881830 *||Feb 14, 1997||Mar 16, 1999||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Superabrasive drill bit cutting element with buttress-supported planar chamfer|
|US5924501 *||Feb 15, 1996||Jul 20, 1999||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Predominantly diamond cutting structures for earth boring|
|US5950747 *||Jul 23, 1998||Sep 14, 1999||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Stress related placement on engineered superabrasive cutting elements on rotary drag bits|
|US5967249 *||Feb 3, 1997||Oct 19, 1999||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Superabrasive cutters with structure aligned to loading and method of drilling|
|US5979571 *||Sep 23, 1997||Nov 9, 1999||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Combination milling tool and drill bit|
|US6000483 *||Jan 12, 1998||Dec 14, 1999||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Superabrasive cutting element with enhanced durability and increased wear life, and apparatus so equipped|
|US6021859 *||Mar 22, 1999||Feb 8, 2000||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Stress related placement of engineered superabrasive cutting elements on rotary drag bits|
|US6082223 *||Sep 30, 1998||Jul 4, 2000||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Predominantly diamond cutting structures for earth boring|
|US6248447||Sep 3, 1999||Jun 19, 2001||Camco International (Uk) Limited||Cutting elements and methods of manufacture thereof|
|US6544308||Aug 30, 2001||Apr 8, 2003||Camco International (Uk) Limited||High volume density polycrystalline diamond with working surfaces depleted of catalyzing material|
|US6562462||Dec 20, 2001||May 13, 2003||Camco International (Uk) Limited||High volume density polycrystalline diamond with working surfaces depleted of catalyzing material|
|US6585064||Nov 4, 2002||Jul 1, 2003||Nigel Dennis Griffin||Polycrystalline diamond partially depleted of catalyzing material|
|US6589640||Nov 1, 2002||Jul 8, 2003||Nigel Dennis Griffin||Polycrystalline diamond partially depleted of catalyzing material|
|US6592985||Jul 13, 2001||Jul 15, 2003||Camco International (Uk) Limited||Polycrystalline diamond partially depleted of catalyzing material|
|US6601662||Sep 6, 2001||Aug 5, 2003||Grant Prideco, L.P.||Polycrystalline diamond cutters with working surfaces having varied wear resistance while maintaining impact strength|
|US6739214||Nov 1, 2002||May 25, 2004||Reedhycalog (Uk) Limited||Polycrystalline diamond partially depleted of catalyzing material|
|US6749033||Nov 1, 2002||Jun 15, 2004||Reedhyoalog (Uk) Limited||Polycrystalline diamond partially depleted of catalyzing material|
|US6797326||Oct 9, 2002||Sep 28, 2004||Reedhycalog Uk Ltd.||Method of making polycrystalline diamond with working surfaces depleted of catalyzing material|
|US6861137||Jul 1, 2003||Mar 1, 2005||Reedhycalog Uk Ltd||High volume density polycrystalline diamond with working surfaces depleted of catalyzing material|
|US6878447||Jun 20, 2003||Apr 12, 2005||Reedhycalog Uk Ltd||Polycrystalline diamond partially depleted of catalyzing material|
|US7025156 *||Nov 18, 1997||Apr 11, 2006||Douglas Caraway||Rotary drill bit for casting milling and formation drilling|
|US7395882||Feb 19, 2004||Jul 8, 2008||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Casing and liner drilling bits|
|US7473287||Dec 6, 2004||Jan 6, 2009||Smith International Inc.||Thermally-stable polycrystalline diamond materials and compacts|
|US7493973||May 26, 2005||Feb 24, 2009||Smith International, Inc.||Polycrystalline diamond materials having improved abrasion resistance, thermal stability and impact resistance|
|US7517589||Dec 22, 2004||Apr 14, 2009||Smith International, Inc.||Thermally stable diamond polycrystalline diamond constructions|
|US7608333||Dec 22, 2004||Oct 27, 2009||Smith International, Inc.||Thermally stable diamond polycrystalline diamond constructions|
|US7621351||May 11, 2007||Nov 24, 2009||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Reaming tool suitable for running on casing or liner|
|US7624818||Sep 23, 2005||Dec 1, 2009||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Earth boring drill bits with casing component drill out capability and methods of use|
|US7628234||Feb 7, 2007||Dec 8, 2009||Smith International, Inc.||Thermally stable ultra-hard polycrystalline materials and compacts|
|US7647993||May 4, 2005||Jan 19, 2010||Smith International, Inc.||Thermally stable diamond bonded materials and compacts|
|US7681669||Jan 17, 2006||Mar 23, 2010||Us Synthetic Corporation||Polycrystalline diamond insert, drill bit including same, and method of operation|
|US7726421||Oct 12, 2005||Jun 1, 2010||Smith International, Inc.||Diamond-bonded bodies and compacts with improved thermal stability and mechanical strength|
|US7730977||May 11, 2005||Jun 8, 2010||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Cutting tool insert and drill bit so equipped|
|US7740673||Jul 11, 2007||Jun 22, 2010||Smith International, Inc.||Thermally stable diamond polycrystalline diamond constructions|
|US7748475||Oct 30, 2007||Jul 6, 2010||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Earth boring drill bits with casing component drill out capability and methods of use|
|US7754333||Sep 21, 2004||Jul 13, 2010||Smith International, Inc.||Thermally stable diamond polycrystalline diamond constructions|
|US7757791||Mar 31, 2008||Jul 20, 2010||Smith International, Inc.||Cutting elements formed from ultra hard materials having an enhanced construction|
|US7819208||Jul 25, 2008||Oct 26, 2010||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Dynamically stable hybrid drill bit|
|US7828088||May 27, 2008||Nov 9, 2010||Smith International, Inc.||Thermally stable ultra-hard material compact construction|
|US7836978 *||Jun 15, 2007||Nov 23, 2010||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Cutting elements for casing component drill out and subterranean drilling, earth boring drag bits and tools including same and methods of use|
|US7841426||Apr 5, 2007||Nov 30, 2010||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Hybrid drill bit with fixed cutters as the sole cutting elements in the axial center of the drill bit|
|US7845435||Apr 2, 2008||Dec 7, 2010||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Hybrid drill bit and method of drilling|
|US7874383||Feb 3, 2010||Jan 25, 2011||Us Synthetic Corporation||Polycrystalline diamond insert, drill bit including same, and method of operation|
|US7900703||Nov 23, 2009||Mar 8, 2011||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Method of drilling out a reaming tool|
|US7942219||Mar 21, 2007||May 17, 2011||Smith International, Inc.||Polycrystalline diamond constructions having improved thermal stability|
|US7954570||Sep 20, 2006||Jun 7, 2011||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Cutting elements configured for casing component drillout and earth boring drill bits including same|
|US7954571||Feb 12, 2008||Jun 7, 2011||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Cutting structures for casing component drillout and earth-boring drill bits including same|
|US7980334||Oct 4, 2007||Jul 19, 2011||Smith International, Inc.||Diamond-bonded constructions with improved thermal and mechanical properties|
|US8006785||May 29, 2008||Aug 30, 2011||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Casing and liner drilling bits and reamers|
|US8020643||Sep 12, 2006||Sep 20, 2011||Smith International, Inc.||Ultra-hard constructions with enhanced second phase|
|US8028771||Feb 5, 2008||Oct 4, 2011||Smith International, Inc.||Polycrystalline diamond constructions having improved thermal stability|
|US8047307||Dec 19, 2008||Nov 1, 2011||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Hybrid drill bit with secondary backup cutters positioned with high side rake angles|
|US8056650||Nov 9, 2010||Nov 15, 2011||Smith International, Inc.||Thermally stable ultra-hard material compact construction|
|US8056651||Apr 28, 2009||Nov 15, 2011||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Adaptive control concept for hybrid PDC/roller cone bits|
|US8057562||Dec 8, 2009||Nov 15, 2011||Smith International, Inc.||Thermally stable ultra-hard polycrystalline materials and compacts|
|US8066087||May 8, 2007||Nov 29, 2011||Smith International, Inc.||Thermally stable ultra-hard material compact constructions|
|US8083012||Oct 3, 2008||Dec 27, 2011||Smith International, Inc.||Diamond bonded construction with thermally stable region|
|US8141664||Mar 3, 2009||Mar 27, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Hybrid drill bit with high bearing pin angles|
|US8147572||Jul 11, 2007||Apr 3, 2012||Smith International, Inc.||Thermally stable diamond polycrystalline diamond constructions|
|US8157026||Jun 18, 2009||Apr 17, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Hybrid bit with variable exposure|
|US8167059||Jul 7, 2011||May 1, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Casing and liner drilling shoes having spiral blade configurations, and related methods|
|US8172012||Jun 3, 2010||May 8, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Cutting tool insert and drill bit so equipped|
|US8177001||Apr 27, 2011||May 15, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Earth-boring tools including abrasive cutting structures and related methods|
|US8191635||Oct 6, 2009||Jun 5, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Hole opener with hybrid reaming section|
|US8191654||May 2, 2011||Jun 5, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Methods of drilling using differing types of cutting elements|
|US8197936||Sep 23, 2008||Jun 12, 2012||Smith International, Inc.||Cutting structures|
|US8205693||Jul 7, 2011||Jun 26, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Casing and liner drilling shoes having selected profile geometries, and related methods|
|US8225887||Jul 7, 2011||Jul 24, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Casing and liner drilling shoes with portions configured to fail responsive to pressure, and related methods|
|US8225888||Jul 7, 2011||Jul 24, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Casing shoes having drillable and non-drillable cutting elements in different regions and related methods|
|US8245797||Oct 23, 2009||Aug 21, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Cutting structures for casing component drillout and earth-boring drill bits including same|
|US8297380||Jul 7, 2011||Oct 30, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Casing and liner drilling shoes having integrated operational components, and related methods|
|US8309050||Jan 12, 2009||Nov 13, 2012||Smith International, Inc.||Polycrystalline diamond materials having improved abrasion resistance, thermal stability and impact resistance|
|US8336646||Aug 9, 2011||Dec 25, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Hybrid bit with variable exposure|
|US8347989||Oct 6, 2009||Jan 8, 2013||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Hole opener with hybrid reaming section and method of making|
|US8356398||Feb 2, 2011||Jan 22, 2013||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Modular hybrid drill bit|
|US8365844||Dec 27, 2011||Feb 5, 2013||Smith International, Inc.||Diamond bonded construction with thermally stable region|
|US8377157||May 24, 2011||Feb 19, 2013||Us Synthetic Corporation||Superabrasive articles and methods for removing interstitial materials from superabrasive materials|
|US8448724||Oct 6, 2009||May 28, 2013||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Hole opener with hybrid reaming section|
|US8450637||Oct 23, 2008||May 28, 2013||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Apparatus for automated application of hardfacing material to drill bits|
|US8459378||May 13, 2009||Jun 11, 2013||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Hybrid drill bit|
|US8471182||Dec 31, 2009||Jun 25, 2013||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Method and apparatus for automated application of hardfacing material to rolling cutters of hybrid-type earth boring drill bits, hybrid drill bits comprising such hardfaced steel-toothed cutting elements, and methods of use thereof|
|US8499861||Sep 18, 2007||Aug 6, 2013||Smith International, Inc.||Ultra-hard composite constructions comprising high-density diamond surface|
|US8590130||May 6, 2010||Nov 26, 2013||Smith International, Inc.||Cutting elements with re-processed thermally stable polycrystalline diamond cutting layers, bits incorporating the same, and methods of making the same|
|US8622154||Feb 5, 2013||Jan 7, 2014||Smith International, Inc.||Diamond bonded construction with thermally stable region|
|US8627904||Apr 2, 2010||Jan 14, 2014||Smith International, Inc.||Thermally stable polycrystalline diamond material with gradient structure|
|WO1998013572A1 *||Sep 24, 1997||Apr 2, 1998||Baker Hughes Inc||Combination milling tool and drill bit|
|WO2011046744A2||Sep 29, 2010||Apr 21, 2011||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Hybrid drill bit and method of using tsp or mosaic cutters on a hybrid bit|
|Aug 26, 2003||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20030702
|Jul 2, 2003||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jan 26, 1999||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jan 19, 1999||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|Jan 19, 1999||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Sep 19, 1994||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Oct 13, 1992||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Apr 1, 1991||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED, 3900 ESSEX LANE, STE. 1
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:EASTMAN CHRISTENSEN COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:005650/0596
Effective date: 19910325