US 513042 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. H. GRIDLEYf HINGE.
Patented Jan. 16. 1894.
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PATENT QFFICEe ,7
HENRY n. STANLEY WORKS, or
SPEGIFIGATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 513,042, dated January 16 1894.
Application filed December 19, 1891. Serial No. 415,633. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be itknown that LHENRY H. GRIDLEYJL citizen of the United States of America, residing in Springfieldfin the county of I-Iampden'and State of Massachusetts, have invented new and useful Improvements in Hinges and Adj usting Devices for the Same, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings and letters of reference marked thereon.
My invention relates to devices. by theemployment of which the door may be varied relative to its first position, as ordinarily hung.
My invention also relates to a means for providing a lubricant for the hinge joint and I accomplish the objects of my invention by the construction herein shown. 7
In the accompanying drawings in which like letters of reference indicate like parts, Figure 1 is a side view of a hinge showing my device applied thereon. Fig. 2 is a side view in section on an enlarged scale showing the cup shaped washer and removable disks or rings therein. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the cup shaped washer on an enlarged scale, and Fig. 4 is a section showing arrangement of lubricant holding washer.
, cates an opening therein washer to permit it to In detail a and 1) indicate the two hinge sections.
0 indicates the-cup shaped washer. d indifor the passage of the hinge spindle;
6 indicates an opening in the side of the cup shaped body findicates metallic washers and 9 indicates a washer of felt or similar soft material.
The construction and operation of my device will be readily understood on reference to the drawings A cup shaped washer cis provided havinga central opening for the passage of the hinge spindle, and being made of sufficient size to pass snugly over either one of the rounded joint portions of the hinge. An opening 6 being formed in the side wall of the cup shaped pass by the edge of the leaf of the hinge next adjacent to the joint, I provide two or more washers or ringsf which rings or washers are fitted within the cup shaped washer and are provided with openings for the passage of thehinge spindle through them. If new the door behung when the cup shaped washer is about half filled with the disks or washers f, and thedoor or casing shall sag or be distorted in any way, if no means were provided for varying the relative height or position of the door with reference to the casing, it would be necessary to either reset the hinges or cut off a portion of the door or frame. To avoid this with the employment of my device, it simply requires that the door be lifted disconnecting the hinge j oin'ts and if it require raising then other disks are inserted in the cup shaped washer and the door replaced, thus raising the same a distance equal to the thickness of the washer added, andif it be required to lower the door then some of the washers already in the cup shaped washer are removed, thus providing a ready and convenient method of changing the position of the door and avoiding the difficulty heretofore experienced.
Within the cup shaped washer I find it, in some cases, advisable to insert a washer made of felt or other similar material and saturate the same with oil or other suitable lubricant, and in this manner the bearing surface may be permanently maintained in a lubricated condition, thus avoiding the disagreeable squeaking or grinding noise frequently found when the hinge joints become dry. By the employment of the cup shaped exterior washer the hinge will always present the same exterior appearance, and it is immaterial whether the inner washers be of uniform thickness or of the same diameter or not as they are hid-' GRIDLEY, OF SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR TO THE NEW BRITAIN, CONNECTICUT.
' concealedwit hini the;cup-shapedwasher,
whereby the relatives positfieu'smfli thelhin'ge sections may be nicely adjusted by means of the numberof such disks so inserted, substantially as described.
2., In, a. hiuge,r,awasher for, insertieu between the hinge e t rq sa aiili asher e ng; i cup-sl1apedtohold'aliquid lubricaufiandhav 1F ing therein a plurality of auxiliary washers, 10 the upper and lower of which are metallic, r
and theintermediateare fibrous or pcrcus, andl adaptedi to-be satimvat-ed with-the liquid lubricant, said auxiliary washers being concealed by the sides of the cup-shaped washer, substantially as described. 1
. HZ"? GRIDLEY.
ALLEN WEBSTER, HENRY HOLLAND.