Apparatus for cooling bottled liquids
US 507996 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
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APPARATUS FOR GOOLING BOTTLED LIQUIDS. No. 507,996. Patented Nov. 7, 1893.
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Patented Nov. 7, 1893.
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ISRAEL JONES OOBIN, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., AND ADRIAN HITT, OF JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY.
APPARATUS FOR COOLING B OTTLED LIQUIDS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 507,996, dated November 7, 1893.
Application filed J y ,1892. Serial No. 439,194. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, ISRAEL JONES GoBIN, a resident of the city, county, and State of New York, and ADRIAN HITT, a resident of Jersey City, Hudson county, New Jersey, citizens of the United States, have jointly invented certain new and useful Improvements in Apparatus for Cooling Bottled Lfquids, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification.
The object of our invention is the provision of mechanism by which the temperature of bottled liquids may be reduced, if desired to freezing point, easily, expeditiously and cheaply, and to this end our invention consists in the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts and details hereinafter described and specifically set forth in the claim.
In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a front elevation of our improved apparatus. Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof. Fig. 3 is a perspective view showing a modification in the construction of the apparatus. Fig. 4. is a front elevation showing another modified construction, and Fig. 5 is a view partly in section of the device by which the removal and replacement of the bottle in the cooler is readily effected.
Similar letters of reference are employed to desi gnate corresponding parts in all the views.
In said drawings the frame A is secured to any suitable support B, such for instance as a bar or table, by means of the set screws a, a. A rotatable spindle O is journaled in suitable bearings a, a carried by said frame. To the lower end-of the spindle G is secured a clamp D, the jaws of which are pivoted to the spindle, and which are normally held open by a spring (1. The lower ends of the jaws are shaped to encircle the neck of a bottle G, and
when closed around thebottle are held firmly in place, by the set screw cl carried by the sliding yoke cl which partially encircles the jaws of the clamp. The bottle G being thus firmly gripped will be rotated with the spindle O and clamp D. The gripping portion of the jaws are preferably provided with a lining d of leather or other similar substance, to prevent the bottle from being chipped, and to insure an even and firm pressure of the clamp jaws on the bottle neck. A beveled pinion E (see Figs. 1 and 2) is secured to the spindle O, and a beveled gear wheel F is journaled in the frame A and meshes with the pinion E. A handlefis secured to the wheel F.
Beneath the frame A is suspended a receptacle H for the refrigerant I. This is an ordinary wine cooler, such as wine is usually served in, provided with two short lugs h, h. This is supported, (Figs. 1 and 2) from two arms J, J, which at their upper ends are secured to the frame A, and the lower ends of which are bent upwardly to form hooks in which the lugs 72., h, or the ordinary handles of the cooler, will rest, thereby preventing the cooler H from turning with the bottle. These arms J, J, are preferably pivoted to the frame so that they may be readily adjusted to fit a cooler of any size or shape.
The operation of the apparatus is as follows: After having firmly fastened it to a proper support, such for instance as the edge of a table or counter, the bottle to be operated upon is placedin the cooler Hand surrounded with a suitable refrigerating material, such as a mixture of ice and salt, and the cooler is hung on the hooks at the ends of the arms J, J. The neck of the bottle is then inserted in the clamp D and firmly secured by forcing v the sliding yoke d down toward the end of the clamp and securing it inplace by the set screw (1. If now the wheel F be revolved, the bottle G will be rotated in the refrigerant I with extreme rapidity, and the temperature of its contents will be reduced nearly to freezing point in from two to three minutes. When the desired reduction in temperature is attained, the neck of the bottle is released from the clamp, and the bottle is carried in the cooler H directly to the customer and served without repacking. If then it is desired to cool another bottle, another cooler is placed in position and the operation is repeated. Before the bottle is taken out of the cooler, a perforated sheet metal sleeve K, which is just large enough to fit over the bottle, is slipped down over it.. If now the bottle is removed, the sleeveK which remains in place excludes any broken ice from the space occupied by the bottle, and the bottle may thus be quickly and noiselessly replaced without scattering any ice around the cooler.
In the modification shown in Fig. 3 the beveled pinion E is replaced by a cone L, and the bevel gear wheel F by a wheel M which has a beveled friction surface m arranged to engage with the cone L and thus rotate the same when the wheel M is turned. The surface of the cone or the surface at may be constructed of any material which will insure good frictional contact. We have employed raw hide for this purpose with good results. In the modification shown in Fig. 4 the pin- 1on E 1s replaced by a grooved pulley 1, and the bevel gear wheel F by a grooved pulley Q. The pulleys are connected by a belt R, which passes over guide pulleys S which as shown are mounted on the frame A.
The operation of both these modified forms of apparatus will be readily understood from the foregoing description, and in cases where 1t1s desirable to have the operation of the apparatus as noiseless as possible, we prefer one or the other of them to that which is illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2.
In Fig. 3 the apparatus is shown as supported on a tripod N, and the cooler is suspended beneath the frame from hooks 0 secured to the legs of the tripod.
Other modifications, especially in the form of the mechanism employed to rotate the clamp D, may be employed, but we-consider it unnecessary to refer to them specifically, since any of the Well known mechanical devices may be adapted to that purpose withpnt departing from the spirit of our inven- Our invention has proved itself of great value wherever bottled liquids are to be cooled, and particularly in hotels, clubs and restaurants where it is desirable to effect the cooling process quickly. In such and other places where wine and especially champagne are served it has heretofore been found neeessary to keep several bottles of each brand immersed in a solution of ice and salt in order that wine of any brand may be served promptly when ordered. This arrangement wastes a large amount of ice, and the wine in the bottles whlch are not opened, and which are removed from the cooling solution atthe close of the day suffers great deterioration and is frequently ruined by reason of thechanges in temperature to which it is subjected. Our invention however entirely dispenses with the necessity of keeping any of the wine on ice, as a bottle may be taken from the basket and its temperature reduced nearly to freezing point in from two to three minutes, and thus the wine may be kept at uniform temperature until it is ordered. It is also frequently the case that frappd wine is desired, this term being used to designate wine which is partially frozen in the bottle. By the use of our invention this result can be produced in five minutes or less, while to attain it by the methods hereto fore generally employed usually requires one hour or more.
Another advantage attained by our invention is the economical manner in which the wine may be cooled; and which is owing to the fact that the refrigeration takes place in the same cooler in which the Wine is served, so that after the wine is sufficiently cooled it is not necessary to repack it in a separate cooler, as heretofore, by which a great saving in ice and time is effected. The utilization of the ordinary wine coolers as cooling buckets in our apparatus is effected by making the arms J J adjustable so as to allow for the variation in shape and size of the coolers which always exists. This renders it unnecessary to provide new coolers of uniform size to [it the machine.
Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
In an apparatus forcooling bottled liquids, the combination with a frame adapted tobe connected to a suitable support, of a rotatable clamp, for gripping and supporting the hotthe, journaled in said frame, mechanism substantially as described for rotating said clamp, and laterally adjustable arms J J, for supporting a cooler beneath the clamp, substantially as shown and described.
ISRAEL JONES COBIN. ADRIAN IlI'lT.
H. STEEL, D. M. SMITH.