US 509479 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Nov. 28, 1893. dimmi l.
mi NArloNAL LlmoaRAPmNa COMPANY.
' To a/ZZ whom it may con/cern,.-
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ANNA MAYER, OF OLIVER SPRINGS, TENNESSEE.
FLOU R-CH EST.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 509,479, dated November 28, 1893.
Application filed November 10,1892. Serial No. 451,561. (No model.)
which the following` is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
The object of myinvention is to produce a neat and convenient cabinet for holding flour, and one in which the bins may be safely and conveniently handled in ordinary use, and
which may be readily removed for cleaningA and airing.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a front elevation of my chest, showing it With the bins removed. Fig. 2 is a central vertical section of my chest through the middle of one of the bins, and showing it closed, the eX- treme limit of forward motion beingindicated by dotted lines.
Referring to the figures on the drawings, 1 indicates a suitable frame, which is preferably made of Wood and should be neatly joined on its bottom, top, back, and ends to make it dust proof. It is preferably provided with a horizontal partition 2 near the top which separates drawers 3 from the interior of the frame. In the lower part it carries the tilting bins 4, which may be of any desired number. The front of the chest is separated into the proper number of spaces to accommodate the bins required by a partition strip or strips 5. These spaces should be accurately made to fit the fronts of the bins.
The bins are preferably made of wood with converging sides 6 and 7, so as to render them Wedge-shaped in end elevation, the frontside being preferably longer than the other. The bottom 8 is preferably fastened between the lower ends of the two sides; while the ends 9 of the bins project below this bottom and are provided with bearing notches 10 which are designed to tit upon a longitudinal rod l1 carried in suitable bearings 12 in the ends of the frame, and in a medial bearing piece 13. The bins when set in position upon the rod may be easily moved backward and forward past their centers of gravity. On account of the shape of the bin the tendency of the bin, when closed, is to remain closed, and when open 1s to remain open, its center of gravity having been passed each time it is completely opened or closed.
A base strip 11i obscures the ends of the bins, and would serve to support them when open; but to avoid the considerable strain occasioned by the leverage gained upon the rod 11 and the bottom strip by the bins when supported by those parts alone, I prefer to use a slide or catch 15 carried in the horizontal partition 2, and adapted to be moved vertically so as to engage with the inner side of the bin and hold it in the open position.
17 indicates a movable shelf or knead board sliding into the upper part of the frame above the partition 2. The slides or catches 15 are made angular, as shown, so that when the board 17 is slipped into place it covers the slides and locks them in the retaining position until the slide is removed.
For the purpose of greater security I prefer to employ a bearing strip 16, fastened to the ends and inner side of each bin, and adapted to strike against the slide in use.
In practice the bins are carried securely in the frame and cannot become accidentally unfastened; but when it is desired to remove them, all that is necessary is to raise its slide, when the bin will be released from engagement therewith and tilting forward may be readily lifted out of the frame.
I do not desire to limit myself to the exact details of construction herein shown and described, becausethey may be modified in some respects without departing from the scope of my invention.
What I claim is- The combination with a frame, provided with a horizontal partition, of a tilting bin located thereunder, a sliding catch sliding vertically within an aperture in the partition, means for limiting its downward movement, said sliding catch projecting downwardly to limit the forward movement of the tilting bin,
and a removable knead board located above ANNA MAYER.
W. O. WALKER, T. A. SIENKNECHT.