|Publication number||US5074024 A|
|Application number||US 07/223,828|
|Publication date||Dec 24, 1991|
|Filing date||Jul 14, 1988|
|Priority date||Jul 21, 1987|
|Also published as||DE3866987D1, EP0300857A1, EP0300857B1|
|Publication number||07223828, 223828, US 5074024 A, US 5074024A, US-A-5074024, US5074024 A, US5074024A|
|Original Assignee||Bendix France|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (12), Classifications (12), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a process for the assembly, by crimping, of two pieces in the general form of a cup, and which can be used particularly for assembling the cylinder and cover of a servomotor of the vacuum type, such as is used for boosting the braking of motor vehicles.
Servomotors of the vacuum type which can be used particularly for boosting the braking of motor vehicles are known. Such a servomotor is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,571,942. It comprises a cover and a cylinder made of sheet metal and crimped on their periphery. It is known to carry out the crimping as a result of shearing and the simultaneous deformation of zones uniformly distributed angularly over the periphery of the cover. This process has several disadvantages, particularly with regard to the crimping force. Because of the simultaneous operation of shearing and deforming the sheet metal, it is necessary to use, with considerable force, a punch which has a special profile, with risks of rejection if there is imperfect positioning of the tool or wear of the latter. Furthermore, very often there is peeling of the protective coating of the sheet metal in the region of the deformed zone, and a sheared part is not protected.
To overcome this disadvantage, it is known from U.S. Pat. No. 4,331,201, prior to the crimping, to make oblong slots in one of the pieces in order to define zones of less resistance which can be deformed simply by being pressed down in order to corrugate the outer edge. The punch to be used then no longer works by shearing, thus substantially reducing the risks of rejection because of imperfect positioning or peeling of the protective coating of the sheet metal in the region of the deformed zone. Moreover, the protective coating deposited after the operation of cutting out the oblong slots protects the edge of the non-deformed boundary of the slot against corrosion.
However, during deformation and subsequently, when there are relative micro-movements between the deformed boundary and the rim bearing on the boundary, the protective coating deposited on the edge of the deformed boundary and also the coating on the rim opposite the deformed boundary tend to become worn and to peel off, thus defining corrosion sources unacceptable particularly in vacuum servomotors for brake boosting which equip motor vehicles.
An object of the present invention is, therefore, to overcome this disadvantage.
The invention relates, in general terms, to a process for the assembly, by crimping, of a metal cylinder and a metal cover, of which the first has a rim extending outwardly and the second has a border, of which a radial shoulder part is substantially parallel to the rim and a cylindrical projection, in which a plurality of uniformly distributed oblong slots has been made, has a longitudinal axis parallel to the rim and a boundary near a free edge of the cylindrical projection is perpendicular to the rim which the boundary opposes, the cylinder being fitted into the cover after a deformable gasket has been arranged therebetween and other components of the assembly have been enclosed, the cylinder and the cover having previously been covered with a protective coating.
According to the invention, the process also involves the following steps:
the cylinder and the cover are pressed against one another so as to crush the gasket;
zones of less resistance located between said boundary and a free edge of each zone are stamped in such a way that a middle part of the stamped boundary moves away from the plane parallel to the rim and passing through ends of the slot; and
the pressure tending to crush the gasket is released.
Preferably, the stamping step is carried out by means of a punch, the working surface of which has an axis perpendicular to the axis of the slots and not parallel to the zone to be stamped, the pressure being exerted on the punch perpendicularly to the zone to be stamped. Alternatively, it is carried out by means of a punch, the working surface of which has an axis perpendicular to the axis of the slots and to the axis in which the required pressure is exerted, the latter having an acute angle relative to the perpendicular to the zone to be stamped.
In order to assist the check of the quality of assemblies obtained in this way, it is preferable that the width of the slots is such that it allows a visual check of the positioning of the gasket.
Of course, the slots preferably assume either an oval form or a substantially rectangular form.
The invention also relates to a vacuum servomotor intended for boosting the braking of a vehicle and assembled according to the process.
The present invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:
FIG. 1 is a profile view of a servomotor assembled according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial sectional view along the line A--A of the servomotor of FIG. 1,
FIG. 3 is a partial enlarged view of a diametral section through the servomotor of FIG. 1, and
FIGS. 4 and 5 are views of punches utilized to effect the stamping process.
Looking at the figures, the servomotor comprises a sheet-metal cover 10 crimped at its periphery onto a sheet-metal cylinder 12. The cylinder 12 and the cover 10 have a symmetry of revolution about the axis XX' illustrated in FIG. 1. In general terms, the servomotor illustrated in FIG. 1 is of the type described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,571,942, to which reference can be made as regards the structure of the various component elements and the functioning of the servomotor. Such a servomotor is used for boosting the braking of motor vehicles.
Before the servomotor is assembled, a radial shoulder 14 followed by a cylindrical projection 16 adjacent the free edge of the cover 10 are formed on the border of the cover 10 by stamping.
In a similar way, a radial rim 18 is formed on the periphery of the cylinder 12 by stamping. As illustrated in FIG. 3, the shoulder 14, the rim 18, and the cylindrical projection 16 produce, after the servomotor as been assembled, an annular recess, in which the outer bead 19 of the diaphragm 20 of the piston (not shown) of the servomotor is retained in the conventional way in order to form a gasket. This diaphragm is made of elastomeric material.
Oblong slots 22 are made by cutting on the cylindrical projection 16 according to a uniform angular distribution, as illustrated in FIG. 1. As a non-limiting example, the slots are substantially rectangular, 3 millimeters wide by 15 millimeters long. These slots thus define, with the free edge of the cylindrical projection, zones of less resistance 24 and boundaries 25 which will be deformed during the final crimping of the cover onto the cylinder, after the mounting of the various internal components of the servomotor, particularly the positioning of the bead 19, as illustrated in FIG. 3.
After cutting out the slots 22, but before final crimping, a protective coating (such as a varnish or paint) is arranged on the pieces as a whole and particularly on the edge of the sheet metal thus cut out, in order to improve the corrosion resistance. The width provided for the slots is sufficient to allow good penetration of the coating into the slots.
Preferably, this width will be such that a visual check of the diaphragm can easily be carried out after crimping.
According to the invention, for assembly, the cover 10 is first pressed against the cylinder 12 so as to crush the bead 19 of the diaphragm 20 between the shoulder 14 and the rim 18. The zones of less resistance 24 located between the boundary of each slot 22 and the free edge of the cylindrical projection 16 are then stamped, in such a way that the middle part of the stamped boundary moves away from the rim 18 and a plane y parallel to the rim and passing through the ends of the slot 22, the ends of the slot remaining near the rim 18. Finally, the pressure exerted under the two pieces is released.
Consequently, the middle part of the boundary is not in contact with the rim 18 and no longer constitutes a source of corrosion.
For this purpose, of course, the stamping step must be carried out in a special way. It is possible, for example, to use a punch 30 shown in FIG. 4, of which the cross-section in the plane containing the axis of the working surface and the thrust force assumes the general form of a rectangular trapezium, the side facing the part to be stamped being bevelled in such a way that the working surface 31 of the punch first comes in contact with the zone of less resistance 24 to be stamped in the region of the boundary 25 of the slot 22 and comes in contact with the opposite part 26 only after the partial stamping of the zone of less resistance 24. The working surface 31 has an axis (see dashed line) that is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A of the slot 22. In this case, the force exerted on the punch remains perpendicular to the zone of less resistance 24 to be stamped.
Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 5, the cross-section described above can be of rectangular form, the force exerted on the punch 40 then being oblique relative to the zone of less resistance 24 to be stamped.
Although the invention has been described with reference to a vacuum-type servobrake for boosting the braking of motor vehicles, it is clear that it can also apply to the assembly of any other unit of cylindrical form or not. In practice, it is used for assembling all metal pieces which are to be protected against corrosion.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3158930 *||May 1, 1961||Dec 1, 1964||Bendix Corp||Method of manufacturing assembly fluid pressure motors|
|US4136438 *||Jul 5, 1977||Jan 30, 1979||P. R. Mallory & Co. Inc.||Electrical device|
|US4268945 *||Jun 5, 1979||May 26, 1981||The Bendix Corporation||Method of assemblying a sealed structure|
|US4366612 *||Dec 22, 1980||Jan 4, 1983||The Bendix Corporation||Method of fastening a first shell to a second shell with a diaphragm bead therebetween|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5297471 *||Sep 24, 1990||Mar 29, 1994||Alfred Teves Gmbh||Housing for a pneumatic power booster and process for its manufacture|
|US6362548 *||Mar 7, 2000||Mar 26, 2002||Donnelly Corporation||Housing with integral gasket components for a rearview mirror actuator assembly|
|US6390567 *||Aug 20, 2001||May 21, 2002||Robert Bosch Corporation||Housing for a brake booster|
|US6405636 *||Apr 12, 2001||Jun 18, 2002||Haldex Brake Corporation||Brake actuation having snap-fit tamper resistant spring chamber|
|US6685864||Dec 13, 2001||Feb 3, 2004||Donnelly Corporation||Method of making a housing with integral gasket components for a rearview mirror actuator assembly|
|US7004751 *||Dec 23, 2003||Feb 28, 2006||Jotul North America, Inc.||Gas burner assemblies, methods for assembling, and gas fired appliances employing same|
|US7048342||Jan 27, 2004||May 23, 2006||Robert Bosch Corporation||Housing for a brake booster|
|US20040144312 *||Jan 8, 2004||Jul 29, 2004||Ngk Insulators, Ltd.||Systems for producing semiconductors and members therefor|
|US20050136368 *||Dec 23, 2003||Jun 23, 2005||Malloy Shawn T.||Gas burner assemblies, methods for assembling, and gas fired appliances employing same|
|DE102008003211A1||Jan 5, 2008||Nov 13, 2008||Hydraulik-Ring Gmbh||Pressure valve for a high pressure fuel system comprises a control unit having a cover which is fixed to the valve housing using flat protuberances of the cover|
|DE102008003211B4 *||Jan 5, 2008||Jun 18, 2014||Hilite Germany Gmbh||Druckventil mit integriertem Deckel, insbesondere geeignete Befestigung und Verfahren zur Befestigung des Deckels|
|WO2003016117A1 *||Jul 17, 2002||Feb 27, 2003||Robert Bosch Corporation||A housing for a brake booster|
|U.S. Classification||29/451, 29/513|
|International Classification||F16J3/02, F15B15/10, B23P11/00, B60T13/569|
|Cooperative Classification||B23P11/005, Y10T29/49922, B60T13/569, Y10T29/49872|
|European Classification||B60T13/569, B23P11/00A|
|Feb 21, 1989||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BENDIX FRANCE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:GAUTIER, JEAN-PIERRE;REEL/FRAME:005029/0373
Effective date: 19890203
|Jul 19, 1994||CC||Certificate of correction|
|May 17, 1995||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jul 20, 1999||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Dec 26, 1999||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Mar 7, 2000||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19991224