|Publication number||US5070399 A|
|Application number||US 07/631,489|
|Publication date||Dec 3, 1991|
|Filing date||Dec 21, 1990|
|Priority date||Feb 1, 1990|
|Publication number||07631489, 631489, US 5070399 A, US 5070399A, US-A-5070399, US5070399 A, US5070399A|
|Original Assignee||Alain Martel|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (56), Classifications (10), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 473,470 filed Feb. 1, 1990, now abandoned.
The present invention relates to a light color and intensity modulation system for use with a color light projector.
It is well known that when exposed to a light or sound pulsation with a frequency falling in the range of human brainwave (about 2 Hz to 20 Hz), a subject will have a tendency to himself generate brainwaves of the same frequency through an effect known as entrainment or photic driving. A further discussion of this effect can be found in the book, "Megabrain", by M. Hutchison (pages 224-227, 1976, ISBN 0-345-34175-9). Specific brainwave frequencies being associated with different mind states, the subject may indirectly be led towards these mind states through this brainwave induction. A light projection system can be used to generate light color an intensity pulsations in the brainwave frequency range (2 Hz to 20 Hz).
There currently exists light pulsation devices for the purpose of entrainment or photic driving, which usually use small lights within goggles applied close to the eyes. Of course, the goggles obstruct the vision of the subject and can be uncomfortable.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a light color and intensity modulation system which can project the light pulsation over the whole environment surrounding the subject. It is another object of the invention to provide a system of the above-mentioned type, wherein the light color is pulsated to produce new induction effects.
According to the present invention there is provided a light color an intensity modulation system having an output to be connected to a color light projector and an input to receive a hue (color) control signal and an intensity control signal including at least one modulation frequency component F. The system comprises color scaling means receiving in use the hue signal. The color scaling means produce a plurality of color component signals that are supplied as the output to the color light projector. The system comprises intensity control means receiving in use the intensity control signal. The intensity control means comprise a low frequency oscillator whose output is an intensity modulation signal for varying an intensity of the plurality of color component signals between a preset minimum and a preset maximum value, the oscillator having a frequency responsive to the at least one modulation frequency component F of the intensity control signal, the plurality of color component signals to control in use the projector.
According to the invention, the plurality of color component signals preferably comprises three signals, so that in use three primary colors used by the projector may be modulated to obtain any color of the visible spectrum.
Other objects and features of the present invention will become clear by way of the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment taken in conjunction with the drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram of a light color and intensity modulation system according to the preferred embodiment;
FIG. 2 shows a schematic block diagram of the light color and intensity modulation system of FIG. 1 connected to an RGB screen projection television unit;
FIG. 3 shows a table of the parameters F, D, I and H as chosen in examples 1 and 2;
FIGS. 4 through 6 show graphically the outputs of devices 1, 5 and 7 respectively of FIGS. 1 and 2 for the cases of examples 1 and 2; and
FIG. 7 shows graphically the outputs of three color scaling devices 3 of FIGS. 1 and 2 as the H parameter varies from 0 to 127 in the preferred embodiment.
As shown in FIG. 1 the light color and intensity modulation system 2 receives an input from control signal source 15 and has three outputs connected to power linearization circuits 11. The control signal source 15 provides a modulation frequency component signal F, a modulation depth component signal D and intensity component signal I, and a hue signal H.
As is well known in the art, the hue signal represents the color to be output and the color scaling circuits 3 are provided for each color component to produce each a color component signal. The modulation frequency component F is fed to the low frequency oscillator 1. Low frequency oscillator 1 generates a low frequency oscillating waveform f (such as a sign wave) with a frequency in the range of 0.01 to 20 Hz and an amplitude which ranges from 0 to 1 on a unit scale. In the preferred embodiment, all control signals are digital.
The modulation depth component signal D is the second component of the intensity control signal and is fed to modulation scaling device 5. The modulation scaling device 5 scales the amplitude of the waveform generated by the low frequency oscillator in order to provide a modulating signal of adjustable depth D, such that the output signal of modulation scaling device 5 is the difference between 1 and the product of component D and the output of oscillator 1, f. The output of the modulation scaling device 5 is therefore between 0 and unity.
The final intensity processing step according to the preferred embodiment is provided by intensity scaling device 7 which receives intensity factor component I of the intensity control signal. The output of device 7 is the product of intensity factor component I and the output of device 5. Of course the maximum output of device 7 is determined by the magnitude of intensity factor component I, which in the preferred embodiment is set to 1.
In summary, the intensity control means including devices 1, 5, 7 operate as follows:
______________________________________Input Range Control Function Output range______________________________________Fε [0.01, 20] f(2π *F*t) [0, 1]Dε [0, 1] 1-D*f [0, 1]Iε [0, 1] I*(1-D*f) [0, I]______________________________________
The output of the intensity scaling device 7 is fed as input to each color scaling device 3.
The details of the circuits of the low frequency oscillators, modulation scaling device 5 and intensity scaling device 7 are all well known in the art and therefore no detailed description of them is given herein.
The circuit elements enclosed within the dotted line box 2 comprise the light color and intensity modulation system according to the preferred embodiment.
Power linearization devices 11 each receive input from color scaling devices 3 and produce an output signal which has been scaled by a linearizing function that takes into account the perceived brightness to dissipated power curve of the light projectors used. The scaling function of the power linearization devices 11 depends on the particular luminance to dissipated power curve of the light bulbs used in the projectors 9, and the luminance to subjective perceived brightness curve for a typical human subject (as already known in the lighting industry).
Power dimmers 13 each represent a standard electronic circuit well known in the art which delivers the required power to each projector 9. The power dimmers 13 each receive the output signal from a respective power linearization device 11, to produce a variable power, color projector lamp output signal. When the power dimmer devices 13 are used with common AC power source, the devices 13 will typically comprise a Triac chopping the AC source wave at a variable phase during each cycle, with the controlling device determining the proper phase for the required power output.
Each of the projectors 9 and color filters 10 are used to produce by combination a color of the visible spectrum. In the preferred embodiment, all projectors 9 shine light through the color filters 10 to strike the same surface area. This surface area may be a projection screen or even a blank wall.
As shown in FIG. 2 the output of the color scaling devices 3 are connected to a video signal generator 17 having an output connected to a video projector 19. Video projector 19 is used to project a solid full screen image on screen 21 whose color and intensity is varied by the system 2. The output of video signal generator 17 may be an RF modulated video signal or an RGB monitor signal.
In the preferred embodiment disclosed hereinabove, the control signal source is a source of digital data which can be any source of prerecorded digital data (e.g. computer, MIDI sequencer, or audio-encoded digital data track on an audio recording device). As the invention may be used in conjunction with an audio system to provide a multi-sensory automatic relaxation system, the audio soundtrack and digital data track can be for example recorded on a common multi-track audio recorder (DAT, Cassette or Hi-Fi VCR). The control signal source may also comprise an analog data reader device coupled to an analog to digital converter (ADC) alone or in addition to a digital data source, and can also be able to switch between analog and digital.
Thus, by way of example by using a MIDI Port as a digital Port and assigning MIDI Note codes to the H, I, F and/or D signals according to specific algorithms, a direct translation of musical notes to color projection is possible.
By assigning very slow waveforms (with periods of several seconds to several minutes) or slowly varying random values to the H, I, F and/or D signals, a perpetually varying light projection may also be obtained. A number of such projector triads can be set up around a room to create a soft ambient light effect.
The system according to the invention as described hereinabove can be used to generate light intensity pulsations in the brainwave frequency range (Fε [2 Hz, 20Hz]), as well as color pulsations through the H signal. By contrast with light pulsation devices that already exist for this purpose, this system can project the light pulsation over the whole environment surrounding the subject. Modulating the color of the pulsation may also lead to new induction effects.
The digital parameters F, D, I and H generated by the Control Signal Source 15 can be produced in a variety of ways. They can simply originate from 4 potentiometers, giving out 4 control voltages each converted into a digital signal through an ADC (Analog-to-Digital Converter). Or, they can originate from a standard digital interface such as MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface). This second way is illustrated with a few examples:
In a given MIDI implementation of the invention, each of the 4 parameters F, D, I and H are associated with a specific MIDI messages, such as a MIDI Continuous Controller (C.C.) message. For example, we can select:
* F value sent through MIDI C.C. #1
* D value sent through MIDI C.C. #2
* I value sent through MIDI C.C. #3
* H value sent through MIDI C.C. #4
MIDI C.C. messages can be programmed and sent to the invention through any standard MIDI sequencer device, such as the numerous software packages available for the IBM-PC, Apple, Amiga or Atari personal computers, or any stand-alone MIDI sequencer unit.
In MIDI, C.C. messages can have a value varying between 0 and 127 (a 7 bit message). We can, for example, map a 0-100 MIDI range onto the 0-1 range of the invention parameters F, D, I and H (in the case of the H Hue parameter, the 0-100 MIDI range will sweep through 100 colors of the rainbow, from red to yellow, to green, to blue and to violet).
As shown in FIG. 7, in the preferred embodiment the color scaling devices 3, which include three separate color scalers R, B and G, amplify the output of intensity scaling device 7 (see FIG. 6) by a factor determined from each device 3 in accordance with FIG. 7. Although devices 3 can be arranged such that a range of digital inputs from 0 to 100 provides the full spectrum of colors, the remaining portion of the 7 bit MIDI code can be used to provide a continuous change in color from violet back to red.
Using a 0 to 100 scale, the low frequency oscillator device 1 will output an analog signal (sinusoidal for, example) of a frequency between 0.01 Hz to 20 Hz as the digital input F varies between 0 and 100. The analog signal is fed to the depth modulation device 5 and is used to amplify an analog conversion of the D parameter, in such a manner that when the amplified signal is subtracted from a preset voltage signal, the depth modulation scale signal described above is obtained for output to the intensity scaling device 7. Device 7 then amplifies an analog conversion of the I parameter to produce the desired intensity modulation signal for output to the color scaling devices 3 as described above.
The outputs created by devices 1, 5 and 7 are shown in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 respectively in the cases of examples 1 and 2. The intensity output signals are shown on a 0 to 1 unit scale.
Following are some examples of MIDI message sequences that can be sent, and their effect on the invention:
To create a full intensity, green display pulsating at 10 Hz with half modulation depth, the following MIDI messages are sent;
C.C #1, value 50→F=0.5 (corresponding to 10 Hz in the given implementation)
C.C. #2, value 50→D=0.5 (50% modulation depth)
C.C. #3, value 100→I=1.0 (100% intensity)
C.C. #4, value 40→H=0.4 (corresponding to green in the given implementation)
Such a display could be used to induce brainwave entrainment in the alpha brainwave range.
To create a low intensity, violet display pulsating very slowly at full modulation depth, the following MIDI messages are sent:
C.C #1, value 05→F=0.05 (corresponding to 1 Hz in the given implementation)
C.C. #2, value 100→D=1.0 (100% modulation depth)
C.C. #3, value 50→I=0.5 (50% intensity)
C.C. #4, value 100→H=1.0 (corresponding to violet in the given implementation)
Such a display could be used to induce a specific mood as a part of a relaxation program.
Series of displays such as these can be entered on the MIDI sequencer device, and sent at predetermined intervals to create complex light programs. Such intervals may be relatively short and the changes to the parameters incremental to cause a gradual change either in intensity modulation or color. For example, incrementing only the H parameter in example 1 by 1 once a second would change the color from green to blue to violet over the course of one minute (60 increments). A solid color projection can always be obtained by setting the D parameter to zero. Fading is achieved by gradually setting the I parameter to zero. Abrupt changes in color or intensity can correspond to desired changes in mood during the course of a complex light program.
The system according to the invention can further be coupled with a complete multi-sensory system, including sound and other parameters such as odors, video projection, laser projection, and vibrations transmitted to the body through sound resonators. Such a system can be installed in a special-purpose light-proof, sound-proof room, to be used as an automatic relaxation system, or for other specific therapeutic purposes. The system can be computer-controlled, with the programmable elements (light projection, sound spatialization, etc) driven by some source of prerecorded digital data (e.g. computer, MIDI sequencer, or audio-encoded digital data track on an audio recording device). The audio soundtracks and digital data track can for example be recorded on a common multi-track audio recorder (DAT, Tape, Cassette or Hi-Fi VCR).
It is to be understood that the above description of the preferred embodiment of the invention is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention as defined in the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3639691 *||May 9, 1969||Feb 1, 1972||Perception Technology Corp||Characterizing audio signals|
|US3804503 *||Mar 15, 1972||Apr 16, 1974||J Sissom||Projector and indicator coordinating apparatus|
|US4128846 *||May 2, 1977||Dec 5, 1978||Denis J. Kracker||Production of modulation signals from audio frequency sources to control color contributions to visual displays|
|US4185276 *||Sep 29, 1977||Jan 22, 1980||Benson Robert G||Sound and light display|
|US4378466 *||Oct 4, 1979||Mar 29, 1983||Robert Bosch Gmbh||Conversion of acoustic signals into visual signals|
|US4614942 *||Sep 19, 1983||Sep 30, 1986||Molinaro Bernard J||Visual sound device|
|US5019898 *||Apr 26, 1989||May 28, 1991||The California Institute Of Technology||Real-time pseudocolor density encoding of an image|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5394784 *||Jul 2, 1992||Mar 7, 1995||Softronics, Inc.||Electronic apparatus to assist teaching the playing of a musical instrument|
|US6849795 *||Nov 5, 2003||Feb 1, 2005||Lester F. Ludwig||Controllable frequency-reducing cross-product chain|
|US6852919||Sep 30, 2003||Feb 8, 2005||Lester F. Ludwig||Extensions and generalizations of the pedal steel guitar|
|US7038123||Sep 30, 2003||May 2, 2006||Ludwig Lester F||Strumpad and string array processing for musical instruments|
|US7169995 *||Sep 12, 2003||Jan 30, 2007||Friend Spring Industrial Co., Ltd.||Full color LED based lighting apparatus operated in synchronism with music and method of controlling the same|
|US7217878||Sep 30, 2003||May 15, 2007||Ludwig Lester F||Performance environments supporting interactions among performers and self-organizing processes|
|US7227075 *||Aug 6, 2004||Jun 5, 2007||Henry Chang||Lighting controller|
|US7309828||Nov 5, 2003||Dec 18, 2007||Ludwig Lester F||Hysteresis waveshaping|
|US7309829||Nov 24, 2003||Dec 18, 2007||Ludwig Lester F||Layered signal processing for individual and group output of multi-channel electronic musical instruments|
|US7408108||Oct 10, 2003||Aug 5, 2008||Ludwig Lester F||Multiple-paramenter instrument keyboard combining key-surface touch and key-displacement sensor arrays|
|US7507902||Nov 4, 2003||Mar 24, 2009||Ludwig Lester F||Transcending extensions of traditional East Asian musical instruments|
|US7638704||Dec 29, 2009||Ludwig Lester F||Low frequency oscillator providing phase-staggered multi-channel midi-output control-signals|
|US7652208||Jan 26, 2010||Ludwig Lester F||Signal processing for cross-flanged spatialized distortion|
|US7759571||Oct 16, 2003||Jul 20, 2010||Ludwig Lester F||Transcending extensions of classical south Asian musical instruments|
|US7767900 *||Feb 19, 2004||Aug 3, 2010||Nokia Corporation||Mobile communication terminal with light effects editor|
|US7767902||Sep 2, 2005||Aug 3, 2010||Ludwig Lester F||String array signal processing for electronic musical instruments|
|US7786370 *||Mar 19, 2001||Aug 31, 2010||Lester Frank Ludwig||Processing and generation of control signals for real-time control of music signal processing, mixing, video, and lighting|
|US7960640||Jun 14, 2011||Ludwig Lester F||Derivation of control signals from real-time overtone measurements|
|US8030565||Nov 6, 2003||Oct 4, 2011||Ludwig Lester F||Signal processing for twang and resonance|
|US8030566||Nov 5, 2003||Oct 4, 2011||Ludwig Lester F||Envelope-controlled time and pitch modification|
|US8030567||Oct 6, 2003||Oct 4, 2011||Ludwig Lester F||Generalized electronic music interface|
|US8035024||Oct 11, 2011||Ludwig Lester F||Phase-staggered multi-channel signal panning|
|US8477111||Apr 9, 2012||Jul 2, 2013||Lester F. Ludwig||Advanced touch control of interactive immersive imaging applications via finger angle using a high dimensional touchpad (HDTP) touch user interface|
|US8509542||Apr 7, 2012||Aug 13, 2013||Lester F. Ludwig||High-performance closed-form single-scan calculation of oblong-shape rotation angles from binary images of arbitrary size and location using running sums|
|US8519250||Oct 10, 2003||Aug 27, 2013||Lester F. Ludwig||Controlling and enhancing electronic musical instruments with video|
|US8542209||Apr 9, 2012||Sep 24, 2013||Lester F. Ludwig||Advanced touch control of interactive map viewing via finger angle using a high dimensional touchpad (HDTP) touch user interface|
|US8579795||Apr 28, 2008||Nov 12, 2013||Alain Anadi Martel||Light modulation device and system|
|US8613536||Dec 16, 2010||Dec 24, 2013||Trilumina Corporation||System and method for combining laser arrays for digital outputs|
|US8717303||Jun 12, 2007||May 6, 2014||Lester F. Ludwig||Sensor array touchscreen recognizing finger flick gesture and other touch gestures|
|US8743068||Jul 13, 2012||Jun 3, 2014||Lester F. Ludwig||Touch screen method for recognizing a finger-flick touch gesture|
|US8859876||Sep 30, 2003||Oct 14, 2014||Lester F. Ludwig||Multi-channel signal processing for multi-channel musical instruments|
|US8979338||Nov 20, 2013||Mar 17, 2015||Trilumina Corp.||System for combining laser array outputs into a single beam carrying digital data|
|US8995485||May 22, 2013||Mar 31, 2015||Trilumina Corp.||High brightness pulsed VCSEL sources|
|US8995493||May 24, 2013||Mar 31, 2015||Trilumina Corp.||Microlenses for multibeam arrays of optoelectronic devices for high frequency operation|
|US9226375 *||Oct 29, 2013||Dec 29, 2015||Soundsculpture Incorporated||Theatrical effects controller|
|US9304677||May 16, 2012||Apr 5, 2016||Advanced Touchscreen And Gestures Technologies, Llc||Touch screen apparatus for recognizing a touch gesture|
|US20040061668 *||Sep 12, 2003||Apr 1, 2004||Friend Spring Industrial Co., Ltd.||Full color LED based lighting apparatus operated in synchronism with music and method of controlling the same|
|US20040065187 *||Oct 6, 2003||Apr 8, 2004||Ludwig Lester F.||Generalized electronic music interface|
|US20040069125 *||Sep 30, 2003||Apr 15, 2004||Ludwig Lester F.||Performance environments supporting interactions among performers and self-organizing processes|
|US20040069131 *||Nov 4, 2003||Apr 15, 2004||Ludwig Lester F.||Transcending extensions of traditional east asian musical instruments|
|US20040074379 *||Oct 10, 2003||Apr 22, 2004||Ludwig Lester F.||Functional extensions of traditional music keyboards|
|US20040094021 *||Nov 5, 2003||May 20, 2004||Ludwig Lester F.||Controllable frequency-reducing cross-product chain|
|US20040099129 *||Nov 5, 2003||May 27, 2004||Ludwig Lester F.||Envelope-controlled time and pitch modification|
|US20040099131 *||Oct 16, 2003||May 27, 2004||Ludwig Lester F.||Transcending extensions of classical south asian musical instruments|
|US20040118268 *||Oct 10, 2003||Jun 24, 2004||Ludwig Lester F.||Controlling and enhancing electronic musical instruments with video|
|US20040163528 *||Nov 5, 2003||Aug 26, 2004||Ludwig Lester F.||Phase-staggered multi-channel signal panning|
|US20050120870 *||Jan 21, 2005||Jun 9, 2005||Ludwig Lester F.||Envelope-controlled dynamic layering of audio signal processing and synthesis for music applications|
|US20050126373 *||Dec 3, 2004||Jun 16, 2005||Ludwig Lester F.||Musical instrument lighting for visual performance effects|
|US20050126374 *||Dec 3, 2004||Jun 16, 2005||Ludwig Lester F.||Controlled light sculptures for visual effects in music performance applications|
|US20060027081 *||Aug 6, 2004||Feb 9, 2006||Henry Chang||Lighting controller|
|US20070199432 *||Feb 19, 2004||Aug 30, 2007||Nokia Corporation||Mobile Communication Terminal With Light Effects Editor|
|US20100130812 *||Apr 28, 2008||May 27, 2010||Alain Anadi Martel||Light modulation device and system|
|US20110148328 *||Dec 16, 2010||Jun 23, 2011||Trilumina Corporation||System and method for combining laser arrays for digital outputs|
|US20110210943 *||Sep 1, 2011||Lester F. Ludwig||Curve-fitting approach to hdtp parameter extraction|
|US20150115829 *||Oct 29, 2013||Apr 30, 2015||James David Smith||Theatrical effects controller|
|WO2008131553A1 *||Apr 28, 2008||Nov 6, 2008||Alain Anadi Martel||Light modulation device and system|
|U.S. Classification||381/56, 348/E09.025, 340/815.65, 84/464.00R|
|International Classification||G09G1/28, H04N9/31|
|Cooperative Classification||H04N9/31, G09G1/28|
|European Classification||G09G1/28, H04N9/31|
|Jun 1, 1995||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jun 29, 1999||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Sep 17, 1999||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Sep 17, 1999||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|May 29, 2003||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|Jun 18, 2003||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|