|Publication number||US5092567 A|
|Application number||US 07/658,190|
|Publication date||Mar 3, 1992|
|Filing date||Feb 20, 1991|
|Priority date||Feb 20, 1991|
|Publication number||07658190, 658190, US 5092567 A, US 5092567A, US-A-5092567, US5092567 A, US5092567A|
|Original Assignee||John Wang|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (10), Classifications (12), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of Invention
The invention relates to a pressure actuated assembly, more particularly to a pressure actuated assembly which can be used as a cushion device since it contracts when pressure is applied to the same and expands when the pressure is released.
2. Discussion of the Related Art
A cushion device can be placed between a base and a mechanical apparatus and its mounting to act as a buffer helping to prevent damage to the apparatus. Currently, various types of cushion devices exist, such as hydraulic chambers and air cushions. Each is useful in its own way. The constructions of these cushion devices therefore differ from one another.
An object of the present invention is to provide a pressure actuated assembly which can not only be used as a cushion device but is also easy to produce at low expense because it can be manufactured by a single mold.
According to the present invention, a pressure actuated assembly includes a housing having a first truncated cone-shaped member and a second truncated cone-shaped member. Each of the truncated cone-shaped members has a converging end and a diverging end. The converging ends are joined together so that a neck portion is formed thereat. The housing is made of flexible resilient material and has a hollow portion extending from one diverging end to the other. Each of the diverging ends has a flange portion extending outward from the periphery of the same. The flange portion of the first truncated cone-shaped member has an annular groove into which the flange portion of the second truncated cone-shaped portion is insertable. Two closing plates are mounted respectively on each of the flange portions in such a manner that they close and seal the housing, so the housing can contain hydraulic fluid therein. A non-stretchable hoop is provided around the neck portion so that it can not expand outward when pressure is applied to the diverging ends. The housing thus formed can be used as a cushion device.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent in the following detailed description, including drawings, all of which shows a non-limiting forms of the invention, and of which:
FIG. 1 shows a preferred embodiment of a pressure actuated assembly according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 shows a configuration of first preferred embodiment of FIG. 1 when a pressure is applied to the same.
FIG. 3 is an elevational view of the preferred embodiment of the present invention in use in another way.
FIG. 4 is a top view of the preferred embodiment of FIG.3.
FIGS. 5 and 6 show the preferred embodiment of the pressure actuated assembly according to the present invention in use in still another way.
Referring to FIG. 1, a pressure actuated assembly of the present invention includes a housing (1), made of a flexible resilient material and produced by a single mold, and having a first truncated cone-shaped member (13) and a second truncated cone-shaped member (14). Each of the truncated cone-shaped members (13,14) has a converging end and a diverging end. The converging ends are joined together so that a neck portion (12) is formed thereat. The housing (1) further has a hollow portion (11) extended from one diverging end to the other diverging end. Each of the diverging ends has a flange portion (15,17) extending outward from the periphery of the same. The flange portion (15) has an annular groove (16) formed therein into which the flange portion (17) of the second truncated cone-shaped member can be inserted, so that a long housing (10) as shown in FIG. 3 can be formed by concatenating a plurality of housings (1). FIG. 4 shows a top view of the long housing thus formed.
In the present embodiment, a first closing plate (2) is inserted in the annular groove (16) of the flange portion (15) of the first diverging ends. The flange - portion (15) is tightly clamped by a clamp member (3). A second clamping member (41) is integrally formed with a second closing plate (4) and also clamps the flange portion (17) of the second truncated cone-shaped member (14) so that any hydraulic oil can be contained in the housing without leaking. To serve as a cushion device more effectively, a non-stretchable hoop (5) is provided at the neck portion (12) of the housing, therefore when pressure is applied to either end of the housing, the neck portion will not extend outward, as shown in FIG. 2. The housing will contract in proportion to the magnitude of the applied pressure. When the applied pressure is released, the housing will regain its initial shape due to the restoring force of the flexible resilient material from which the housing is made. In this embodiment, a compression gas can be used instead of the hydraulic oil. The features and objects of a gas filled embodiment are the same as above explained.
Alternatively, the pressure actuated assembly can be used as a pump. The plate (2,4) of the pressure actuated assembly can be provided with two check valves (A',A"), which open in opposite directions as shown in FIG. 5. Two oil tanks (not shown) are respectively connected to the housing through said valves (A',A") so that when pressure is applied to the housing, the valve (A') allows the oil to flow out of the housing into a first tank. When the applied pressure is released, the oil from the second tank flows into the housing through the valve (A") due to pressure differential between the housing and the second tank. Thus oil from the second tank is pumped into the first tank. Alternatively, the plate (2,4) of the pressure actuated assembly can be provided with two check valves (A',A") which open in same direction as shown in FIG. 6. The features and objects are same as above described.
With the invention thus explained, it is obvious to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made without departing from the scope and spirit of the present invention. It is therefore intended that this invention be limited only as indicated in the appended claims.
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|U.S. Classification||267/141, 267/140.13, 267/141.4|
|International Classification||F04B43/08, F16F5/00, F16F9/04|
|Cooperative Classification||F04B43/08, F16F5/00, F16F9/04|
|European Classification||F04B43/08, F16F5/00, F16F9/04|
|Oct 10, 1995||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Mar 3, 1996||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|May 14, 1996||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19960306