|Publication number||US5074018 A|
|Application number||US 07/533,862|
|Publication date||Dec 24, 1991|
|Filing date||Jun 6, 1990|
|Priority date||Jun 13, 1989|
|Also published as||DE59006285D1, EP0403425A1, EP0403425B1|
|Publication number||07533862, 533862, US 5074018 A, US 5074018A, US-A-5074018, US5074018 A, US5074018A|
|Inventors||Rudolf Binggeli, Fritz Langmeier|
|Original Assignee||Emil Suter Maschinenfabrik Ag|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (7), Classifications (30), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a method for the cutting of pipes, during the production process, into separate pipe sections with the aid of circular shears having two cutting rollers. The invention further relates to a device for carrying out this method.
In the continuous production of pipes, the pipe sections to be produced were so far cut off by sawing. This led to a high noise level and to sparking with a corresponding danger to the surroundings. It is, however, already known to cut off pipe sections by means of circular shears. Yet the rollers of the circular shears used so far require a large space, so that the cutting of pipes having small diameters is not possible.
It is an object of the invention to provide a method for the cutting of pipes into single pipe sections, which requires a minimal outlay and permits the cutting of small-diameter pipes. The invention furthermore envisages a cutting device for the carrying out of this method.
According to the invention, the first-mentioned object is achieved by at first producing in the pipes or in their starting material an aperture for each pipe section, into which aperture a cutting roller of the circular shears is later introduced, after which, by rotating the pipe about its longitudinal axis, the pipe section is cut off.
By this method, the cutting roller to be introduced into the pipe can be moved into the latter through the previously produced aperture, e.g., by a simple swivel motion of the circular shears. Since the motion of the cutting edge effecting the cutting-off of the pipe is produced by rotation of the pipe, there is no need for the circular shears to move around the pipe. The method according to the invention is therefore easily carried out and does not require circular shears taking up a large space. It can therefore be used also for pipes of small diameters.
Cutting-off of the pipe sections can be effected without interruption of the production process since, according to an advantageous further aspect of the method, the pipes can maintain their axial advance movement, with the circular shears being correspondingly moved along in the axial direction.
During the cutting process, the circular shears exert no tilting movement on the pipe to be cut, if properly adjusted circular shears are used, provided with cutting rollers having each two cutting edges.
Receiving an appropriate power impulse, the circular shears automatically swivel with one cutting roller moving into the pipe to be cut. This is accomplished by employing circular shears that have cutting rollers of differing diameters. The apertures for introducing the roller are dimensioned only according to the cutting roller having the smaller diameter. In order to introduce the cutting roller, the circular shears are pressed from the outside with the smaller-diameter roller against the rotating pipe, so that the shears with their smaller-diameter roller swivel into the pipe as soon as the aperture is aligned with the smaller-diameter cutting roller.
The punching unit for producing the apertures in the pipe can be made particularly simple, when, according to another development of the method, the apertures are punched into the pipe-forming sheet-metal strip prior to the flanging and winding thereof.
During the cutting process which takes place in the circumferential direction, the circular shears need not perform an undesirable advance movement if, during the cutting process, the speed of advance of the pipes is reduced.
For pipes with very thin walls it is advantageous if the introduction of the smaller-diameter cutting roller is controlled by a photocell monitoring the position of the apertures.
The second object mentioned, namely the cutting device for the cutting of pipes according to the above method, comprises circular shears provided with a smaller-diameter cutting roller for introduction into the pipe to be cut via an aperture therein, and a larger-diameter cutting roller for making contact with the outer wall surface of the pipes.
Such a cutting device advantageously demands relatively little space. It is therefore also suitable for the cutting of pipes of smaller diameters. Its simple design is largely made possible by the fact that it need not perform an advance movement around the pipe to be cut. Since the cutting device seats itself with its larger-diameter cutting roller onto the outside of the pipe to be cut, the latter automatically maintains the circular shears in the proper position. The circular shears according to the invention therefore need no costly positioning means.
It is particularly advantageous if each of the cutting rollers is provided with two cutting edges.
The circular shears can work without interrupting the pipe production process during the pipe advance movement if, according to an advantageous embodiment, the circular shears are slidably arranged on a longitudinal guide member oriented in a direction parallel to the pipe to be cut.
During the cutting process the pipe to be cut is sujected to a particularly low degree of torsional stress, if at least one of the cutting rollers is motor-driven.
The longitudinal movement of the circular shears, with the pipe being produced can be realized by the provision of an advance motor for the moving of the circular shears on their longitudinal guide member in sychronism with the speed of the emerging pipe.
Such an advance motor can, however, be dispensed with thereby further simplifying the device if, in a further development of the invention, the circular shears on their longitudinal guide member are adapted to be freely slidable in direction of advance, and a resetting cylinder is provided for returning the circular shears after every cutting episode.
The swiveling, into the working position, of the circular shears, is particularly simplified if, according to another advantageous development of the invention, the circular shears are adapted to swivel about the longitudinal guide member oriented in a direction parallel to the pipe to be cut and is provided with an arm abutting against a swivel cylinder for swiveling the shears into the working position.
The invention permits numerous embodiments. For further elucidation of the method and the device according to the invention, reference is made to the drawings. In these drawings,
FIG. 1 is a schematic top view of a pipe-producing installation comprising a cutting device for cutting-off of pipes;
FIG. 2 shows a cross-sectional view, at an enlarged scale with respect to FIG. 1, of the installation in the region of the cutting device, along line II--II in FIG. 1,
FIG. 3 is a top view of the cutting device, and
FIG. 4 is a view of the pipe to be cut, including two cutting rollers of the cutting device engaging the pipe.
In FIG. 1 there is seen a roll, a so-called coil reel 1, from which a strip 2 is fed to a winding core 3. On this winding core 3 a continuous, or endless, pipe 4, a so-called spiral pipe is produced, from which pipe sections are to be cut by means of a cutting device 5. Preceding the winding core 3 is a conventional flanging unit 6, by means of which the edges of the strip 2 are shaped. Between the flanging unit 6 and the coil reel 1 there is located a punching unit 7, by means of which apertures 8 are punched at predetermined intervals into the still unwound strip 2. The punching unit 7 must be arranged somewhat slantingly relative to the strip 2, as the latter is wound onto the core 3 in a helical form. For controlling the cutting device there is provided a limit switch 9, which initiates the cutting process when impacted by the merging pipe 4. Actuating of this limit switch 9 causes at the same time the production speed to be reduced from, e.g. 80 m/min. to, e.g. 12 to 15 m/min.
FIG. 2 illustrates the design of the cutting device 5. The latter is provided with circular shears 10, arranged in a frame 11 on a longitudinal guide member 12 and being adapted to swivel about, and slide along, the guide member. The circular shears 10 have two cutting rollers 13, 14 of differing diameters. The smaller-diameter cutting roller 13 is of such dimensions and design as to enter the pipe 4, together with its carrier arm A, through the aperture 8 shown in FIG. 1, after which the cutting process can take place by rotation of the pipe 4.
As seen in FIG. 2, a downward pointing arm 15 is fixedly attached to the circular shears, which arm abuts against a swivel cylinder 16. If pneumatic pressure is applied to the latter, the circular shears tend to swivel in the clockwise sense. To initiate the cutting process, the circular shears are made to contact the outer wall surface of the pipe 4 with their cutting roller 13 and pressure is applied to the swivel cylinder 16. If now, due to the rotation and advance motion of the pipe 4, the cutting roller 13 comes into alignment with the aperture 8 in the pipe 4, the circular shears 10, with their cutting roller 13, will automatically swivel into the pipe 4 until the cutting roller 14 makes contact with the outer pipe surface, after which the cutting process may begin.
Seen in top view in FIG. 3 is the manner in which the circular shears 10 are slidably arranged on their longitudinal guide member 12. During the cutting process, the circular shears 10 move from the initial position shown, to the opposite side of the cutting device 5. After that, the cutting device is swung out of the pipe 4 by actuating the swivel cylinder 16. Subsequently, a resetting cylinder 17 is used to return the circular shears 10 to their initial position. The embodiment shown thus requires no advance drive for the circular shears 10. Shown in FIG. 3 is, however, a drive 18 by means of which the cutting roller 14 is drivable via a chain 19.
In FIG. 4 it can be seen that the cutting rollers 13, 14 have two cutting edges K1 and K2. Due to this fact, a strip 20 is cut out from the pipe 4 by the cutting process.
The object of the invention has proved its worth particularly in the manufacture of galvanized, spirally-wound pipes for ventilation and air-conditioning applications.
Practical experience has shown that, using the method and the device according to the invention, galvanized, spirally-wound ventilation pipes with sheet-metal thickness of 0.2 mm to 1.25 mm and diameters of 60 mm to 2200 mm can be cut to length without any problems.
It is obviously possible to cut also non-coated pipes and/or pipes made of stainless steel or of other materials such as aluminum alloys, etc.
By means of a control circuit, the object of the invention is easily connected with a simple microprocessor so that the apertures to be provided in the starting material are optimally positioned in dependence on the desired length, the pipe diameter and the pitch of the pipe winding helix.
The method and the device are readily integrated into automated manufacture (CIM) and appropriately adapted to production demands.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US3564707 *||Oct 21, 1968||Feb 23, 1971||Rollan Electric Co||Method for winding wire coils|
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|CH375316A *||Title not available|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5931075 *||Sep 18, 1997||Aug 3, 1999||Nippondenso Co., Ltd.||Method and apparatus for cutting flat tube|
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|US6295853||Feb 18, 2000||Oct 2, 2001||Lindab Ab||Spirally formed pipe cutter with driving mechanism to actively rotate inner knife|
|US6619162||Sep 18, 2000||Sep 16, 2003||Drossbach Gmbh & Co. Kg||Device for cutting tubes|
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|U.S. Classification||29/413, 83/343, 82/94, 82/58, 29/414, 29/33.00S, 29/33.00T, 82/70|
|International Classification||B23D21/14, B26D5/32, B23D25/04, B21C37/12, B23D25/08, B23D21/00|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T83/483, B26D5/32, B23D21/14, Y10T29/5199, Y10T29/5198, Y10T29/49792, B21C37/127, Y10T82/16409, Y10T82/16213, B23D25/04, Y10T29/4979, Y10T82/16836|
|European Classification||B26D5/32, B23D25/04, B23D21/14, B21C37/12G|
|Jun 6, 1990||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: EMIL SUTER MASCHINENFABRIK AG, SWITZERLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:BINGGELI, RUDOLF;LANGMEIER, FRITZ;REEL/FRAME:005341/0452
Effective date: 19900529
|Jun 22, 1995||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Mar 20, 1998||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SPIRO INTERNATIONAL S.A., SWITZERLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:EMIL SUTER MASCHINENFABRIK AG;REEL/FRAME:009064/0499
Effective date: 19971115
|Jun 8, 1999||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jun 24, 2003||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12