Card shuffling and dealing mechanism
US 507930 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
me Model.) 2 sheets-sum1.
W. H. RANNEY.
GARD SHUFFLING AND DBA'LING MEGHANISM. y No.. 507,930.. Patented Oct. 31, 1893.
v 2 Sheets-Sheet 2. W. H. RANNEY.
GARD SHUPFLING AND DEALING MBGHANISM. No. 507,930. Patented Oct. 31, 1893.
William HP1 Einmj, Z710( Elj the movable gatein elevation.
UNITED I STATES PATENT @Friese WILLIAM H. yRANNEY, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN.'
CARD SHUFFLING AND DEALING MECHANISIVI.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 507,930, dated October 31, 1893.
- Application filed October 10l 1892. Serial No.44813. (No model.)
.To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM H. RANNEY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Detroit, in the county of Wayne and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in CardShufiiing and Dealing Mechanism, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
improvements in-card shuffling and dealing mechanism and it consists in the construction and arrangement of parts hereinaftery described and definitely pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical, central, longitudinal section through my improved device showing the parts in the position in which the cards are being shuffled. Fig. 2 is a cross section on line x showing Fig. 3 is a cross section on line yy. Fig. 4 is a vertical section through the feed roll partly in elevation. Fig. 5 is a side elevation of the device showing a slightly modified form of the shuffling mechanism. Fig. 6 is a plan view of the table showing in dotted lines the position of the device in dealing to the various parties at the table. Fig. 7 is a perspective View of the device shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 8 is a vertical longitudinal section through a portion of the device shown in Fig. 5.l
A is 'the casing preferably substantially rectangular in shape and set upon one corner, which is provided with a foot B. The casing is secured preferably central of its foot to the front end of the slotted rod C.
D is a bolt secured in the table and preferably having a winged nut. This bolt passes through the slot in the rod C and the nut may be clamped thereon tohold it against movement. When the nut is loosened the rod may be moved upon the bolt to carry the casing to any desired point around the table, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 6. In order to make the handle of the device more convenient I provide the rod at the end with a handle E. I preferably provide the rod C with a hinged joint F which will break down over the edge ofthe table, as shown in Fig. 5. When not in use this rod or handle will not project from This invention relates to new and usefull the table to the inconvenience of the players or of people passing.
G is the top of 'the casing and which may be hinged or otherwise detachably secured in position.
H is an inclined partition extending Ifrom the front of the casing inwardly and H is a corresponding partition arranged abovev the partition H and parallel therewith forming two card receptacles a a respectively.l `The casing at its forward end is provided'with a feed opening I which is controlled by a door l' sliding vertically in suitable guides to open and closethe feed opening. The partition H is arranged substantially in the middle of the feed opening and the partition H below or at the lower edge thereof.
J is a partition arranged substantiallyparallel with the partition H but upon a lower plane than said partition and extending with its rear end to the rear end of the casing, as plainly shown in Fig. 1. Above this partition within the casing is formed a receptacle K which I usually call the delivery receptacle.
L isa gate adapted to control the discharge Y opening from both receptacles simultaneously and to this end it consists of an upper closure or cut off b, and a lower closure or cut od b', the two being separatedbyawellc. This gate at its lowerend rests upon or is secured to the end of the lever M, which is fulcrumed at M in the bracket M2 and at its opposite end engages with the collar N, which embraces a screw shaft N', journaled in suitable bearings at the rear end of the machine. The screw shaft at its lower end is provided with a beveled gear wheel O which meshes with the beveled gear wheel O upon the transverse shaft O2, this shaft being provided at its end with a suitable actuating crank handle O3 outside the casing. The collar Nis provided with a rearward extending bracket d, upon which are pivoted the two parts of a split securing nut e embracing the screw shaft NL and normally held in engagement therewith by the tension of a spring f secured to the lug g at the outer end of the screw nut. The halves of the screw nut are provided at their rear side with the finger piece h, by means of which the two parts of the nut may be separated when it is desired to raise and lower the IOO nut upon the shaft without turning the shaft. These finger pieces extend to the outside of the casing and through a suitable slot in the door I. At the lower end of the delivery receptacle K is a discharge aperture P. This discharge aperture is normally closed by a leaf spring P secured at its rear end to the rear end of the partition J and extending slightly above the top of the discharge openlng.
Q is a weight suspended by a cord Q which passes over a sheave Q2 at the top of the casing and is secured to the lever Q3 extending across the end of the machine. This lever is adapted to be engaged beneath a spring hook R to hold a weight in its elevated position.
Sisa` shaft journaled across the front end of the machine and having secured' toit the feed rollers S preferably of compositionlsuehV as used in printers rolls. On the end of the shaft is a suitable crank handle S2 for actu- ^ating the same and the feed rolls.V
S3 is4 a lug on` the hub of the crank, which ini the. rotation of the same is adapted to strike the spring hook R and release it from theend' of the lever Q3 allowing theweight Q to' fall.
T isan eccentric upon the shaft S upon which isthe eccentric strap T secured to a connecting rod T2, which connects with abell crank lever T3 for actuating the reciprocating bunching arm` T4. p
U` are wings at the side of the discharge opening of the casing to prevent the cards from turning in falling upon the table, and toshield them from sight whilefalling. Upon theoutside of the casing is f ulcrumed a lever V one arm of which pivotally connects with a lever V', which extends to theend of the casing and rests upon the upper face of the projecting end of the lever Q3, andthe other armof which is connected to the sliding door I', as shown in Fig. 5.
The parts being thus constructed their operation is asfollows: The operator lirst takes hold of the linger piece h and pressing thereon opens the split screw nut d, moving that nut down the screw shaft N to its lowest point, thereby raising up the gate across the end' of the two receptacles and closing the same; The operator now opens the slide I of the casing and inserts the cardsl into the card receptacles a, a. movement of said slide will oscillate the arm e andthe lever e moving the lever Q3 downward until it engages beneath the spring hook R- and is locked thereunder. The forward endof the partition H is preferably sharp, sothat in simply pushing the cards into the feed aperture I they will naturally be separated above and below that partition, substantially one half of the cards moving into eachfreceptacle and resting upon the' two partitionsH` and II where they are held by the cut off b b. The operator now taking hold At the same time the of the crank handle O3 turns the same, which through the connections described will raise the screw nutdupon the screw shaft carrying with it the forward end ofthe lever M, the rear end of which will be carried downward, drawing with it the gate. As the gate descends, the cut-off bb will be drawn across the discharge openings of the card receptacle, and as the topof the cnt-oli' b passes below the top card of the upper receptacle that card will slide over and fall into the receptacle K. In like `manner when the top of the cut-off b passes I,below the upper card in the lower receptacle that card will slide over the cut-of and fall into the receptacle K. Thus, as the operation is continued oneor more cards fall together from what was originall;r thetop and middle of the pack into the new receptaclenow and thoroughly shuflie the same; When* allV the cards in the receptacle K- rest upon thepartition J, the operator turnsithe crank- S2 which rotates thefeedwheels. Asfsoonas the crank has turned sufficiently so that the lugs S3 strike the spring hook R, and release; the lever Q3, the weight will fall upon@ the topof the cards'andits weight will depress the forward end of the spring P and press t'heflower card tightly against thetop face of the feed rollers sothat continued motion of the crank will feed the cards out through the feed openingP upon the table.- Asthe crankS2i`s turned it willI carry with it the" eccentrilcT, which through the connections described will op# erate` the bunching arm T4 and force thecards to the front end of the receptacle KJ insuring their' delivery. The operator placing his left handk upon'the handle E of the rod-C can push the'case to any desiredlpoint `on the table, as shown in Fig. 6;
In place'of the construction shown in Fig. l, I may use that shown in Fig.5,whereIem ploy in addition to the double shuie described, the single shuffle shown and described in `my previous patent, No. 483,364, dated September 27, 1892.A In that case I omit the` partition yHl from the box and add the casing W containing partition H, and the two card receptacles above and below. The `door I is providedwith two cut-OES similar to the cut-olfs b andb and is connectedto the nut e so that in the operation of the device the cards are first double shuiied into the upper receptacle of the casing,iand then single shuffied in the receptacle K.
My card shuffling device is adapted for use in all ordinary games of cards, and it is obviousthat where necessary the cards may be reversed in the receptacle and dealt with the face side up.
What I claim as my invention isl. In a card shuffling device,the combination of two adjacent card receptaclesfand a movable gate controlling the discharge openings therefrom, substantially as described.
2. AInfacard shuiiling device the combina'- tionof twoadjacent card receptacles and a tor;
movable gate adapted to be moved -simultanneouslyacross the discharge end of f bothreceptacles, substantially as described.
3. In a card shuffling device, the combination of two adjacent card receptacles, a movable gate controlling'the discharge from both receptacles simultaneously, a second receptacle into whichrthe cards are delivered from the first receptacles and a feed mechanismv discharging the cards fromrthe said second receptacle, substantially as described.
4. Ina card shuflling device, the combinar tion of two adjacent card receptacles, a mov'- able gate controlling the discharge frornboth receptacles simultaneously, a feed mechanism for the gate, a crank handle for operating said mechanism, a lower receptacle, and a feed mechanism for dischargingthe cards therefrom, substantially as described.
5. In a card shuffling device, the combina# tion ofthe receiving receptacle, the discharge receptacle, mechanism for shutting the cards in .delivering them to the discharge receptaf cle, av door controlling the receiving receptacle, delivery mechanism, a weight for forcing the cards upon the feedvwheels, and vmeans for raising the weight by the opening of the door, substantially as described.
6. In a ca rd shufliing device, the combination with the card receptacle and the Vgate ver and screw nut, substantially as described. 45
S. In a card shuffling and dealing'device the combination of the delivery receptacleQthedelivery wheels, and a weight adapted to be lowered to press the cards upon the delivery wheels, a suspending device for said weight, a catch for holding the weight raised,' andfa connection from the delivery shaft to release said catch,substantially as described. l
In testimony whereof Iaftix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
WILLIAM H.'RANNEY; Witnesses: A.
M. B. ODOGJHERTY, N. L. LINDoP.