|Publication number||US5136723 A|
|Application number||US 07/656,542|
|Publication date||Aug 11, 1992|
|Filing date||Feb 15, 1991|
|Priority date||Feb 15, 1991|
|Publication number||07656542, 656542, US 5136723 A, US 5136723A, US-A-5136723, US5136723 A, US5136723A|
|Inventors||Donald Aldridge, Jeffrey G. Morris|
|Original Assignee||Lion Apparel, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (23), Referenced by (90), Classifications (18), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to firefighter garments and, more particularly, to firefighter garments having discrete, multiple layers of material.
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) requires that firefighter garments must meet certain specific standards. As a minimum requirement, the garment must include an outer shell made of a flame-resistant material which preferably resists punctures and abrasion as well, an intermediate moisture barrier layer and an inner, thermal layer for protecting the wearer against external high-temperature extremes encountered during firefighting activities. Typically, the outer shell is made of a single layer of a tightly woven aramid material such as NOMEX III, KEVLAR ("NOMEX III" and "KEVLAR" are registered trademarks of E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Co., Inc.) or PBI ("PBI" is a registered trademark of Celanese Corp.).
The moisture barrier typically comprises a substrate of NOMEX, a blend of NOMEX and KEVLAR or a blend of polyester and cotton with a coating of flame retardant neoprene or GORE-TEX film ("GORE-TEX" is a registered trademark of W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc.). The thermal barrier layer typically comprises a light weight (3-3.5 ounce) facecloth of NOMEX quilted to a batting of aramid fibers or to layers of nonwoven, spunlaced material felt made up of NOMEX and KEVLAR fibers. The outer shell provides a flame-resistant covering for the garment, the moisture barrier prevents the wearer from becoming wet as a result of external moisture from fire hoses, sprinklers, and the like, and from steam burns and the inner thermal layer provides protection from external heat sources.
One problem inherent with many firefighter garments is that, while the three layers of material protect the wearer from external sources of flame, heat and moisture, they also act to retain the heat and perspiration moisture generated by the wearer. Such heat and moisture buildup can be considerable in the firefighting environment, in which the wearer is required to wear heavy clothing, carry people and heavy equipment, and climb stairs. As a result of such physical exertion, the core body temperature of the wearer of firefighter garments increases since thermal escape by radiation from the skin surface of the wearer and heat transport from evaporation of perspiration is reduced by the thermal layer. The latter problem is a result of the insulating effect of the thermal barrier layer, which tends to trap perspiration moisture and hold it close to the skin of the wearer. An increase of only a few degrees in body core temperature can significantly reduce the strength and endurance of a firefighter in the often hostile firefighting environment.
Attempts have been made to reduce the buildup of heat during strenuous firefighter activities. For example, Grilliot et al. U.S. Pat. No. 4,897,886 discloses a firefighter garment having an outer shell, a moisture barrier layer and an inner thermal layer. The inner thermal layer and moisture barrier are separated by a spacer element to maintain a "dead air space" between those layers of the garment. The dead air space prevents circulation of air between the inner and intermediate layers. In one embodiment, the spacer element comprises elongate channels which are oriented vertically on the garment so that heat entering the air space flows upwardly to exit the top of the garment through a porous inner layer.
Accordingly, there is a need for a firefighter garment which is lightweight, allows for escape of heat and perspiration vapor from the wearer, yet provides the requisite protection from external sources of flame, heat and moisture.
The present invention is a firefighter garment having an outer shell, a moisture barrier positioned within the shell and an inner thermal barrier layer positioned within the shell and including at least one layer of a mesh fabric, whereby the mesh fabric creates a layer of air sufficient to protect a wearer from high temperature external heat sources, yet promotes heat and perspiration transfer from the wearer's body. Preferably, the inner thermal barrier layer includes two layers of mesh fabric attached at their peripheries to the moisture barrier. The mesh fabric provides an insulating air layer which protects the wearer from external sources of heat, yet the apertures of the mesh promote the passage of perspiration moisture vapor from the wearer to the moisture barrier. In the preferred embodiment, the moisture barrier is a semi-permeable membrane which prevents passage of liquid moisture but allows passage of moisture vapor.
Also in the preferred embodiment, the inner thermal barrier layer includes a relatively lightweight facecloth material quilted to the mesh layers, the facecloth facing the wearer's body. The facecloth provides an additional measure of thermal protection from external heat sources, but is not so dense as to obstruct the flow of heat and moisture vapor from the wearer's body.
In an alternate embodiment, the mesh layer comprises a single layer of mesh fabric which is somewhat thicker than a single one of the mesh layers of the preferred embodiment. In another embodiment, the inner thermal barrier layer comprises a layer of perforated felt or batting.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a firefighter garment which is lightweight yet provides protection from external sources of flame, heat and moisture; a firefighter garment in which the inner thermal layer promotes the escape of heat and moisture vapor from the wearer's body; a firefighter garment in which the moisture vapor escaping from the wearer's body is conveyed to and through the moisture barrier; a firefighter garment in which the thermal properties of the inner layer are not reduced in compression areas, such as the shoulders, because the thermal layer is relatively incompressible; and a firefighter garment which is relatively inexpensive and easy to maintain.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following description, the accompanying drawing and the appended claims.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of a firefighter garment of the present invention, cut away to show the various layers of material;
FIG. 2 is a detail exploded perspective view showing the inner layers of material of the garment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a detail exploded perspective view showing the inner layers of material of an alternate embodiment of the invention; and
FIG. 4 is a detail exploded perspective view showing the inner layers of material of a second alternate embodiment of the invention.
As shown in FIG. 1, the firefighter garment of the present invention may be in the form of a jacket 10 having a body portion 12, left and right sleeves 14, 16, a collar 18 and a neck opening 20. Alternatively, the garment may be in the form of a firefighter pant or jumpsuit (not shown) and not depart from the scope of the invention. The body portion 12 includes a vertically-oriented front closure 22 of conventional design which includes a slide fastener or hook and loop component (not shown) and a front flap 23 secured by mechanical securement such as buckles 24.
The jacket 10 includes an outer shell, generally designated 26. The outer shell is made of a single layer of a woven aramid fiber such as NOMEX III, KEVLAR, or a blend of KEVLAR and PBI. The outer shell extends over the body portion 12, sleeves 14, 16 and collar 18. The front closure flap 23 which is made of shell material.
Positioned within the shell 26 is an intermediate moisture barrier layer 30. The moisture barrier 30 comprises a substrate 31 of NOMEX or a blend of NOMEX and KEVLAR, laminated with a layer 32 of GORE-TEX. The GORE-TEX layer provides a semipermeable membrane which allows moisture vapor to pass through but blocks liquid moisture. The moisture barrier layer 30 is coextensive with the shell 26 and extends through the arms 14, 16 to terminate at cuffs 33, 34. The shell 26 includes cuff extensions 36, 38, also made of an outer layer of fire-retardant material and an inner layer of moisture barrier material. The combination of the cuff extensions 36, 38 with the moisture barrier layer 30 provides substantially continuous protection for the wearer of the jacket 10 along arms 14, 16.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the jacket includes an inner thermal barrier 40 which is positioned within the moisture barrier 30 and is substantially coextensive therewith. The thermal barrier 40 includes an outer layer (facing the wearer) of a facecloth 42, made of an aramid fiber such as NOMEX and first and second layers 44, 46 of a mesh fabric. The mesh fabric is made of an aramid fiber such as NOMEX or KEVLAR, and is apertured so that it has approximately 8-16 holes per inch (64 to 256 holes per square inch), with 15 holes per inch being preferred. Each of the mesh layers 44, 46 is made of a lightweight fabric, each having a weight of approximately 2 ounces per yard, compared to the weight of the facecloth 42 of between 3 to 3.5 ounces per yard. It is within the scope of the invention to provide mesh layers 44, 46 either of the same weight or of different weights.
As shown in FIG. 1, the facecloth 42 and mesh layers 44, 46 are quilted together, and the composite is attached to the moisture barrier layer 30 at peripheral hems 48 such as that adjacent to the front closure 22. Other hems (not shown) are positioned at the cuffs 32, 34 and neck opening 20. The moisture barrier 30 and thermal barrier 40 are retained within the shell 26 by well known means such as hook and loop fasteners or snaps (not shown) extending along the front closure 22.
The thermal barrier 40 is capable of meeting NFPA and TFP (Thermal Protective Performance) requirements, including the NFPA 1971 standard. At the same time, the thermal barrier 40 is lighter in weight than conventional thermal barriers which comprise a facecloth quilted to a batting or felt of aramid fibers.
Even more advantageous than the weight reduction aspect of the thermal barrier construction 40 is the improved heat transfer qualities of the thermal barrier. Because of the large aperture size of the mesh layers 44, 46, heat and moisture vapor are conveyed more rapidly away from the wearer of the jacket 10 and moisture vapor flows more rapidly through the semi-permeable membrane of the moisture barrier layer 30 than with prior art garments. The improved heat transfer vapor qualities with respect to prior art thermal barriers which include a batting or felt layer results in part because of the reduced thickness of the thermal barrier 40 and because the thermal barrier of the present invention provides more "open space" between the wearer and the moisture barrier 30, so that moisture vapor from the wearer is not trapped by the fibers of the thermal barrier.
The result of the construction of the thermal barrier 40 is that the comfort of the jacket is improved since heat stress of the wearer is reduced. As shown in FIG. 4, it is within the scope of the invention to provide thermal barrier 40' comprising a single layer of mesh 48, quilted to the facecloth 42, of a heavier weight than the mesh layers 44, 46. The mesh 48 is positioned between moisture barrier 30 and facecloth 42.
FIG. 3 shows another embodiment of the invention in which the thermal barrier 40' includes a layer 50 of felt or batting is positioned between the moisture barrier layer 30 and facecloth 42. Layer 50 is perforated with holes 52. Preferably, the batting is made of an aramid fiber and the holes 52 have a density of between 8-16 holes per inch.
These embodiments share a common structure; namely, a thermal barrier which offers protection from external heat yet has discrete holes or channels to convey moisture vapor--and therefore heat--from the wearer to the moisture barrier. However, the preferred embodiment includes two mesh layers since, for example, two layers of 2 ounce fabric provide better thermal protection than a single mesh layer of 4 ounce fabric. Accordingly, a two-layer mesh can be lightest in weight while offering the requisite thermal protection.
Another advantage of the thermal barrier 40 of the present invention is that it does not compress easily and therefore retains its thermal characteristics in the weight bearing areas of the jacket 10. These areas include the shoulders and back, which bear the weight of straps and belts for holding equipment such as oxygen tanks.
While the forms of apparatus herein described constitute preferred embodiments of this invention, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to these precise forms of apparatus, and that changes may be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1015231 *||Feb 11, 1911||Jan 16, 1912||Adolph Ralph Jacobs||Weatherproof outing-garment.|
|US1092105 *||Feb 3, 1913||Mar 31, 1914||Henry C Holmes||Removable waterproofing lining.|
|US1485392 *||May 27, 1922||Mar 4, 1924||Charles Halek||Combined coat and helmet|
|US2114514 *||Apr 21, 1937||Apr 19, 1938||York Ralph||Airflow garment|
|US2771661 *||Oct 15, 1953||Nov 27, 1956||Us Rubber Co||Rainproof fabric|
|US2976539 *||Dec 8, 1953||Mar 28, 1961||Us Rubber Co||Cold weather clothing|
|US3219514 *||May 18, 1962||Nov 23, 1965||Roysanc Otto George Johan Stru||Heat insulating textile material and method of making same|
|US3251727 *||Aug 17, 1961||May 17, 1966||Riegel Textile Corp||Laminated breathable textile product and method of manufacturing same|
|US3710395 *||Oct 29, 1971||Jan 16, 1973||Us Army||Air distribution garment|
|US4034417 *||Jun 9, 1975||Jul 12, 1977||Can-Gard Protective Wear Ltd.||Protective garments|
|US4194041 *||Jun 29, 1978||Mar 18, 1980||W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.||Waterproof laminate|
|US4195364 *||Nov 20, 1978||Apr 1, 1980||Ab Eiser||Garment for use in vigorous physical activities|
|US4500593 *||Aug 22, 1983||Feb 19, 1985||Weber John W||Protective fabric and fire curtain with a metallic laminate|
|US4583247 *||May 11, 1983||Apr 22, 1986||Arthur Larry Fingerhut||Garment including composite insulation material|
|US4667344 *||Dec 21, 1984||May 26, 1987||Cooper Iii J Robert||Foul weather garment|
|US4685155 *||Mar 8, 1985||Aug 11, 1987||Arthur L. Fingerhut||Composite insulation material|
|US4716594 *||Apr 14, 1987||Jan 5, 1988||Keith Shannon||Protective garment for protection against mosquitoes and other insects|
|US4843646 *||Apr 18, 1988||Jul 4, 1989||Grilliot William L||Firefighter's garments having enhanced flexibility and minimum weight|
|US4897886 *||Nov 30, 1988||Feb 6, 1990||Grilliot William L||Firefighter's garments having minimum weight and excellent protective qualities|
|US5001783 *||Nov 13, 1989||Mar 26, 1991||Grilliot William L||Firefighter's garments having minimum weight and excellent protective qualities|
|US5007112 *||Nov 30, 1989||Apr 16, 1991||E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company||Protective coveralls with improved ventilation|
|US5014363 *||Jun 12, 1989||May 14, 1991||W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.||Wearing apparel with ventilation material|
|AU220799A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5219075 *||Sep 23, 1991||Jun 15, 1993||Earle White||Temperature and humidity buffering musical instrument case cover|
|US5236769 *||Jan 17, 1992||Aug 17, 1993||Lainiere De Picardie||Fire-resistant composite lining for a garment|
|US5243706 *||Mar 2, 1992||Sep 14, 1993||Minister Of National Defence Of Her Majesty's Canadian Government||Micro-climate conditioning clothing|
|US5299602 *||Mar 12, 1993||Apr 5, 1994||Claude Barbeau||Textile material for outer shell of firefighter garment|
|US5499663 *||Mar 18, 1994||Mar 19, 1996||Marcanada Inc.||Textile material for inner lining of firefighter protective garment|
|US5539928 *||Nov 12, 1993||Jul 30, 1996||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighter garment with low friction liner system|
|US5624738 *||Dec 18, 1995||Apr 29, 1997||Marcanada Inc.||Nonslipping laminate multifilament outer shell for firefighter garment|
|US5640718 *||May 3, 1995||Jun 24, 1997||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighter garment with combination facecloth and moisture barrier|
|US5655222 *||Oct 17, 1994||Aug 12, 1997||Morning Pride Manufacturing, Inc.||Firefighter's garment having inspection ports|
|US5685015 *||Jun 5, 1995||Nov 11, 1997||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Multi-use hazardous duty garment|
|US5691040 *||Dec 18, 1995||Nov 25, 1997||Marcanada Inc.||Liner for firefighter garment made of a laminate of a woven fabric and a non-woven material|
|US5697101 *||Feb 5, 1996||Dec 16, 1997||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Protective garment with apertured closed-cell foam liner|
|US5701606 *||Sep 10, 1993||Dec 30, 1997||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighter garment with closed-cell foam liner|
|US5720045 *||Jun 6, 1995||Feb 24, 1998||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Protective garment with apertured closed-cell foam liner|
|US5724673 *||Apr 2, 1996||Mar 10, 1998||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighter garment with low friction liner system including patches|
|US5727401 *||Aug 9, 1996||Mar 17, 1998||Southern Mills, Inc.||Fire resistant fleece fabric and garment|
|US5819316 *||May 21, 1996||Oct 13, 1998||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighter garment with low friction liner system|
|US5894690 *||Jan 16, 1996||Apr 20, 1999||Lehrman; David||Reinforced ironing board cover|
|US5920905 *||May 7, 1997||Jul 13, 1999||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighter garment with combination facecloth and moisture barrier|
|US5924134 *||May 15, 1997||Jul 20, 1999||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Protective garment with apertured closed-cell foam liner|
|US5933865 *||Jul 29, 1997||Aug 10, 1999||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Multi-use hazardous duty garment|
|US5935882 *||Oct 3, 1997||Aug 10, 1999||Teijin Limited||Protective goods|
|US6004891 *||Jul 9, 1997||Dec 21, 1999||La Chemise Lacoste (S.A.)||Composite fabric, in particular for hand luggage or clothes|
|US6247179||Aug 24, 1998||Jun 19, 2001||Safety Components Fabric Technologies, Inc.||Firefighter garment utilizing improved high-lubricity lining material|
|US6339843 *||Jan 29, 2001||Jan 22, 2002||Morning Pride Manufacturing, L.L.C.||Protective garment adapted to be selectively configured|
|US6427242||Jan 5, 2000||Aug 6, 2002||The Burton Corporation||Garment lining system characterized by localized performance properties|
|US6430754||Mar 3, 2000||Aug 13, 2002||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighting garment|
|US6624096||Aug 20, 2001||Sep 23, 2003||Cna Holdings, Inc.||Textile fabric for the outer shell of a firefighters's garmet|
|US6687913||Dec 13, 2001||Feb 10, 2004||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Hazardous duty garment with separable moisture barrier and thermal barrier|
|US6691317 *||May 25, 2001||Feb 17, 2004||Marcanada||Firefighter protective garment having a liner with a separable moisture barrier|
|US6743498 *||Mar 2, 2001||Jun 1, 2004||Duflot Industrie, S.A.||Fireproof thermally insulating barrier, a method of fabricating such a barrier, and a garment comprising at least one such barrier as internal insulation|
|US6845517 *||Feb 7, 2003||Jan 25, 2005||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Vented protective garment|
|US6851128 *||Jun 23, 2003||Feb 8, 2005||Intersport, Inc.||Protective textile jacket having removable waterproof lining|
|US7284398 *||Oct 21, 2003||Oct 23, 2007||E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company||Multilayered, breathable textile fabric|
|US7636948 *||Dec 29, 2009||Lineweight Llc||Combat shirt and armor system|
|US7676855||Mar 16, 2010||Southern Mills, Inc.||Patterned thermal liner for protective garments|
|US8071492||Jan 21, 2003||Dec 6, 2011||Pbi Performance Products, Inc.||Textile fabric for the outer shell of a firefighter's garment|
|US8209785||Feb 9, 2010||Jul 3, 2012||International Textile Group, Inc.||Flame resistant fabric made from a fiber blend|
|US8516615 *||Mar 13, 2008||Aug 27, 2013||Honeywell International, Inc.||Protective garment including a mesh liner layer|
|US8528120||Jul 3, 2012||Sep 10, 2013||International Textile Group, Inc.||Flame resistant fabric made from a fiber blend|
|US8586489||Sep 18, 2009||Nov 19, 2013||J.B. Martin Company Inc.||Woven fabric|
|US8614156||Oct 18, 2011||Dec 24, 2013||Pbi Performance Products, Inc.||Textile fabric for the outer shell of a firefighter's garment|
|US8719969||Jun 25, 2009||May 13, 2014||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Protective garment with thermal liner having varying moisture attraction|
|US8793814||Jul 3, 2012||Aug 5, 2014||International Textile Group, Inc.||Flame resistant fabric made from a fiber blend|
|US9038203 *||Aug 2, 2012||May 26, 2015||Lion Group, Inc.||Protective garment with vent features|
|US9386816||Feb 14, 2012||Jul 12, 2016||International Textile Group, Inc.||Fire resistant garments containing a high lubricity thermal liner|
|US9409378||Sep 25, 2012||Aug 9, 2016||Pbi Performance Products, Inc.||Thermal liner for protective garments|
|US9415246 *||Oct 17, 2011||Aug 16, 2016||Teijin Limited||Layered heat-proof protective clothing|
|US20020142132 *||Mar 2, 2001||Oct 3, 2002||Jacques Fourmeux||Fireproof heat insulating barrier, method for making same, garmet comprising at least such a barrier as internal insulation|
|US20030203690 *||Jan 21, 2003||Oct 30, 2003||Celanese Advanced Materials, Inc.||Textile fabric for the outer shell of a firefighter's garment|
|US20040154084 *||Feb 7, 2003||Aug 12, 2004||Donald Aldridge||Vented protective garment|
|US20050186875 *||Feb 3, 2005||Aug 25, 2005||Norfab Corporation||Firefighter garment outer shell fabric utilizing core-spun dref yarn|
|US20050251900 *||Dec 15, 2004||Nov 17, 2005||Harlacker John A||Hazardous duty garments|
|US20060029770 *||Aug 30, 2004||Feb 9, 2006||Jacques Fourmeux||Flame-retardant heat insulating barrier|
|US20060042326 *||Oct 21, 2003||Mar 2, 2006||Sonja Hubner||Multilayered, breathable textile fabric|
|US20060260020 *||May 17, 2005||Nov 23, 2006||Catherine Seguin||Multi-purpose protective garment|
|US20070284558 *||Dec 14, 2006||Dec 13, 2007||Flay Paul R||Fire insulating barrier material for a firefighter protective garment|
|US20080209611 *||Sep 21, 2007||Sep 4, 2008||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Garment and liner system|
|US20080263744 *||Mar 13, 2008||Oct 30, 2008||Sperian Protective Apparel Ltd||Protective garment including a mesh liner layer|
|US20090188017 *||Jul 30, 2009||Viking Life-Saving Equipment A/S||Sensor equipped flame retardant clothing|
|US20090320176 *||Dec 31, 2009||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Protective garment with thermal liner having varying moisture attraction|
|US20100075557 *||Sep 18, 2009||Mar 25, 2010||J.B. Martin Company, Inc.||Woven fabric|
|US20130031703 *||Feb 7, 2013||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Protective Garment with Vent Features|
|US20130174334 *||Oct 17, 2011||Jul 11, 2013||Teijin Limited||Layered heat-proof protective clothing|
|USRE39698 *||Jan 20, 2004||Jun 26, 2007||Morning Pride Manufacturing, L.L.C.||Protective garment adapted to be selectively configured|
|CN103431558A *||Aug 19, 2013||Dec 11, 2013||江苏澳洋纺织实业有限公司||Manufacturing method of machine washable western-style clothes and western-style clothes surface fabric|
|DE4408122C2 *||Mar 10, 1994||Nov 14, 2002||Marcanada Inc||Textilmaterial für die Außenhülle eines Kleidungsstücks für Feuerwehrleute|
|DE4408141A1 *||Mar 10, 1994||Oct 6, 1994||Marcanada Inc||Textilmaterial für das Innenfutter eines Schutzkleidungsstücks für Feuerwehrleute|
|DE4408141C2 *||Mar 10, 1994||Mar 25, 1999||Marcanada Inc||Innenfutter für Kleidungsstücke für Feuerwehrleute|
|EP0819389A2 *||Jul 9, 1997||Jan 21, 1998||JPS Automotive Products Corporation||Firefighter garment utilizing improved high-lubricity lining material|
|EP1020128A1||Sep 13, 1994||Jul 19, 2000||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Protective garment|
|EP1129633A1 *||Mar 2, 2001||Sep 5, 2001||Duflot Industrie, S.A.||Insulation, thermal and fire barrier, process for making the same and clothing provided with this barrier, at least as internal insulation layer|
|EP1270045A2||Sep 13, 1994||Jan 2, 2003||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Protective Garment Augmented with patches of Closed-Cell Foam Material|
|EP1741472A2 *||Feb 15, 2001||Jan 10, 2007||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighting garment|
|EP2260905A1 *||Feb 15, 2001||Dec 15, 2010||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighting garment|
|EP2263752A1 *||Feb 15, 2001||Dec 22, 2010||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighting garment|
|EP2263753A1 *||Feb 15, 2001||Dec 22, 2010||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighting garment|
|EP2263754A1 *||Feb 15, 2001||Dec 22, 2010||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighting garment|
|EP2263755A1 *||Feb 15, 2001||Dec 22, 2010||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighting garment|
|WO1996039056A1 *||Jun 3, 1996||Dec 12, 1996||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Multi-use hazardous duty garment|
|WO1998001046A1 *||Jul 9, 1997||Jan 15, 1998||La Chemise Lacoste (S.A.)||Composite fabric, in particular for hand luggage or clothes|
|WO1998015200A1 *||Oct 3, 1997||Apr 16, 1998||Teijin Limited||Protective goods|
|WO2001066193A1 *||Feb 15, 2001||Sep 13, 2001||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Firefighting garment|
|WO2004046441A2 *||Nov 19, 2003||Jun 3, 2004||E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company||Vertically stacked carded aramid web useful in fire fighting clothing|
|WO2004046441A3 *||Nov 19, 2003||Jul 8, 2004||Du Pont||Vertically stacked carded aramid web useful in fire fighting clothing|
|WO2005120646A1 *||Jun 14, 2005||Dec 22, 2005||De Ball Inc.||Fire insulating barrier material for a firefighter protective garment|
|WO2006022617A3 *||Jul 22, 2004||Mar 22, 2007||Lion Apparel Inc||Vented protective garment|
|WO2009145740A1 *||Apr 16, 2009||Dec 3, 2009||Oztek Tekstil Terbiye Tesisleri Sanayi Ve Ticaret A.S.||Multi-layer heat barrier fabric|
|WO2009158479A1 *||Jun 25, 2009||Dec 30, 2009||Lion Apparel, Inc.||Protective garment with thermal liner having varying moisture attraction|
|WO2013102844A1 *||Jan 4, 2013||Jul 11, 2013||Arc'teryx Equipment Inc||Thermal insulation structure and products made therefrom|
|U.S. Classification||2/81, 2/97, 2/87|
|International Classification||A41D31/02, A62B17/00, A41D13/00, A41D31/00, B32B7/02|
|Cooperative Classification||A41D31/02, A41D13/00, A62B17/003, B32B7/02, A41D31/0027|
|European Classification||A41D13/00, B32B7/02, A41D31/02, A62B17/00D, A41D31/00C4L|
|May 16, 1991||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LION APPAREL, INC., A CORPORATION OF OH, OHIO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:ALDRIDGE, DONALD;MORRIS, JEFFREY G.;REEL/FRAME:005700/0329
Effective date: 19910214
|Feb 12, 1996||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jan 3, 2000||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Dec 24, 2003||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12