Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS5059075 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 07/331,139
Publication dateOct 22, 1991
Filing dateMar 31, 1989
Priority dateMar 31, 1989
Fee statusPaid
Also published asCA2012440A1
Publication number07331139, 331139, US 5059075 A, US 5059075A, US-A-5059075, US5059075 A, US5059075A
InventorsFrancis J. Kelly
Original AssigneeCooper Industries, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Retracting screw assembly
US 5059075 A
A retracting screw assembly 10 for maintaining a screw 12 in the retracted position so that flame proof surface 28 is not scratched during opening and closing cover 18. Retracting screw assembly is comprised of a screw 12 with a threaded portion 34, washer 14, conical spring 16. When threaded portion 34 is disengaged from body portion 26, conical spring 16 pulls screw 12 into a retracted position so that threaded portion 34 rests against shoulder 20.
Previous page
Next page
I claim:
1. A retracting screw assembly for use in explosion-proof enclosures comprising:
a screw having a head, a shank, and a threaded portion on that end opposite said head;
a washer having an aperture for receiving said shank and threaded portion and engaging said head;
a conical spring having coils receiving said shank and being coiled from a minor diameter coil to a major diameter coil, said coils becoming nested within said major diameter coil upon full compression;
a cover on said enclosure having an aperture with a restricted opening adjacent the outer face of said cover, said spring being mounted between said cover and said washer;
a body portion on said enclosure having a threaded aperture adapted for alignment with said cover aperture;
a shoulder formed by said restricted opening on said cover;
retaining means on said threaded portion for engaging said shoulder;
said threaded portion threadingly engaging said threaded aperture and causing said head and washer to compress said spring and cause said coils to nest within said major diameter coil, said washer engaging one side of said nested coils and said cover face engaging an opposite side of said nested coils;
whereby upon said threaded portion being disengaged from said threaded aperture of said body, said retaining means is pulled against said shoulder by said spring.
2. A screw assembly as in claim 1 wherein said washer is integral with said screw.
3. A retracting screw assembly as in claim 1 wherein said washer is a separate part of said screw.
4. The retracing screw assembly as in claim 1 wherein said retaining means includes a retaining member disposed on said screw above said threaded portion.
5. The retracting screw assembly as in claim 1 wherein said major diameter coil has an outer diameter greater than the diameter of said washer whereby said conical spring when nested evenly transfers the force between said washer and said cover face.
6. The retracting screw assembly as in claim 1 wherein the diameter of said restricted opening is smaller than the diameter of said minor diameter coil.
7. The retracting screw assembly as in claim 1 wherein said body portion includes a counterbore adjacent said threaded aperture.

This invention relates to explosion proof enclosures in general and in particular to retracting screw mechanisms for explosion proof enclosures.


In flat joint explosion proof enclosures it is necessary that the mating surfaces be machined to close tolerances so that the surfaces are in intimate contact. Often these enclosures are of cast metal and quite heavy and the cover is hinged and swings outward. The screws which hold the cover to the enclosure body when the cover is closed can scratch the mating surfaces and lead to failure of the flame tight boundary if protruding below the surface of the cover when the cover is swung closed.

Prior art attempts to solve this problem have involve the use of friction type sleeves, so that after the screw was disengaged it could be pulled out to a stop and held in place in a retracted position. The disadvantage of this arrangement was that the operator may forget to retract all the screws and therefore the flame surface would be damaged.


The present invention uses a conical nested compression spring to retract cover screws into an extracted position so that the end of the screw is above the flame-proof surface. This arrangement insures that the screw will not damage the flame-proof surface and the retraction is automatic and does not depend on operator action.


FIG. 1 is a sectional view from the top of a prior art explosion-proof enclosure with the screw contacting the flame-proof surface.

FIG. 2 is a cut-a-way view from the top of a retracting screw according to the present invention in the disengaged position.

FIG. 3 is a cut-a-way view of an explosion-proof enclosure with the cover in the closed position.


FIG. 1 shows a prior art explosion-proof enclosure with the hinged door in the open position. It is seen that screw 12 which has not been retracted by the operator is protruding below the surface 28 of cover 18. In this position as cover 18 is closed in a direction shown by arrow 30, the end of screw 12 will scratch the flame-proof surface 28 on body 26. Scratches on the flame-proof surface 28 may result in propagation of an explosion internal to the enclosure to the outside environment. The screw may also be damaged or broken. Since these screws often are high tensile strength, and not easily replaced locally, the enclosure may be rendered inoperative.

The present invention shown in FIG. 2 shows a retracting screw assembly designated in general by reference numeral 10 with screw 12 in the retracted position. Screw 12 is comprised of shank 24 and threaded portion 34. In the retracted position a retaining means, such as a retaining member or threaded portion 34 rests against shoulder 20 which is cast into cover 18. When threaded portion 34 of screw 12 disengages from tapped hole 36, conical spring 16 pushes against washer 14 and retracts screw 12 until threaded portion 34 butts up against shoulder 20. In this position the end of screw 12 is above the flame-proof surface 28 of cover flange 18. Thus it is seen that when cover flange 18 is opened or closed there is no danger of screw 12 damaging flame-proof surface 28 on body 26.

Using a conical spring 16 rather than a standard helical spring, has several advantages. As the spring 16 is compressed when screw 12 is engaged fully, the shape of the spring limits the height of the spring to the diameter of the wire. Also, in the fully compressed position the conical shape provides for an even distribution of the compression force or clamping force of the screw on the outer surface of flange cover 18.

As retracting screw assembly 10 is assembled washer 14, is placed over the screw 12 so that it butts up against head 13 of screw 12. Next the conical spring 16 is inserted. In the preferred embodiment, conical spring is inserted so that the narrow end of the coil is against washer 14 although the broad end may also be placed against washer 14. Retracting screw assembly 10 is then threaded through shoulder 20 for insertion into cover flange 18. When cover flange 18 is closed against body flange 26, screw 12 may be pushed in so that threaded portion 34 may be screwed into tapped hole 36.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1927780 *Jan 9, 1932Sep 19, 1933Appleton Electric CoMeans to prevent loss of screws
US3018127 *Oct 30, 1958Jan 23, 1962Westinghouse Electric CorpEnclosed device with cover-mounting means
US3056443 *Jul 17, 1961Oct 2, 1962Louis T KnockeThreaded fastener having a resilient locking flange
US3263728 *Feb 20, 1964Aug 2, 1966Republic Ind CorpCaptive bolt
US3295578 *Jun 29, 1964Jan 3, 1967Emile A MaloofFastening device
US3437119 *Jul 26, 1967Apr 8, 1969Standard Pressed Steel CoCaptive bolt unit
US3465803 *Jul 26, 1967Sep 9, 1969Penn Eng & Mfg CorpCaptive screw device and a method for securing together the parts thereof
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5558480 *Jan 9, 1995Sep 24, 1996Aoyama Seisakusho Co., Ltd.Bolt for truss, wherein the bolt has shaft portions separated by a groove and a stopper having protrusions engaged in the groove
US5618145 *Feb 16, 1996Apr 8, 1997Kuo; Jung-FengFastener module
US5690460 *Dec 11, 1996Nov 25, 1997Pilgrim Screw CorporationFastener assembly for attaching a cover to a panel
US5711532 *Dec 16, 1993Jan 27, 1998A. W. Chesterton CompanySecuring and centering devices for a split mechanical seal
US6074146 *Feb 12, 1999Jun 13, 2000Lucent Technologies, Inc.Self-aligning connector
US6109158 *Feb 19, 1999Aug 29, 2000Dynamic Dies, Inc.Cutting die mounting system
US7278997Mar 7, 2003Oct 9, 2007Theken Spine, LlcInstrument guide and implant holder
US7342796May 23, 2006Mar 11, 2008Southco, Inc.Captive shoulder nut assembly
US7344345 *May 27, 2004Mar 18, 2008Southco, Inc.Captive shoulder nut having spring tie-down
US7766911Dec 5, 2005Aug 3, 2010Theken Spine, LlcFixed and variable locking fixation assembly
US7780666Jun 1, 2005Aug 24, 2010Theken Spine, LlcFixed and variable locking fixation assembly
US7785327Jun 1, 2005Aug 31, 2010Theken Spine, LlcFixed and variable locking fixation assembly
US8561961 *Feb 25, 2011Oct 22, 2013Cooper Technologies CompanyCaptive hardware for improved installation
US8641341Apr 6, 2011Feb 4, 2014Koyo Bearings Usa LlcBolt retention apparatus and method
US8794889Sep 17, 2007Aug 5, 2014Southco, Inc.Floating captive screw
US9217459Jul 9, 2014Dec 22, 2015Cooper Technologies CompanyFastening devices for explosion-proof enclosures
US9217460Jul 9, 2014Dec 22, 2015Cooper Technologies CompanyFastening devices for explosion-proof enclosures
US9272821Sep 13, 2013Mar 1, 2016Cooper Technologies CompanyFastening devices for explosion-proof enclosures
US9297407 *Dec 15, 2009Mar 29, 2016United Technologies CorporationFastener system
US9404523Jan 31, 2014Aug 2, 2016Koyo Bearings North America LlcBolt retention apparatus and method
US9664226 *Apr 4, 2014May 30, 2017Richard Bergner Verbindungstechnik Gmbh & Co. KgAssembly unit
US9702385 *May 15, 2014Jul 11, 2017Iscar, Ltd.Machine tool assembly configured for swift disassembly
US20030175091 *Feb 10, 2003Sep 18, 2003Aukzemas Thomas V.Floating captive screw
US20040086353 *Jul 21, 2003May 6, 2004Liviu DiaconuBolt and method of retaining a bolt to an engine component
US20060275100 *May 23, 2006Dec 7, 2006Southco, Inc.Captive shoulder nut assembly
US20080056844 *Sep 17, 2007Mar 6, 2008Southco, Inc.Floating captive screw
US20090232618 *Jan 29, 2009Sep 17, 2009The Timken CompanyFastener assembly
US20090271950 *May 1, 2008Nov 5, 2009Fivetech Technology Inc.Handle structure with locking unit
US20110142565 *Dec 15, 2009Jun 16, 2011United Technologies CorporationFastener system
US20110188962 *Feb 1, 2010Aug 4, 2011Joyce David AlfredSelf-aligning fastener assembly
US20150330423 *May 15, 2014Nov 19, 2015Iscar, Ltd.Machine tool assembly configured for swift disassembly
US20150354619 *Apr 4, 2014Dec 10, 2015Richard Bergner Verbindungstechnik Gmbh & Co. KgAssembly unit
CN104632831A *Nov 10, 2014May 20, 2015无锡市天力五金弹簧厂Spring combined screw
CN104704218A *Sep 5, 2013Jun 10, 2015斯奈克玛Device for sealing an opening of an enclosure wall for access to a rotary shaft
CN104704218B *Sep 5, 2013Nov 23, 2016斯奈克玛对外壳壁的用于接近旋转轴的开口进行密封的装置
WO2014037672A1 *Sep 5, 2013Mar 13, 2014SnecmaDevice for sealing an opening of an enclosure wall for access to a rotary shaft
U.S. Classification411/107, 411/999, 411/353
International ClassificationF16B41/00, F16B21/18
Cooperative ClassificationY10S411/999, F16B21/186, F16B41/002
European ClassificationF16B41/00B
Legal Events
Mar 31, 1989ASAssignment
Effective date: 19890317
Mar 21, 1995FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Mar 23, 1999FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Mar 31, 2003FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 12
May 7, 2003REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed