|Publication number||US5105561 A|
|Application number||US 07/547,517|
|Publication date||Apr 21, 1992|
|Filing date||Jul 2, 1990|
|Priority date||Apr 14, 1990|
|Also published as||CA2040507A1, DE4012246C1|
|Publication number||07547517, 547517, US 5105561 A, US 5105561A, US-A-5105561, US5105561 A, US5105561A|
|Original Assignee||J. M. Voith Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Non-Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (15), Classifications (11), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to the dry end or dryer section of a machine for the manufacture of a fibrous web, particularly a web of paper. In particular, the invention concerns a dry end of the type which is formed exclusively of so-called single-screen dryer groups. Dry ends of this type are known from the following publications.
1. Journal "Wochenblatt fur Papierfabrikation", No. 22, 1988, page 6.
2. WO 90/01580, corresponding to U.S. application Ser. No. 230,627, filed Aug. 10, 1988.
3. WO 90/02225, corresponding to U.S. application Ser. No. 235,394, filed Aug. 23, 1988.
These publications disclose that the dryer cylinders can be arranged either in at least approximately horizontal rows or in at least approximately vertical rows at least over the greater part of the dry end. It is further known that to subdivide such a dry end into several dryer groups, wherein each dryer group comprises a plurality of heatable dryer cylinders, a plurality of guide rolls and a support belt which presses the web which is to be dried against the dryer cylinders.
From above Publication 1., it is known to provide single-screen dryer groups exclusively between the press section and the calender of the paper machine. However, there are also paper machines in which a dry end consisting exclusively of single-screen dryer groups extends from the press section up to a size press or a similar intermediate station, or from a size press to a calender.
It is further known from such publications that the bottom side of the web always comes into contact with the dryer cylinders in the last dryer group. In this way, the web travels in the downward direction, in particular, from the last dryer cylinder in the downward direction. In this way, in case of any disturbance, the web can be easily removed in the downward direction into a broke pulper.
From above Publications 2. and 3., it is known that a tip cutter must be installed at the end of the dry end. As long as the web travels into the broke pulper, the tip cutter can cut a narrow edge strip from the web. This strip then serves for threading the web into the following treatment stations, for instance calender and reel, or size press, or the like. A free stretch or draw of web is formed for such a tip cutter by means of a special arrangement of rollers, since upon the cutting of the tip, the web must be free of the support belt which otherwise travels with the web.
In Publication 2., the free stretch or draw of web is formed at the place of separation between the next-to-the-last and the last dryer groups, and therefore at a place where the web is still not completely dry. Thus, there is a danger that the web will tear upon the cutting of the tip. On the other hand, if necessary, use can be made of the possibility of controlling the web tension upon the cutting of the tip, by changing the difference in speed between the two dryer groups.
In Publication 3., the free stretch or draw of the web is formed within the last group of dryers, preferably between the last two dryer cylinders, and therefore at a place where the web is completely dry. Thus, the web only rarely tears upon the cutting of the tip. Between the last two dryer cylinders, there is a reversing roll with which the support belt comes into direct contact. In addition, a web guide roll is arranged below this reversing roll. The web travels, free of the support belt, from the reversing roll to the web guide roll and from the guide roll back to the reversing roll so that two free stretches of web are present. The aforementioned tip cutter is arranged on one of these two free stretches or draws of web. With this arrangement, there is the danger that upon tearing of the web or upon some other unstable operating condition, the web will wind up on the web guide roll. Furthermore, this has the disadvantage that two free stretches of web are present, although only a single free stretch of web is necessary for the tip cutter. The danger of tearing, which is always present at each free stretch of web, is therefore unnecessarily increased.
The object of the present invention is so to develop a free stretch of web for a tip cutter in a dry end of the aforementioned type that the danger of the web tearing and wrapping around a roll is at least considerably reduced or preferably entirely eliminated
In an apparatus for achieving this object, in a selected dryer group, out of a plurality of dryer groups, in which dryer group it is desired to arrange the tip cutter, an auxiliary guide roll is arranged between a selected dryer cylinder and an adjacent reversing roll. Only the support belt travels over this auxiliary guide roll while a free stretch or draw of web extends between the selected dryer cylinder and the adjacent reversing roll. The tip cutter can be arranged on the free stretch of web. It is essential that the web not come into direct contact with a guide roll in the region of the tip cutter. This avoids a danger of the web winding around a roll. Furthermore, only a single, relatively short, free stretch of the web is present. Accordingly, the danger of tearing of the web is very substantially reduced.
The so called selected dryer group is preferably the last dryer group of the dry end along the path of web travel. From this selected dryer group, the web continues further to a subsequent treatment station, for instance a calender, a size press, or the like.
The apparatus of the invention can be used in two different arrangements. In one arrangement, the "selected dryer cylinder" is preferably the next-to-the-last dryer cylinder of the selected dryer group. In this case, the web of paper travels from the selected dryer cylinder, after which it is separated from the support belt, then over the free web path to the reversing roll, where it again meets the support belt, and from the reversing roll, together with the support belt, in general to the following dryer cylinder which is preferably the last dryer cylinder of the selected dryer group. Instead of the following dryer cylinder, however, any other following guide roll, or cooling roll, or the like can be present.
In another arrangement of the apparatus, the selected dryer cylinder is preferably the last or next-to-the-last dryer cylinder of the selected dryer group. In this case the web travels, for instance, from a preceding dryer cylinder or from a preceding guide roll together with the support belt to the preceding reversing roll which precedes the selected dryer cylinder. At that reversing roll, the web and the support belt are separated. The web travels separated from the support belt from the reversing roll directly in a free stretch of web to the selected dryer cylinder so that the tip cutter can be arranged here. The support belt, free of the web of paper, travels from the reversing roll over the auxiliary guide roll and then to the selected dryer cylinder where it again meets the web.
In order for the web to be pressed by the support belt against the cylinder shell around the largest possible part of the circumference of the selected dryer cylinder, an additional auxiliary guide roll can be provided for the web in the vicinity of the selected dryer cylinder.
In an alternative arrangement of the apparatus for achieving the desired purpose, the selected dryer group is divided into a first subgroup and a second subgroup. In this way, the number of support belts and the number of required tensioning and regulating rolls is increased. On the other hand, however, this has the known advantage that the web tension in the region of the tip cutter can be adapted to specific prevailing requirements.
Further details of the various arrangements as well as further embodiments of the invention and examples are explained below on basis of the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a a diagrammatic side view of a dry end or dryer section of a paper making machine with horizontal cylinder rows, with a free stretch of web for a tip cutter.
FIG. 2 shows a detail of FIG. 1 with a modified arrangement of a tip cutter.
FIGS. 3 to 5 show further possible variants for the arrangement of the tip cutter.
FIG. 6 shows a dry end in which the dryer cylinders are arranged in predominantly vertical cylinder rows, also with a free stretch of web for the arrangement of a tip cutter.
The dry end or dryer section of a paper making machine shown in FIG. 1 comprises five dryer groups I through V. For simplifying the showing, each dryer group is shown with only three or four dryer cylinders. Actually, there are usually approximately twice as many dryers in each group. In the first dryer group 1, an endless web support belt 10, e.g. in the form of a felt, passes over the upper circumferential regions of each of the dryer cylinders 11 to 13 and, then following each dryer cylinder, over a respective reversing roll 14 to 16, and then over guide rolls 17 back to the cylinder 11.
In the second dryer group II, an endless support belt 20, e.g. a felt, passes over the lower circumferential regions of each of the dryer cylinders 21, 22 and 23 and then over respective reversing rolls 24 to 37 and over guide rolls 28 back to the first reversing roll 24.
The dryer groups III and IV are developed substantially in the same way as the dryer groups I and II.
Four dryer cylinders 31 to 34 are provided in the dryer group V. The endless, web support belt 30 travels over the upper circumferential regions of each of these dryer cylinders and then over the respective reversing rolls 35 to 38 and guide rolls 39 back to the first reversing roll 35. The reversing rolls 14-16, 24-26 and 35-38 are preferably developed as suction rolls, represented symbolically by a black dot.
The paper web 9 which is to be dried has a top and a bottom surface. In dryer groups I, III and V, the bottom of the web directly contacts the dryer cylinders, while the top of the web directly contacts the dryer cylinders in the drying groups II and IV. At the outlet end of the dry end, the paper web 9 leaves the last dryer cylinder 34 in the downward direction and passes over a paper guide roll 40 to a further treatment station, not shown.
In FIG. 1, the fifth or last dryer group V is the so-called "selected dryer group." Within the dryer group V, the next-to-the-last dryer cylinder 33 is the so-called "selected dryer cylinder." Between the selected dryer cylinder 33 and the following reversing roll 38, an auxiliary guide roll 41 is arranged. The support belt 30 separates from the web at the selected dryer cylinder 33, and then travels from the cylinder 33 without the paper web 9 on the belt, directly to the auxiliary guide roll 41. From the guide roll 41, the belt 30 goes to the reversing roll 38. Meanwhile, the paper web 9, free of the support belt 30, travels directly from the dryer cylinder 33 to the reversing roll 38. There, the paper web 9 and the support belt are again brought together. A tip cutter, arranged along the free stretch or open draw of the web, is indicated symbolically by an arrow S. On the travel path of the support belt from the reversing roll 38 to the following last dryer cylinder 34, a known web stabilizer 42 is arranged on the inner side of the support belt for establishing dependable adherence of the paper web 9 to the support belt 30.
In FIG. 1, the paper web 9 moves in the downward direction through the free path length from the cylinder 33 to the reversing roll 38. This has the advantage that in the event of a tear of the web, particularly upon the entry into action of the tip cutter S, the broke can be discharged downward over the shortest path.
However, a different arrangement is possible, as shown in FIG. 2. In that case, the last two dryer cylinders are 33' and 34'. The last dryer cylinder 34' is now the "selected dryer cylinder." The support belt in this case travels from the preceding dryer cylinder 33' together with the paper web 9 to the reversing roll 38. After the roll 38, the support belt 30 separates from the web 9 and travels over the auxiliary guide roll 41' to the selected dryer cylinder 34'. The paper web 9 travels from the reversing roll 38 on a direct path, free of support belt 30, to the last dryer cylinder 34' where the web meets the support belt again. The tip cutter S is therefore now arranged on an upward traveling stretch of open draw of the web rather than on a downward stretch as in the arrangement of FIG. 1.
In order that no pressure buildup takes place in the pocket which is present on the reversing roll 38 between the cylinder 33' and the auxiliary guide roll 41', a deflecting ledge for the oncoming air boundary layer, supported by a beam 43, is arranged at the place where the support belt moves off the cylinder 33'.
FIG. 3 shows another variant of the arrangement shown in FIG. 1. The reversing roll 38' and the auxiliary guide roll 41 are both at a somewhat greater distance from the horizontal central plane of the dryer cylinders 33 and 34, than in the embodiments of FIGS. 1 and 2. This placement of the rolls 38' and 41 defines a space for an additional auxiliary guide roll 44 which assures that the support belt 30 and the paper web 9 move jointly off the dryer cylinder 33. At this place, there is a web stabilizer 45 which draws the paper web 9 against the support belt 30 at the place of removal. In FIG. 3, the reversing roll 38' is not developed as a suction roll but as a fluted roll without suction means. Therefore, an auxiliary device, which is not shown, for instance, a cable guidance, a blast nozzle, or the like, is necessary upon the threading of the paper web into the dry end to deflect the oncoming tip of the edge strip upward to the dryer cylinder 34. In FIG. 3, however, differing from the showing, the reversing roll 38' can also be developed as suction roll.
In FIG. 4, the last dryer group V' is divided into a first subgroup Va which has a first support belt 30a, and into a second subgroup Vb which has a second support belt 30b. The first support belt 30a travels from the last dryer cylinder 33a of the first subgroup Va together with the web 9 to a last reversing roll 38a which is developed as a normal guide roll without suction means. From this reversing roll 38a, the first support belt 30a travels via guide rolls 39a back to the start of the first dryer subgroup Va. The second support belt 30b comes from the ordinary guide rolls 39b, 39c to the reversing roll 38b of the second subgroup Vb, comes together there with the paper web 9 and deflects the paper web upward and brings it to the sole dryer cylinder 34b of the second subgroup Vb. In order to be able to keep the distance between the dryer cylinders 33a and 34b small, the two reversing rolls 38a and 38b are arranged one above the other in the pocket T. That pocket is defined and surrounded by the web passing between the dryer subgroups. The clear space between the cylinders 33a and 34b is small, about the diameter of the one reversing roll 38a at the bottom of the pocket T. Furthermore, between the two reversing rolls 38a and 38b there is provided an auxiliary guide roll 46 which feeds the second support belt 30b to the bottom reversing roll 38b of the second subgroup Vb. The reversing roll 38b is developed as a suction roll. A few web stabilizers (without reference numbers) are also shown diagrammatically.
The following modifications are possible. The second subgroup Vb may have not only one but two or more dryer cylinders and, accordingly, additional reversing rolls. The last reversing roll 38a can lie in the bottom of the pocket T and be developed as suction roll. The reversing roll 38b can lie above the auxiliary guide roll 46 and have a small suction zone at the place where the web 9 coming from below combines with the second support belt 30b.
In all cases the web of paper 9 extends, without contact with one of the support belts, from the one reversing roll 38a to the other reversing roll 38b completing the pocket T. A tip cutter S is again arranged on this free stretch or open draw of the web. However, the configuration of either FIG. 4 or FIG. 5 can also be used without a tip cutter as a separation of the two adjacent dryer groups, with the same side of the web coming into contact with the dryer cylinders in both dryer groups. This type of group separation is more easily controlled, for instance, in the event of a tear of the web, than the configuration in accordance with FIG. 5 of U.S. Pat. No. 4,359,827 or FIG. 1 of U.S. Pat. No. 4,625,430.
If, as shown, a tip cutter S is present, then the lower side of the web must come into contact with the dryer cylinders 33a and 34b in both subgroups Va and Vb. In other words, the dryer cylinders lie on top in both subgroups Va and Vb. This is the same as in FIG. 1 where the dryer cylinders of dryer groups I, III and V lie on the top while the dryer cylinders of dryer groups II and IV lie on the bottom.
With the arrangement in FIG. 4 as a typical example, the dry end can be divided into dryer groups as follows:
______________________________________Dryer group I: five upper cylinders,Dryer group II: six lower cylinders,Dryer group III: seven upper cylinders,Dryer group IV: seven lower cylinders,Dryer group V:First subgroup: seven upper cylinders,Second subgroup: one upper cylinderTotal number of dryer cylinders: 33.______________________________________
In contrast to this, with the arrangement of a tip cutter in accordance with above noted prior art Publication 2. again as an example, the following division into groups would be necessary:
______________________________________Dryer group I: five upper cylindersDryer group II: five lower cylindersDryer group III: five upper cylindersDryer group IV: five lower cylindersDryer group V: six upper cylindersDryer group VI: six lower cylindersDryer group VII: one upper cylinder______________________________________
The total number of dryer cylinders would again be 33. With this arrangement, therefore, an additional support belt and the corresponding guide, tensioning, and regulating rolls would be necessary.
A group division with a tip-cutter arrangement in accordance with FIGS. 1 to 3 would be even more favorable than with FIG. 4, namely, for instance, the following:
______________________________________Dryer group I: five upper cylinders,Dryer group II: six lower cylinders,Dryer group III: seven upper cylinders,Dryer group IV: seven lower cylinders,Dryer group V: eight upper cylinders.______________________________________
Here, as shown in FIG. 1, only five support belts are necessary. The total number of dryer cylinders would again be 33.
FIG. 4 furthermore diagrammatically indicates that not only the dryer cylinder 34b but also one of the guide rolls and preferably the guide roll 39c directly following the cylinder 34b is provided with a drive. The two drives can, as shown, be connected to each other by gears 47, 48, 49. This assures that even in the case of only a single dryer cylinder 34b in the second subgroup Vb, the web tension in the free web portion always has the desired value, for instance, even if the web should tear between the dryer cylinder 34b and the following units. Instead of the guide roll 39c being driven, the reversing roll 38b could also be driven.
The arrangement in FIG. 5 differs from the one in FIG. 4 substantially only in the fact that the auxiliary guide roll 46' is developed as a multi-member roll, for instance, as a spreading roll. Such a spreading roll requires less space than an ordinary guide roll. Furthermore, blast nozzles 50 are indicated in FIG. 5 on the free web section. Those nozzles guide the oncoming tip of the edge strip dependably toward the suction roll 38b upon the threading of the web 9 into the dry end. Instead of using the blast nozzles 50, airfoil elements utilizing the Coanda effect or similar means could also be provided.
The dry end or drying section shown in FIG. 6 comprises a first horizontal row of cylinders 160 and a total of eight substantially vertical dryer cylinder rows 161-168 connected one after the other in the path of web travel. At the right-hand end of FIG. 6, one can note a part of a calender 150 which follows the dry end. It can be seen that, by the arrangement of the greatest part of the dryer cylinders 105-138 in vertical rows, the length of the dry end is substantially shorter than with an ordinary arrangement of dryer cylinders in horizontal cylinder rows.
The first dryer group in FIG. 6, formed of the cylinder rows 160 and 161, has an endless support belt 171. It first travels over a suction guide roll 180 where the support belt takes the web 9 over from the press section and feeds it to the first dryer cylinder 101. From here, the support belt 171 and the paper web travel together in succession over the reversing suction guide rolls 180' and 181 and the cylinders 102, 107, with the lower side of the web contacting the cylinders. From the lowermost suction guide roll 181, the web is transported by the support belt 171 in the direction toward the second dryer group 162/163.
As a whole, the dry end shown in FIG. 6 has five dryer groups. Each group has its own respective support belt 171-175. The guide rolls for these support belts 171-175 are only diagrammatically shown: an ordinary guide roll as a plain circle, a suction guide roll as a circle with a dot, and a tensioning roll as a circle with a single arrow, for instance, roll 170. Some of the ordinary guide rolls 191-194 are provided with a double-ended arrow. This means that they are substantially displaceable horizontally.
The two vertical cylinder rows 162 and 163 together form a double row dryer group, i.e. the eight cylinders 108-115 have a common support belt 172. This conducts the web to be dried, starting from a pickup roll 182a, first upward over the cylinders 108-111 and then downward over the cylinders 112-115. In this entire dryer group, the upper side of the web always comes into contact with the cylinders.
In similar fashion, the two cylinder rows 164 and 165 form, together with an upper middle dryer cylinder 120, another double row dryer group having a common support belt 173. That belt takes over the web by means of a pickup roll 183a and conducts the web, first upward over the cylinders 116-120 and then downward over the cylinders 120-124 In this connection, the lower side of the web always comes into contact with the dryer cylinders as in the first dryer group 160/161. This is followed by another dryer group which is formed of the two cylinder rows 166-167 and has the support belt 174. The construction of this dryer group is practically identical to that of the second dryer group 162/163, except that there are two more cylinders. The last four dryer cylinders 135-138 form a final dryer group 168.
The web 9 travels from the last cylinder 138 freely and without support over a paper guide roll 40 into the calender 150. It is important that the last dryer cylinder row 168 be traversed by the web in the upward direction and that the uppermost dryer cylinder 138 of this row lies closer to the calender 150 than the other dryer cylinders 135-137. This causes the finally dried web to discharge in the downward direction from the last cylinder 138. If the web now temporarily does not pass further to the calender 150, it can drop down freely and is conducted further over an oblique wall 177 into a broke pulper, not shown.
The last dryer group 168 is again divided into two subgroups. The first subgroup comprises the dryer cylinders 135-137 and has a support belt 175a. The second subgroup has only a single dryer cylinder 138 and one support belt 175b. Paper web 9 and support belt 175a travel first from the last dryer cylinder 137 of the first subgroup jointly to an ordinary guide roll 185. From here the support belt 175a travels back to the pickup roll 185a while the paper web 9 travels freely to the first and sole reversing roll, the suction guide roll 186 of the second subgroup. A tip cutter S is again arranged on this free stretch of web. At the reversing roll 186, the paper web 9 comes together with the support belt 175b, which conducts it to the last dryer cylinder 138.
Although the present invention has been described in connection with a plurality of preferred embodiments thereof, many other variations and modifications will now become apparent to those skilled in the art. It is preferred, therefore, that the present invention be limited not by the specific disclosure herein, but only by the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4945655 *||Aug 10, 1988||Aug 7, 1990||Beloit Corporation||Apparatus for cutting a tail from a web|
|WO1990001580A1 *||Jul 19, 1989||Feb 22, 1990||Beloit Corp||An apparatus for cutting a tail from a web|
|WO1990002225A1 *||Aug 14, 1989||Mar 8, 1990||Beloit Corp||A tail cutter apparatus and method|
|1||Journal "Wochenblatt fur Papierfabrikation", No. 22, 1988, p. 6.|
|2||*||Journal Wochenblatt fur Papierfabrikation , No. 22, 1988, p. 6.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5279050 *||May 4, 1993||Jan 18, 1994||Valmet Paper Machinery Inc.||Grouping of cylinders in the drying section of a paper machine|
|US5299363 *||Jan 24, 1992||Apr 5, 1994||J. M. Voith Gmbh||Dryer group web transfer region for paper making machine|
|US5321899 *||Apr 13, 1992||Jun 21, 1994||J. M. Voith Gmbh||Dry end|
|US5325608 *||Aug 14, 1992||Jul 5, 1994||J.M. Voith Gmbh||Arrangement for the transfer of a traveling web|
|US5505006 *||Sep 8, 1994||Apr 9, 1996||J.M. Voith Gmbh||Device for drying a running web|
|US5507104||Aug 2, 1993||Apr 16, 1996||Beloit Technologies, Inc.||Web drying apparatus|
|US5551164 *||Mar 3, 1995||Sep 3, 1996||Voith Sulzer Papiermaschinen Gmbh||Drying section with an adjacent finishing roller|
|US5636448||Apr 12, 1996||Jun 10, 1997||Beloit Technologies, Inc.||Web drying apparatus|
|US5639350 *||Apr 30, 1992||Jun 17, 1997||Valmet Corporation||Method of and apparatus for cutting a lead-in strip of paper web|
|US5832625||Sep 5, 1996||Nov 10, 1998||Beloit Technologies, Inc.||Apparatus for drying a web|
|US5832626 *||Apr 15, 1997||Nov 10, 1998||Voith Sulzer Papiermaschinen Gmbh||Single felt dryer group|
|US6049999||Jun 9, 1997||Apr 18, 2000||Beloit Technologies, Inc.||Machine and process for the restrained drying of a paper web|
|US6402892||Sep 14, 1998||Jun 11, 2002||Valmet Corporation||Drying section of a paper machine with a closed draw to a calender section|
|WO1999014427A1 *||Sep 14, 1998||Mar 25, 1999||Baril Robert||Method and apparatus at the end of the drying section of a paper machine|
|WO2000049225A1 *||Jan 20, 2000||Aug 24, 2000||Lunden Leo||Cuting device for a tail end|
|U.S. Classification||34/117, 34/120|
|International Classification||D21G9/00, D21F7/04, D21F5/04|
|Cooperative Classification||D21G9/0063, D21F5/042, D21F7/04|
|European Classification||D21F5/04B, D21F7/04, D21G9/00C|
|Jul 2, 1990||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: J.M. VOITH GMBH, A CORP. OF FED. REP. OF GERMANY,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:WULZ, HANS-JURGEN;REEL/FRAME:005361/0233
Effective date: 19900625
|Nov 28, 1995||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Apr 21, 1996||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jul 2, 1996||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19960424