|Publication number||US5035187 A|
|Application number||US 07/517,374|
|Publication date||Jul 30, 1991|
|Filing date||May 1, 1990|
|Priority date||Oct 4, 1988|
|Publication number||07517374, 517374, US 5035187 A, US 5035187A, US-A-5035187, US5035187 A, US5035187A|
|Inventors||Edward T. McGunn|
|Original Assignee||Mcgunn Safe, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Non-Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (10), Classifications (8), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 7/253,040, filed Oct. 4, 1988, now U.S. Pat. No. 4,922,837.
Safes in commercial establishments, of course, hold valuables. These most often take the form of cash receipts and, on occasion, important documents.
In retail stores, various individuals deposit the cash receipts collected over a period of time into the safe for subsequent collection. Different individuals may have similar responsibilities at a particular establishment. This may result, for example, from the store having different departments. Several individuals, assigned to different departments, may deposit the receipts for those departments into a safe. Or, different individuals may make deposits for various time periods.
Naturally, the management or owner of the establishment will wish to keep track of the deposits made by the various individuals into the safe. Typically, the utilization of sacks having some identification, such as the name of the individual utilizing it, accomplishes this result.
However, individuals may, either accidentally or, with sinister intent, on purpose utilizing the incorrect identifiers. Thus, upon the detection of some error in the contents of the different sacks in the safe, the establishment may lack the knowledge to determine who placed the inappropriate deposit within the safe. This becomes a particularly serious problem when, in fact, various amounts of cash have not found their way into the safe. Tracking the deposits of the individuals with access to the safe represents, in this instance, a particularly important task. The safes currently finding use do not adequately provide for this determination.
Conceptually, the safe having several openings into which different individuals place materials will allow the tracing of these materials to the depositors. To accomplish this, the safe will also include several containers within the safe. The materials deposited through one of the openings will go into an identifiable container inside the safe.
More particularly, the safe should include an enclosure having a first set of a plurality of openings. It will naturally have a further, generally larger, opening, which will permit entrance to the interior of the safe itself.
A second set of a plurality of containers should then hold the materials deposited through the openings. These containers naturally sit within the safe's enclosure.
A locking device prevents the unauthorized access to the containers. It also prevents an unauthorized individual from removing any of the containers from the safe's interior.
Lastly, a guiding means couples to the plurality of openings as well as the set of containers. It directs material placed in each of the particular openings into a particular container. Materials placed in two different openings, naturally, should then fall into two different particular containers.
In the most desired form, each of the openings represents a drawer removable from the safe. Each of the drawers may have a separate lock which only an authorized individual can open. The drawer typically may have a coding, such as a selected color, to readily and visually identify who may have access to it.
The containers may have the same colors as the drawers to which deposits may be made. A deposit placed in one the drawers will then enter the container having the same color coding.
To effectuate communication between the drawers and containers, the bottom of the drawer, upon its placement fully within the safe, may descend into its container. This provides a chute to help direct material placed within a drawer into the appropriate container. The partial removal of the drawer from the safe causes the bottom to return to its uppermost present position. This prevents a person properly opening the drawer from having access to the containers below.
The utilization of the safe involves passing a first portion of material into a first of a plurality of openings in an enclosure. This first portion of material is then guided into one of a plurality of containers placed within the enclosure.
Further, a second portion of material will then pass into a second opening different from the first opening. The method then guides the second portion of material into a different one of the containers sitting within the enclosure.
From time to time, the containers will undergo removal from the enclosure. However, the method also requires the prevention of the unauthorized access to or removal of the containers from the enclosure.
FIG. 1 shows an isometric view of a safe having color-coded drawers emptying color-coded containers.
FIG. 2 gives a cut-away view of the safe of FIG. 1 showing the communication between the drawers and the containers.
FIG. 1 shows a safe generally at 9 having the main opening 10 and the lower opening 11. The door 12 closes the opening 10 while the door 14 accomplishes the same task for the lower opening 11. Lastly, the locks 15 and 16, sit on the doors 12 and 14 and prevent their unauthorized opening.
The drawers 17 to 19 sit near the top of the safe 9. Each of the drawers 17 to 19 has its respective locks 20 to 22, which serve to prevent the unauthorized opening of the drawers 17 to 19.
Alternately, the drawers 17 to 19 may not have any locks. In that case, the drawers 17 to 19 would merely carry knobs to assist in their opening.
As seen in FIGS. 1 and 2, the containers 25 to 27 sit in the interior of the safe 9. In fact, one of each of the containers 25 to 27 sits below one of each of the drawers 17 to 19.
As seen in the cutaway drawing of FIG. 2, the drawers 17 to 19 include the movable bottoms 31 to 33, respectively, connected through the hinges 37 to 39 to the remainder of the drawers 17 to 19. The hinged connections 37 to 39 allow the back ends 41 to 43 of the drawer bottoms 31 to 33 to swing downwards, as seen for the drawers 17 and 18 in FIG. 2.
Whether the drawer bottoms 31 to 33 occupy the raised or lowered position depends upon the placement of the drawers 17 to 19 relative to the front 44 of the safe 10. As seen in FIG. 2, the drawer 19 sits partially withdrawn from the front 44 of the safe 10. This position allows for the placement of the material 45 in the drawer. With the drawer 19 in the partially withdrawn configuration, however, the drawer bottom 33 sits upon the edge 46 formed in the front 44 of the safe by the opening through which the drawers 17 to 19 pass.
Thus, with the drawer 19 partially withdrawn from the safe through its front 44, the drawer bottom 33 rotates about its hinged connection 39 to occupy its raised position. This forms a compartment to hold the introduced material 45. More importantly, the elevated bottom 33 completely closes the lower side of the drawer 19 and prevents access to the container 27 located below the drawer 19. Thus, the opening of the drawer 19, or the drawers 17 or 18, rotates their bottoms 33, 31, and 32, respectively, into a position to prevent access through the drawers into the containers 27, 25, and 26 below.
The tabs 51 to 53 have the freely rotating connections 55 to 57 to the backs 61 to 63 of the drawers 17 to 19, respectively. Normally, the tabs 51 to 53 hang down in the position shown in the figure. In this configuration, they will abut against the safe's front 44 upon the almost full withdrawal of the drawers 17 to 19 from the safe. In fact, the tabs have the purpose of preventing the unauthorized removal of the drawers 17 to 19. This, in turn, precludes access to the containers 25 to 27 which the removal of the drawers would otherwise allow.
However, access to the tabs can be achieved through the safe's main door 12. A person permitted to open the door 12 can then rotate the tabs 51 to 53 to remove the drawers 17 to 19. Yet, this would not compromise the safe's security since this individual has access to the containers 25 to 27 anyways.
In fact, the rotating drawer bottoms 31 to 33 may provide sufficient security to entirely dispense with the locks 20 to 22 on the drawers 17 to 19. In this case, the drawers may simply have knobs to assist in their opening. Yet, the locks 20 to 22 may prove desirable in order to control who may place items within the containers 25 to 27. They would also prevent a person from accidentally placing deposits into the wrong container through the wrong drawer.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US1506491 *||May 12, 1922||Aug 26, 1924||kline|
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|1||Centurion Deposit Corporation Advertisement, "TSBD 2018 Multi `Shutter Slot` Depository", p. 8, including Consumers Price List-Effective Jan. 1, 1986.|
|2||*||Centurion Deposit Corporation Advertisement, TSBD 2018 Multi Shutter Slot Depository , p. 8, including Consumers Price List Effective Jan. 1, 1986.|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5427036 *||Jan 26, 1994||Jun 27, 1995||Lefebure Manufacturing Corporation||Secure currency deposit units with removable security box|
|US6067530 *||Oct 13, 1995||May 23, 2000||Brooks Armored Car Services, Inc.||Cash management system|
|US7028621 *||May 22, 2002||Apr 18, 2006||Amanagement||Device for storing objects|
|US7850076||Oct 14, 2009||Dec 14, 2010||Andrei Dorenbaum||Cash management system|
|US8359986 *||Nov 30, 2007||Jan 29, 2013||Fujitsu Limited||Apparatus, method and program for protecting accommodated item such as cartridge|
|US20050011423 *||May 22, 2002||Jan 20, 2005||Mercier Antoine Francis Pierre||Device for storing objects|
|US20050284345 *||Sep 16, 2003||Dec 29, 2005||Nixdorf International Gmbh||Safe with separately accessible inner areas|
|US20080178783 *||Nov 30, 2007||Jul 31, 2008||Fujitsu Limited Of Kawasaki, Japan||Apparatus, method and program for protecting accommodated item such as cartridge|
|US20080278284 *||May 8, 2007||Nov 13, 2008||Milnor Ii George Sparks||Lockable document storage system and methods of using the same|
|WO2008141041A1 *||May 7, 2008||Nov 20, 2008||Affiliated Mutual Holding Company||Lockable document storage system and methods of using the same|
|U.S. Classification||109/46, 109/56, 109/53|
|International Classification||E05G7/00, E05G1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||E05G7/001, E05G1/00|
|Feb 21, 1991||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MCGUNN SAFE, INC., 6401 W. 65TH STREET, P.O. BOX 3
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:MC GUNN, EDWARD T.;REEL/FRAME:005608/0408
Effective date: 19910212
|Mar 7, 1995||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|May 11, 1995||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 11, 1995||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|Jul 30, 1998||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jan 30, 2003||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12